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We have always been interested in the Moon. 2000 years ago people already knew it

m1.around the Earth and where it would be in the sky at different times of the year. At that time, everything about the Moon was learned by watching it c2.in the sky.

When scientists could use telescopes to study the Moon more closely, their ideas began to change. They could see the Moon was made of r3.. Most scientists thought Moon rocks would be different from those on the Earth. This was because they believed the Moon had once been a planet that had been caught in the Earth’s g4.millions of years earlier.

In 1969 Moon rocks were finally brought to the Earth and s5.. Much to their surprise, scientists found that, except for water, the Moon and the Earth were made of the s6.things. Once again new ideas were needed for this new information.

After years of study, most scientists now think t7.the Moon was once part of the Earth. They believe very early in its history, maybe 4 billion (十亿) years ago, something about the size of Mars h8.the Earth. This sent billions of rocks into space around our

p9.. These rocks slowly joined together and after many years became the Moon.

In the future, even though our ideas about the Moon may change again, we will still be i10.in it.

 

阅读下面的短文根据文中信息完成文后表格。(每空一词

Scientists think that there has been life on the Earth for hundreds of millions of years.

However, we have not found life on any other planet yet.

The Earth is a planet and it goes around the Sun. Seven other planets also go around the Sun. None of them has an environment like that of the Earth, so scientists think there may be no life on them. The Sun and its planets are called the solar system (太阳系), and our solar system is a small part of a much larger group of stars and planets, called the Galaxy or the Milky Way. There are many, many stars in the Galaxy, and our Sun is only one of them.

Scientists have also discovered many other galaxies in the universe (宇宙). They are very

far away and their light has to travel for many years to reach us. So how large is the universe? It is impossible to imagine.

Scientists have sent spaceships to the planet Mars to take photos. They have even sent spaceships to travel outside the solar system. However, no spaceship has travelled far enough to reach other stars in our Galaxy.

Scientists have always asked the questions: with so many stars in the universe, are we alone, or is there life out there in space? Have there been visitors to the Earth from other planets? Why has no one communicated with us? We do not know the answers yet.

Planets in our solar system

There are1.planets going around the Sun in our solar system.

Life on the planet

No life has been found on other planets2.the Earth in the solar system because they have a3.environment from that on the Earth.

The solar system

It is a small part of the Galaxy and the4.is only one star in it.

Galaxies

 

Besides our galaxy, many other galaxies in the universe have been 5..But they are very far away from us and it6. many years for their light to reach us.

The universe

It is7.large to imagine.

Spaceships

Spaceships have been sent to take photos of the planet 8.and outside the solar system.But other stars in our Galaxy are so far that no spaceships can9.to them.

Questions

There are many questions about the universe and life in space,but no one can10.them yet.

 

 

 

六、根据汉语意思完成句子(共10分,每小题2分)

1.因为人口迅速增加我们需要更多的食品

_____, we need more food.

2.欢迎以钱的形式进行资助。

Help____will be very welcome.

3.随着科技的发展我们的生活将变得越来越好

_____better and better.

4.小船正顺着河流漂走。

The boat____.

5.这本书也许没有我们想象得那么有趣。

This book____.

 

C) 根据句子意思用括号中所给动词的适当形式填空

1.The tea house is a good place for people____ (relax) after a week’s work.

2.Would you mind____ (open) the window?

3.She____ (pick) up the dictionary and began to look up the new word in it.

4.Great changes____ (take) place in my hometown over the past ten years.

5.We____ (wait) for the bus when a traffic accident happened.

 

B) 根据句子意思用括号中所给单词的适当形式填空

1.The____ (pollute) air and water are harmful to people’s health.

2.Is there any____ (possible) that you’ll be back by the weekend?

3.The bus was too____ (crowd) for us to get on.

4.There are some____ (risk) with this method, so certainly do not try this at home.

5.The machine has two serious____ (advantage), so we must find some ways to improve them.

 

A) 根据括号中所给的汉语写出单词使句子意思完整正确

1.The scientists are trying to find out whether there is life on other____ (行星).

2.He made such____ (迅速的) progress that his parents were very glad.

3.You are taking a _____ (风险) when driving so fast.

4.—Can you tell me the way to the train station?

—I’m sorry. I’m a____ (外地人) here myself.

5.The first____ (电子的) computer is called ENICA.

 

Let’s suppose it is a common day of 2060. Of course, things have changed and life is very different.

Trips to the Moon are being made every day. Taking a holiday on the Moon today is as easy as taking a holiday in Europe in 2016. At a number of scenic spots (风景胜地) on the Moon, many hotels have been built. In order that everyone can enjoy the beautiful scenery on the Moon, every room has at least one picture window. Everything imaginable is provided for entertainment of the young and old.

What are people eating now? People are still eating food. But many foods now come in pill form, and the food that goes into the pill comes mainly from green plants. Farming, of course, is very highly developed. Very few people have to work on the farm. It is possible to run the farm by just using a few computers.

People are now largely vegetarians (素食者), and they eat only bread, vegetables, fruit and

so on and they don’t eat meat or fish. You see, as the number of people increases, the number of animals decreases. So people have to be vegetarians. We are healthier both in our bodies and in our minds, and we know how to deal with all kinds of illnesses. No one has to be ill any more.

1.What does the passage mainly talk about?

A. What our lives would be like in 2060.    B. Trips to the Moon in 2060.

C. What people would eat in the future.    D. Developed farming in 2060.

2.What is true according to the passage?

