满分5 > 初中英语试题【答案带解析】

—Hello, who can go to the Palace Museum ...

—Hello, who can go to the Palace Museum with me tomorrow?

—Oh, sorry. _______ Jim _______ I can go with you; we have to take a test tomorrow.

A. Neither; nor    B. Both; and    C. Either; or    D. Not only; but also

 

A 【解析】试题分析:句意:——嗨,明天谁能和我一块去故宫?——噢,对不起。吉姆和我都不能和你去。明天我们不得不休息。根据we have to take a test tomorrow可知,两人都不能去,两者都不用neither---nor---。故选A。  
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考点分析:
考点1:句子的分类

一、简单句 

简单句只包含一个主谓结构,并且各个结构都是由单词或短语组成,不包含任何从句。有五种基本句型。 
1.主语+谓语(不及物动词) 
The new term begins.  新学期开始了。 
2.主语+谓语(及物动词)+宾语 
The girl is learning to play the piano.   这个女孩在学弹钢琴。 
3.主语+连系动词+表语 
The rice got burned。 饭焖煳了。 
4.主语+谓语(及物动词)+间接宾语+直接宾语 He bought her a watch.  他给她买了一块表。 
5. 主语+谓语(及物动词)+宾语+宾语补语 
We all believed you honest. 我们都认为你是诚实的。 
二、并列句(简单句+连词+简单句) 
并列句是由两个或多个简单句连接而成的。其中的各个简单句并列平行,同等重要,相互之 间没有从属关系,能够独立成句。它们之间要用连词连接。并列句可分为四种: 
1.表示相同关系   用连词或逗号、分号连接构成并列句。常用连词有:and, not only...but also..., neither...nor... 
Susan not only runs fast, but also jumps high.  苏姗不但跑得快,而且跳得高。 
I could neither swim nor skate.  我既不会游泳,也不会滑冰。 
2.表示转折关系  常用连词有:but, still, yet, while等。 
It was late at night, but he went on doing his homework.夜已深了,但是他还在继续做作业。 She was busy cooking while they were watching TV.她忙着做饭,而他们却在看电视。 The film is not perfect, still, it's good.这部影片虽然不是无可挑剔,但还是好的。 
3.表示选择关系  常用连词为:or, either...or...。 
The teacher wanted to see either his father or mother.老师要见一下他的父亲或是母亲。 Either this road or that on e can lead you to that hospital.这条路或那条路都通往那家医院。 Hurry up,or you'll miss the train.  
4.表示因果关系  常用连词有for和so。 
We hurried to the railway station, for there was little time for the train to leave. 我们急忙赶往车站,因为火车很快就要开了。 
The teacher asked Susan to go, so she went( did).老师让苏姗到她那去,因此她就去了。  
三、复合句(主句+连词+从句) 
包含一个主句,一个或一个以上的从句的句子叫复合句。从句从属于主句并充当主句的某一成分,如主语,表语,宾语,定语,状语等。中考主要考宾语、定语、状语从句。注意引导词、语序和时态。
  
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