满分5 > 初中英语试题【答案带解析】

My uncle has two children, a son and a d...

My uncle has two children, a son and a daughter. The son is ______ English teacher and______ daughter is a nurse.

A. a, the    B. an, the    C. the, a    D. an, a

 

B 【解析】试题分析:句意:我的叔叔有两个孩子,一个儿子和一个女儿。儿子是一位英语老师,女儿是一名护士。一位英语老师是泛指,English以元音音素开头,前面用不定冠词an,daughter第二次出现,特指,用定冠词the。故答案为B。 考点:考查冠词的用法。  
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考点分析:
考点1:冠词
大家一定会想到a 、an和the,实际上,冠词就是指这三兄弟
冠词分类及用法
        1. 不定冠词的基本用法:(1)不定冠词有a和an两种:a用于辅音音素开头的词前,例如:a dog, an用于元音音素开头的词前,例如:an apple;(2)用来表示“—”的意思,但不强调数的观念,只说明名词为不特定者。即不具体说明是何人何物。例如:She picked up a book and began to read.(3)不定冠词含有“—”的意思,但数量观念没有one强烈,在句子里边一般可以不必译出,但若有“一个”的意思则译出,(4)一般用在可数名词单数前,指人或事物的某一种类。例如:I am a nurse.(5)用在某些固定词组中,如have a rest,a few,a lot 等。
        2.  定冠词的用法:(1)特指某(些)人或某(些)事物。(2)指双方都知道的人或事物,例如:Open the door,please. (3)指上文提到的人或事物。(4)用在世界上独一无二的事物前。例如:The sun is bigger than the moon.太阳比月亮大些。(5)用在序数词和形容词最高级前。例如:The first island is the biggest of the three.第一个小岛是三个中最大的。(6)用在形容词前表示一类人,the +形容词指的是一群人,是一种复数含义,所以其后动词应用复数形式。例如:The old are sick.
        3. 零冠词的用法 ,就是不用冠词的情况。
        1) 国名,人名前通常不用定冠词:England, Mary;
        2) 泛指的复数名词,表示一类人或事物时,可不用定冠词;
        They are teachers. 他们是教师。
        3) 抽象名词表示一般概念时,通常不加冠词;
        Failure is the mother of success. 失败乃成功之母。
        4) 物质名词表示一般概念时,通常不加冠词,当表示特定的意思时,需要加定冠词;Man cannot live without water. 人离开水就无法生存。
        5) 在季节、月份、节日、假日、日期、星期等表示时间的名词之前,不加冠词;
        We go to school from Monday to Friday. 我们从星期一到星期五都上课。
        6) 在三餐、球类运动和娱乐运动的名称前,不加冠词;如:have breakfast, play chess
        7) 当by与火车等交通工具连用,表示一种方式时,中间无冠词;by bus, by train;
        8) 固定短语,如:go to hospital 去医院看病;at home, in class,go to bed等。
常见考法
        根据对冠词部分全国各地中考试题的分析可知,冠词考查主要在单项选择和完形填空题型之中。冠词主要考查的有:
        1、 不定冠词、定冠词和零冠词的基本用法。
        2、 冠词常见的习惯搭配用法。
        3、 部分物质名词抽象名词具体化之后的冠词用法。
        4、 冠词的位置    
不定冠词a用于辅音音素开头的单词前,an用于元音音素开头的单词前。
典型例题1: ——Tina,could you please play____ piano for me while I’m singing?
——With pleasure.
A. a     B. an     C. the      D. /
解析:表示乐器的名词前应用定冠词the 。
答案: C
   典型例题2: There is ____“h” in the word “hour”,but____“h” doesn’t make a sound.
A . a, a  B. a, the  C. the, an  D. an, the
解析:这是一道很迷惑人的习题。第一个空很多学生认为“h”是一个辅音字母,所以会填a,但是选择a 或an,看的是音素,即读音,而并不是字母本身,“h”是一个辅音字母,但却是以元音音素开头,所以前面应用an;第二个空“h”第二次出现,所以用定冠词 the 。
答案: D
误区提醒
        不定冠词a用于辅音音(而不是字母)开头的单词前,an用于元音音素(而不是字母)开头的单词前,例如上面典型例题2
  
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