假定你是李华,在获悉Perfect English 英文报社将举行国际中学生“中华传统文化”(Chinese traditional culture)征文比晒活动后,你想写信请你的美国朋友Peter参加。信的内容包括:







Dear Peter,









Li Hua








Once there had a wooden pagoda(塔)in my village. It had a history of over eight hundreds years. It was such beautiful and famous that many tourists came to visit it every year. They took photos, write down their names on the walls and even threw rubbishes everywhere.

Later the pagoda was destroyed because of a fire in the forest nearby it. The villagers had to spend a great deal of money build another pagoda, that looked like the old one. Now not only the villagers realize the importance of protecting the pagoda but also tourists know that they should try his best not to cause damage to it.


A smiling face with tears, or “Tears of joy”, was chosen as the most popular emoji globally in 2016, according to a report1.(publish)by Chinese tech startup Kika.

In 2015,emoji was the country’s fastest-growing language in the UK and “Tears of joy”also became the Oxford English Dictionary’s word of the year, 2.(make)it popular on social media worldwide.

As a language expert pointed out, the reasons3.this are as follows. For one thing, with the development of the Internet, especially the 4.(popular)of smartphones, English alone is proving not enough to meet the needs of 21st-century digital communication. For5., emojis can offer greater freedom than verbal language. Meanwhile, compared with text messages, they are often more intuitive(直观的)and 6.(simple),which is also the reason why more and more People choose7.(express)their emotions and ideas by using emojis.

Even if you don’t send emojis yourself, you will8.(probable)receive them.

However, nobody can definitely-tell 9.emojis will finally come to look something more like traditional language that we understand and use daily some day or they are just in fashion for10.while like many things. “After all, it’s an addition to language rather than a language itself,”Dr Drummond says.


Recently, a picture of a soaking wet father holding an umbrella for his son in New York street has spread widely on the Internet. The _______moved countless netizens, commenting “Father’s love is as ________as a mountain.”

The name of “Father Umbrella”is Liu Qiao,_______told the reporter the photos were _____on September 10th. Because of the sudden rain, he only took a(n)_______umbrella in the office to _______his son at the kindergarten gate. “My home is near, so there is no need to_______rain.”Liu Qiao said giving the only umbrella to his son in the rain was a very_______instinct(本能)and getting praised so widely was _______his expectation.

Some netizens questioned, “Why didn’t he _______his son?”Liu Qiao thinks he has been creating the best _______for this son instead of doing all the things for him and let him_______for himself.“I want him to do things_______, so I did not hold him and the schoolbag was also_______him. But after all he was too young to _______cold, so I held an umbrella to _______him from the rain.”

Netizen’s interpretation of this picture is:“As a father, he can_______his son, but his son must walk himself. Dad’s _______hand is the cause, the right hand the _______, backing on the wind and rain…The ‘umbrella father’ shows ‘Dad can’t give you the best,_______gives you all!”And this also lets countless friends say,“It melts the heart down.”

1.A. scenery    B. signal    C. scene    D. sign

2.A. amazing    B. great    C. proud    D. hard

3.A. who    B. that    C. whom    D. which

4.A. taken    B. chosen    C. brought    D. bought

5.A. useless    B. extra    C. common    D. spare

6.A. bring up    B. take up    C. pick up    D. turn up

7.A. stop    B. avoid    C. frighten    D. worry

8.A. willing    B. strange    C. natural    D. curious

9.A. within    B. under    C. on    D. beyond

10.A. hold    B. tell    C. help    D. consider

11.A. needs    B. dreams    C. belongings    D. conditions

12.A. change    B. work    C. earn    D. battle

13.A. by himself    B. of himself    C. to himself    D. from himself

14.A. in    B. on    C. by    D. at

15.A. refuse    B. defeat    C. ignore    D. resist

16.A. stop    B. break    C. protect    D. ban

17.A. shelter    B. understand    C. raise    D. concern

18.A. warm    B. big    C. left    D. calm

19.A. patience    B. hope    C. diligence    D. honesty

20.A. then    B. but    C. and    D. thus


In 2017, AlphaGo defeated Chinese player Ke Jie to become the world’s No 1, ending thousands of years of human dominance(控制)in the game. AlphaGo is an artificial intelligence(AI)Go-playing program.1.

Artificial intelligence(AI)is usually defined as the science of marking computers do things that require intelligence when done by humans.2.These include learning, reasoning, problem-solving, perception, and language-understanding.

3.In fact we are increasingly depending. upon computer-based artificial intelligence. As Charlie Qrtiz said, head of AL at the Massachusetts-based software company Nuance Communication, “It has opened a window for us.”Smartphones, self-driving cars, intelligent robots,etc. are constantly coming into our life. According to a recent survey, half of the world’s AI experts believe human level machine intelligence will be achieved by 2040. This will open up huge possibilities for the enrichment of mankind, from tackling climate change and treating disease to labour- saving devices.

4.Physicist Stephen Hawking last year warned that unless we take care, board games might be the least of it. “The development of full artificial intelligence could mean the end of the human race.”5.They believe AlphaGo’s victory is a reminder of how fast the world is overcoming the obstacles in the way of AI, and its distribution in the world about us. Although there may yet be no evidence that computers will ever shake off their human masters, we should still treat these development with the humility and caution they deserve.

A. Other scientists have also expressed the concern.

B. Artificial intelligence has both advantages and disadvantages.

C. Defeating a human Go master is not the only thing AI can do.

D. Artificial intelligence will bring us disasters instead of benefits.

E. It was designed by an American Artificial intelligence company.

F. Not all experts hold the optimistic attitudes to the development of AI.

G. Research in AI has so far focused on some special fields of intelligence.


A 16-year survey on the arctic Norwegian island of Svalbard found the reindeer(驯鹿)there have declined in weight by an alarming 12 percent. The reduction in average body-mass is being blamed on global warming.

