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假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(划掉。

修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误仅限1词;2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

  Li Lin is a senior three students who devotes himself to his lessons every day.Last Saturday, as usual, he went to several courses.In the evening, he studies at home until deep into the night.He was too sleepy and tired that he couldn't work effectively.In Sunday morning, Li Lin was about to study when his father came up and advised him to have a break.Soon they had good idea.They bought a kite which they liked it very much and then the family went to the suburbs where Li Lin enjoyed himself fly the kite.The family had a picnic together but felt very relaxed in the open air.On Monday, Li Lin was energetic and actively in class.He said it was only why he had a better weekend.

 

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于3个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

What was supposed to be __1.___ fun climb became a test of friendship for two young people from Canada last Saturday. Jeremy Savage and Ian Marshall, both aged 17, went __【小题2___(camp) with their parents for the weekend. On Saturday morning, they decided to climb the mountain by themselves while their parents relaxed at the campsite. After three hours, they reached the top _2._ no problems.

However, trouble began when they started the climb down the mountain. On one very __3._ (danger) part of the path, Ian fell three meters off the side of the path. Jeremy was able to climb down to where Ian was. Ian was _4._ (bad) injured and could not move. They had to wait and _5.__(hope) that someone would come and help them. As the evening grew __6._ (dark), Ian told Jeremy to leave him and go back to their parents, but he still did not leave. Jeremy thought __7.__ was not safe for Ian to be alone. The night was cold and windy, and Jeremy used his jacket and extra shirt to keep Ian warm.

At sunrise, Jeremy decided that the only way ___8.__ (help) his friend was to carry him. So they started the long climb back to their parents. Finally, after four hours, they arrived at the campsite __9. their parents were waiting, “I’ll always remember what Jeremy did for me.” said Ian. “He saved my life.”

 

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填人空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

    When I was very new to the US, I needed to get a new passport. It had only been two weeks since I _    ere with my husband, but I needed a new one.

At the time, we lived in Houston, Texas. We only had one car, so my husband _    me off at the passport office and told me to take Bus 82 to get back home.

I _    my work at the passport office and waited for Bus 82. I sat in it for an hour or so, but it didn’t go anywhere near my_    . I even told the driver where I lived, but the street was so _    that even he didn’t recognize it. So he _    brought me back to the starting point again.

When I got off the bus, it started raining heavily. I tried _    the people around me for help, but no one knew _    I needed to go. At that time, I didn’t have a cell phone, and I couldn’t _    a pay phone.

_    , I came back to the bus stop where I had boarded the __    . An old lady who was standing there _    to hold up an umbrella for me. She even made me stand on the bench, to shield me from the water that _    from the cars speeding past us.

Then, I asked her for help. _    she also did not recognize my _    _, she asked me for the names of the_    that came before and after my home. Then, she _    what had gone wrong. _    there were two Bus 82. The one that I had boarded did not go all the way to my house, but went on a different _    . She told me that I had to change buses midway to get to my house. Then, she got me on the bus and even told the _    to get me off after 3 stops so that I could take the correct Bus 82.

Help can come from any corner or person!

1.A. landed       B. escaped         C. survived      D. left

2.A. took         B. sent            C. saw           D. dropped

3.A. noticed       B. boarded        C. finished       D. searched

4.A. shop         B. hotel           C. house         D. office

5.A. small        B. long            C. dirty        D. short

6.A. simply       B. reluctantly       C. happily       D. quietly

7.A. preparing     B. asking         C. ordering       D. rewarding

8.A. why         B. how            C. when          D. where

9.A. buy          B. use             C. find          D. borrow

10.A. Sick        B. Cold           C. Hungry       D. Fearful

11.A. bus         B. train           C. taxi          D. plane

12.A. agreed       B. offered         C. promised       D. expected

13.A. sent off    B. left behind      C. splashed up     D. used up

14.A. Until        B. Unless         C. When          D. Though

15.A. voice        B. address       C. face            D. mistake

16.A. streets     B. guests          C. neighbors       D. trees

17.A. worked on   B. figured out       C. thought of       D. learned about

18.A. Luckily     B. Fully           C. Clearly          D. Happily

19.A. district      B. path          C. alley           D. route

20.A. passenger   B. driver            C. customer        D. police

 

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

  Sometimes in your life, you may be asked to speak in front of a large group of people.Although it sounds a little scary, even those with stage fright can speak successfully to the group with adequate preparation.

