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阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A, B, C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

Forever friendship

Twenty-one years ago,my husband gave me Sam,an eight-week-old dog,to help me ease(减轻;缓解) the loss of our daughter. Later my husband and I moved from New York to New Jersey where our neighbor,whose cat had     had kittens,asked us if we would like one. We were afraid that Sam would not be    ,but we made up our    to take a kitten.

We picked a little,gray,playful cat. She     around running after imaginary mice and squirrels and jumped from table to chair very     ,so we named her Lightning(闪电).

At    ,Sam and Lightning were not close to each other. But slowly,as the days went on,Lightning started     Sam. They slept together,ate together and played together. When I took     one out of the house,the other was always     by the door when we returned. That was the    they lived for years.

Then,without any    ,Sam suddenly died of a weak heart. This time,there was no Sam for Lightning to greet and no way to     why she would never see her friend again.

In the    that followed,Lightning seemed heartbroken. She could not    me in words that she was     ,but I could see the pain and     in her eyes whenever anyone opened the front door. The weeks     by,and the cat’s sorrow seemed to be lifting(消失). One day as I walked into our living room,I    to have a look at the floor next to our sofa     we had a sculptured replica(雕塑复制品)of Sam that we had bought a few years before. Lying next to the statue(雕塑),one arm wrapped around the statue’s neck,was Lightning,sleeping with her best     .

1.A. recently           B.lastly           C.firstly D.never

2.A. sad B.excited          C.disappointed     D.glad

3.A. minds B.hearts           C.heads D.brains

4.A. walked            B.climbed         C.raced D.hid

5.A. slowly B.quickly          C.carefully         D.bravely

6.A. last B.noon C.night  D.first

7.A. leaving           B.following        C.hating D.catching

8.A. neither            B.both            C.either D.any

9.A. waiting            B.sleeping         C.crying D.barking

10.A. road             B.path C.way D.street[

11.A. words           B.diseases          C.fear D.warning

12.A. talk  B.explain           C.think D.write

13.A. days            B.weeks C.seasons[来源:学.科D.years

14.A. express          B.tell C.report         D.say

15.A. enjoying         B.doing C.suffering         D.missing

16.A. disappointment    B.anger           C.excitement     D.fun

17.A. came            B.went C.gathered         D.walked

18.A. seemed          B.appeared         C.happened         D.meant

19.A. what            B.which            C.that D.where

20.A. friend           B.enemy            C.sofa D.chair

 

Whether you' re a child, teenager, young adult or are middle-aged, respect for your parents is an important value. Your parents are the people who raised you, devoting time, energy and money to your development. 1. No matter your age, there are 5 ways to show respect.

Respect their belongings.

One important way to show respect is to show regard for the things important to your parents. For younger children, this may mean not touching jewelry or other valuable things. For grown children, respect may mean returning a borrowed tool in good condition and on time. Lack of respect for a parent's belongings is a violation of personal boundaries. 2. And never borrow things without asking first. 

Punctuality .

3. Therefore, always be on time. For teenagers, showing up on time means coming home by curfew(宵禁).Adult children should show up on time for family dinners or events, or to pick a parent up for a medical appointment. Call if you're going to be late because parents worry about children, no matter their age.

_4.

Remembering birthdays, anniversaries and other special days is a sign that you honor your parents. Make plans to take them to lunch or dinner or bake a cake or cookies. Most parents don't expect expensive gifts, but a handmade gift is always appreciated .A phone call from a grown child who lives too far for a visit is a welcome sign of respect.

Be kind.

Kind words and affection are simple ways to show respect. Tell your parents you love them. Listen and allow your parents to speak without interruption. Show a sincere interest in what your parents have to say. Be patient with your parents and don't rush them. Never talk back or be rude or disrespectful. Acknowledge your parents' achievements. 5. 

A. Be a good listener.

B. Celebrate with them.

C. Lateness indicates a lack of respect.

D. Treat your parents the way you would like to be treated.

E. And they love you unconditionally throughout your life.

F. Being respectful helps build positive relationships with others.

G. Don't take advantage of your parents' kindness and generosity.

 

One of my first memories as a child in the 1950s was a discussion I had with my brother in our tiny bedroom in the family house in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania.

We had heard in school about a planet called Pluto. It was the farthest, coldest, and darkest thing a child could imagine. We guessed how long it would take to die if we stood on the surface of such a frozen place wearing only the clothes we had on. We tried to figure out how much colder Pluto was than Antarctica, or than the coldest day we had ever experienced in Pennsylvania.

Pluto, which famously was downgraded from a “major planet” to a “dwarf planet”(矮星) in 2006, captured our imagination because it was a mystery that could complete our picture of what it was like at the most remote corners of our solar system.

