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假设你参加了一个暑假去偏远地区(a remote areA.和小朋友们生活一段时间的志愿者项目。出发之前你希望得到更多一些关于项目的信息。你列了一张表,请决定你最希望了解的1至2个关键问题,然后写一封信给组织者Mr. Prince, 请求他的帮助(信件格式已给,标点符号不占格,至少60个字。)

(注意:短文中不得出现任何人名、校名及其他相关信息,否则不予评分。)

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Answer the questions (根据短文内容回答问题):

Venus (金星) has long been one of the most misunderstood planets. Like the earth, Venus has its own atmosphere. However, the atmosphere is much thicker than that of the earth, which makes it difficult for modern scientists to study. There is much we still do not know about what this planet like. However, using special machines, scientists have unlocked many of the long-hidden secrets in recent years.

Venus is in many ways the earth’s sister planet. It is almost the same in size and chemistry as the earth. In other words, Venus is made up of almost the exact same types of materials as the earth, in about the same amounts.

In the early days of Venus’ 4-billion-year-old life, it would have appeared very similar to the earth. The two would have been almost the same. However, over a period of a few million years ago, Venus lies much closer to the sun than our planet. It has made Venus terribly hot.

Since it is closer to the sun, Venus’ temperature should be a little warmer than that of the earth. As the planet warmed, water which can be used to form oceans, lakes and rivers, evaporated(蒸发). This increase in water vapor(水蒸气)began a cycle of global warming. Water vapor is a very effective greenhouse gas. It caused the temperature to rise and more water to evaporate. The temperature then climbed still further. Today it is likely that all of Venus’s water has evaporated into the atmosphere. This atmosphere effectively keeps the sun’s energy and makes the surface to burn much hotter than it naturally would.

If you happen to find a way to survive the extreme heat on the surface of Venus, you will quickly notice something strange about the days. Venus rotates(旋转) very slowly, so that a day on Venus actually lasts longer than a year. Instead of the sun rising in the east and setting in the west, the sun would appear to rise in the west and set in the east when you are on Venus.

1.Both Venus and the earth have their own atmosphere, don’t they?

_______________, _____________________________________________________.

2.How can the scientists finally get to know more about Venus in recent years?

­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­   ­­_________________________________________________________________________.

3.Why is Venus considered the earth’s sister planet?

    _________________________________________________________________________.

4.What has caused Venus to become completely different from the earth?

________________________________________________________________________.

5. Please list some other strange natural phenomena(现象) on Venus besides the heat.

_________________________________________________________________________.

6.In recent year, the earth faces the similar situation which makes Venus very hot. What do we call this kind of situation and what caused the problem on the earth?

_________________________________________________________________________.

 

Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words.

  I am lucky to have had great teachers in my life. Since I started teaching this year, I have spent a lot of time thinking about what makes a good teacher even b_____. I hope someday to have students feel about me the way I feel about Mrs. Mitchell (1st grade), Mrs. Porter (4th grade), Mrs. Morin (9th grade), Mr. Turner ( 11th grade History), Mrs. Fields(12th grade Biology),and so many more through all these years.

  I may not know what the magic is for a  great teacher but I do know that there are a few c_____ characteristics( 特点) among those I have met.

●All my favorite teachers taught me both “the w________” of the course or class and also “the why”—why it was important to learn to read, to count, to write an article, to understand the different parts of health system.

●All my favorite teachers whose name I remember and whose lesson helped shape the person I am today respected me and expected respect f____ me. Questions were expected and valued. There was always too much to d______, to challenge, to learn.

●All my favorite teachers’ classes stretched outside the c_______. When I was younger, I could ask a great teacher a question in the hallway or on the playground and know I would get a smile, an encouragement and an answer. As I got older, I could email questions to my teachers, come early to school or stay l___ after a lecture to further study a point, or ask for advice.

  Even today, when I think of one of my favorite teachers or two, I hope I am making them proud.