  1.Practice your speech before the big day.  1.  If possible, practice the speech in front of a friend or family member to get used to saying it to real people.If you feel you must have note cards, limit the amount to about three cards.This will force you to keep your speech concise and help you keep your eyes focused on your audience.

  2.Remember why you've been invited to speak.If you're battling fear over speaking to a large group of people, keep your mind on the fact that you were selected for this important role.The speech organizers must have seen something valuable in you or your expertise

  2.

  3. Remember that fear of public speaking is very common. __3._

Most of the people in the audience would be feeling the same fear and stress that you do in your position.Knowing this may make you feel better.

  4.  4.   What you say should be tailored to why you're there and who you're speaking to in order to avoid sounding general.If speaking to a charity group, mention the good work certain specific individuals have done for the cause.If speaking at a business conference, briefly state why you want to help these people.

  5.Keep eye contact with the crowd.  5.  Pick one person in each section and look at him while you're speaking.After each important point in your speech, switch your focus to another section.When you focus only on one person at a time, the size of the crowd isn't as frightening.

A.A good memory is really helpful.

B.Show appreciation to your audience.

C.Mention your audience in your speech.

D.The more you have it memorized, the better.

E.In fact, it's normal to feel nervous or stressed out before a big speech.

F.Separate the crowd into three sections mentally as you get up to speak.

G.The knowledge of other people's respect for you should reduce some of the fear.

 

Taking a shower is relaxing.You can hum a song, daydream or think about nothing, leaving the real world behind you.But did you know that showering can also benefit your mind?

  A research by Scott Barry Kaufman, a psychologist from Yale University in the US interviewed over 3,000 people around the world.It turned out that nearly two-thirds of the interviewees said they had experienced new ideas in the shower and were more likely to have them in the shower than at work.

  So why does a simple shower have such magic power? Science can explain it.

  Showering can help to raise our level of dopamine, a hormone (荷尔蒙) closely related to our creativity.“People vary in terms of their level of creativity according to the activity of dopamine”, explained Alice Flaherty, a famous American neuroscientist.“Taking a warm shower can make us feel relaxed and therefore make the dopamine level rise and bring 'Aha!' moment to us.”

  Besides the chemical changes, showering may give you a break from what you feel you have been stuck with.Especially when you have thought hard all day about a problem, jumping into the shower can keep you from the outside world so that you can focus on your inner feelings and memories.In this way, according to American psychologist Shelley H.Carson, author of Your Creative Brain, “a showering hour may turn into an ‘incubation (孵化) period’ for your ideas.”

  Compared with sitting in front of a computer, taking a shower is something we do less frequently in our daily life.When showering, we get a fresh experience with the change of location, temperature and humidity.“New and unexpected experiences can lead to positive changes in thinking,” explained Kaufman.“Getting off the couch and jumping in the shower may create a distance and force you to think from a new point of view.”

  Showering allows us to enjoy the creative juices of our minds, but it needn't just be the bathroom where you get your inspiration.For instance, Gertrude Stein, a female American writer and poet, got new ideas by driving around a farm and stopping at different cows until she found the one that most inspired her.So try to create your own way to free your mind, whether it's a walk near the ocean, a country drive or reading a book at home.

1.According to the article, what changes can showering cause?

A.Bringing the terrible moment to us.

B.Increasing the level of dopamine.

C.Leading to boredom or tiredness.

D.Setting the creative part of the brain free.

2.If one has focused on something all day, showering can help _______.

A.turn one’s attention inwards

B.draw one’s attention to the outside world

C.one make an important breakthrough

D.many chemical changes to take place

3.It can be inferred from the article that _______.

A.changes in the frequency of an action can create a new perspective

B.it is a good idea to talk with others about their sources of inspiration

C.our lives might feel longer and fuller if we frequently try new things

D.it is helpful to try something different rather than stay focused on a difficult task

4.The example of Gertrude Stein in the last paragraph is used to _______.

