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You open your eyes and mouth wide if you see a live rat in your bedroom but you wrinkle your nose and narrow your eyes if you see a dead one in the road. Why is that? Facial  expressions are usually thought of as simple tools of communication. But in his book The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals, Charles Darwin proposed that they may prepare us to react to different situations when he noticed that some expressions seemed to be used across cultures and even species. Now Joshua Susskind and his colleagues at the University of Toronto, Canada, have put that idea to the test.

Susskind’s team wondered whether the expressions of fear might improve how sensory (感官的) information is acquired and so sharpen senses. Conversely disgust (厌恶) might weaken the senses, sheltering us from unpleasant sights and smells.

The researchers asked volunteers to complete various tests while holding a fearful, disgusted or neutral expression. In one test, they had to identify when a spot entered their sight. In another they were required to shift their focus as quickly as possible between two targets on a computer screen. It was also measured how much air the volunteers breathed in while expressing fear and disgust.

In each case the wide-eyed faces let significantly more of the world in. Volunteers with wide-open eyes detected surrounding objects more quickly and performed side-to-side eye movements faster. They also took in more air with each breath without any extra effort. An MRI (核磁共振) scan showed the nasal cavity (鼻腔) was enlarged while volunteers held this expression, which could be linked with a greater ability to absorb smells.

“These changes confer the idea that fear, for example, is a posture towards sensory sharpening while disgust a posture towards sensory rejection,” says Susskind. His team is already at work on experiments to explore to what extent the brain can use this extra information to enhance performance.

1.Charles Darwin’s book proposed that facial expressions might _____.

A. act as a simple tool of communication

B. get people ready to the changes of circumstances

C. be difficult to understand in different cultures

D. equip people with the knowledge of other species

2.In Joshua Susskind’s research, the researchers _____.

A. wondered whether there existed other expressions of fear

B. wanted subjects to use facial expressions to complete tests

C. wanted to test how much air subjects breathed in normally

D. wondered whether expressions of disgust weakened our senses

3.The underlined sentence in Paragraph 4 means that _____.

A. wide-eyed expressions would help you understand the world better

B. facial expressions might result in faster eye movements

C. wide-eyed expressions would help people breathe in more air

D. facial expressions might help people notice more things around

4.In the last paragraph, what might be the new thinking of facial expressions?

A. They might tell the brain how to make use of the facial information.

B. They might explain why people consider fear as a posture towards sharper senses.

C. They might provide extra information to brains thus enhancing performance.

D. They might clarify the relationship between brain and environments.


Younger students experience school bullying (欺凌) more frequently than older ones, and male students are bullied more than their female peers, a survey found.

It also found that nearly half of students had been intentionally hit or knocked down by classmates. About 6 percent said they are targeted by bullies on campus every day. The survey also found that students from ordinary schools experienced more bullying than peers from key institutions, and children from poor families are more likely to be bullied at school.

Being bullied can have a negative impact on a child’s personal development and academic performance, according to Zhou Jinyan, a researcher who led the study at Beijing Normal University. “Children being bullied will find it hard to trust others,” Zhou said. “They may often feel anxiety, anger, resentment or depression. These emotions will further undermine their ability to control their own life.”

In recent years, bullying on Chinese campuses has been frequently reported and has attracted widespread attention and concern. The most recent incident to arouse heated discussions took place in December at Beijing’s Zhongguancun No.2 Primary School. A fourth-grade student was bullied and laughed at by classmates, causing him acute stress disorder.

The Supreme People’s Procuratorate (最高人民检察院) received about 1,900 cases related to school bullying in 2016. Meanwhile, there was a notable increase in bullying reports involving middle school students from 14 to 18 years old.

Zhou came up with some ways to solve the problem, including boosting communication between teachers, parents and students and trying to establish more harmonious relationships among children. She said it was strongly suggested that parents try to be involved in their children’s educational experience, as their presence and companionship have proved effective in reducing bullying and its negative effects.

1.Who is the most likely to become the target of bullying?

A. A 10-year-old girl from a key school

B. A 10-year-old boy from a poor family

C. A 17-year-old boy from a rich family

D. A 17-year-old girl from an ordinary school

2.Being bullied will cause students to go through the following EXCEPT _____.

A. a drop in academic performance

B. a lack of trust in other people

C. a drop in the sense of depression

D. a lack of confidence in themselves

3.We can learn from the text that _____.

