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________to our surprise, he went over all his notes in such a short time, ________for the next day's examination.

A. Very; preparing    B. Much; prepared

C. Greatly; to be prepared    D. Rather; being prepared


In the supermarket foreign names of the products got _______, and I was confused about what to buy.

A. mixed up    B. fixed up    C. picked up    D. showed up


Don't defend him any more. It's obvious that he ________ destroyed the fence of the garden even without  an apology.

A. accidentally    B. carelessly    C. deliberately    D. clumsily


Hawaii is ________a beautiful place of interest. It is also famous for its rich cultural relics.

A. more than    B. less than    C. other than    D. rather than


She cared for children so much that she devoted most of her time to children ________work after graduation from a university.

A. career    B. business    C. welfare    D. profit


— Jack speaks ________English like a native. I always admire him.

— Now he is learning ________more difficult language—Arabic.


A. an; a    B. /; the    C. /; a    D. the; a


随着人们的生活水平越来越高,有不少人忽视了体育锻炼。你班学生就这一话题组织了一次班级讨论, 请对以下列举的体育锻炼的好处进行补充,并说说自己所喜爱的运动项目。
























Last summer, after 16 years in the United States, I traveled to the city in Russia where I grew up. I was the first in my family to return after all those years. My mom gave me a hand-drawn map showing the location of my grandfather’s tomb at the local cemetery(公墓), and she asked me to visit it.

It was really important to her that I go there. My grandfather died when I was little, and she wanted me to remember him. He was still very much alive in her mind, and she wanted him to continue to live in my mind as well.

So I promised that the first thing I’d do when I arrived would be to visit the cemetery. However, I got caught up in work, and I had a lot of catching up to do with my childhood friends. It wasn’t until a day before I was leaving that I found time to go to the cemetery.

It was late in the afternoon, and right by the entrance was a lady who was selling flowers. By then she had only seven carnations left in her bucket. I bought them all, but when I reached for my wallet, I realized I didn’t have the map with me. I had no idea what had happened to that map. And I had no idea where my grandfather’s tomb was located.

I could call my mom and ask her. But the problem was that I had already told her I’d gone to the cemetery. What was I going to say?

I found the main office. Fortunately it was open, and inside was a small office. Behind the counter was an old woman, and she said she’d help me locate my grandfather’s records.

A couple of minutes later, she came back with a printout. It turned out there were 17 Abraham Pikarskis on the list. I chose the two whose age I believed closely matched my grandfather’s.

I set off to look for them. I hoped that at least one would have a portrait(肖像) on the tombstone. This way I’d know which tomb was mine.

I found the first tomb and it said Abraham Pikarski on it, but there was no portrait. Only an inscription (碑铭) : From the Loving Wife and Children.

I had no idea whether this was the right one, so I went off to look for the other one. I found it, too, and it was virtually indistinguishable from the first one. It said Abraham Pikarski, no portrait. The inscription was slightly different. It said: From the Grieving(伤心的) Family.

I had no idea what to do. Was my family the loving one or the grieving one? I was standing there waiting, thinking maybe some sort of special feeling would come to me. Maybe I’d feel some sort of close relationship with the person who was lying there.

I put three carnations on that tomb, and I went back to the first one. I stood there, too, for a while, and again I was hoping that I’d feel something special. But it was getting late, and I had to pack for the trip back to New York, so I put three carnations on this tomb.

I stood there with the last flower in my hand. Which Abraham Pikarski should it go to? Should I just throw it away? I had to come up with some sort of a solution.

Then, suddenly, I knew what to do. I put that flower on that same tomb where I was standing. I thought if this is really my grandfather who is lying there, then all is good, and he got the most. But if not, then let this be kind of comfort to the stranger, because somebody else’s grandson came all the way from America to pay his respects.

I went back to the hotel and flew home to New York the next day. I never found that map again.

Mom and Dad picked me up at the airport. On the way home from the airport, my mom started crying, “I’m so happy that you took the time to visit your grandfather’s tomb. It really means so much to me. You know when you called and told me you went there, I thought you were just saying it to make me feel good.”

When I was still in the air this morning, her cousin who lives in Russia had called and told my mother that she had just come from the cemetery and had seen my flowers there. So my mom knew that I had really done this.

Should I ask her how many flowers her cousin saw? Three or four?

But then I decided that maybe I should not say anything at all.

1.Why did the author visited his grandfather’s tomb just before he returned to America?

A. Because he was occupied with many other things.

B. Because he lost the map his mother drew for him.

C. Because he wasn’t well familiar with the cemetery.

D. Because he didn’t have affection for his grandfather.

2.Why didn’t the author turn to his mother when he couldn’t find the map?

A. He was able to locate grandfather’s tomb.

B. He couldn’t make up a reasonable excuse.

C. He intended to recover the map by himself.

D. He was unwilling to be thought to lie.

3.The author chose the two tombs out of the 17 according to ________.

A. their portrait

B. their age

C. their inscription

D. their location

4.Why did the author’s mother cry on the way home?

A. She kept grandfather in mind.

B. The author showed respect to a stranger.

C. The author kept his promise.

D. Her cousin found the flowers.

5.We can infer from the last two paragraphs that ________.

