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Much meaning can be conveyed, clearly, with our eyes, so it is often said that eyes can speak.

Do you have such kind of experience? In a bus you may look at a stranger, but not too long. And if he is sensing that he is being stared at, he may feel uncomfortable.

The same in daily life. If you are looked at for more than necessary, you will look at yourself up and down, to see if there is anything wrong with you. If nothing goes wrong, you will feel angry toward others’ stare at you that way. Eyes do speak, right?

Looking too long at someone may seem to be rude and aggressive. But things are different when it comes to stare at the opposite sex. If a man glances at a woman for more than 10 seconds and refuses to move his gaze, his intentions are obvious, that is, he wishes to attract her attention, to make her understand that he is admiring her.

However, the normal eye contact for two people engaged in conversation is that the speaker will only look at the listener from time to time, in order to make sure that the listener does pay attention to what the former is speaking, to tell him that he is attentive.

If a speaker looks at you continuously when speaking, as if he tries to dominate you, you will feel uncomfortable. A poor liar usually exposes himself by looking too long at the victim, since he believes in the false idea that to look straight in the eye is a sign of honest communication. Quite the contrary.

In fact, continuous eye contact is confined to lovers only, who will enjoy looking at each other tenderly for a long time, to show affection that words cannot express.

Evidently, eye contact should be done according to the relationship between two people and the specific situation.

1.Which of the following behaviors is proper according to the passage?

A. To the opposite sex, stare at him or her.

B. To a stranger, avoid looking at him or her.

C. In a conversation, look at the listener all the time.

D. Make eye contact depending on the relationship and different situations.

2.If two persons exchange eye contact gently for long, what is probably their relationship?

A. Boss and employee.    B. Lovers.

C. Teacher and student.    D. Strangers

3.What’s the best title of the passage?

A. Don’t stare at others    B. Body language is important

C. Eyes can speak    D. Eye contact benefits you


Scientists investigated why Ebola virus is so deadly when it spreads from animals to humans and then from human-to-human contact. The research team looked at the Zaire Ebola virus in an animal system to understand how it gains strength. This virus is responsible for the current outbreak in West Africa. They found that initially the animal systems were not affected by the virus, but succeeding transmission(传送) into other animals caused the virus to “hot up” and become more severe.

The team analyzed the viruses at different stages and were able to identify several changes in its genetic material that were associated with increased disease.

Professor Julian Hiscox, who led the study from the University’s Institute of Infection and Global Health, explains: “The work tells us that the evolutionary goal of Ebola virus is to become more fatal.”

“We were able to show through genetic analysis which parts of the virus are involved in this process. The information we have gathered will now allow us to monitor for such changes in an outbreak as well as develop future treatment strategies.”

Professor Roger Hewson, leading the study from Public Health England, Porton Down, said: “Ebola virus is such a destructive infection to the people affected by the disease and the economy of West Africa.”

“Our understanding of Ebola virus biology is way behind that of other viruses and our cooperation shows how we can bring together our specialists’ skills to close this knowledge gap.”

Professor Miles Carroll, a co-author of the work, said: “This study has allowed the team to be at the forefront of developing methodologies to analyze patient samples recently taken by the European Mobile Laboratory from West Africa to understand disease evolution during the current outbreak.”

1.What does the first paragraph mainly tell us?

A. How severe Ebola virus is.

B. How Ebola virus spreads.

C. How Ebola virus gradually becomes deadly.

D. What contributions scientists have made on Ebola virus.

2.Which of the following statements is mentioned in the passage?

A. In the first stage, the virus hurts its victims much.

B. As the virus spreads, it’ll change and become more and more deadly.

C. The research in Ebola virus is more advanced than that in other viruses.

D. The scientists have a negative attitude to the research in Ebola virus.

3.The underlined word “fatal” has the closest meaning to ______.

A. optimistic    B. deadly

C. common    D. fantastic

4.Where can we probably read this passage?

A. In a science report.    B. In a storybook.

C. In an advertisement.    D. In a textbook.


Some people think if you are happy, you are blind to reality. But when we research it, happiness actually raises every single business and educational outcome for the brain. How did we miss this? Why do we have these social misunderstandings about happiness? Because we assumed you were average. When we study people, scientists are often interested in what the average is.

Many people think happiness is genetic. That’s only half the story, because the average person does not fight their genes. When we stop studying the average and begin researching positive outliers —people who are above average for a positive aspect like optimism or intelligence —a wildly different picture appears. Our daily decisions and habits have a huge impact upon both our levels of happiness and success.

Scientifically, happiness is a choice. It is a choice about where your single processor brain will devote its limited resources as you process the world. If you scan for the negative first, your brain really has no resources left over to see the things you are grateful for or the meaning embedded(嵌入) in your work. But if you scan the world for the positive, you start to acquire an amazing advantage.