A.encourage readers to find their own ways of getting inspiration

B.point out to readers that it's hard to find inspiration

C.explain how to link inspiration with readers’ daily lives

D.show that creativity often comes from strange places

 

In 1880, fourteen-year-old Matthew Henson loved to hear sailors tell tales of their exciting lives at sea. The travel, the adventure, the danger, and the steady pay were all attracting young Henson. One day, he found a job as a cabin boy on a beautiful ship called the Katie Hinds. For the next five years, Henson sailed around the world. With the help of the ship’s captain and other members of the crew, Henson learned mathematics, navigation, history, geography, and many other subjects. By the time he left the Katie Hinds in 1885, Henson was well educated and had become an excellent seaman.

Unable to find work anywhere else, Henson took a job in a hat shop in Washington, D.C. One day in 1887, a man came in to buy a hat. The man, Robert Peary, asked the owner if he knew anyone with experience at sea. Peary would soon travel to South America for the U.S. government. He needed experienced men to accompany him. The shop owner knew about his young employee’s skills and experience on ocean journeys, so he introduced Peary to Henson.

Using his map-reading and sailing skills, Henson proved himself to be a worthy and smart seaman. Peary soon made Henson his assistant(助理), and they became close friends. One day Peary told Henson about his real dream: to be the first man to stand on “the top of the world” at the North Pole. He asked Henson to help him make his dream come true. Over the next five years, the two explorers made two trips together to the Arctic. However, they were not able to reach the pole either time. The cold, wind, and ice were worse than either of them had ever imagined.

In 1908, Peary and Henson were ready to make their final attempt at reaching the North Pole. Both men were over forty years old. The years of hardship in the arctic cold had made them suffer a lot. This would be their last chance. With four Inuit(因纽特)guides, they made a mad rush straight across the ice toward the pole. Peary’s feet were injured and he had to be pulled on a dogsled. In April 1909, Henson’s instruments showed they were standing at the North Pole. Together Henson and Peary planted the American flag in the snow.

In later years, Robert Peary and Henson were greatly honored for their achievements. Today, the two friends and fellow explorers lie in heroes’ graves not far apart in the Arlington National Cemetery.

1.In paragraph 1, the author shows how Henson became ________.

A. a wonderful seaman

B. an educated captain

C. a good shop assistant

D. a successful learner

2.Paragraph 2 mainly tells us ________.

A. why Matthew Henson went to the hat shop

B. how Matthew Henson met Robert Peary

C. why Matthew Henson stopped working on the Katie Hinds

D. how Robert Peary knew Matthew Henson had sea experience

3.The following statements are TRUE except ________.

A. Henson proved himself a better seaman than Peary

B. Peary wanted Henson to help him realize his dream

C. Before their final attempt, they made two trips together

D. After they died, they were highly respected by people

4.The story between Henson and Peary could best be compared to ________.

A. treasure hunters looking for fortunes

B. sailors seeking power over others

C. soldiers fighting for their freedom

D. fighters exploring an unknown land

 

Are you taking a summer vacation this year? If you are, have you already started preparing for your trip? Online, there are a large number of preparation tips available for summer travelers. While preparation advice and tips may be of assistance to you, they are often hard to go by. This is because not everyone spends vacations at the same location.

No matter what your vacation destination is, you will need to take the climate into consideration. If you are visiting a tropical location, you will need to bring along the appropriate clothing. While you may be expecting warm and sunny weather, it is still advised that you prepare for the worst. Raincoats and an umbrella may be a great addition to your summer clothing.

Perhaps, the most popular summer vacation destination is the beach. Each year millions of individuals and families flock to beaches. When vacationing at the beach, it is important that you bring along proper clothing and sunscreen. Many vacationers do not realize the dangers of sunbathing without sunscreen. In addition to sunscreen, you will need to make sure that you have beach towels and plenty of water on hand.

For the most part, if you forget to bring along certain supplies you can purchase replacements. Many popular vacation destinations have inflated prices. To prevent unnecessary expenses, you are encouraged to check your luggage before you leave. In addition to the above mentioned preparation tips, you must inform friends and family of where you are going. In case something happens back home, you can easily be reached.