In research presented lately at a meeting of the British Ecological Society in Liverpool, scientists will explain how rising temperatures are making female reindeer difficult to obtain nutrients during important periods of being pregnant.

Snow in Svalbard typically covers the ground for eight months of the year, which, combined with low temperatures, limits grass growth to June and July. But as summer temperatures have increased by around 1.5℃, grasslands have become more productive, allowing female reindeer to gain more weight by the autumn and therefore to conceive(孕育)more calves.

However, warmer winters have brought with them greater rainfall which freezes when is settles on the snow, therefore locking out the reindeer from the life-supporting food below. As a result, female reindeer are becoming starved, causing them to give birth to much lighter young. The average mass of an adult reindeer in 1998, when the survey began, was 55kg, but by 2016 IT had dropped to 48kg.

Professor Steve Albon, an ecologist at the James Hatton Institute in Aberdeen , said that, because the mammals have a relatively high surface-area-to-volume ratio(表面积与体积比), they are no particularly energy efficient.

Reindeer can often access the inadequate food sources beneath the snow by clearing IT away with their antlers(鹿角), but they cannot break through the hard ice. Without access to the food in winter, calves are being born far lighter than they should be. Numbers of reindeer have also increased rapidly in the past 20 years, meaning that those which are born are facing greater competition for food. “The implication(含义)are that there may well be more smaller reindeer in the Arctic in the coming decades, but possibly at the risk of catastrophic die-offs because of increased ice on the ground,”said Professor Albon Despite the gloomy findings, reindeer appear to be suffering less from the impact of climate change than some other arctic species.

1.Which of the following may be the most important reason for the smaller reindeer?

A. Heavy snow.

B. Greater rainfall.

C. Hard ice.

D. Global warming.

2.According to the passage, rising temperatures will not lead to_________.

A. grass growing more rapidly in summer

B. more rainfall in the arctic area in winter

C. female reindeer’s gaining more weight in winter

D. female reindeer’s suffering from hunger in winter

3.What does the underlined word“gloomy”in the last paragraph mean?

A. Exciting.

B. Optimistic.

C. Disappointing.

D. Doubtful.

4.How does the writer develop the passage?

A. By analyzing the research.

B. By classification of reindeer.

C. By comparing opinions of experts.

D. By telling stories of different species.


Laziness is a state of inaction. It is something that you do, not something that you are. Being lazy means you have no motivation to do anything. Many people make the mistake that they view themselves as lazy.

Lazy people are often seen as useless. They are the ones who don’t do anything. They can be seen as underachievers or even bums(废物). This can be a child or an adult. You can view a student who never studies as lazy. You can see an employee who doesn’t do his work as lazy. In all of these cases, what the lazy person is doing is being lazy. But are they really being lazy or are they acting lazy?

There is a huge different between saying you act lazy sometimes and you are a lazy person. One is suggesting that your laziness is temporary while the other suggests that it’s permanent. This is the myth of laziness. People who are lazy aren’t; they simply are people who are temporarily acting that way.

So that causes a person to be inactive? The answer is a lack of goals. If you give someone a good enough reason to do something, they will do it. People who don’t seem to do anything just haven’t found a good enough reason to do something. Lazy students don’t study because they don’t see the point in studying. If you give them a reason, a strong enough reason, they will take action.

For example, if you are too lazy to go to the gym, would you go if someone offered you a million dollars to go? If you are too lazy to go to clean out the garage, would someone pointing a gun to your head help you take action? The reason can be positive or negative as long as it’s strong enough to induce(引起)action.

To motivate someone who is lazy, what you need to do is to help them find purpose and enough reasons to work towards a certain goal.

1.According to the passage, who can be viewed as acting lazy?

A. A student who always cheats out the garage.

B. A husband who never cleans out the garage.

C. A clerk who si always scolded for being useless.

D. A mother who doesn’t feel like cooking on Sunday.

2.The main reason why people are not active is that___________.

A. they are aimless

B. they lack enough money

C. they have too many negative feelings

D. they find no point in learning new things

3.The purpose of the writing is to help readers___________.

A. to recognize one’s weakness

B. to see laziness in a different way

C. to have a clear idea about what a habit is

D. to inspire students to be hard-working

4.What is the best title for the text?

A. Being lazy and cat lazy

B. Laziness and motivation

C. Temporary and permanent.

D. Being positive and negative


Sonya and her family have been homeless since she was 3 years old. Over the years, they have moved more than 15times to different shelters around New York City. Moving around was hard on Sonya。At school, Sonya hid her homeless from teachers and other students. She didn’t want to be treated differently from other kids.

In sixth grade, Sonya discovered a way to deal with some of her stress. She began studying dance at her middle school. “IT was a way for me to express myself, instead of just holding everything in,”she explains. Soon, Sonya auditioned(试演)for a summer dance camp run by Alvin Alley, a famous dance company. She was accepted. “I was excited,”says Sonya.

Dancing became an even more important part of Sonya’s life in high school. But things were not going well for Sonya at school. Each time her family moved to a new shelter, Sonya often took care of her younger sisters and brothers. She helped them get ready in the morning and took them to school. They would be on time, but Sonya would be late.

Worrying about her family kept Sonya from thinking about her own future. That changed the summer after 11th grade. Sonya learned she would have to go to summer school to graduate. She became determined to succeed, no matter what. “It was a wake-up call,”she says.“I had to focus on school and on myself.”

Sonya made up the work that she had missed, and finally graduated from high school. No one in her family had gone to college before. But in September 2015, Sonya enrolled in the State University of New York at Potsdam. She plans to become a doctor for kids and to teach dance to children who have disabilities.

