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阅读下面短文,根据其内容写一篇60词左右的内容概要。

A new study warns that about thirty percent of the world’s people may not have enough  water by the year 2025.

A private American organization called Population Action International(PAI) did the new  study.It says more than 335 million people lack enough water now.The people live in 28  countries.Most of the countries are in Africa or the Middle East.

PAI researcher Robert Engelman says by the year 2025,about 3,000 million people may lack water.At least 18 more countries are expected to have severe water problems.The demand for water keeps increasing.Yet the amount of water on Earth stays the same.

Mr.Engelman says the population in countries that lack water is growing faster than in other parts of the world.He says population growth in these countries will continue to increase.

The  report says lack of water in the future may result in several problems.It may increase health problems.Lack of water often means drinking waters is not safe.Mr.Engelman says there are problems all over the world because of diseases,such as cholera which are carried in water.

Lack of water may also result in more international conflict.Countries may have to compete for water in the future.Some countries now get sixty percent of their fresh water from other countries.And the report says lack of water would affect the ability to improve their economies.This is because new industries often need large amounts of water when they are beginning.

The Population Action International study gives several solutions to the water problem.One way,it says,is to find ways to use water for more than one purpose.Another way is to teach people to be careful not to waste water.A third way is to use less water for agriculture.

The report also says long--term solutions to the water problem must include controls on population growth.

 

应用文写作

上周是你校的艺术周,周三你们有幸邀请到外籍教师Henry教授给高一(1)班的学生上了一堂英语课。假如你是校报的记者李明,请你以 “An Impressive English Lesson”为题按下列提示用英语写一篇新闻报道。内容包括:

1. Henry教授上课的情况;

2. 学生们的表现和评价;

3. 对英语学习的启示。

注意:1.词数80左右;2.报道的标题、开头和记者姓名已给出,不计入总词数;3.可适当增加细节,已使行文连贯。

An Impressive English Lesson

On Wednesday of last Art Week, we_______________________________________.

 

 

 

 

 

 

By Liming

 

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

Last Friday, as usual I went home by bike. But at a crossing, I 1.________ (sudden) knocked an old man off his bike. I hurried over and found that his leg 2.__________ (injure). Nervous and worried, I called my mom and told her what had happened. We decided to take him to the hospital first.

Shortly after we arrived at the hospital, my mother came. I had some doubt3.____________ there was anything seriously wrong with the old man. The doctor gave the old man a 4.__________ (detail) examination. To our delight and relief, there was nothing seriously wrong with him. We thanked the doctor and left. After that, we went back to the place5.__________ the old man’s bike was parked, only 6.________ (find) it didn’t work. So I immediately found a repairman to get it7._________(fix). Soon he finished 8.________ (repair) it. Before the old man left, my mom offered him our cell phone number in case he needed to contact us. Then the old man got on his bike and we waved goodbye to each other.

If I9.________(ride) my bike carefully, I would have avoided the accident. Consequently, the unexpected accident made me realize that in the first place we should be careful, but once it occurs, we should take10.______________ (responsible).

 

完形填空

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

Today I went to my daughter’s school and spoke about kindness to 60 kids plus teachers and assistant teachers. _________ a small talk about the meaning of kindness, I gave a challenge to the_________ ——I told them to write a small _________  about an act of kindness that they had done and how that made them feel. Or if they had  _________  an act of kindness, how did that make them feel? In what way had that ____________ changed them? Then the vice head and the head-teacher and I would choose the ones, the best ones that will _________  for their feeling of compassion and love _________ others.

When I was waiting for my daughter I _________ some teachers that were at the meeting passing by and I was _________ that they would tell me whether they liked the talk or not, but they didn’t _________ anything.

Then a little _________  came to me and said, “You know, I enjoyed the meeting.” “Okay, then are you going to  _________ a lovely story?” I asked. “I’m not _________ at writing,” the boy responded. So I explained that I would be _________ if he could just write a phrase or two about an act of kindness.

I didn’t have_________ to talk to him because he was in a hurry to _________ his friends who were waiting for him, but in my_________, that was a beautiful act of kindness. The fact that he was able to _________ to talk to me for two minutes, to let me know that he had _________ the meeting was worth all the effort I had _________ into preparing the talk for them.

1.A.Until          B. After         C. Since      D. Before

2.A. teachers     B. fellows      C. children    D. parents

3.A. story         B. step          C. scene        D. description

4.A. desired      B. passed       C. received     D. envied

5.A. affair         B. event        C. incident    D. act

6.A. get out       B. stand out    C. watch out    D. work out

7.A. against        B. off        C. in          D. towards

8.A. observed       B. noticed     C. witnessed    D. realized

9.A. supposing      B. wondering     C. expecting   D. imagining

10.A. say           B. speak         C. talk        D. repeat

11.A. hero        B. passer-by    C. boy          D. girl

12.A. tell         B. write        C. record       D. describe

13.A. ambitious   B. positive    C. excellent   D. special

14.A. concerned   B. delighted     C. amused       D. amazed

15.A. time        B. patience      C. energy     D. courage

16.A. join        B. company       C. treat       D. follow

17.A. depth        B. heart         C. bottom      D. life

18.A. refuse        B. encourage    C. stop         D. hesitate

19.A. attended   B. had          C. achieved    D. appreciated

20.A. put into      B. looked into   C. brought into D. turned into

 

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Cell Phones: Hang Up or Keep Talking?