Pluto’s underdog discovery story is part of what makes it so attractive. Clyde Tombaugh was a Kansas farm boy who built telescopes out of spare auto parts, old farm equipment and self-ground lenses. As an assistant at Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff, Arizona, Tombaugh's task was to search millions of stars for a moving point of light, a planet that the observatory’s founder thought existed beyond the orbit of Neptune. On February 18,1930,Tombaugh found it. Pluto was the first planet discovered by an American, and represented a moment of light in the midst of the Great Depression’s dark encroachment (入侵).

Pluto is much more than something that is not a planet. It’s a reminder that there are many worlds out there beyond our own and that the sky isn’t the limit at all. We don’t know what kinds of fantastic variations on a theme nature is capable of making until we get there to look.

1.Why did Pluto become famous in 2006 according to the passage?

A. Because it lost its major planet status.

B. Because it disappeared in the sky.

C. Because it was discovered by an American.

D. Because it was proved to be the coldest planet in the universe.

2.What can be a suitable title for the text?

A. An American Scientist: Clyde Tombaugh

B. Pluto was First Discovered by a Boy

C. Pluto’s Strange Romance

D. The Days I Spent with My Brother in Pennsylvania

3.What can we learn from the fourth paragraph?

A. Clyde Tombaugh discovered the darkness in the Great Depression.

B. Pluto was the only planet that was discovered by Clyde Tombaugh.

C. Clyde Tombaugh’s job was to build telescopes for Lowell Observatory.

D. Clyde Tombaugh’s telescopes used for searching stars were very simple.

4.What does the underlined sentence in the last paragraph most probably mean?

A. Pluto is no less than a planet in the solar system.

B. Pluto is much more than a planet in the solar system.

C. Pluto is more important than any other planet in the sky.

D. Pluto is not a planet in the solar system, but it is more than a planet.

 

The poaching(偷猎), or illegal killing, of rhinos(犀牛) in South Africa is growing worse each year.The government recently reported that a record number of rhinos were poached in 2015,a year which had more rhino killings in South Africa than ever before.

The World Wildlife Fund,or WWF,says about 20, 000 rhinos live in South Africa.That is more than 80 percent of the rhinos in the world.Edna Molewa,South Africa’s Environment Minister,says, “During 2015,we are sad to say this,1,215 rhinos were killed.This is a rise in the number of poached rhinos from 1,004 in 2014 and indeed very worrying.”

The animals are hunted for their horns(角).Many people in Asia believe the horn has curing power,which drives poachers, at all costs,mad for more horns. But there is no scientific evidence for this belief.The horn is made of keratin(角蛋白).That is the same thing as human hair,fingernails and toenails.

Ms.Molewa said 386 suspected poachers were arrested last year,an increase from the year before.But rhino protection workers say poachers often go unpunished after arrest. South Africa’s legal system is ineffective. Ms. Mo1ewa said more needs to be done and South Africa is taking strong measures to protect rhinos.The efforts include moving some of the animals to secret places in neighboring countries. “Now approximately 100 rhinos have been moved to neighboring states in the SADC region during 2015 and 200 more rhinos will be moved this year,” Molewa said.

Jo Shaw,the rhino program manager at the WWF,said, “We’re talking about a loss of a hundred rhinos a month,or more than three a day.We really need to see effective action not just at a national level but internationally.” She says officials should find the criminal groups responsible for the poaching and punish them. Government officials are to meet in Botswana in March at the Inter-governmental Conference on Illegal Wildlife Trade.

1.According to paragraph 2, we know ________.

A.half of rhinos live in South Africa

B.less than 1,000 rhinos were killed in 2014

C.the killing in 2015 was more than that in 2014

D.there are only 20,000 rhinos left in the world

2.What is the main reason for people to hunt rhinos?

A.To get more keratin.

B.To protect the farmland.

C.To use them for decoration.

D.To make money from horns.

3.Jo Shaw thinks that ________.

A.many criminal groups are well organized

B.new laws are needed to punish the killers

C.rhino protection needs international cooperation

D.conferences about protecting rhinos are to be held every year

4.What can we infer from the text?

A.Rhino protection has a long way to go.

B.No one would like to buy horns in the future.

C.The illegal killing of rhinos will soon disappear.

D.Rhinos living in South Africa will move to other countries.

 

Sports can help you keep fit and get in touch with nature. However, whether you are on the mountains, in the waves, or on the grassland, you should be aware that your sport of choice might have great influence on the environment.