A. Many farms on the Moon have beautiful views.

B. Entertainment is provided only on the Moon.

C. It’s easy to take a holiday in Europe at present.

D. It takes the whole day to travel to the Moon.

3.The food we eat in 2060    .

A. is green in the colour    B. is mainly made out of green plants

C. has a lot of pills in it    D. is the same as today

4.What does the underlined word “decrease” mean in Paragraph 5?

A. To become larger.    B. To become unknown.

C. To become less.    D. To become exact.

5.We are healthier because of the following EXCEPT that    .

A. what we eat is green food    B. we are largely vegetarians

C. we can treat any illness    D. we run the farm by using computers

 

Now satellites are helping to forecast (预报) the weather. They are in space, and they can reach any part of the world. The satellites take pictures of the atmosphere (大气), because this is where the weather forms. They send these pictures to the weather stations. So meteorologists (气象学家) can see the weather of any part of the world. From the pictures, the scientists can often say how the weather will change.

Today, nearly five hundred weather stations in sixty countries receive satellite pictures. When they receive new pictures, the meteorologists compare them with earlier ones. Perhaps they may find that the clouds have changed during the last few hours. This may mean that the weather on the ground may soon change, too. In their next weather forecast, the meteorologists can say this.

So the weather satellites are a great help to the meteorologists. Before satellites were invented, the scientists could forecast the weather for about 24 or 48 hours. Now they can make good forecasts for three or five days. Soon, perhaps, they may be able to forecast the weather for a week or more ahead (提前).

1.Satellites travel    .

A. in space    B. above space

C. above the ground    D. in the atmosphere

2.Why do we use the weather satellites to take pictures of the atmosphere? Because

    .

A. clouds form there    B. the weather forms there

C. the weather satellites can do it easily    D. people like to collect these pictures

3.Meteorologists forecast the weather    .

A. without studying satellite pictures

B. before they receive satellite pictures

C. when they have received satellite pictures

D. after they have compared the new satellite pictures with the earlier ones

4.Maybe we’ll soon be able to forecast the weather for    .

A. one day    B. two days

C. five days    D. seven days or even longer

5.The main idea of this passage is that satellites are used in    .

A. taking pictures of the Earth    B. receiving pictures of the atmosphere

C. weather forecasting    D. doing other work in many ways

 

Have you ever seen a person in the Moon? If you look closely at the Moon on some nights, you can see the face of a man in the Moon. Some people say that they can see an old man carrying sticks. Others see a girl reading a book. These pictures are made by the mountains and plains of the Moon.

Long ago people in England used to tell their children that the Moon was made of green cheese. Everyone knows that this is not true. The Moon is a large round rock. There is nothing on it. There are no trees or plants on the Moon. There are no rivers or seas. There are no living things. There is no air. It never rains on the Moon and everything is covered with dry, white dust. Not even a sound can be heard on the Moon.

The Moon is very hot when the Sun shines on it. But in the shade (背阴处) it is as cold as ice.

The Moon is much smaller than the Earth. It does not weigh as much as the Earth. If you went to the Moon, you would weigh six times less than you do now. Even a fat man would be able to jump high off the ground.

1.On some nights the Moon looks like______ .

A. an old man reading a book    B. a star

C. mountains and plains    D. the face of a man

2.The Moon is made of______ .

A. rivers and seas    B. rock

C. dirt    D. trees and plants

3.You can’t hear anything on the Moon because______ .

A. there are no living things on the Moon    B. it never rains on the Moon

C. the Moon is a large round rock    D. there is no air on the Moon

4.The Moon is______ .

A. very hot

B. very cold

C. sometimes very hot and sometimes very cold

D. covered with ice

5.On the Moon you could jump high in the air because______.

A. you would feel very happy

B. the Moon is very hot

C. the Moon is as cold as ice

D. you weigh six times less than on the Earth

 

三、完形填空(共10分,每小题1分)

Do you know Mars? We are always__________, “Is there life on Mars?” We all know that it is difficult for people on the Earth to live on Mars because we need water and oxygen to

_____________, but there is little oxygen on Mars.

Living on Mars seems like living on a very high mountain. There is very thin__________. It might be 20 degrees above zero at noon and 60 degrees below zero__________.

A lot of people think there may be plants on Mars. We know that Mars has carbon. This is a kind of material__________in all plants and animals on the Earth. Through a telescope (望远镜), Mars looks red. In some places, it seems grey. At times the grey colour turns grey-

green, then brown, and then grey again. The grey-green colour may be a kind of ___. Life changes colour       _________the seasons. At first scientists thought the red planet was as       ________ as the Moon with dust storms blowing over the large sandy deserts. But Mars seems not as

______________as we once believed it to be. According to an analysis (分析) on the recent Mars

pictures, NASA (美国航空航天局)announced in September 28, 2015 that there is__on Mars. If that’s true, there will be hope of finding life on Mars.

1.A. talking    B. wondering    C. knowing    D. telling

2.A. drink    B. eat    C. live    D. breathe

3.A. air    B. earth    C. oxygen    D. gas

4.A. at night    B. in the daytime    C. in the morning    D. in the afternoon

5.A. seen    B. heard    C. called    D. found

6.A. animal    B. plant    C. earth    D. people

7.A. for    B. by    C. along    D. with

8.A. lifeless    B. hopeless    C. cool    D. hard

9.A. cold    B. hot    C. dry    D. wet

10.A. water    B. ice    C. plants    D. life

 

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