 

Choose the words or expressions and complete the passage(选择最恰当的单词或词语完成短文):

   My neighbor Ollie and I have been friends since we were young. But I almost lost him as a friend forever!

   It started the day Ollie came to the Harvest Fair with my family. Ollie and I played the ringtoss(投环套物游戏)._____, I found Ollie was smiling at a kid behind me. It was Ethan. He and Ollie was on the same soccer team. They talked happily and almost in a little while, they moved over to a patch of grass and started playing.

   I followed them, but they played soccer together as if I didn't ___. "The Rope Ladder looks fun," I said." Want to try it?" But neither of them looked up as if I was not there.

   Later, I ran away.

   On the ride home, my feelings were still so hurt that I couldn't even look at Ollie."What's wrong?" he asked, but I pretended not to hear. When I got to my house gate, I said under my breath to him," You are the ___friend I have ever had." He looked surprised and a little angry.

   Ollie and I didn't speak to each other for a week. One day we happened to be at the park at the same time, and Ollie came over to me.

   "I can't figure out what I did wrong, " he said.

   "Are you serious?" I said." You were so rude that day. You abandoned(遗弃) me when Ethan showed up!"

   "You thought I was leaving you out_____?"

   "Well, you were not trying to include me."

   "I am sorry! I was just surprised to see him there." Ollie said, "Can we go back to being friends?"

I thought about it. Having Ollie as a friend made life more fun and it seemed stupid to break up with him ___ there was one little argument."OK," I said.

So we started hanging out again. Things were a little weird(奇怪的) at first, but they went pretty much back to ____ after a few days.

As you know, arguments can happen between best friends. When you are ready, talk it out with your friend and make sure you listen to each other's point of view. If you decide that the friendship is worth it, try to forgive each other and get on with you lives!

1.A. Suddenly   B. Luckily      C. Finally     D. Immediately

2.A. leave         B. speak     C. exist           D. wait

3.A. best          B. funniest         C. worst        D. closest

4.A. in a hurry  B. on purpose    C. over and over       D. by mistake

5.A. unless   B. after        C. because   D. if

6.A. quiet     B. forgetful   C. fresh              D. usual

 

While good grades and test are the basic requirements for getting into college, after-school activities are becoming more important in the colledge selection process in the US. As entrance into college has become more difficult, colleges have looked more at what skills you have. Taking part in after-school activities is a great way to succeed in school.

High School Clubs

Most high schools offer a lot of clubs and activities, so it is easy to find something that you are interested in. Colleges look for students who will also be active other than test scores.

There are many clubs in school, such as the drama club and a book club. You may even be able to find a club related to a future job, such as Future Teachers of America.

High School Sports

If you want to go to college and want to take part in sports at a college level, then this fact just might give you a chance. It is generally a good idea to focus on one single sport. If you plan on sports opening college doors and leading to college scholarships(奖学金), it would be better if you decide which sport to do. In this way, you will have enough time to build their skills.

High School Publications(出版物)

Another smart way to be active in high school and show colleges that you are interested in activities more than academics(学术) is to be a part of their school’s newspaper or magazine. There may be an actual class you can join or you may join a club. Being in high school publications can be very helpful, particularly if you want to major in English or in education in college.

1.Now in the US, colleges have focused more on the students’      during the selection process.

A. good grades   B. family background

C. skills        D. scholarships 

2.After-school activities include all of the following except        .

A. joining a club

B. doing a part-time job

C. working on school’s newspaper or magazine 

D. taking part in sports

3.Joining a club may help students           .

A. improve their English

B. get higher scores in subjects

C. make more good friends

D. know more about their future jobs

4.This passage is probably written for      to read.

A. teachers        B. students      C. parents     D. headmasters

5.We can learn from the passage that      

A. the US colleges prefer to have students who study very hard

B. you must take actual classes to be part of school’s newspaper

C. being good at sports is considered important in the US college selection

D. you can easily find a suitable club to join in every high school in the US

6.Which of the following students will get useful information from this passage?