Some sports are resource-hungry. Golf, as you may know, eats up not only large areas of countryside, but also tons of water. Besides, all sorts of chemicals and huge amounts of energy are used to keep its courses(球场) in good condition. This causes major environmental effects. For example, in the dry regions of Portugal and Spain, golf is often held responsible for serious water shortage in some local areas.

There are many environment-friendly sports. Power walking is one of them that you could take up today. You don't need any special equipment except a good pair of shoes; and you don't have to worry about resources and your purse. Simple and free, power walking can also keep you fit. If you walk regularly, it will be good for your heart and bones. Experts say that 20 minutes of power walking daily can make you feel less anxious, sleep well and have better weight control.

Whatever sport you take up, you can make it greener by using environment-friendly equipment and buying products made from recycled materials. But the final goal should be "green gyms". They are better replacements(代替物)for traditional health clubs and modern sports centers. Members of green gyms play sports outdoors, in the countryside or other open spaces. There is no special requirement for you to start your membership. And best of all, it's free.

1.Which of the following is the author most probably in favor of?

A. Playing basketball in a gym.

B. Motor racing in the desert.

C. Cycling around a lake.

D. Swimming in a sports center.

2.What do we know about golf from the passage?

A. It is popular in Portugal and Spain.

B. It needs water and electricity to keep its courses green.

C. It pollutes the earth with chemicals and wastes.

D. It causes water shortages around the world.

3.The author uses power walking as an example mainly because ________.

A. it uses fewer resources

B. it improves our health

C. it is an outdoor sport

D. it is recommended by experts

4.The author writes the passage to ________.

A. show us the function of major sports

B. encourage us to go in for green sports

C. discuss the major influence of popular sports

D. introduce different types of environment-friendly sports

 

Time:2017-01-24     From:kekenet.com        Editor: clover

The head of China's largest online seller Alibaba does not think China and the United States will have a trade war despite comments from the Trump administration.

Jack Ma is the chairman of the Alibaba Group. At the World Economic Forum meeting in Davos, Switzerland, he said, "China and (the) U.S. will never have a trade war. Give Trump some time. He's open-minded, he's listening."

The Chinese billionaire said he would do all he could to prevent trade relations between the countries from getting worse.

Last week, Ma met with Trump at the Trump Tower in New York City. The Chinese billionaire is said to have discussed a plan to permit one million small U.S. businesses to sell goods on Alibaba's online shopping platform.

During the campaign and after winning the presidential election, Trump strongly criticized the Chinese government's support for its businesses. He blamed unfair trade policies for taking away U.S. jobs. And he said that China unfairly controls the exchange value of its currency, the yuan.

Trump also has threatened to place import taxes on goods from China and other countries in response to their trade policies.

According to the South China Morning Post, Ma said, "American international companies made millions and millions of dollars from globalization." He added that the U.S. should not blame the loss of jobs and companies on globalization.

However, a new study by an American business group says many U.S. businesses feel unwelcome in China. The companies say the cost of doing business in China is increasing. They add that rules and regulations are unclear or not enforced in a consistent way.

The American Chamber of Commerce in China led the study, which looked at responses from 462 companies.

William Zarit is chairman of the chamber. He says trade policies in China make it difficult for American companies. He says, "we feel that over the last few years that we've been taken advantage of to some extent, with our open market and the lack of open areas in the Chinese market."

Another major concern for U.S. companies in China is fake products. Fake products are copies of the originals that cost businesses with the legal right to sell them millions of dollars each year.

Ma defended Alibaba's efforts to fight fake products on its shopping platform. He said his company is doing all it can to fight the problem.

"Fighting against fake products is a war against human greediness," Ma said.

I'm Mario Ritter.

1.The underline phrase “The Chinese billionaire” refers to ________.

A. TrumpB. Jack MaC. Mario RitterD. Willian Zarit

2.The text likely take from the ________.

A. economic magazine

B. trade speech

C. website

D. global news

3.About this passage, the most suitable title is________.

A. Chinese Billionaire Does Not See China-US Trade War

B. The American international companies removed most tariffs on products traded between the U.S and China

C. Group says American businesses in China concerned

D. The war about fighting against fake products

 

假定你是李华,生活的滨河社区将举行一场元宵节游园活动(Garden Activity)。请代表你的社区委员会给住在本社区的外教Mr. Smith夫妇发一封英文邀请函。主要内容包括:

1. 活动时间:农历1月15日晚6点至10点

2. 活动地点:滨河公园

3. 活动内容:观灯、猜灯谜、欣赏文艺表演等

注意:

1. 词数100左右;

2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯

参考词汇:元宵节 The Lantern Festival  猜灯谜guess lantern riddles

农历年 the lunar year

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假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均限一词;

      2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

In the village where I grew up, everyone knew an old man, who lived a simply life and spent all his time painting. The villagers used to admiring his works and he often gave his paintings to his friends. Whenever he was offered money, he would not take them. He said he painted for a pleasure. He once gave one of his paintings to my father, whom actually wasnt interested in art. Years later I found it in our old house. By that time the old man has died and people started to recognize his paintings as great works of art, which was worth lots of money. An art gallery made me an offer of $5,000 for this painting and I nearly sold it, so then I decided not to. It always reminds me my childhood and of the old man who didnt really want to make money by paint.