A. he was ashamed of having telling a lie to his mother

B. he was content to have presented the followers to a stranger

C. he got to know which tomb was his grandfather’s in the end

D. he thought there was no need to figure out the location of the tomb


When people today talk about a tiny house, they probably mean the trendy living space that‘s about the size of a shed (). But you would have to be five inches tall to live in the original tiny houses. Dollhouse(小房子),which have been around for several centuries, don’t offer shelter to real people, but they provide a vivid(生动的) experience of life in times and places both real and imaginary.

The National Building Museum in Washington, D.C., lets visitors time travel in this tiny world through ―Small Stories: At Home in a Dollhouse,” an exhibit that opened Saturday. Visitors can see twelve dollhouses from the Victoria and Albert Museum in London, England, which contain amazing tiny furnishings. But those people who put together the exhibit also wanted visitors to know the characters inside.

“It’s 300 years of British homes told through their inhabitants (居民),” said Alice Sage, who is in charge of the London museum.

So as visitors look inside the Tate Baby House, a fancy townhouse from 1760, they can push a button to hear a young woman get a lecture from her mother on the proper way to run a home. In the Killer Cabinet house, a servant named Betsy complains about the problems of city life in the 1830s. “We’ve got the cat to keep the rats away,” she says.

That dollhouse was John Killer‘s gift to his wife and five daughters. The girls were allowed to play with the house, but they probably also learned a few lessons, Sage said.

“The kitchen of the house would have been the perfect way to teach the girls about the management of a home,” she said, noting the tiny dishes and pots.

Those who prefer a more modern look won't be disappointed. There are two rooms displaying a white dollhouse from 1935, an apartment house from the 1960s and a brightly colored 21st-century design.

The end of the exhibit shows how imaginative design sometimes works best in small spaces.

The Building Museum asked twenty-four artists, designers and architects from across the United States to each create a “dream room” from the past, present or future. Some of these unique small rooms were made using traditional furnishings, others from materials such as clay, insects, 3D-printing, and even peeps marshmallow candies!

1.Which of the following were on show Saturday?

A. A dozen dollhouses from England.

B. Some old shelters for poor people.

C. Some imaginary tiny furnishings.

D. A couple of fashionable living spaces.

2.What is the function of the characters inside the Museum?

A. Working as organizers of the exhibit.

B. Making the exhibit more attractive.

C. Providing good services for visitors.

D. Helping visitors understand dollhouses.

3.What can we learn about the Killer Cabinet house?

A. It was made up of 24 tiny rooms.

B. Its kitchen may have an educational purpose.

C. Its history dates back to the 17th century.

D. It was owned by a woman named Betsy.

4.What might be the best title of the passage?

A. An exhibit of dollhouses.

B. The history of dollhouses.

C. How to make a dollhouse.

D. Amazing tiny furniture.


Babies should be given peanut early - some at four months old - in order to reduce the risk of allergy(过敏), according to new US guidance.

Studies have shown the risk of peanut allergy can be cut by more than 80% by early exposure(接触). The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases said the new guidance was "an important step forward".

However, young children should not eat whole peanuts, because of the risk of choking.

Allergy levels are soaring in the US and have more than quadrupled since 2008. It is a pattern replicated across much of the Western world as well as parts of Asia and Africa. Parents are often wary about introducing peanut and in the past have been advised to wait until the child is three years old.

According to the new guidelines, children with other allergies or severe eczema should start on peanut-containing foods at between four and six months old, with medical supervision(监管). Babies with mild eczema should have peanut-containing food at about six months old. Those with no eczema or allergies can have peanut-containing food freely introduced.

Dr. Anthony Fauci, the director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, said: "We expect that widespread implementation of these guidelines by healthcare providers will prevent the development of peanut allergy in many susceptible children and ultimately reduce the prevalence of peanut allergy in the United States."

Michael Walker, a member of the European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, said: "The guidelines are based on sound medical research carried out in the UK. UK parents should consult their GP, bringing attention to the guidelines if necessary, before attempting peanut allergy prevention in their infant themselves."

Professor Alan Boobis, from Imperial College London, said: "The previous(之前的) view that delaying(延迟) the introduction of allergenic foods decreases the risk of food allergy is incorrect and... if anything, the exclusion(除去) or delayed introduction of specific allergenic foods may increase the risk of allergy to the same foods, including peanut."

1.The new US guidance may agree that _________   .

A. children can have peanut-containing food freely

B. parents can feed kids peanut until they are three

C. early exposure to peanut can reduce peanut allergy

D. young children should not eat whole peanut to avoid allergy

2.The underlined word in Paragraph 6 means __________   .

A. easily influenced

B. seriously disabled

C. mentally healthy

D. terribly tired

3.What can we learn from Michael Walker?

A. The use of the guidelines should be limited in the UK.

B. The guidelines are scientific and thus can be trusted.

C. Parents should do peanut allergy prevention themselves.

D. Many doctors in the UK don’t agree with the guidelines.

4.What might be the author’s purpose of writing this passage?

A. To warm parents of the possible danger peanut may bring.

B. To recommend delaying the introduction of allergenic foods.

C. To compare two different scientific research on peanut allergy.

D. To introduce a new way of reducing the risk of peanut allergy.


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