A. bullying at school usually leads to acute stress disorder

B. bullying on campus has been brought into sharp focus by the media

C. students who enjoy parents’ companionship will be bullying-free

D. the government should consider taking further action against bullying at school

4.What can be the best title for the text?

A. Bullying affects half of students

B. Negative effects on children caused by bullying

C. Is anything we can do about bullying?

D. The reasons for bullying on campus


A stylish detective bursts into a secret villa and finds huge amounts of cash in fridges, closets and beds. Meanwhile, the villa’s owner, a government official, crawls on the floor and begs for his life.

This is the dramatic opening scene in China’s latest TV show, In the Name of the People, which made its remarkable first show last month. The series, about China’s anti-corruption (反贪) campaign, has attracted millions of viewers across the country. Some have compared it to the American political drama, House of Cards, which has a huge Chinese following.

In the Name of the People describes the internal power struggle of the Chinese Communist Party in the fictional city of Jingzhou, featuring stories about Chinese politics that are often talked about but never seen on mainstream television.

Viewers have been lapping it up. “This TV drama feels so real. It really cheers people up,” one viewer wrote on social media network Weibo. “I shed tears after watching this drama. This is the tumor of corruption that has been harming the people,” said another Weibo commenter. What makes In the Name of the People remarkable is not just how frankly it describes the ugly side of Chinese politics, but that it also has the blessing of the country’s powerful top prosecutors’ office (最高检察机关).

More than a decade ago, anti-corruption dramas suddenly disappeared from Chinese television. Authorities in 2004 had decided to restrict the production of such dramas as too many were of poor quality. But when Chinese President Xi Jinping took power in 2012 and launched a sweeping campaign against graft (受贿), anti-corruption got back in vogue. In the Name of the People is thus the latest piece, publicizing the government’s victory in its anti-corruption campaign.

At least it does a decent job in entertaining viewers. The author said he aimed to show that corrupt officials were not all “monsters” and were real people, but at the end of the day, the good people always win. “We all badly need heroes, upright law-enforcing heroes like Hou Liangping,” he said.

1.In paragraph 1, the description of the opening scene is used to _____.

A. make a comparison

B. show the style of this drama

C. draw reader’s attention

D. make a conclusion

2.In the Name of the People and House of Cards have something in common because _____.

A. they both have a large group of followers

B. they are both played on mainstream television

C. they both touch political and economic areas

D. they are both supported by the government

3.The purpose of this text is to _____.

A. show different opinions on In the Name of the People

B. analyze government’s policy of anti-corruption

C. compare In the Name of the People with House of Cards

D. introduce the latest TV series In the Name of the People

4.What would be the best title for the text?

A. China Won Victory in Anti-corruption Campaign

B. China embraces TV Corruption Drama

C. How Do TV Series Attract Viewers?

D. Why Are Corruption Dramas Popular?


Countries may be ranked by many various groups, such as how expensive or interesting they are to foreign tourists. They can also be ranked by their openness and friendliness toward visitors. You might be shocked to find out that, for example, the USA is number 102 on the list of the least welcoming places, 140 being the most unfriendly land.


Mongolia was closed for quite some time and opened up to foreigners only 20 years ago. That’s probably the major reason why it is not yet experienced enough in hosting tourists. The country is beautiful, with huge spacious areas of land that are low populated. There local people are not yet used to being visited by foreign guests.


There are, undoubtedly, pluses as well as minuses in every country. Slovakia is not the perfect destination for a couple of reasons. First and foremost, Slovakia is becoming more and more similar to the rest of European countries surrounding it. Sameness is not the best quality. As a rule, tourists want to travel and see things they have never seen before. It is good that the land’s countryside is still unique, although it is also being commercialized day by day.


Iran is not the best place to travel to. It is located close to Pakistan with its negative political atmosphere. Western visitors are not welcome over there and embassies (大使馆) advise against traveling to Iran. The population, contrary to the country’s government, consists of very friendly and welcoming people.


In Kuwait people are warm and friendly. It has a unique history, plenty of traditions and customs. People respect their culture and are very religious. It is a Muslim country, which means that you are not allowed to drink alcohol. If you happen to visit Kuwait during Ramadan, you will not be allowed to eat in public places, either.


Russia is truly a special place. It is definitely worth visiting. What you might not find attractive is the corruption and bureaucracy (官僚主义) that rule in some certain official circles. Another nuisance you should be ready for is that, as a visitor, you’ll be asked to receive an invitation. Only then will you be able to apply for a visa. Once you arrive in Russia, you’ll be warmly greeted and accepted by the local people.