 

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式,并填在答题卡的相应位置。

In 1916 the United States started the world's first national park system. Since then, it 1.  (serve)as a model for other countries that try to better protect the environment and let people enjoy nature.

A national park is a reserve of land    2.  (declare) and owned by the government, protected from human development and pollution. Now China is planning its own national parks system. On Dec 5, China passed two pilot plans for national parks    3.  (protect) the giant panda, Siberian tiger and Amur leopard.

But national parks are not only for animals. In mid-2015, China started to build pilot national parks in nine provinces.   4.   most famous one is the Sanjiangyuan national park on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. It aims to protect Chinas water source. Sanjiangyuan, or Source of Three Rivers, is   5.   the Yellow, Yangtze, and Lancang rivers start.

Before this national park project, China had set   6.  thousands of nature parks, forests and scenic areas as protected areas. However, they havent been managed well   7.  too many different organizations have been involved in the protection of the different areas, according to the China Daily. Under the new plan, national parks will cover big areas and include different protected areas.

For example, the habitats of wild pandas lie in different provinces and   8.  (cut) into even smaller pieces by railways, roads and power lines. This makes isolated panda groups more open to   9.  (dangerous). The panda national park will cover all the habitats and make the protection of animals as comprehensive as possible.

But this increased protection doesnt mean national parks will shut their doors to humans. Instead, the new system will offer people a chance to 10.   (deep) feel nature.

 

阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

I can never forget Mr. Green. He taught eighth-grade      . On the first day of class, he gave us a lecture about a creature called the cattywampus, an ill-adapted nocturnal (夜间活动的) animal that      during the Ice Age. He passed around a skull (头骨) as he talked. We all took notes and later had a quiz.

When he    my paper, I was shocked. There was a big red × through    of my answers. I had failed. There had to be some mistake! I had written down exactly what Mr. Green said. Then I realized that everyone in the class had       . What had happened?  

Very simple, Mr. Green explained. He had made up all the stuff about the cattywampus. There had never been any such animal. The information in our  notes was ,            , incorrect. Did we expect      for incorrect answers?

Needless to say, we were extremely     . What kind of test was that? And what kind of teacher?

We    have figured it out, Mr. Green said. After all, at the very moment he was passing around the cattywampus skull(in truth, a cats), hadn't he been telling us that no trace of the animal     ? He had described its amazing night vision, the color of its fur and a number of other facts he couldn't have known. He had given the animal a ridiculous name, and we still hadn't been suspicious. The zeroes on papers would be recorded in his grade book, he said. And they      .

Mr. Green said he hoped we would learn something from this experience. Teachers and textbooks are not to be trusted      . In fact, no one is. He told us not to let our minds go to sleep, and to    if we ever thought he or the textbook was wrong.

I haven't made any great scientific     ,  but Mr. Greens class gave me and my classmates something just as important: the     to look people in the eye and tell them they are      .

1. A. science    B. zoology   C. biology   D. archaeology

2.A. wiped out    B. died out    C. put out    D. came out

3.A. marked    B. took    C. passed    D. returned

4.A. some    B. every    C. each    D. any

5. A. missed    B. failed    C. passed    D. lost

6.A. however   B. otherwise   C. though    D. therefore

7.A. criticism   B. credit    C. blame    D. blessing

8.A. angry    B. excited   C. guilt    D. amused

9.A. need    B. must    C. should    D. ought

10.A. stayed    B. remained   C. left    D. survived

11.A. does    B. are    C. did    D. were

12.A. egually    B. roughly   C. blindly   D. curiously

13.A. move on   B. speak up   C. back off   D. pull over

14.A. chance     B. stage    C. goal    D. adventure

15.A. it      B. they    C. this    D. one

16.A. if      B. until    C. once    D. after

17.A. come up with  B. live up to   C. put up with   D. stand up for

18.A. discoveries   B. progress   C. promise   D. efforts

19.A. decision    B. challenge   C. courage   D. confirmation

20. A. foolish    B. wrong    C. ashamed   D. boring

 

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