1.According to the text, Sonya_____________.

A. learned to dance at the age of 3

B. kept moving to a better school

C. hid to secrets from her teachers

D. became homeless at an early age

2.From Sonya’s experience, we can infer__________.

A. she could express herself by dancing

B. teachers and other students laughed at her

C. Sonya determined to be a doctor for people with disabilities

D. her sisters and brothers stopped her from thinking about her future

3.By saying“IT was a wake-up call,” Sonya means that__________.

A. she needed to teach herself

B. she must support her family

C. she should focus on dancing

D. she had to finish high school

4.What’s the main idea of the text?

A. A girl finds hope through dance.

B. Dancing makes people confident.

C. Sonya dreams of becoming a dance star.

D. More and more kids stay at shelters in New York.


Sherlock: The Abominable Bride.

Release date: January 1, 2016

Price: $8

Plot: Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Watson travel back to the Victorian era to solve the case of “The Abominable Bride”

The Revenant

Release date: January 8, 2016

Price: $6

Plot: In the 1820s,a frontiersman,Hugh Glass,sets out on a path of vengeance against those who left him for dead after a bear mauling.

The Fifth Wave:

Release date: January 15,2016

Price: $6.5

Plot:Four waves of increasingly deadly attacks have left most of Earth decimated. Against a backdrop of fear and distrust, Cassie is on the run, desperately trying to save her younger brother. As she prepares for the fifth wave, Cassie teams up with a young man who may become her final hope-if she can only trust him.

Kung Fu Panda 3

Release date: January 29, 2016

Price:Adult$7.5   Child(aged six &up)$3.5

Plot:Po reunites with his biological father and travels with him to a secret sanctuary of pandas where, to his surprise, he does not fit in. There he meets Mei Mei, an overly eager panda, who had been promised to Po through an arranged marriage when they were children. To make matters worse, an evil ancient spirit called Kai begins terrorizing China and stealing the powers of defeated kung fu masters. Now, in the face of incredible odds, Po must learn to train a village of clumsy, fun-loving pandas to become a band of Kung Fu Pandas.

1.Which of the following films is about detection?

A. The Revenant.

B. Kung Fu Panda 3.

C. The Fifth Wave.

D. Sherlock: The Abominable Bride.

2.If a couple with a child aged 7 want to watch Kung Fu Panda 3, they will pay_________.

A. $15

B. $10.5

C. $18.5

D. $14.5

3.This passage may be taken from_________.

A. a story book.

B. a guidebook for tourists.

C. a magazine about science.

D. an entertainment poster.









第二节  读后续写(满分25分)


On a bright, warm July afternoon, Mac Hollan, a primary school teacher, was cycling from his home to Alaska with his friends. One of his friends had stopped to make a bicycle repair, but they had encouraged Mac to carry on, and they would catch up with him soon. As Mac pedaled ( 骑行)

along alone, he thought fondly of his wife and two young daughters at home. He hoped to show them this beautiful place someday.

Then Mac heard quick and loud breathing behind him. “Man, that's a big dog!" he thought. But when he looked to the side, he saw instantly that it wasn’t a dog at all,but a wolf:, quickly catching up with him.

Mac’s heart jumped. He found out his can of hear spray. With one hand on the bars, he fired the spray at the wolf. A bright red cloud enveloped the animal, and to Mac's relief, it fell back, shaking its head. But a minute later, it was by his side again. Then it attacked the back of Mac's

bike, tearing open his tent hag. He fired at the wolf a second time, and again, it fell back only to quickly restart the chase(追赶)。

Mac was pedaling hard now. He waved and yelled at passing cars but was careful not to show down. He was a steep uphill climb before him. He knew that manfen5 once he hit the hill, he’d be easy caught up and the wolf’s teeth would be tearing into his flesh.

At this moment, Paul and Beeky were driving their car on their way to Alaska. They didn’t think much of it when they saw two cyclists repairing their bike on the side of the road. A bit later, they spotted what they, too, assumed was a dog running alongside a man on a bike. As they got closer, they realized that the dog was a wolf. Mac heard a large vehicle behind him. He pulled in front of it as the wolf was catching up fast, just a dozen yards away now.



1. 所续写短文的词数应为150左右;

2. 应使用5个以上短文中标有下划线的关键词语;

3. 续写部分分为两段,每段开头语已为你写好;

4. 续写完成后,请用下划线标出你所使用的关键词语。



Last October ,while tending her garden in Mora ,Sweden ,Lena  Pahlsson  pulled out a handful of small       56     (carrot) and was about to throw them away .But something made her look closer ,and she noticed a     57  (shine) object .Yes ,there beneath the leafy top of one tiny carrot was her long-lost wedding ring.

Pahlsson screamed   58   loudly that her daughter came running from the house .“she thought I had hurt   59     (I),”says Pahlsson Sixteen years   60   (early),Pahlsson had removed the diamond ring     61  (cook) a meal. When she

wanted to put the ring back on later, it was gone. She

supected that one of her three daughters-then ten. eight, and six- had picked it up, but the girls said they hadn't. Pahlsson and her husband      62  (seareh) the kitchen, checking every corner. but turned up nothing. “I gave up hope of finding my ring again," she says. She never replaced it.

Pahlsson and her husband now think the ring probably got 63    (sweep) into a pile of kitchen rubbish and was spread over the garden,   64     it remained until the carrot’s leafy top accidentally sprouted (生长) through it. For Pahlsson, its return was   65     wonder.




Alia Baker is a librarian in Iraq. Her library used to be a 36 place for all who loved books and liked to share knowledge. They 37 various matters all over the world. When the war was near, Alia was  38  that the fires of war would destroy the books, which are more 39 to her than mountain of gold. The books are in every language new books, ancient books, 40 a book on the history of Iraq that is seven hundred years old.

