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They may have text,email,Facebook and Twitter,but young people are still lonelier than any other age group.The Loneliness in New Zealand Report,published by Statistics New Zealand,shows under 30s are more likely to feel lonely than older people because loneliness decreases with age.Loneliness and poor mental health were strongly related across all ages.Young people were not as likely to feel lonely because of financial hardship,but among older people,lack of money was a significant influence on loneliness.Women were more likely to feel lonely than men.

Philip Walker,spokesman for the General Social Survey,said because it was relatively new it was hard to know whether loneliness among young people was a new trend.But overseas research has found that levels of loneliness in youth today are growing.

Mr.Walker said the finding needed more exploration,including looking at the role of technology and social media."It could be that people's expectations of connection have gone up,so we expect increased levels of connection,"he said."While technology like cell phones could help young people stay connected,on the other hand for those who do get bullied(欺辱),especially bullied online,it's quite isolating.A lot of the time potentially it is a big contributor to loneliness."

Figures from online dating website FindSomeone also confirmed more young people were looking for love.Manager Rick Davies,said younger dating hopefuls were the fastest growing group on the site.

Mr.Davies noted that since the report data was collected in 2010there had been huge growth in smart phones,which meant people were online even more.He believed online tools,such as Skype,could help people stay connected."People can keep in touch with a wide range of friends from all over the world much more easily now.It's like you're sitting in your living room having a chat with them."

Bemardine Reid,operations committee chairwoman for Samaritans,which operates a free helpline,said many of their calls came from people who were lonely."It might be that they've got some problem,just like all the things people would normally talk to a friend about,but people who are alone lack those normal contacts."

The Statistics New Zealand report also showed people who didn't have face﹣to﹣face contact with family and friends were more likely to feel lonely,as were those who lived alone.

1.Which of the following may Mr.Walker agree with?

A. High technology may become a reason for loneliness.

B. People shouldn't use the Internet to get to know strangers.

C. It's hard for people to get enough connection online as expected.

D. Social media should play an important role in helping lonely people.

2.It can be inferred from the passage that  .

A. FindSomeone is a website where you can find old friends

B. without technology,young people would not feel lonely

C. high technology results in the older being lonely

D. those cheated or hurt online tend to feel lonely

3.From the last two paragraphs,we can conclude that  .

A. Internet can keep people free from loneliness

B. people chatting a lot online tend to be optimistic

C. people living alone tend to have more connection online

D. people communicating less in the real world risk loneliness

4.What is the best title of the passage?

A. Loneliness Around You

B. Young People Online

C. Young but Lonely

D. E﹣times and Young People.


If you’re ever reading a book or watching a movie and get the distinct feeling you’ve come across the story before — or even better, can predict exactly what's going to happen next — there could be a good reason for that.

Researchers from the Computational Story Laboratory at the University of Vermont studied the complete text of some 1,737 fiction works available on Project Gutenberg, an online collection of more than 50,000 digital books in the public area. They discovered that English literature consists of just six kinds of emotional arcs (情感弧线) that make up nearly all of the most well-known stories. By analysing the sentiment (情感) of language used in these texts, the researchers were able to show the emotional ups and downs for the stories as a whole. They discovered that negative words like “poverty”, “dead”, and “punishment” dragged the emotion down, while positive terms like “love”, “peace”, and “friend” brought it up.

According to the researchers, those six core (核心的) emotional arcs are:

“Rags to riches” (An ongoing emotional rise)

“Tragedy, or riches to rags” (An ongoing emotional fall)

“Man in a hole” (A fall followed by a rise)

“Icarus” (A rise followed by a fall)

“Cinderella” (Rise–fall–rise)

“Oedipus” (Fall–rise–fall)

Interestingly, based on download statistics from Project Gutenberg, the researchers say the most popular stories are ones that use more complex emotional arcs, with the “Cinderella” and “Oedipus” arcs registering the most downloads. Also popular are works that combine these core arcs together in new ways within one story, such as two “Man in a hole” arcs stuck together, or the “Cinderella” arc coupled with a tragic ending.

