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Many times we tend to use our hands to explain our needs and thoughts.1.So you must be cautious when using hand gestures in communication.

Hand gestures are a way of communicating with others and conveying your feelings. These gestures are most helpful when one is speaking to someone with no language in common. The meanings of hand gestures in different cultures may translate into different things.2. Former President George W. Bush had to face a major faux pas(失礼) during a visit to Australia. He tried to signal a peace sign by waving the two-finger or V-sign at the crowd.

You may think of this as a simple gesture, but he committed a major error.3.The meaning of this hand gesture in Australia was asking the crowd to screw themselves, a rude expression used to show you’re very angry! 4. Therefore, it is very important to understand the meanings of gestures before you travel to different countries.

5. Those considered as good gestures in one country may be termed as offensive gestures in some countries. So, if you are a frequent flier to different countries, improve your communication skills by learning the meaning of hand gestures.

A. Here is a very common example.

B. Instead of his palm facing outwards, it faced inwards.

C. The great man received warm welcome by the Australians.

D. We communicate not only by words, but by hand gestures as well.

E. A serious error committed by the then most powerful man in the world.

F. But the same hand gesture may mean something quite offensive to a person from a different cultural background.

G. Before you communicate with people in different cultures, you need to understand the meaning of gestures.

 

Most nations have at least one type of food that people from other countries think is unusual or unethical(不道德的)to eat. In France, people eat horse meat and frog legs. In South Korea and parts of China, restaurants serve dog meat. And in Australia, it’s common to cook kangaroo meat on the barbecue and use emu(鸸鹋)eggs to make pancakes.

The kangaroo and emu are native to Australia. Both animals are important to the national image of Australia and appear on the Australian coat of arms. They’re also central figures in the history of the indigenous(土生土长的)Australian Aboriginals(土著人). However, Aboriginal tribes still hunt these animals for their meat, fur and fat.

Today, Australian people continue to eat these animals. One of the reasons people eat kangaroo meat is that it’s high in protein and low in fat, so eating kangaroo is a good option for anyone on a diet. It’s also cheaper to eat kangaroo meat than other red meats. Because of this, a lot of university students choose to buy kangaroo meat. BBC News also reported that Australian scientists believe that eating kangaroo meat is good for the environment--kangaroos have different digestive systems than cows and sheep, meaning they produce less methane(甲烷),the second biggest contributor to global warming.

While emu meat is high in iron and vitamin C, most people don’t think it tastes good. For this reason, they prefer emu eggs. One egg is large enough to make seven omelettes(煎蛋). And while it’s illegal to collect emu eggs from the wild, they can be bought from emu farms. Rather than cracking the beautiful dark shell, it’s better to drain it by putting a small hole at each end and blowing. Afterwards, you can even carve a design into the eggshell.

1.The author mentioned the meat-eating customs of different countries at the beginning of the article to __________.

A. present different cultures’ meat-eating preferences

B. suggest that people try to understand other countries’ diets

C. introduce the consumption of kangaroo meat and emu eggs in Australia

D. compare different eating habits among different countries

2.According to the article, the kangaroo __________.

A. is not considered precious in Australia

B. is considered healthy and environmentally friendly to eat

C. faces extinction due to hunting by Aboriginal tribes

D. contains large amounts of iron and vitamins in its meat

3.Which of the following statements is TRUE about emu eggs?

A. Emu eggs taste terrible but are nutritious.

B. The shells of emu eggs are not difficult to break.

C. It’s common for Australians to collect emu eggs from the wild.

D. Emu egg shells can be used to create art.

 

A new tool of communication called the “drift diary” is doing the rounds among    young college graduates.

The “drift diary”, like those ancient paper messages put into a bottle left to drift on the high seas to reach hundreds of miles away, connects lonely hearts.

The “drift diary” was first started by a Beijing woman, who goes by the Net name Little S, in 2007. It has become the preferred tool of communication among youngsters afraid to reveal their innermost self to peers, but wanting to share their lives with others.