1.You’ll meet friendly people in the following countries except in _____.

A. Iran

B. Kuwait

C. Mongolia

D. Russia

2.Which of the statements is true according to the text?

A. You can apply for a visa for Russia at will.

B. If you’re fond of drinking, then Kuwait is not an ideal destination.

C. You’re not advised to travel in Iran due to its high cost.

D. Mongolia is a beautiful country with much experience in hosting tourists.

3.Where does this passage probably come from?

A. A news report

B. A lecture speech

C. An advertisement

D. A text book




I am a high school student in Grade 3. My parents always expect me to be admitted into a famous university, which makes me very sad. Though I work hard, I find it difficult to live up to their expectations. What shall I do?


1. 表示同情;2. 陈述自己的看法;3. 提出几点建议。


Dear Worried,

I am Li Hua, a seventeen-year-old high school student.








Yours sincerely,

Li Hua









The Dragon Boat Festival has a history of over 2,000 years. There are many tales about their origin. The most popular is that the festival is celebrated in honor of Qu Yuan. Qu Yuan was more concerned about his country but was not understanding by the rulers. Feeling desperately, he jumped into the Miluo River on the 5th day of the 5th lunar month, 278 BC. Before he died, the fishermen sailed their boats to look up for his body. People throw zongzi into the water, hoping to keep fish attacking his body. That’s because people later celebrate the festival through such activity as dragon boat racing and eating zongzi on that special day.



Studying abroad seems to be a global trend these days. A study suggests that more than two thirds of the students studying abroad 1.(influence) by movies in choosing their universities over the past decade. American movies such as A Beautiful Mind set in Princeton. The Social Network in Harvard, and The Graduate in Berkeley, California are playing 2. important part in attracting foreign students to America. The global3.(succeed) of the Harry potter films is considered as a factor in 4.(encourage) overseas students to come to England. Universities in New Zealand have benefited from The Lord of the Rings effect since it was first released.

Films can also be5.(help) to get through difficult situation. In 2009 there was a sharp decline in Indian students choosing Australian universities 6.some reasons So Prateek Chakravorty, a Bollywood director, 7. graduated from Universities of Technology Sydney, made From Sydney With Love about two Indian students falling in love with some of the 8.(building) of Sydney University. By 2014,the number of Indian students in Australia was rising again.

When universities are competing 9.(fierce) for the attention of overseas students, the cinema screen could be a 10.(recognize) way to attract overseas students. Will you pick universities because of Movies?



I still remember my kindergarten teacher Mrs White, although I don’t remember much about what we learned in her class. My mother once told me that we used to______a lot. And I would bring back what I wrote and she could see there were so many ______. But no red corrections. And always a star. Sometimes _______ a “Good”,which would make my heart soar (高涨)with _______, But it worried my mother, so one day when she met Mrs White, she asked her why she never_______ the wrong spellings of words.

Mrs White replied,“The children are just beginning to get ______about using words, about forming sentences. I don’t want to ______that enthusiasm with red ink. Spelling and grammar can wait. The wonder of words won’t…”Maybe she didn’t say it ____ like that. It was long ago. But I did grow up learning to use words with loving_____ like that.

I _____now and think Mrs Whites was a rather ______ teacher. She encouraged the joy,_____ and excitement of expression-however faultily-like that. I used to_____ “beautiful” a lot. Never could I quite remember that the “e”went ____ the “a”. ____ my teacher in high school very much._____ eventually the e’s and a’s settled into their ____ places. I am glad I didn’t ____ on them though. “Pretty” is_____ to spell but it doesn’t hold as much as you mean sometimes. And thanks to Mrs White, I had no ____ about writing what I meant even if I couldn’t quite spell it out. Because life isn’t Pretty. It’s Beautiful.