1.Readers often feel familiar when reading a new story because stories have similar ______.

A. beginnings    B. endings

C. characters    D. emotional arcs

2.How did researchers carry out their study?

A. By conducting surveys among readers.

B. By reading books borrowed from libraries.

C. By analysing works from an online collection.

D. By interviewing authors of the well-known stories.

3.Which set of works may drag emotion down?

A. Hope, fortune and riches.

B. Disease, murder and war.

C. Smile, health and beauty.

D. Cold, earthquake and spring.

4.According to the last paragraph, which kind of works are most popular among readers?

A. Works with an ongoing emotional rise.

B. Works with an ongoing emotional fall.

C. Works with a rise followed by a fall.

D. Works with more than one rise and fall.


Have you ever thought of quitting your job when you feel exhausted? Maybe most of you would say “yes”. After a particularly busy period at work, I decided to get away from it all by going on a hike in the mountains in southern France.

Before I left, I read an interesting story in a magazine. It read, “Once, while I was riding on a crowded bus, the man sitting next to me threw his cell phone out of the window when his phone rang. I was surprised. He looked at me, shrugged (耸耸肩) and looked away. I had no idea whether it was his or stolen or whether he even knew what a cell phone was or not, but he clearly wanted to be free of it, because it clearly troubled him.”

Billions of people across the world use cell phones. Though cell phones are a wonderful way for communication, they often do the exact opposite. Using cell phones can increase stress within families and friends.

So when I recently returned home, I got rid of my cell phone. Now I go outside without taking my phone with me. I’ve noticed things in my neighborhood I never noticed before, such as gardens. I’ve met new people, started conversations with neighbors I didn’t speak to before and talked with some of my friends face to face instead of chatting over the phone.

Instead of keeping me off from the world, stopping using my cell phone has helped me get even closer to my family and friends.

1.According to the story, the man on the bus threw away his cell phone because       .

A. it didn’t work properly

B. it was stolen from someone else

C. he didn’t like the phone’s style

D. he didn’t want to be bothered by it

2.We can learn from the passage that cell phones       .

A. are too expensive for many people

B. are of no use to the author

C. can also get people into trouble

D. can make life more interesting

3.What can we learn about the author?

A. He wants to own a garden now.

B. He always chatted with his neighbors.

C. He used to take his cell phone when going outside.

D. He once threw away his cell phone.

4.The main purpose of the passage is to       .

A. tell us not to let cell phones control our lives

B. encourage others to hike with him in France

C. share his experiences in France with us

D. teach us how to get along with neighbors


Preparations are underway around the world for Chinese New Year (Feb 19) and celebrations in China will be mirrored across the planet wherever the Chinese Diaspora (华侨) calls home. Here are some Chinatowns for those outside of China wishing to mark the day.


Although it may not be as large or as long-built as others, having only become a center for the Chinese community during the 1950s, London's Chinatown is a perfectly formed little firework that knows how to see in the year with a bang. Decorated with red lanterns (灯笼), previous years have seen shows with acrobatics (杂技), martial arts (武术), dance and opera nearby.

San Francisco

San Francisco's Chinatown is perhaps the most famous in the United States. The city was the main entry-point for Chinese who had crossed the Pacific to the USA during the early 19th      century. Between the Grant Avenue and the Stockton Street, this historic area is a local treasure, attracting more visitors per year than the Golden Gate Bridge.


With a more than 100-year-old history, the Thai capital's Chinatown contains complex streets offering all kinds of tasty treats, clothes, toys and antiques. Sunday market days are such a good time to get the full atmosphere of the neighborhood. The area is also known for its gold dealers, whose shops line the road.


Found in Port Louis, this Mauritian Chinatown shows the island nation's rich multicultural diversity. Established in the early years of the 20th century by settlers from China, its tiny            shops and restaurants serve locals and visitors. During the Chinese Spring Festival, the most exciting sight is the Dragon Dances on Rue Royale when Chinese musicians and dancers perform the traditional Lion dances through the streets.