1.In the passage the author intends to _____

A. give advice on how to prepare for vacation

B. make a plan for his summer vacation

C. share his experience about summer vacation

D. warn readers against cheaters during vacation

2.As for the preparation advice and tips online, _____.

A. they are useful as well as practical

B. they are designed to cheat travelers

C. they may make you puzzled in a way

D. they can include all the destinations

3.If you travel to a tropical country, _____.

A. you must consider the climate first

B. you should wear shorts and T-shirts

C. you must prepare proper clothes

D. you should expect the sunny weather

4.According to the passage we can know that _____.

A. vacationing at the beach is the first but one

B. vacationers on beach are at the risk of sunburn

C. you must drink plenty of water before going to beach

D. you have to stay outdoors when going camping

 

﹩2,000/1-bedroom Furnished Apartment with Parking

An employed, non-smoking professional male looks for 1-bedroom well-furnished apartment with parking in the Newport area for one month and possibly longer, starting as soon as possible, but it must be available by January 2nd. No pets, no drugs and no parties. The Internet access should be included.  I am willing to pay security deposit.

Reply to: hous-tf7ew-2108157286@ craigslist.org

Room/Apartment Share for Use as Art Studio

I am looking for a space to rent as a painting studio. It can be a stand-alone apartment or a room in a house or an apartment.  I do not need to use a kitchen, but need access to the bathroom. Just need lots of light. I am a responsible, neat adult female. The following towns are convenient: Edgewater, Fort Lee, Englewood, West New York, Cliffside Park, Ridgefield, Palisades Park and Fairview.

Reply to: hous-pax4c-2107692675@craigslist.org

﹩1,900/3-bedroom Apartment

I have a nice 1,500-square foot apartment for rent. With 3 bedrooms, 2 bathrooms, a big parking area and a nice backyard. It is close to East Orange General Hospital and VA Hospital. Major supermarkets and stores are just a short walk away. Hot water is included! Small dogs and cats are OK.

Please just call Tony at 973-886-9094. Thanks.

﹩1,200/2-bedroom Lovely Newly-Renovated Apartment

A lovely newly-renovated apartment. Clean and tidy! Living room, dining room, and eat-in kitchen. New appliances: air conditioners and ceiling fans. It is one of Irvington’s best neighborhoods, situated near Union, Hillside and Maple-wood border. It is convenient to major highways.

HURRY! Call Louvenia at 908-313-3007

1.It can be inferred that the man in Advertisement 1 _____.

A. will live in Newport for about one year.

B. is a pet owner.

C. has a car

D. is looking for a large newly furnished house.

2.Which requirement is mentioned in Advertisement 2?

A. large space           B. good light  

C. a furnished kitchen   D. access to the Internet

3.Mr. and Mrs. Smith, who have a son, a daughter and a dog, may be interested in _____.

A. Advertisement 1       B. Advertisement 2

C. Advertisement 3       D. Advertisement 4

 

假如你是李华,国际学校的教师Paul邀请你星期六参加该校举行的“中国文化日”活动。但你爷爷突然生病住院,你要和父母一起去医院探视,不得不谢绝他的邀请。请根据下列要点用英语给Paul写一封电子邮件。

要点:

1. 谢绝邀请;

2.说明理由;

3.预祝活动成功。

注意:1.词数100左右;

2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

3.邮件开头和结尾已为你写好。

Dear Paul,

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

______________________

 

Yours,

Li Hua

 

文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(﹨)划掉。

修改:在错的词下面画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

此行多一个词:把多余的词用斜线划掉,在该行右边横线上写出该词,并也用斜线划掉。

  注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词。

2.只允许修改10处, 多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Here is the Time Machine, which I used to travelling into the future last week. I was very nervous and certain at first. Besides, my friend and guide, Wang Ping, was understanding and gave me some green medicine helped a lot. His parents' company, called "Future Tours", transport me safely into the future . A few minute later, the journey was completed and we arrived. I was still on the earth and one thousand years in the future. At first my new surroundings turned into complete dark. Hitting by a lack of fresh air, my head ached. At that time Wang Ping came to me and she handed a mask to me and then I felt better in a flash.

 

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