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自我保护是青少年需要掌握的重要技能。假设你叫李华,是一名中学生,请以“How to protect ourselves” 为题写一篇短文,谈谈在面对灾难、谎言、骗局或生活中的意外等情况时,该怎样进行自我保护。

要求:

1.80词左右;

2.书写工整,语句通顺,语法正确;

3.文中不得出现个人姓名、学校等真实信息。

How to protect ourselves

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1.他越学越想学。(the more   the more   )

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2.如果妈妈听到这个消息,她会很高兴的。(if   )

_____________________________________

3.与乒乓球相比,足球更令人激动(compared with)

_____________________________________

4.你为什么不戒烟?(give up)

_____________________________________

 

题型:任务型阅读
难度:困难

Once there was a man traveling in a faraway village. As he was passing the elephants, he suddenly stopped. He found that these huge elephants were being held by only a small rope tied to their front leg. No chains (锁链), no cages. It was clear that the elephants could, at any time, break away from their ropes but for some reason, (A) they did not.

He saw a trainer nearby and asked why these animals just stood there and didn’t try to get away. “Well,” the trainer said, “when they are very young and much smaller we use the same size rope to tie them and, at that age, it’s enough to hold them. As they grow up, they still believe they cannot break away. They believe the rope can hold them, so they never try to break free.”

How could it be? These animals could at any time break free from their ropes. But because they always stuck right where they were, they believed they couldn’t.

Just like the elephants, how many of us go through life believing that we cannot do something, just because we failed at it once before?

(B)_________ is part of learning. We should never give up the struggle (挣扎) in life.

1.找出(A)处划线代词they所指代的内容。

_______________________________________

2.Why do the elephants never break away from their ropes? (根据短文回答问题)

__________________________________________________________________

3.Translate the underlined sentence into Chinese(将文中划线句子译成汉语)

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4.从文中找出一个适当的词并用它的正确形式填在(B)处。

_______________________________________

5.What do you learn from the passage?(这篇短文给了你什么启发)

_________________________________________________________________

 

Think before we speak!

It was a sunny and enjoyable day. Everyone in the railway station was waiting for the train 1. (arrive). Among the crowd, there was a group of young friends who were on board for vacation.

It was a busy station with a lot of people and some juice shops, coffee and tea stalls, newspaper shops, etc. The train 2.(arrive) and everyone prepared to get into the train to their seats.

The group of friends made loud noise to welcome the train as it moved into the station. They ran to get their seats before anyone entered the train.

The empty seats were 3. (fill) and the train whistled (鸣汽笛) to move. An old man with a young boy 4. (age) around 15 had their seats just next to the friends' group. The young boy was so 5. (surprise) to see everything. He cheered, "Dad, the train is moving and the things 6. (move) backward."

His father smiled and 7. (nod) his head.

As the train started moving fast, the young boy again screamed (尖叫) , "Dad, the trees are green in color and run backward very fast." His father said, “Yes, dear," and smiled

Just like a kid, he was watching everything with great 8. (interesting).

A fruit seller passed 9. (sell) apples, bananas and oranges. The young boy asked his dad, "I want to eat apples." His father bought some for him. He said, "Oh, this apple looks a lot 10.(sweet) than it tastes. I love this color." The group was watching all the activities of this boy and asked the boy's father, "Is your son having any problem? Why is he behaving so 11.(different)?"

"His son is mad, I think," a friend from the group made fun of him and shouted.

The father of the young boy, with patience, replied to the friends' group, “My son was born blind. Only a few days ago he 12. (operate). He is seeing different things in his life for the first time."

The young friends became very quiet.

 

If you spend some time in an English-speaking country, you might hear the word ‘etiquette’.(礼仪)It means normal and polite social behavior.

1.Do you often use a mobile phone? Do you take the subway to school every day? These items make our modern life easier. But do you know how we should behave properly while using them? The following suggestions might be helpful.

For mobile phone users

◆Keep your voice down when you make a phone call in public. Shouting on the phone may make others feel uncomfortable. 2.

◆Stop sending messages or playing games with your mobile phone at a dinner or a party. It’s a good time to communicate(交流)with your family and friends.

◆Don’t make or answer a call while driving. It is not only very dangerous for both you and your passengers but also against the law.

3.

◆You are supposed to wait in line while buying tickets and getting on the subway.

◆You’re not allowed to eat, drink or smoke on the subway train. The smell and noise may trouble others. It’s our duty to keep the train clean and tidy. Besides, smoking is bad for health.

4.As we all know, animals may spread diseases(传播疾病)and get the train dirty.

◆ You’d better not lie across the subway seats even if the train isn’t crowded. Offering your seat to someone who needs it is regarded as good manners.

根据短文内容,从下列选项中选出能填入文中空白处的最佳选项,选项中有一项为多余选项。

A.For subway passengers

B.Etiquette is different in every situation.

C.And you’d better not use it during an appointment(约会).

D.You’d better not eat on the subway train.

E.You can’t take pets on the train.

 

阅读下面材料,从每题所给的ABCD四个选项中选出最佳选项

Your brain controls everything you do. It makes it possible for you to think, Learn, create and feel; to blink(眨眼) and breathe and for your heart to heat –this fantastic control center is your brain. It is so amazing that a famous scientist once called it " the most complex(复杂) thing we have yet discovered in our universe".

Can this small grey organ(器官) ,  which weighs less than one and a half kilos,

really do so much? Amazingly , your brain contains about 100 billion neurons(神经元) -it would take you over 3 ,000 years to count them all.  Believe it or not, the activity in your brain never stops. Your neurons create and send more messages than all the phones in the world. And although one neumn creates only a little electricity, all your neurons together can produce enough electricity  to power a light bulb (灯泡).