1.According to the text, which of the following has the longest history?

A. London's Chinatown.

B. Bangkok's Chinatown.

C. Mauritius's Chinatown.

D. San Francisco's Chinatown.

2.What's special about Bangkok's Chinatown?

A. It is crowded with Chinese restaurants.

B. It is well-known for its gold business.

C. It was the major entrance for the Chinese.

D. It is where you can enjoy fireworks.

3. If you want to enjoy the Dragon Dances, you can go to ____.

A. Rue Royale in Port Louis, Mauritius

B. the Sunday market in Bangkok

C. the Grant Avenue in San Francisco

D. the Chinese community in London









Dear Mr.David,

How is everything going?___________________________________________________________________















It is my son's birthday two days ago.As I didn't buy any gift for him,I offered him with $10 as a birthday gift. Last evening he used it take his cousin out for ice cream.It turned out that these two kids were the last one in the shop for the day.But the lady at the register who wanted to cash out quickly told them their ice cream was freely! They were too exciting to hear it.Then I asked my son why he did with the money.To my joyful,he replied that he gave it to the homeless man.


As a listening child,I often heard1.(old) people say:"What dreams I had!"and"If only I had my life to live over."I2.(understand) that these men and women had missed the fullness of life somehow.

But I wasn't going to miss it,I decided at the age of fourteen.In a slightly3.(use) copy book,I made a full list of what I wanted from life.I would be devoted to4.(realize) them one by one.5.,as years went by,I was middle aged and alone.My children had left to make their own full life somewhere.I,too,didn't realize even half the amount 6.what I had planned.One rainy night,I went to the bookstore to get a paperback book to read7.(me) to sleep on.I picked up an Emile Zola book,8.reminded me of something I had read long ago: Zola had said,“To have a child,to plant a tree,to write a book.”That,he said,was a full life!A great stillness grew about me as I realized I had a child,I'd planted a tree,and in fact,I'd even written a book.

Eventually,I came to a clear9.(conclude),and it is10.university one: To live,to struggle,to be in love with life is fulfillment.


I was on vacation with my husband,my brother,his wife and daughter.We were not____with the area and got on a bus,thinking it would be a nice way to see the downtown's old town area.Well,____talking with the bus driver,we didn't find that we were.on the neighborhood route(线路)which____school children and delivers people to various ____places.That was a route of over about two hours.That was a surprise and a concern because we____our vehicle in a____parking area and it was going to end.

We shared this with the bus driver only to let her know we were not from the area and____for getting on her bus by mistake.Then she surprised us____further saying,“I get off shift(换班)after a few more blocks,and if you don't____taking my company car,I'd be happy to take you____to your vehicle before the time end.”The bus driver received permission from her____,so we gratefully said yes to her____.

She went out of her way to take us back to our vehicle____her shift was over and it wasn't on her route to home either.We were____and grateful for her kindness.____,because she shared some of her____about the school-age children she sometimes had on the bus route,I offered her a few____on how to quiet the children with a skill that would make the ride safer for them____for her.She was so____.It was a wonderful____of kindness!