She had asked the government for  41  to move the books to a 42  place, but they refused. So Alia took matters into her own hands. 43  , she brought books home every night,  44  her car late after work. Her friends came to 45  her when the war broke out. Anis who owned a restaurant  46 to hide some books. All through the  47 , Alia, Anis, his brothers and neighbours took the books from the library, 48  them over the seven-foot wall and 49  them in the restaurant. The books stayed hidden as the war  50  . Then nine days laters, a fire burned the  51  to the ground.

One day, the bombing stopped and the  52 left. But the war was not over yet. Alia knew that if the books were to be safe, they must be 53 again while the city was 54  . So she hired a truck to bring all the books to the houses of friends in the suburbs(郊区). Now Alia waited for the war to end and 55 peace and a new library.

1.A. meeting   B. working   C. personal   D. religious

2.A. raised    B. handled   C. reported   D. discussed

3.A. worried   B. angry    C. doubtful   D. curious

4.A. practical   B. precious   C. reliable   D. expensive

5.A. then    B. still    C. even    D. rather

6.A. permission  B. confirmation  C. explanation  D. information

7.A. large    B. public   C. distant   D. safe

8.A. Fortunately  B. Surprisingly  C. Seriously   D. Secretly

9.A. starting   B. parking   C. filling   D. testing

10.A. stop    B. help    C. warn    D. rescue

11.A. intended   B. pretended   C. happened   D. agreed

12.A. war    B. night    C. building   D. way

13.A. put    B. opened   C. passed   D. threw

14.A. hid    B. exchanged  C.burnt    D. distributed

15.A. approached  B. erupted   C. continued   D. ended

16.A. restaurant   B. library   C. city    D. wall

17.A. neighbours  B. soldiers   C. friends   D. customers

18.A. sold    B. read    C. saved    D. moved

19.A. occupied   B. bombed   C. quiet    D. busy

20.A. dreamed of  B. believed in  C. cared about  D. looked for



How to Do Man-on-the-Street Interviews

The man-on-the-street interview is an interview in which a reporter hits the streets with a cameraman to interview people on the sport. _____ But with these tips, your first man-on-the-street interview experience can be easy.

 When your boss or professor sends you out to do man-on-the-street interviews for a story, think about the topic and develop a list of about ten general questions relating to it. For example, if your topic is about environmental problems in America, you might ask, “Why do you think environmental protection is important in America?” _____

 Hit the streets with confidence. _____ Say, “Excuse me, I work for XYZ News, and I was wondering if you could share your opinion about this topic.” This is a quick way to get people to warm up to you.

Move on to the next person if someone tells you she is not inter

Don’t get discouraged.

  Each interview that you get on the street shouldn’t be longer than ten minutes. As soon as you get the answer you need, move on to the next person. Make sure that as you go from interview to interview, you are getting a variety of answers. If everyone is giving you the same answer, you won’t be able to use it. A safe number of interviews to conduct is about six to ten. 

If your news station or school requires interviewees to sign release forms to appear on the air, don’t leave work without them.

A. Limit your time.

B. As you approach people, be polite.

C. If you don’t own a camera, you can buy one.

D. For new reporters, this can seem like a challenging task.

E. To get good and useful results, ask them the same question.

F. That number of interviews should give you all the answers you need.

G. With a question like this, you will get more than a “Yes” or “No” reply.




FLORENCE, Italy—Svetlana Cojochru feels hurt. The Moldovan has lived here seven years as a caregiver to Italian kids and elderly, but in order to stay she’s had to prove her language skills by taking a test which requires her to write a postcard to an imaginary friend and answer a fictional job ad.

Italy is the latest Western European country trying to control a growing immigrant(移民) population by demanding language skills in exchange for work permits, or in some cases, citizenship.

Some immigrant advocates worry that as hard financial times make it more difficult for natives to keep jobs, such measures will become a more vehicle for intolerance than integration(融合). Others say it’s only natural that newcomers learn the language of their host nation, seeing it as a condition to ensure they can contribute to society.

Other European countries laid down a similar requirement for immigrants, and some terms are even tougher. The governments argue that this will help foreigners better join the society and promote understanding across cultures.

Italy, which has a much weaker tradition of immigration, has witnessed a sharp increase in immigration in recent years. In 1990, immigrants numbered some 1.14 million out of Italy’s then 56.7 million people, or about 2 percent. At the start of this year, foreigners living in Italy amounted to 4.56 million of a total population of 60.6 million, or 7.5 percent, with immigrants’ children accounting for an even larger percentage of births in Italy.

Cojochru, the Moldovan caregiver, hoped obtaining permanent residence(居住权) would help her bring her two children to Italy; they live with her sister in Moldova, where salaries are among the lowest in Europe. She was skeptical that the language requirement would encourage integration.

Italians always “see me as a foreigner,” an outsider, even though she’s stayed in the country for years and can speak the local language fluently, she said.

1.Why does Cojochru have to take a language test?

A. To continue to stay in Italy.    B. To teach her children Italian.

C. To find a better job in Italy.    D. To better mix with the Italians.

2.Some people worry that the new language requirement may ________.

A. reduce Italy’s population quickly    B. cause conflicts among people

C. lead to financial difficulties    D. put pressure on schools

3.What do we know about Cojochru?

A. She lives with her sister now in Italy.

B. She enjoys learning the Italian language.

C. She speaks Italian well enough for her job.

D. She wishes to go back to her home country.



Getting less sleep has become a bad habit for most American kids. According to a new survey(调查) by the National Sleep Foundation, 51% of kids aged 10 to 18 go to bed at 10 pm or later on school nights, even though they have to get up early. Last year the Foundation reported that nearly 60% of 7- to 12-year-olds said that they felt tired during the day, and 15% said they had fallen asleep at school.