The way it works is that the initiator(发起人)of the diary mentions it on popular  Internet forums such as Tianya and Douban. Those wanting to react or otherwise add to the diary then send their real names and addresses to the initiator via e-mails or text messages.

The numbers in one group are usually restricted to between 30 and 50. The diary then passes on to another by express delivery or personal handover. The diary writers are mostly anonymous but if they wish to reveal their identity they can do so by posting their contact information at the end of their postings.

The diary writers add not just words but also decorate the plain notebooks with cartoons, drawings or even dress it up with a ribbon or a new cover. Interesting experiences, travel journals, the simple joys of everyday living or sweet recollections of childhood, all find a place in these diaries. Most often, though, the writers set down their frustrations and predicaments.

It usually takes one year for a diary to return to the initiator. The last recorder is the luckiest one, with access to all previous entries, while others can request photocopies of these from the diary’s initiator.

1.The popularity of “drift diary” among youngsters is because __________.

A. they hate using the Internet

B. they like to show themselves to peers

C. they want to share their lives with strangers

D. they find it fashionable to be a diary writer

2.Which one shows the correct way a drift diary works?

① The diary then passes on between the recorders.

② The diary returns to the initiator.

③ The initiator of the diary makes a summon online.

④ Participants request photocopies of the diary from the diary’s initiator.

⑤ Those who want to participate in the program get in touch with the initiator.

A. ③⑤①④②.    B. ③⑤①②④.

C. ④⑤①②③.    D. ①③⑤②④.

3.The underlined word “predicament” probably means__________.

A. successful experiences    B. sense of achievement

C. difficult situations    D. favorable conditions

4.Which of the following can be used as the best title for the passage?

A. Drift Diary--A New Tool of Communication

B. How a Drift Diary Works

C. Share Your Lives with Strangers

D. The Diary That Passes on

 

Learning any language is hard, but learning English can be especially challenging. Why? Because native speakers use the language in ways that textbooks could never describe. In particular, words that British people use cause many language students to scratch their heads.

Here’s an example: You overhear a Briton calling someone a “wazzock”. But what exactly is a wazzock? This word, in fact, means a foolish person, although there’s nothing about it that would help you guess that. There are many strange terms like this in British English – the Oxford English Dictionary would be much smaller without these peculiar (古怪的) usages filling its pages.

How can these odd words be explained? Part of the answer is the British sense of humor. Britons don’t like to take things too seriously, and this is evident through many British words and phrases. For example, to “spend a penny” means to use the bathroom. It refers to the days when people had to pay a penny to use a public toilet.

In an interview for the BBC’s website, British linguist David Crystal suggested there may be historical reasons for the sheer number of odd words and phrases in British English. He thinks that they began in the late 16th and early 17th centuries. This was a great age for the theater, when Shakespeare and other writers worked hard to keep up with the demand for new plays. The theater’s popularity also created an incentive (刺激) to invent new words.

With this in mind, perhaps Shakespeare and his peers are to blame for unusual British words such as “codswallop” and “balderdash” – which both, ironically, mean “nonsense”.

While these strange words may be confusing to non-native speakers, they certainly make studying English a lot more interesting.

1.According to the text, why may non-native speakers find it hard to learn English?

A. Dictionaries don’t explain odd usages of many words.

B. A great many strange words make no sense to them.

C. The English textbooks they study are usually out of date.

D. They are unable to understand the humor in conversations.

2.With the example of “spend a penny”, the author intends to _________.

A. explain one reason of how some strange phrases were created

B. explain the meaning and background of the phrase

C. show what typical British sense of humour is

D. show British people’s attitude toward strange words

3.According to David Crystal, _________.

A. many of the words that Shakespeare invented were nonsense

B. Shakespeare’s works are boring because of the odd words involved

C. the theatre’s success in the 17th century inspired the birth of many odd words

D. the odd words in Shakespeare’s plays contributed a lot to the theatre’s popularity

4.What is the text mainly about?