1.A. similar    B. familiar    C. known    D. learnt

2.A. until    B. before    C. after    D. when

3.A. picks out    B. puts up    C. picks up    D. puts off

4.A. downtown    B. district    C. attraction    D. neighborhood

5.A. had stopped    B. had parked    C. had ridden    D. had driven

6.A. timed    B. timing    C. timely    D. timeless

7.A. thanked    B. praised    C. apologized    D. admitted

8.A. on    B. in    C. with    D. by

9.A. mind    B. like    C. appreciate    D. enjoy

10.A. up    B. back    C. down    D. over

11.A. teacher    B. children    C. passenger    D. manager

12.A. instruction    B. offer    C. invitation    D. requirement

13.A. after    B. because    C. though    D. whether

14.A. satisfied    B. astonished    C. exhausted    D. touched

15.A. In fact    B. In other words    C. In return    D. As a result

16.A. concerns    B. attitudes    C. behaviors    D. discipline

17.A. tips    B. advice    C. ways    D. approaches

18.A. disappointed    B. amused    C. grateful    D. excited

19.A. as good as    B. as fine as    C. as nice as    D. as well as

20.A. expression    B. exchange    C. explanation    D. expansion


It is necessary for us to improve our problem-solving abilities.If you don't properly understand the problem, your solutions may be ineffective or fail entirely.1.For example,is there one problem or actually several?Can you restate the problem in your own words?By spending time with the problem you will better understand it and be equipped to generate(产生)solutions.

2.Collect data,ask people or experts connected to the problem,look for resources online,in print,or elsewhere. Once you have data,organize it.Try to do this by rewording or summarizing it.Perhaps you could even map it out in a chart.You may not need to bother with this step for simple problems,but it will be essential for those of a more complex one.

The first step in finding a solution is to look at data that you have gathered about the problem and to analyze its importance.3.Start with the raw data.Sometimes,information will need to be broken into smaller,more manageable parts or to be ranked for its importance.

4..You might do this on a limited,trial scale at first to test the results.Or,you might go all in.Keep in mind that unpredictable problems which you did not plan can arise at this stage.

Keep in mind that problem-solving works in a cycle.It will generate a number of different solutions that each should not be ignored.5.If not,then you must look for another solution and start the process over again.So make small changes if necessary.

A.If you fix the problem,you have found a suitable solution.

B.Once you have chosen the best solution,put it into practice.

C.You should focus on the problem and your problem-solving process.

D.Gather as many acts as you can about the problem to get a clear picture of it.

E.A hobby is another way that you can continue to improve your problem solving skills.

F.To define the problem clearly,you will have to ask questions and look at different angles.

G.When analyzing,you will look for links and relationships for better understanding the overall situation.


Before the invention of hair dryer,vacuum cleaners were being used for the purpose of drying and styling hair. The early vacuum cleaners could draw in air as well as blowing air.So,towards the end of the 19th century,women used to dry their hair by using a vacuum cleaner.

In 1890,a French salon owner Alexander F.Godefroy invented the first hair dryer.It blew warm air.However,it was not widely used,mainly because of its large size.

The first convenient hand-held hair dryer used at home came up in 1920.It weighed over 2 lbs.However,it only produced 100 watts of power,which was not enough to dry the hair.After almost ten years came the gas-heated dryers that were widely used in barber shops.However,these dryers produced heat that was harmful to hair and the air from them made people sick,so they were soon gone.

Around the 1940s and 1950s,the helmet(头盔)style electric dryers came into being.Curly hairstyles were popular during that time.Therefore,women used curlers and sat under the dryers to set their curls.Later,the curly style began to drop,and so did the popularity of the helmet style electric dryer.

In the late 1950s,the first workable hair dryer was made.It had a hand-held dryer.It used only 300-400 watts. Ever since the 1950s,hand-held dryers have experienced many changes,in order to become quieter,lighter and smaller.However,how it works largely remains the same.The modem technology has made improvements to the hair dryer,reducing the heat damage to a person's hair.For producing shinier,smoother and healthier hair,dryers have been included with negative ion(负离子)technology that dries hair faster and with less heat.

1.What do we learn about the hair dryer invented by Alexander F.Godefroy?

A. It looked like a vacuum cleaner.    B. It was once very popular.

C. It was inconvenient to use.    D. It blew too hot air.

2.What was the disadvantage of the hair dryer invented in 1920?

A. It needed too much power.    B. It couldn't be held by hand.

C. It was not easy to be carried around.    D. It couldn't dry hair effectively.

3.What was the main purpose of including negative ion in dryers?

A. To reduce the sizes of hair dryers.    B. To make hair dryers more beautiful.

C. To produce better hair in a beautiful way.    D. To save more power and time for users.


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