A. Sarah is thinking about starting her own business after gratuation.

B. Ann likes writing and she would like to choose English as her major in college.

C. Leon is interested in acting and he wants to join the school’s drama club.

D. Chris has difficulty in getting along with the other members on the basket ball team.

 

Rewrite the following sentences as required (根据所给要求,改写下列句子,62-67题,每空限填一词,68题注意大小写):

1.Every morning Sarah has an egg and a piece of bread as her breakfast.(改为一般疑问句)

__________Sarah ____________an egg and a piece of bread as her breakfast every morning ?

2.Tom repaired my broken windows last week.(改为被动语态)

My broken windows_________ ___________ by Tom last week.

3.There will be a lot of changes taking place in my hometown.(改为反义疑问句)

There will be a lot of changes taking place in my hometown, _________ ___________?

4.People all think the cartoon Zootopia is interesting and wonderful.(对划线部分提问)

_________ do people ___________ the cartoon Zootopia?

5.Nowadays, many people continue their studies after they begin to work.(保持句意不变)

Nowadays, many people __________ ______________with their studies after they begin to work.

6.Shall we call the police or not? He asked me.(合并两句为一句)

He asked me __________ _____________ call the police or not.

7.Successfully, ten years ago, three books, since, has written, she.(连词成句)

_____________________________________________________________________________

 

Complete the sentences with the given words in their proper forms (用括号中所给单词的适当形式完成下列句子,每空格限填一词):

1.If Hilary wins the presidential election(总统大选),she will be the ________ woman president of the USA.(one)

2.Eve’s dog has a strong habit. It likes to hide toys in ___________ dog house.(it)

3.So far I haven’t received the _________ to the conference from the organizer.(invite)

4.The recipe says “Peel the apple first and then cut it into two __________” (half)

5.That poor little girl looks so _________. We’d better give her a hand.(help)

6.Every Sunday people see Tom sit ________ and watch his grandpa fishing.(quiet)

7.With more than 80 hotels to ________ from, I am sure you will find a suitable one.(choice)

8.The more cars people buy, the __________ traffic in the city is becoming.(baD.

 

 

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But Parbati doesn’t catch elephant just for fun . “My  1.  ,” she says, “is to protect man from the elephants, and to keep the elephant safe from man.” And this is exactly what Parbati has been doing for many years.  2.  ,the Indian elephant is angry for many years, hunters have attacked it and its home in the forest has been reduced to small pieces of land. It is now fighting back. Whenever wild elephants enter a tea garden or a village, Parbati is called to  3. the animals back to the jungle before they can kill.

Being an elephant tamer also needs love. A good elephant tamer will spend hours a day singing love songs to a baby elephant. “Finally they grow to love their tamers and never forget them. They are also more   4.  than humans,” she said, as she climbed up one of her elephants and sat on the huge, happy animal. An elephant princess indeed!

 

Complete the following passage with the words or phrases in the box. Each can only be used once.(将下列单词或词组填入空格,每空格限填一词,每个单词或词组只能填一次)。

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     The elephant was lying heavily on its side, fast asleep. A few dogs started barking at it. The elephant woke up in a terrible anger and all the dogs ran back to the village for 1. . That didn’t stop the elephant. It destroyed a few houses and hurt several people. The villages were frightened and angry. Then someone suggested   2. Parbati for help, the elephant princess(公主).

Parbati Barua’s father was a hunter of tigers and an elephant tamer(驯象师). He taught Parbati to ride an elephant before she could even   3. .He also taught her the dangerous art of the elephant round-up-how to catch wild elephants.

Parbati hasn’t   4.  lived in the forest. After a happy childhood hunting with her father, she was sent to boarding school in the city. But Parbati never got used to being there and many years later she went back to her old life. “Life in the city is too dull. Catching elephants is an adventure and excitement lasts for days after the chase,” she says.

 

A:I am afraid Tim is not going to join you this time.

B:____________

A. What a pity!                   B. It’s very kind of you!

C. That’s right!                 D. That sounds great!

 

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