I wrote the cover story for the Harvard Business Review magazine on “Happiness Leads to Profits.” Based on my article called “Positive Intelligence” and my research in The Happiness Advantage, I summarized our researched conclusion: the single greatest advantage in the modern economy is a happy and busy workforce.

A decade of research in the business world proves that happiness raises nearly every business and educational outcome: increasing sales by 37%, productivity by 31%, and accuracy on tasks by 19%, as well as a number of health and quality-of-life improvements.

1.The underlined word “this” in the first paragraph refers to        .

A. the fact that people are happy

B. the connection between happiness and educational outcome

C. the fact that people often misunderstand happiness

D. the fact that most people are average

2.What can we learn from the passage?

A. Scientists are only interested in what the average is.

B. You can choose to be happy or not.

C. The average are not happy at all.

D. Our decisions and habits have nothing to do with happiness.

3.Why does the writer mention his articles and research?

A. To advertise himself.

B. To arouse the readers’ interest.

C. To support his point about happiness.

D. To attract the readers to read his articles.

4.What is the author’s purpose of writing this article?

A. To explain what is happiness.

B. To describe the misunderstandings about happiness.

C. To show people the importance of happiness.

D. To make the point that happiness promotes business and educational outcome.


I was sure that I was to be killed. I became terribly nervous. I fumbled(摸索) in my pockets to see if there were any cigarettes, which had escaped their search. I found one and because of my shaking hands, I could barely get it to my lips. But I had no matches, they had taken those. I looked through the bars at the guard. He did not make eye contact with me. I called out to him “Have you got a light?” He looked at me, shrugged and came over to light my cigarette. As he came close and lit the match, his eyes unconsciously locked with mine. At that moment, I smiled. I don’t know why I did that. Perhaps it was nervousness, perhaps it was because, when you get very close, one to another, it is very hard not to smile. In any case, I smiled. In that instant, it was as though a spark jumped across the gap between our two hearts, our two human souls. I know he didn’t want to, but my smile leaped through the bars and caused a smile on his lips, too. He lit my cigarette but stayed near, looking at me directly in the eyes and continuing to smile.

I kept smiling at him, now thinking of him as a person and not just a guard. "Do you have kids?" he asked. “Yes, here, here.” I took out my wallet and nervously fumbled for the pictures of my family. He, too, took out the pictures of his family and began to talk about his plans and hopes for them. My eyes filled with tears. I said that I feared that I’d never see my family again, never have the chance to see them grow up. Tears came to his eyes, too. Suddenly, without another word, he unlocked my cell and silently led me out. Out of the prison, quietly and by back routes, out of the town. There, at the edge of town, he released me. And without another word, he turned back toward the town.

1.What had happened to the man before ?

A. He had been badly treated.

B. He had killed someone.

C. He had been searched.

D. He had been forbidden to get in touch with anyone.

2.Why did the man want to smoke cigarettes?

A. Because he was sure he was to be killed.

B. Because he wanted to ease his nervousness.

C. Because he wanted to talk to the guard.

D. Because he was used to smoking cigarettes.

3.Which of the following is true according to the passage?

A. The man was a heavy smoker.

B. The man smiled to please the guard.

C. The guard set the man free with permission.

D. The man hadn’t thought the guard would set him free.

4.What do you think finally saved the man’s life?

A. The smile.    B. The cigarette.

C. The tears.    D. The wallet.



内容提示:1. 共享单车的现状和问题

2. 你对这些问题的看法

3. 你的建议



备用词汇:shared bicycle 共享单车

















For many people, music has always been part of life, and they listen to music on radio, on iPod and on Internet. As is vividly showing in the picture, the music fan is trying to download songs he enjoys. But the website requires payment first every time he wanted to download something, that annoys him. How he wishes the music is all free!

Many people are used to free music being downloaded from the Internet without realizing they have done harm for others’ right. Music artists work very hardly to compose music. If not paid, he will lose enthusiasm to go ahead, and gradually we will find beautiful musics nowhere.



1.Even the most gifted can have c_____ (信心) destroyed by the wrong instructor.

2.Johnston’s name was obviously a_____(缺席) from the list.

3.The mother b_____(弯腰) over and kissed the baby on her cheek.

4.They cannot cope with the huge cost a_____(积累) over the past few years.

5.He f_____(原谅) her for what she had said to him.

6.The little girl kept her eyes f_____(注视) on the wall behind him.

7.It is very c_____(考虑周到的) of you to send me a postcard.

8.After a long h_____(犹豫), he told the truth at last.

9.Their p_____(目的) is to build a fair society and a strong economy.

10.A_____(调整) your tie is often a sign of nervousness.