How much sleep you need depends a lot on your age. Babies need a lot of rest: most of them sleep about 18 hours a day! Adults need about eight hours. For most school-age children, ten hours is ideal(理想的). But the new National Sleep Foundation survey found that 35% of 10- to 12-year-olds get only seven or eight hours. And guess what almost half of the surveyed kids said they do before bedtime? Watch TV.

“More children are going to bed with TVs on, and there are more opportunities(机会) to stay awake, with more homework, the Internet and the phone,” says Dr. Mary Carskadon, a sleep researcher at Brown University Medical School. She says these activities at bedtime can get kids all excited and make it hard for them to calm down and sleep. Other experts say part of the problem is chemical. Changing levels of body chemicals called hormones not only make teenagers’ bodies develop adult characteristics, but also make it hard for teenagers to fall asleep before 11 pm.

Because sleepiness is such a problem for teenagers, some manfen5 school districts have decided to start high school classes later than they used to. Three years ago, schools in Edina, Minnesota, changed the start time from 7:25 am to 8:30 am. Students, parents and teachers are pleased with the results.

1.What is the new National Sleep Foundation survey on?

A. American kids’ sleeping habits.      B. Teenagers’ sleep-related diseases.

C. Activities to prevent sleeplessness.    D. Learning problems and lack of sleep.

2. How many hours of sleep do 11-year-olds need every day?

A. 7 hours.     B. 8 hours.    C. 10 hours.     D. 18 hours.

3.Why do teenagers go to sleep late according to Carskadon?

A. They are affected by certain body chemicals.

B. They tend to do things that excite them.

C. They follow their parents’ examples.

D. They don’t need to go to school early.



Benjamin West,the father of American painting, showed his talent for art when he was only six years of age. But he did not know about brushes before a visitor told him he needed one. In htose days ,a brush was made from camels hair. There were no camels nearby. Benjamin decided that cat hair would work instead. He cut some fur from the family cat to make a brush.

The brush did nott last long. Soon Benjamin needed more fur. Before long, the catbegan to look ragged (蓬乱). His father said that the cat must be sick. Benjamin was forced to admit what he had been doing.

The cats lot was about to improve. That year, one of Benjamins cousins, Mr.Pennington, came to visit. He was impressed with Benjamins drawings. When he went home, he sent Benjamin a box of paint and some brushes. He also sent six engravings (版画)by an artist. These were the forst pictures and first real paint and brushes Benjamin had ever seen. In 1747,when Benjamin  was nine years old,Mr.Pennington retured for another visit .He was amazed at what Benjamin had done with his gift.He asked  Benjamin’s parents if he might take the boy to Philadelphia for a visit.

  In the city, Mr.Pennington gave  Benjamin  materials for creating oil paintings.The boy began a landscape (风景) painting.Wiliams ,a well-known painter,came to see him work . Wiliams was impressed with Benjamin and gave him two classic books on painting to take home .The books were long and dull. Benjamin could read only a little,having been a poor student.But he later said,”Those two books were my companions by day,and under my pillow at night.”While it is likely that he understood very little of the books,they were his introduction to classical paintings.The nine-year-old boy decided then that he would be an artist.

1.What is the text mainly about?

A. Benjamin’s visit to Philadelphia.

B. Williams’ influence on Benjamin.

C. The beginning of Benjamin’s life as an artist.

D. The friendship between Benjamin and Pennington.

2.What does the underlined sentence in paragraph 3 suggest?

A. The cat would be closely watched.

B. The cat would get some medical care.

C. Benjamin would leave his home shortly.

D. Benjamin would have real brushes soon.

3.What did Pennington do to help Benjamin develop his talent?

A. He took him to see painting exhibitions.

B. He provided him with painting materials.

C. He sent him to a school in Philadelphia.

D. He taught him how to make engravings.

4.Williams’ two books helped Benjamin to ________.

A. master the use of paints

B. appreciate landscape paintings

C. get to know other painters

D. make up his mind to be a painter
















Mr. and Mrs.Zhang all work in our school.They live far from the school, and it takes them about a hour and a half to go to work every day. In their spare time, they are interesting in planting vegetables in their garden, that is on the rooftop of their house. They often get up earlier and water the vegetables together. They have also bought for some gardening tools. Beside, they often get some useful informations from the internet. When summer came, they will invite their students pick the vegetables!



    In 1863 the first underground passenger railway in the world opened in London. z&xxk It ran for just under seven kilometers and allowed people to avoid terrible __61__(crowd) on the roads above as they travelled to and ___62__ word. It took three years to complete and was built using an interesting method. This included digging up the road, ____63___(lay) the track and then building a strong roof over___64___ top. When all those had been done, the road surface was replaced.

    Steam engines ___65__(use) to pull the carriages and it must have been___66__(fair)unpleasant for the passsengers, with all the smoke and noise. However, the railway quickly proved to be a great success and within six months, more than 25,000 people were using___67__ every day.

Later, engineers ____68___(manage) to construct railways in a system of deep tunnels (隧道), which became known to the tube. This development was only possible with the ___69___ (introduce) of electric-powered engines and lifts. The central London Railway was one of the most ___70___(success) of these new lines, and was opened in 1900. It had white-painted tunnels and bright red carriages, and proved extremely popular with the public.



In 1973, I was teaching elementary school.Each day, 27 kids  41    “The Thinking Laboratory.”That was the      42    students voted for after deciding that “Room 104” was too   43   .

Freddy was an average     44    ,but not an average person. He had the rare balance of fun and compassion(同情).He would   45   the loudest over fun and be the saddest over anyone’s   46    .