Millions of people are using cell phones today. In many places it is actually considered unusual not to use one. __1.__They find that the phones are more than a means of communication----having a mobile phone shows that they are cool and connected.

The explosions around the world in mobile phone use make some health professionals worried. Some doctors are concerned that in the future many people may suffer health problems from the use of mobile phones. In England, there has been a serious debate about this issue. Mobile phone companies are worried about the negative publicity of such ideas. ___2.___

On the other hand, why do some medical studies show changes in the brain cells of some people who use mobile phones? Signs of change in the tissues of the brain and head can be detected with modern scanning(扫描)equipment. In one case, a traveling salesman had to retire at a young age because of serious memory loss. ___3.__He would often forget the name of his own son. This man used to talk on his mobile phone for about six hours a day, every day of his working week, for a couple of years. His family doctor blamed his mobile phone use, but his employer's doctor didn't agree.

____4.__ The answer is radiation. High-tech machines can detect very small amounts of radiation from mobile phones. Mobile phone companies agree that there is some radiation, but they say the amount is too small to worry about.

As the discussion about their safety continues, it appears that it's best to use mobile phones less often.___ 5.__Use your mobile phone only when you really need it. Mobile phones can be very useful and convenient, especially in emergencies. In the future, mobile phones may have a warning label that says they are bad for your health. So for now, it's wise not to use your mobile phone too often.

A. Use your regular phone if you want to talk for a long time.

B. They will possibly affect their benefits.

C. In many countries, cell phones are very popular with young people.

D. He couldn’t remember even simple tasks.

E. What do the doctors worry about?

F. They say that there is no proof that mobile phones are bad for your health.

G. What is it that makes mobile phones potentially harmful?

 

Welcome. You have just entered the largest online museum on the Internet. A work in progress, steadily expanding with thousands of high quality images of the greatest paintings and sculpture in history, the Art Renewal Center is building an encyclopedic collection of essays, biographies and articles by top scholars in the field.

ARC is the Eye of the Storm, at the core, hub and center of a major cultural shift in the art world. With a growing body of experts, we are setting standards to become ARC Approved for artists, art schools, systems of training, museum exhibitions and historical scholarship, to bring guidance, direction, goals and reality to an art establishment that has been sailing rudderless(无领导者的) for nearly a hundred years.

Additionally, the Art Renewal Center is a non-profit educational organization committed to refreshing standards of craftsmanship and excellence. Only by gaining a full command of the skills of the past masters can we create the masters of tomorrow. This is a step forward for our culture. Experimentation and creativity can only succeed and prosper(使……繁荣) when built on a solid foundation of past accomplishments, with the tools which can make artists realize their visions.

Nothing has been more restricting(有限制的) and weakening than the theories of modernism, which got rid of these tools, along with the skills to employ them. We are providing a forum for artists, scholars, collectors and the public to appreciate great art, and to recognize that they’re not alone in their doubts about the emptiness of modern and postmodern art. These doubts are fully justified by the overwhelming(压倒的) body of evidence and historical facts.

1.Where does this passage come from?

A newspaper of art      B. A textbook

C. A magazine           D. A website

2.What can we infer from the 2nd paragraph?

A. ARC has brought guidance, direction for art schools, systems of training.

B. ARC is the Eye of the Storm of the art and museum.

C. Some arts establishment have been aimless for nearly a century.

D. ARC has employed many experts for their exhibition.

3. How shall we do to produce tomorrow experts?

A. To lay a solid foundation for the tomorrow masters.

B. To make refreshing standards of craftsmanship and excellence.

C. To obtain a good knowledge of the past experts’ skills.

D. To accept the non-profit educational organization.

4.What’s the purpose of the forum for artists, scholars, collectors and the public?

A. To get the information of great arts all over the world.

B. To help evaluate great arts and encourage to develop modern arts.

C. To show the doubts of the public and resist the exhibition.

D. To offer enough room to complain about what they are dissatisfied with.

 

Chinese female scientist Tu Youyou won the 2015 Nobel Prize in medicine on October 5 for her discoveries concerning a novel treatment against Malaria(疟疾). This is the first Nobel Prize given to a Chinese scientist for work carried out within China.

Tu shared the prize with Irish-born William Campbell and Satoshi Omura of Japan, who were honored for their revolutionary anti-roundworm treatment. 84-year-old Tu is awarded this prize for her contribution to cutting the death rate of malaria, reducing patients’ suffering and promoting mankind’s health. Although she received several medical awards in the past, the 2015 Nobel Prize is definitely the most privilege reward that recognizes Tu’s dedication and perseverance in discovering artemisinin(青蒿素),the key drug that battles malaria-friendly parasites(寄生虫).

However, her route to the honor has been anything but traditional. She won the Nobel Prize for medicine, but she doesn’t have a medical degree or a PhD. In China, she is even being called the “three-noes” winner: no medical degree, no doctorate, and she’s never worked overseas. No wonder her success has stirred China’s national pride and helped promote confidence of native Chinese scientists.