Long before Barack Obama became president of the United States, he wrote a book 1. (call) Dream from My Father: A Story of Race and Inheritance, which has since become 2.  bestseller. It is an 3. (appeal) book that includes what he went through during 4. (he) childhood. Obama has little contact with his father 5. roots were in Kenya because he left home when Obama was very young. His mother got married 6. a student from Indonesia shortly after the family moved to Jakarta. A few years later, Obama came back with his grandparents to Hawaii, where he 7. (attend) a private high school. 8. (study) at Columbia in New York City, he then entered Harvard Law School. This autobiography also touches 9. (heavy) on Obama’s exposure to racism. Readers will find his reflections of childhood 10. (experience) which involved racial discrimination to be especially moving.


Many years ago, my father suffered from a serious heart condition. He was put on _______ disability and was unable to work at a steady job.

However, he wanted to do something to keep himself ______, so he decided to volunteer at the local children ______. My dad loved kids. It was the ______ job for him. He would talk to them and play with them. Sometimes, he would ______ one of these kids. In certain instance, he would tell the sad parents that he would soon be able to ______ their children in heaven and that he would take care of them until they got there. His assurance seemed to help those parents with their ______.

One of these kids was a girl who had been admitted with a rare disease that paralyzed (瘫痪) her from the neck down. She could do ______ and she was very ______. My dad decided to help her. He started ______ her in her room, bringing paints, brushes and paper. He stood the paper up ______ a backing, put the paintbrush in his mouth and began to paint. He didn’t use his ______ at all. All the while he would tell her: See, you can do ______ you set your mind to.

____, she began to paint using her ______, and she and my dad became friends. Soon after, the little girl was discharged (出院) and my dad also left the hospital because he became ______. Sometime later after my dad had ______ and returned to work, he was at the volunteer counter of the hospital one day. He noticed the front door open. In came the little girl who had been paralyzed; only this time she was walking. On seeing my dad, she ______ straight over to him and gave him a ______ she had done using her hands. At the bottom it read: thank you for helping me walk.

My dad would say sometimes love is more powerful than ______, and my dad, who died just a few months after the little girl gave him the picture loved every single child in that hospital.

1.A. permanent    B. temporary    C. mild    D. slight

2.A. confident    B. comfortable    C. wealthy    D. occupied

3.A. center    B. hospital    C. park    D. camp

4.A. normal    B. perfect    C. awkward    D. tiring

5.A. protect    B. teach    C. lose    D. miss

6.A. bury    B. praise    C. spot    D. accompany

7.A. sadness    B. happiness    C. nervousness    D. forgiveness

8.A. anything    B. nothing    C. Everything    D. something

9.A. disappointed    B. bored    C. depressed    D. embarrassed

10.A. visiting    B. observing    C. avoiding    D. contacting

11.A. on    B. in    C. over    D. against

12.A. eyes    B. neck    C. hands    D. head

13.A. whoever    B. whatever    C. wherever    D. whenever

14.A. Gradually    B. Briefly    C. Suddenly    D. Naturally

15.A. hands    B. feet    C. fingers    D. mouth

16.A. better    B. worse    C. healthier    D. fitter

17.A. took out    B. turned away    C. picked up    D. knocked over

18.A. ran    B. wheeled    C. slid    D. turned

19.A. card    B. picture    C. note    D. photo

20.A. words    B. exercise    C. faith    D. medicine


Punctuation (标点) Is for Clarity

When you talk, you do not depend upon words alone to tell your listener what you mean. 1. You shrug a shoulder, raise an eyebrow, clasp hands, bend forward or backward, stamp your foot, nod or shake your head. These body languages may vary from culture to culture but they do help the speakers to convey meanings. 2. You yell or whisper; speak calmly or angrily; lower or raise your voice at the end of a statement or a question. Meaning in talk is also affected by pauses and silence, which are often as significant as words themselves. 3.

Similarly, when we write, we cannot expect words alone to make clear to our reader what we have in mind. The pauses, stresses and gestures which occur in speech must be represented in writing by various marks of punctuation if meaning is to be fully clear. 4.

Punctuation came into existence only for the purpose of making clear the meaning of writing words. Every mark of punctuation is a sort of road sign provided to help the reader along his way.5. It is harmful or ineffective if it interrupts the flow of thought from your mind to that of your readers.

A. Each of us has probably seen a skilled actor convey ideas and moods without using any words at all.

B. The practice of punctuation, however, has been changing in the last two centuries.

C. Facial and body gestures can and do add much to the words themselves.

D. The needs of the eye are quite different from those of the ear.

E. Additionally, the tones and stress of your voice can and do influence the meanings of words you speak.

F. Punctuation began to become standard in the middle of the 19th century.

G. Punctuation is effective if it helps the reader to understand.


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