Before the school year    47    ,I gave the kids a special       48    , T-shirts with the words “Verbs Are Your   49   ” on them. I had advised the kids that while verbs(动词)may seem dull ,most of the  50   things they do throughout their lives will be verbs.

Through the years, I’d run into former students who would provide    51   on old classmates. I learned that Freddy did several jobs after his   52   from high school and remained the same  53   person I met forty years before .Once, while working overnight at a store, he let a homeless man   54   in his truck . Another time , he   55   a friend money to buy a house .

Just last year, I was   56   a workshop when someone knocked at the classroom door. A woman   57   the interruption and handed me an envelope. I stopped teaching and    58   it up. Inside were the “Verbs” shirt and a    59   from Freddy’s mother. “Freddy passed away on Thanksgiving. He wanted you to have this.”

I told the story  to the class. As sad as it was, I couldn’t help smiling . Although Freddy was taken from us,we all   60   something from  Freddy.

1.A. built          B. entered         C. decorated             D. ran

2.A. name         B. rule            C. brand                D. plan

3.A. small         B. dark            C. strange              D. dull

4.A. scholar        B. student         C. citizen               D. worker

5.A. speak         B. sing            C. question             D. laugh

6.A. misfortune     B. disbelief         C. dishonesty           D. mistake

7.A. changed       B. approached       C. returned            D. ended

8.A.lesson           B.gift               C.report           D.message

9.A.friends          B.Awards            C.Masters          D.Tasks

10.A.simple          B.unique             C. fun             D.clever

11.A.assessments      B. comments          C.instructions       D.updates

12.A.graduation       B. retirement          C.separation        D.resignation

13.A.daring          B.modest              C.caring           D.smart

14.A.wait            B.sleep               C.study            D.live

15.A.paid            B.charged             C.lent              D.owed

16.A.observing        B.preparing            C. designing        D.conducting

17.A.regretted         B.avoided             C.excused          D.ignored

18.A.opened          B.packed              C.gave            D.held

19.A.picture          B.bill                 C.note             D.diary

20.A.chose           B.took                C.expected         D.borrowed



Interruptions are one of the worst things to deal with while you’re trying to get work done.   36     ,there are several ways to handle things.Let’s take a look at them now.

    37       .Tell the person you’re sorry and explain that you have a million things to do and then ask if the two of you can talk at a different time.

When people try to interrupt you,have set hours planned and let them know to come back during that time or that you’ll find them then.    38     .It can help to eliminate(消除) future interruptions.

When you need to talk to someone,don’t do it in your own office.      39    .it’s much easeier to excuse yourself to get back to your work than if you try to get someone out of your space even after explaining how busy you are

If you have a door to your office, make good use of it.     40    .If someone knocks and it’s not an important matter. excuse yourself and let the person know you’re busy so they can get the hint(暗示) than when the door is closed, you’re not to be disturbed.

A. If you’re busy, don’t feel bad about saying no

B. When you want to avoid interruptions at work

C. Set boundaries for yourself as your time goes

D. If you’re in the other person’s office or in a public area

E. It’s important that you let them know when you’ll be available

F. It might seem unkind to cut people short when they interrupt you

G. Leave it open when you’re available to talk and close it when you’re not


When a leafy plant is under attack, it doesn’t  sit quietly. Back in 1983,two scientists,Jack Schultz and Ian Baldwin, reported that young maple trees getting bitten by insects send out a particular smell that neighboring plants can get. These chemicals come from the injured parts of the plant and seem to be an alarm.What the plants pump through the air is a mixture of chemicals known as volatile organic compounds,VOCs for short.

    Scientists have found that all kinds of plants give out VOCs when being attacked .It’s a plant’s way of crying out.But is anyone listening?Apparently.Because we can watch the neighbours react.

   Some plants pump out smelly chemicals to keep insects away.But others do double duty .They pump out perfumes designed to attract different insects who are natural enemies to the attackers.Once they arrive,the tables are turned .The attacker who was lunching now becomes lunch.

  In study after study,it appears that these chemical conversations help the neighbors .The damage is usually more serious on the first plant,but the neighbors ,relatively speaking ,stay safer because they heard the alarm and knew what to do.

    Does this mean that plants talk to each other? Scientists don’t know. Maybe the first plant just made a cry of pain or was sending a message to its own branches, and so, in effect, was talking to itself. Perhaps the neighbors just happened to “overhear” the cry. So information was exchanged, but it wasn’t a true, intentional back and forth.

Charles Darwin, over 150 years ago, imagined a world far busier, noisier and more intimate(亲密的) than the world we can see and hear. Our senses are weak. There’s a whole lot going on.

1.What does a plant do when it is under attack?

A. It makes noises.     B. It gets help from other plants.

C. It stands quietly    D. It sends out certain chemicals.

2.What does the author mean by “the tables are turned” in paragraph 3?

A. The attackers get attacked.

B. The insects gather under the table.

C. The plants get ready to fight back.

D. The perfumes attract natural enemies.

3.Scientists find from their studies that plants can           .

A.predict natural disasters  B.protect themselves against insects

C.talk to one another intentionally D.help their neighbors when necessary

4.what can we infer from the last paragraph?

A.The word is changing faster than ever.

B.People have stronger senses than before

C.The world is more complex than it seems

D.People in Darwin’s time were more imaginative.


Terrafugia Inc. said Monday that its new flying car has completed its first flight, bringing the company closer to its goal of selling the flying car within the next year. The vehicle-named the Transition – has two seatsfour wheels and wings that fold up so it can be driven like a car. The Transition, which flew at 1,400 feet for eight minutes last month, can reach around 70 miles per hour on the road and 115 in the air. It flies using a 23-gallon tank of gas and bums 5 gallons per hour in the air. On the ground, it gets 35 miles per gallon.