A. The development of the British English.

B. Shakespeare’s influence on British English.

C. The origin and meanings of British humour.

D. Some reasons for the large number of odd words in British English.

 

Protection Publications

CUSTOMER HEALTH: A GUIDE TO INTELLIGENT DECISIONS

Eight softcover edition of leading college text covering all aspects of basic health strategy(策略)for consumers. Includes much information on food fashion and “alternative methods”. Thoroughly referenced. By Stephen Barrett, M. D. , William M. London, Ed. D., Robert S. Baratz, M. D. , D. D. S. , Ph. D. , and Manfred Kroger, Ph. D. 608 pages, $23.00

CHIROPRACTIC(手疗法): THE CREATEST HOAX(骗局)OF THE CENTURY?

L. A. Chotkowski, M. D. , FACP, describes discoveries made during his half-century of medical practice. Includes reports of cases; the author’s observations at New York Chiropractic College, a chiropractic office, and a chiropractic lecture; and details of critical reports in the media. Second edition, softcover, 208 pages, $15.

THE WHOLE TOOTH

The fundamental guide to protecting your dental health and your pocketbook. Covers preventive care, finding a good dentist, dental restoring, cosmetic dentistry, dental quackery (治疗)and fraud(假牙), and dental insurance programs, including managed care. By Marvin J. Schissel, D. D. S. , and John E. Dodes, D. D. S. Softcover, 284 pages, $10.

QUACKERY AND YOU

The 32-page softcover brochure with special viewpoints by William Jarvis, Ph. D. , suitable for waiting rooms. $1.

 

To above prices, please add $3 for first book and $1 for each additional book for postage & handling. Foreign countries add $5 per book. Send orders to Quackwatch, P. O. Box 1747, Allen Avenue, NY 18105. The checks must be in US dollars. We cannot process credit card orders. Please use our order form from amazon.com and include your email address.

1.What do the four books have in common?

A. The means of cover packing.    B. The contents.

C. The prices.    D. The dates of publication.

2.What can you do to search for more information about the books?

A. Buy the brochure.    B. Write to the author.

C. Visit amazon.com.    D. Telephone the sellers.

3.If a Canadian wants to buy all the four books, he should__________.

A. pay $65 in total.    B. pay $69 in all.

C. pay for them by credit card.    D. pay for them in Canadian dollars.

4.For whom is QUACKERY AND YOU intended for?

A. Those who order some medicine.

B. Those who hold special opinions.

C. Those studying the science of medicine.

D. Those waiting to see the doctor.

 

假定你是李华,你们学校将举办英语演讲比赛(English Speech Contest),请你根据以下要点,以校学生会的名义写一则英语演讲比赛的通知:

1.主题:未来生活;

2.时间和地点:20161115日上午8:30--12:00;体育馆;

3.选手:高三年级学生;

4.评委:五名教师和一名外教;

注意:词数100左右;可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;开头语已为你写好,不计入总字数。

Announcement

We are glad to inform you that________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

The Students’ Union

 

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文.文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(^),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Dear Shelly,

I am writing to apologize for not watering your lilies while you were away, that caused their death. Now let me explain what happened to me or my family. I was so busy preparing for coming exam that I had no time for other things. Also, my mother had her ankle injuring while she was walking . I had to take good care of her, who stay home alone. That was because I failed to water your favorite plant. I would like to buy some new ones as a compensation for its loss. Please forgive for me.

I sincere hope you can accept my apology.

 

For many years, I1.(convince) that my suffering was due to my size. I believed that when the weight disappeared, it would take old wounds, hurts and rejections with it.

Many weight-conscious people also mistakenly believe that 2.(change) our bodies will fix everything. Perhaps our worst mistake is believing being thin equals being loved. We dream about 3.it will be like when we reach the long-awaited goal. We make every effort 4.(realize) this dream. Then, at last , we find ourselves there. But we often gain back what we have lost. Even so, we continue to believe that next time it will be different. Next time, being thin will finally fulfill its promise of everlasting 5.(happy), self-worth, and, of course, love.

It look me6.long while to know that there was something more for me to learn about beauty. Beauty standards vary7.culture to culture. In Samoa a woman is not considered to be attractive unless she weighs more than 200 pounds. More 8.(important), if it’s joy that we want, why put our energy on the size of our body? Why not look inside? We have to find a way to live comfortably inside our body and make friends with 9.cherish ourselves. When we change our attitudes toward10., the whole world changes.