1.A. listen    B. speak    C. write    D. read

2.A. marks    B. stars    C. words    D. mistakes

3.A. even    B. naturally    C. especially    D. particularly

4.A. happiness    B. sadness    C. discouragement    D. disappointment

5.A. found    B. corrected    C. ignored    D. remembered

6.A. worried    B. excited    C. anxious    D. nervous

7.A. keep    B. create    C. stop    D. make

8.A. really    B. carefully    C. totally    D. exactly

9.A. fear    B. confidence    C. pride    D. content

10.A. look forward    B. look after    C. look back    D. look for

11.A. extraordinary    B. strict    C. hardworking    D. careless

12.A. delight    B. wonder    C. relief    D. satisfaction

13.A. mistake    B. misuse    C. misunderstand    D. misspell

14.A. behind    B. after    C. before    D. below

15.A. annoyed    B. pleased    C. frightened    D. confused

16.A. So    B. But    C. And    D. Or

17.A. right    B. wrong    C. good    D. bad

18.A. stand    B. keep    C. wait    D. rely

19.A. funnier    B. harder    C. nicer    D. easier

20.A. interests    B. hope    C. worries    D. sadness



Being Left-handed in a Right-handed World

The world is designed for right-handed people, but why does a tenth of the population prefer the left? 1.

The answer to it remains a bit of a mystery. Since scientists have noticed that left-handedness tends to run in families, it’s assumed that left-handedness has a genetic(基因的) component to it. 2. In fact, identical twins, who share the same genes, can sometimes prefer to use different hands. There are also plenty of theories on what else might determine which hand you write with, but many experts believe that it’s kind of random.

Historically, the left side and left-handedness have been considered a negative thing by many cultures. 3. In some areas, the left hand became known as the “unclean” hand. In many religions, the right hand of God is the favored hand. For example, Jesus sits at God’s right side. God’s left hand, however, is the hand of judgement. Various activities and experiences become rude or even signs of bad luck when the left hand becomes involved. In some parts of Scotland, it is considered bad luck to meet a left-handed person at the start of a journey. 4.A person giving directions will put their left hand behind them and even physically try to point with their right hand if necessary. In some Asian countries, eating with the left hand is considered impolite.

5.People come to realize that left-handedness is natural. People even noticed that many famous people are left-handed, including Benjamin Franklin, Leonardo Da Vinci, and Charlie Chaplin. Some researchers find out that lefties are more creative and can deal with abstract thinking better. The left-handedness is more easily adaptable to the right-handed world as well. Being left-handed is no longer a sad story now; instead, it is a wonderful gift or maybe it is something you should take pride in.

A.In other words, left-handers are born that way.

B.Left-handedness used to be regarded as a disability.

C.The unfavorable associations of the use of the left hand among cultures are varied.

D.Why do they prefer to use their left hand rather than their right hand for ro-utine activities?

E. Why do some parents force their left-handed children to become right-handed       when writing?

F. In Ghana, pointing, gesturing, giving or receiving items with the left hand is considered rude.

G. Fortunately, nowadays most societies and cultures no longer reject left-handedness like before.



A 2 billion year old Martian (火星的rock appeals to have at our time been full of water from the surface of the Red Planet.

“Here we have a piece of Mars that I can hold in my hands. That’s really exciting,” Carl Agee, director of the Institute of Meteoritics at the University of New Mexico, told the Associated Press.

Agee led a team of scientists who published their report on the newly discovered meteorite (陨石),nicknamed Black Beauly, The rock is estimated to have contained 6,000 parts per million water? and scientists believe it likely interacted with water at a time when most of the planet’s surface was believed to have been arid.

The baseball-size rock was discovered in the Sahara, and scientists say it contains more evidence of water than any of the other known Martian rock samples.

“It’s fairly fresh. It hasn’t been subjected to a whole lot of weathering (风化作用),” University of Alberta meteorite expert Chris Herd told the AP.

Billions of years ago an eruption on the surface of Mars, likely caused by a volcano or planet collision, sent the rock into space, where it eventually made the journey to Earth, Agee and his team said the sample is “strikingly similar to the volcanic rocks examined by the NASA rovers Spirit and Opportunity on the Martian surface.”

Over the years, scientists have collected more than 60 Martian rock samples, with most being discovered in the Sahara and Antarctica. The new sample is much older than most of the other specimens, which are about 600 million years old or younger. The oldest known sample is an estimated 4.5 billion years old.

1.The underlined word “it”in Paragraph 3 refers to “           ”.

A. Mara    B. the Red Planet

C. Black Beauty    D. the report

2.Where was the meteorite found?

A. In the Sahara.    B. In Antarctica.

C. In Mars.    D. In America.

3.Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?

A. Black Beauty has the size of a baseball.

B. Blank Beauty contains the most evidence of water among the known Martian rock samples.

C. An eruption on the surface of Mars sent the rock into Earth directly.

D. Black Beauty is not the oldest known sample.

4.Where can we most probably read this text?

A. In a personal diary.    B. In a science report.

C. In a travel magazine.    D. In a geography textbook.


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