Around 100 people have already put down a $10,000 deposit to get a Transition when they go on sale, and those numbers will likely rise after Terrafugia introduces the Transition to the public later this week at the New York Auto Show. But don’t expect it to show up in too many driveways. It’s expected to cost $279,000.And it won’t help if you’re stuck in traffic. The car needs a runway.

Inventors have been trying to make flying cars since the 1930s, according to Robert Mann, an airline industry expert. But Mann thinks Terrafugia has come closer than anyone to making the flying car a reality. The govemment has already permitted the company to use special materials to make it easier for the vehicle to fly. The Transition is now going through crash tests to make sure it meets federal safety standards.

Mann said Terrafugia was helped by the Federal Aviation  Administration’s decision five years ago to create a separate set of standards for light sport aircraft, which are lower than those pilots of larger planes Terrafugia says an owner would need to pass a test and complete 20 hours of flying time to be able to fly the Transition, a requirement pilots would find redatively easy to meet.

1.What is the first paragraph mainly about?

A. The basic data of the Transition.     B. The advantages of flying cars.

C. The potential market for flying cars.  C. The designers of the Transition.

2.Why is the Transition unlikely to show up in too many driveways?

A. It causes traffic jams.             B. It is difficult to operate.

C. It is very expensive.               D. It bums too much fuel.

3.What is the government’s attitude to the development of the flying car?

A. Cautious                       B. Favorable.

C. Ambiguous.                     D. Disapproving.

4.What is the best title for the text?

A. Flying Car at Auto Show          B. The Transition’s Fist Flight

C.Pilots’Dream Coming True         D. Flying Car Closer to Reality


I first met Paul Newman in 1968, when George Roy Hill, the director of Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid, introduced us in New York City. When the studio didn’t want me for the film - it wanted somebody as well known as Paul - he stood up for me. I don’t know how many people would have done that; they would have listened to their agents or the studio powers.

The friendship that grew out of the experience of making that film and The Sting four years later had its root in the fact that although there was an age difference, we both came from a tradition of theater and live TV. We were respectful of craft(技艺)and focused on digging into the characters we were going to play. Both of us had the qualities and virtues that are typical of American actors: humorous, aggressive, and making fun of each other - but always with an underlying affection. Those were also at the core(核心)of our relationship off the screen.

We shared the brief that if you’re fortunate enough to have success, you should put something back - he with his Newman’s Own food and his Hole in the Wall camps for kids who are seriously ill, and me with Sundance and the institute and the festival. Paul and I didn’t see each other all that regularly, but sharing that brought us together. We supported each other financially and by showing up at events.

I last saw him a few months ago. He’d been in and out of the hospital. He and I both knew what the deal was, and we didn’t talk about it. Ours was a relationship that didn’t need a lot of words.

1.Why was the studio unwilling to give the role to author at first?

A.Paul Newman wanted it.                 B.The studio powers didn’t like his agent.

C.He wasn’t famous enough.              D.The director recommended someone else.

2.Why did Paul and the author have a lasting friendship?

A.They were of the same dge.             B.They worked in the same theater.

C.They were both good actors.            D.They han similar charactertics.

3.What does the underlined word “that” in paragraph 3 refer to?

A.Their belief.                             B.Their care for chileden.

C.Their success.                            D.Their support for each other.

4.What is the author’s purpose in writing the test?

A.To show his love of films.                 B.To remember a friend.

C.To introduce a new movie.                 D.To share his acting experience.


In the coming months, we are bringing together artists from all over the globe, to enjoy speaking Shakespeare’s plays in their own language, in our Globe, within the architecture Shakespeare wrote for. Please come and join us.

National Theatre of China   Beijing|Chinese

This great occasion(盛会) will be the National Theatre of China’s first visit to the UK. The company’s productions show the new face of 21st century Chinese theatre. This production of Shakespeare’s Richard III will be directed by the National’s Associate Director, Wang Xiaoying.

Date & Time: Saturday 28 April,2.30pm & Sunday 29 April,1.30pm & 6.30pm


Marjanishvili Theatre   Tbilisi  |  Georgian

One of the most famous theatres in Georgia, the Marjanishvili, founded in 1928, appears regularly at theatre festivals all over the world. This new production of   It is helmed(指导)by the company’s Artistic Director Levan Tsuladze.

Date & Time: Friday 18May, 2.30pm & Saturday 19May,7.30pm


Deafinitely Theatre  London | British Sign  Language BSL

By translating the rich and humourous text of Love’s Labour’s Lost into the physical language of BSL, Deafinitely Theatre creates a new interpretation of Shakespeare’s comedy and aims to build a bridge between deaf and hearing worlds by performing to both groups as one audience.

Date & Time: Tuesday 22 May,2.30pm & Wednesday 23 May,7.30pm


Habima National Theatre Tel Aviv | Hebrew

The Habima is the centre of Hebrew-language theatre worldwide ,Founded in Moscow after the 1905 revolution, the company eventually settled in Tel Aviv in the late 1920s,Since 1958, z&xxk they have been recognised as the national theatre of Israel .This production of Shakespeare’s The Merchant of Venice marks their first visit to the UK.

Date & Time: Monday 28May,7.30 & Tuesday 29 May,7.30pm


1.Which play will be performed by the National Theatre of China?

A. Richard .                B. Lover’s Labour’s Lost

C. As You Like It              D. The Merchant of Venice

2.What is special about Deafinitely Theatre?

A.It has two groups of actors    B.It is the leading theatre in London

C.It performs plays in BSL      D.It is good at producing comedies

3.When can you see a play in Hebrew?