The fact that Tu has none of these three backgrounds reminds us that science should be more accessible to all. One can become a scientist no matter what kind of background he or she comes from, as long as one dives into scientific research. There have been discussions on people who really love science but are never able to achieve much during their whole life. Their contributions can never be ignored. They work so hard to prove the wrong way so that the future researchers will be closer to the right one.

As the first Chinese mainland Nobel Prize Winner of natural science award, Tu’s record-breaking winning also serves as a reminder to those who are too eager for instant success. Science is never about instant success. Tu spent decades on scientific research before its value is officially acknowledged. There is no way to measure how much one devotes to science and compare it with how much reward he or she may get.

1. The author seems to agree that a person who is more likely to become a scientist is the one with__________.

A. a sense of national pride

B. enthusiasm for scientific research

C. a desire to achieve success

D. rich academic knowledge

2.It can be concluded from the text that __________.

A. Tu worked homeland and abroad to conduct her research

B. Tu got the Nobel Prize for her anti-roundworm treatment

C. Her discovery of artemisinin has helped to cut Malaria death rate

D. The Nobel Prize is the first award to recognize her work

3.In writing the passage, the author intends to ___________.

A. praise the award winner and encourage scientific research

B. discourage the pursuit of instant success in science

C. remind readers of the principles of scientific research

D. inform readers of the news and make comments

 

Kate Hashimoto was picking up a few groceries at the Upper West Side Food Emporium when she ran into a friend. “Hey Kate, do you like wraps? Here’s a chicken wrap,’’ her pal said. “But be careful, it’s kind of wet.” They weren’t in the food store. They were in front of the store, digging through three overflowing trash bins.

Hashimoto Dumpster-dives(拾荒) for all her food, doesn’t use toilet paper or do laundry, and hasn’t bought makeups in 10 years. She doesn’t have to live this way she’s an employed CPA(注册会计师). “I’ve always been money-saving, but it was when I was fired that I became extreme,” Hashimoto explained.“No job is guaranteed, so I live as if I could be fired at any time.”

Manhattan, she said, is a gold mine for dumpster divers.“Consumers in wealthy areas expect their products to be perfect, so upscale stores throw out a lot of items that are still good.“New York can be the most expensive place to live, but it can also be the least expensive if you know how to work the system.”

Hashimoto let the reporter of a newspaper spend a day with her learning how to work the system. She lives in Harlem, where she bought a studio in 2010 and paid it off in nine months, but walks down to the Upper West Side three times a week for good, free food. Her other money-saving methods include using soap to wash herself after using the toilet, taking surveys online to earn gift cards, participating in medical trials, testing products for free samples, cutting her own hair, washing her clothes while she showers, and running to work to avoid using subway. “I was very angry about the latest round of subway fare rises,” she said.

Hashimoto does have her limits. Her furniture is a collection of found free gifts— but she won’t take an old mattress for fear of bedbugs, and sleeps instead on used yoga mats. And she won’t stay in a relationship with a boyfriend for free meals.“I’ve been in a relationship where I stayed because I was getting free gifts, but I got out of it,” she says. “It’s better to be single and dumpster-diving than to be with someone you can’t stand.”

1.The author mentions Kate’s friend at the beginning to ______.

A. show there are too many dumpster divers

B. introduce the topic of the text

C. show they have the same lifestyle

D. show the close relationship between them

2.The underlined word “upscale”(in Para.3) is closest in meaning to_______.

A. large     B. high-class     C. faraway   D. comfortable

3.How does the author develop the fourth paragraph?

A. Offering the sufferings of Kate.

B. Making comparisons.

B. Discussing the high living cost in New York.

D. Providing details of Kate’s daily life.

 

书面表达

寒假即将来到,同学们都在谈论如何度过这个假期,假设你是李华,你的美国笔友Peter想要了解你的假期计划,请你给他发一封电子邮件,和他交流一下,以便更好地安排一个充实而又有意义的假期。

内容:1. 坚持运动,锻炼身体;       2. 多读好书;

3. 旅游观光;    4.当一名志愿者;  5.帮父母做家务。

要求:1.可适当增减细节,使书信内容连贯、通顺

2.信的开头和格式已给出,不计入词数,词数100字左右。

3.参考词汇: 志愿者  volunteer

Dear Peter,

How is it going? Thank you for your last e-mail.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Best wishes!

Yours’

Li Hua

 

短文改错

文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。增加: 在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧), 并在其下写出该加的词。

删除: 把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改: 在错的词下划一横线, 并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意: 1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处, 多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Mrs. Smith was unable to fall sleeping at night and was too tired during the day to do anything, even the simple things that she was used to enjoy doing. She had headaches more often, it prevented her from reading or watched TV. The more she thought about her conditions, the more worse she felt. At last she goes to see her doctor, whom she had known for years. The doctor listened to his heart and said, “There is nothing seriously with you, but I accept the fact that you don’t feel well. Now I’ll give you few pills that will help. Come tomorrow morning and tell me how you felt.”

 

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