 

Two Candles

Tom was a middle﹣aged leather trader whose repeated failure in career made him a depressed man,often__ that he had been cheated by others.One day he told his wife he was so__ with the city that he had to leave.

So his family moved to another city.It was the evening of a weekend.When Tom and his wife were busily__ up their new home,the light__ went out.They had to stop work.Tom was regretful to have forgotten to bring along candles and had to wait__ in a low mood.Just then he heard slight,hesitant__ on his door that sounded clear in the__ night.

"Who's it?"he wondered,since Tom was a__ to this city.And this was the moment he especially hated to be__,so he went to the door and opened it __.At the door was a little girl,shyly asking,"Sir,do you have candles?I'm your neighbor.""No,"answered Tom in anger and shut the door __."What a nuisance (讨厌鬼)!"He complained over it with his wife."No sooner had we settled down than the neighbor came to __ things."

After a while,the door was knocked again.He opened it and found the same girl outside._____this time she was __ two candles,saying,"My grandma told me the new neighbor downstairs might need candles.She _____ me here to give you these."Tom was very__ by what he saw.When he became fully aware,he said,"Thank you and your grandmother.God bless you!"

At that moment he suddenly realized what caused his __ in life.It was his __ and harshness (刻薄) with other people.The person who had cheated him in life was __ nobody else but himself,for his life had been darkened by his unsympathetic __

1.A. complaining    B. telling    C. hoping    D. pretending

2.A. inspired    B. disappointed    C. embarrassed    D. impressed

3.A. building    B. turning    C. coming    D. tidying

4.A. horribly    B. accidentally    C. suddenly    D. slowly

5.A. anxiously    B. doubtfully    C. hopefully    D. helplessly

6.A. steps    B. words    C. knocks    D. noises

7.A. dark    B. quiet    C. cold    D. sleepless

8.A. newcomer    B. traveller    C. guest    D. settler

9.A. called    B. disturbed    C. watched    D. offered

10.A. surprisingly    B. delightedly    C. impatiently    D. willingly

11.A. gently    B. kindly    C. politely    D. violently

12.A. lend    B. sell    C. fetch    D. borrow

13.A. And    B. But    C. So    D. For

14.A. holding    B. hiding    C. blowing    D. lighting

15.A. advised    B. encouraged    C. sent    D. forced

16.A. frightened    B. pleased    C. puzzled    D. Surprised

17.A. failure    B. dissatisfaction    C. complaint    D. determination

18.A. responsibility    B. coldness    C. apology    D. concept

19.A. doubtfully    B. hardly    C. actually    D. finally

20.A. mind    B. opinion    C. behavior    D. look

 

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

You go to a store to buy food for a party. But when you get to the cash register, there are no plastic bags for the things you buy. If you live in San Francisco, this situation might not surprise you. 1.    Many cities and towns around the United States may ban plastic bags. 2.    Instead, they’d like people to use their own cloth bags when they shop. 3.    They say they wouldn’t buy as much if they couldn’t get a free bag. Store owners don’t want to lose business. So they want to keep offering plastic bags.

Stores should be banned from using plastic bags. Here’s why:

All those plastic bags fill up garbage dumps (垃圾站). That hurts the environment.

People can use cloth bags instead. 4.   

Stores should not be banned from using plastic bags. Here’s why:

People might buy less if stores don’t offer plastic shopping bags. Some stores might go out of business.

Some people reuse plastic shopping bags for things like garbage. If they don’t get them for free, they’ll have to buy some.

5.    That could get expensive.

A. These bags don’t get thrown away until they’ve been used many times.

B. There should always be a choice.

C. If shoppers forgot a cloth bag, they would have to buy one.

D. But many people don’t want to buy their own cloth bags.

E. Many people throw them away after using them.

F. That city has banned most plastic shopping bags from stores.

G. They hope that shoppers won’t use paper bags either.

 

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