A.On Saturday 28 April.         B.On Sunday 29 April

C.On Tuesday 22 May.          D. On Tuesday 29 May


假设你是晨光中学高二(1)班的班长李津, 得知美国学生Chris 作为交换生, 下学期将到你班学习。 请你根据以下提示, 给他写封邮件:

1. 表示欢迎;

2. 介绍与本地生活相关的信息(如气候、 饮食等);

3. 介绍本班情况;

4. 希望Chris做哪些事情, 以增进中美学生之间的了解和友谊。


1. 请勿提及与考生相关的真实信息;

2. 可适当加入细节, 使内容充实、行文连贯;

3. 词数不少于100; 开头已给出, 不计入总词数。

参考词汇:交换生  exchange student

Dear Chris,

I'm Li Jin, monitor of Class One, Grade Eleven._________________________________________________











Li Jin



增加: 在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧), 并在其下写出该加的词。

删除: 把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改: 在错的词下划一横线, 并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意: 1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处, 多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Are you looking for something interested? Would you like to give a hand to other people in your spare time? Then joining us and be a volunteer! We have job for people of all ages. Anyone from students to old people can become ours members. You can help people in many ways. Some schools need volunteers to help take the care of children. Volunteers are needed in hospitals help the patients. Animal lovers can help save dogs and cats without homes. There is nothing for everyone. “I often played computer games when I was freely before. Now I help old people learn to use computers,” said a volunteer aged 18. Unless everyone helps out a lot, we'll all have better and warmer world to live in.


In much of Asia, especially the so-called “rice bowl” cultures of China, Japan, Korea, 1.Vietnam, food is usually eaten with chopsticks.

Chopsticks are usually two long, thin pieces of wood or bamboo. They can also be made of plastic, animal bone or metal. Sometimes chopsticks are quite artistic. Truly elegant chopsticks might 2. (make) of gold and silver with Chinese characters. Skilled workers also combine various hardwoods and metal 3. (create) special designs.

The Chinese have used chopsticks for five thousand years. People probably cooked their food in large pots, 4. (use) twigs(树枝)to remove it. Over time, 5. the population grew, people began cutting food into small pieces so it would cook more quickly. Food in small pieces could be eaten easily with twigs which 6.(gradual) turned into chopsticks.

Some people think that the great Chinese scholar Confucius, 7. lived from roughly 551 to 479 B.C., influenced the 8. (develop) of chopsticks. Confucius believed knives would remind people of killings and 9. (be) too violent for use at the table.

Chopsticks are not used everywhere in Asia. In India, for example, most people traditionally eat 10. their hands.


Xie lei's 1. course is helping her to get used to the 2.requirements of a Western university. "I remember the first 3. I did for my tutor." she told me. I found an article on the Internet 4. seemed to have exactly the information I needed. So I made a summary of the article, 5. my draft and handed the essay in.

In the 18th century California was 6.by Spain.Spanish soldiers first arrived in South America in the early 16th century,when they fought against the native people and took their land.Two centuries later,the Spanish 7.in most parts of South America and along the northwest coast of 8.we now call the United States.

Cloning plants is 9.while cloning animals is very complicated.It is a difficult task to undertake.Many10.to clone mammals failed.


Last spring, I was fortunate to be chosen to participate in an exchange study program. In my application letter, I was careful to______how much I wanted to see France; evidently, my excitement really came through in my words. Once I_____that I was going, all I could think about was the fun of foreign travel and making all sorts of new and_____friends. While traveling was inspiring and meeting people was_____, nothing about my term in France was what I_____.

The moment I arrived in Paris, I was______by a nice French couple who would become my host parents. My entire experience was joyous and exciting______I received some shocking news from my program coordinator(协调人): there had been a death in my host parents' extended family. They had to travel outside France for several weeks. That afternoon, I had to______out of one family's house and into another. The exchange coordinator told me I'd have a ______this time and asked whether I could share a bedroom with an English speaker. To avoid the temptation (诱惑)to______my native language, I asked not to be_____with an Englishspeaking roommate. When I got to my new room, I_____myself to my new roommate Paolo, a Brazilian (巴西人)the same age as I, whom I was surprised to find playing one of my favorite CDs! In just a few hours, we knew we'd be good friends for the rest of the______.

I left France with many____, so when people ask me what my favorite part of the trip was, they are always______to hear me talk about my Brazilian friend Paolo and the scores of weekdays in class, weeknights on the town, and weekends____ France we enjoyed together. I love how people_____seem so different, but end up being so______. The most valuable lesson I gained from studying in France wasn't just to respect the French people______to respect all people, for your next best friend could be just a continent away. I would recommend an exchange program to anyone who wants to experience foreign cultures and gain meaningful_____.

1.A. discuss    B. express    C. announce    D. argue

2.A. approved    B. knew    C. warned    D. denied

3.A. stubborn    B. anxious    C. universal    D. interesting

4.A. boring    B. upsetting    C. exciting    D. promising

5.A. expected    B. liked    C. doubted    D. feared

6.A. sponsored    B. witnessed    C. greeted    D. supported

7.A. until    B. when    C. since    D. while

8.A. move    B. travel    C. walk    D. rush

9.A. housekeeper    B. leader    C. roommate    D. colleague

10.A. learn    B. appreciate    C. speak    D. master

11.A. combined    B. fitted    C. involved    D. placed

12.A. added    B. introduced    C. devoted    D. adapted

13.A. term    B. week    C. month    D. vacation

14.A. presents    B. suitcases    C. stories    D. dreams

15.A. surprised    B. disturbed    C. embarrassed    D. concerned

16.A. analyzing    B. exploring    C. describing    D. investigating

17.A. need    B. shall    C. must    D. can

18.A. generous    B. independent    C. similar    D. distant

19.A. and    B. but    C. or    D. so

20.A. instructions    B. friendships    C. facts    D. data


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