So exactly how fast does your brain work? Well, imagine this: a bee lands on your foot.  Neurons in your skin send this information to your brain at a speed of more than 240 kilometers per hour. Your brain then uses other neurons to send the message back to your foot to shake the bee off quickly. These neurons can send this information at more than 320 kilometers per hour. No computer has your hrain's unbelievable ability to deal with the amount of information coming from your eyes, ears and other sensory organs.

But how does your brain allow you to leam things Lhat you will use in the future? The structure (结构) of your brain changes every time you have a new thought, remember or leam something. For example, riding a bike seems impossible at first, but soon you are able to do it. How? As you practice, your brain sends "bike riding" messages again and again Soon, the actions are learnt and you are able to ride a bike easily from then on.

1.From the passage we know that neurons______________ .

A. receive messages very slowly

B. are only found in your skin

C. send messages to your brain

D. need electricity to work

2.In Paragraph 3, the writer mentions computers to ______________ .

A. compare them wich the human brain

B. show how fast they have become

C. say that computers have no abilities

D. ask people to use computers more

3.When you have a new thought, ______________ .

A. your brain will power a light bulb

B. your heart beats faster

C. you remember something

D. the structure of your brain changes

4.The article is mainly ahout ________________ .

A all the steps when your brain leams things

A. what an unbelievable organ the human brain is

B. how the brain makes people smarter than computers

C. the things you can do to make your brain work faster

 

I still remember quite clearly the day when my parents got divorced(离婚). Dad kissed me goodbye and left.

For a long time Mum and I lived a peaceful life. Then one day, Jim came over for lunch wearing a blue suit with a short brown tie and a green shirt. I couldn't believe this was going to be my new stepfather. It couldn't be true that my beautiful mother would marry someone who dressed like a clown(小丑). I hated him.

Lunch was terrible. Mother kept trying to start a conversation, but neither Jim nor I would say much. Finally I offered to bring in the dessert just to get away from the clown.

Something unpleasant happened, but I didn't mean(故意) to do it. I guess the plate slipped. But one minute I was handing Jim his blackberry pie, and the next, dark purple berries were oozing(渗出) all over his shirt and tie.

I was mortified. My face turned bright red. Jim looked very much surprised at first, but then he began to laugh. I started to laugh too. Maybe this guy was all right, after all. Then I had a quick look at my mother. She looked happier than I had seen her in a long time.

1.The writer thinks Jim's clothes look ______________.

A. nice    B. expensive    C. usual    D. funny

2.From the story we might guess that _____________.

A. Jim didn't seem likeable at first    B. the writer liked Jim from the start

C. Jim was angry with the writer    D. Jim didn't like blackberry pie

3.In this story the word "mortified" means ___________.

A. 高兴的    B. 无聊的    C. 尴尬的    D. 生气的

4.The best title for this story would be ______________.

A. I Love Pie    B. My New Stepfather

C. The World's Worst Lunch    D. Mothers Shouldn't Marry

 

1.The pet sitter will get __________ for working every weekend.

A. £30.    B. £40.    C. £50.    D. £60.

2.What is NOT the pet sitter’s job?

A. Taking care of the dog.    B. Taking a walk with the dog.

C. Giving food to the dog.    D. Cleaning the dog’s house.

3.Which of the following is true?

A. Adam asks for a job as a pet sitter.

B. The pet sitter will work in his or her own house.

C. Ms Smith lives far away from Victoria station.

D. Adam is not good at looking after dogs and cats.

 

Farley worked for the Canadian governmentOne dayhe was________to learn more about wolvesDo wolves kill lots of caribou(北美驯鹿)Do they kill people

They gave him lots of food and clothes and gunsThen they put him on a plane and took him to________The plane put him down and went awayThere were no houses or people in this placeBut there were lots of animals and lots of wolves

People tell terrible stories about wolvesThey say wolves like to kill and eat peopleFarley remembered these storiesand he was________He had his gun with him________

Then one dayhe saw a group of wolvesThere was a mother wolf with four baby wolvesA father wolf and another young wolf lived with them

Farley watched these wolves every dayThe mother was a very________motherShe gave milk to her babiesShe gave them lessons about lifeThey learned how to________foodThe father wolf got food for the motherThe young wolf________the childrenThey were a nicehappy family—wolf familyFarley did not need his_______any moreIn a short timehe got on well with the familyFarley watched them for five monthsHe learned that many stories about the wolves were________Wolves do not eat peopleand they do not eat many large animalsAnd he also learned bad things about menIt was men who killed many caribou and wolves

LaterFarley wrote a book about wolvesHe wanted people to______them and not to kill them

1.A. seen    B. told    C. heard    D. found

2.A. a small town    B. a big city    C. a far place    D. a lonely village

3.A. afraid    B. happy    C. angry    D. tired

4.A. at times    B. all the time    C. once a week    D. every afternoon

5.A. bad    B. good    C. hungry    D. thirsty

6.A. cook    B. make    C. get    D. pick

7.A. shouted at    B. looked into    C. laughed at    D. played with

8.A. food    B. clothes    C. gun    D. plane

9.A. not good    B. not true    C. not easy    D. not clear

10.A. grow    B. have    C. teach    D. understand

 

– Can you tell me   ?

- He lives in Shanghai.

A. where Mark lives    B. where does Mark live

C. where Mark lived    D. where did Mark live

 

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