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假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下短文。短文中共有...

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下短文。短文中共有10处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在此符号下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Once there had a wooden pagoda(塔)in my village. It had a history of over eight hundreds years. It was such beautiful and famous that many tourists came to visit it every year. They took photos, write down their names on the walls and even threw rubbishes everywhere.

Later the pagoda was destroyed because of a fire in the forest nearby it. The villagers had to spend a great deal of money build another pagoda, that looked like the old one. Now not only the villagers realize the importance of protecting the pagoda but also tourists know that they should try his best not to cause damage to it.

 

【解析】1. There be 句型应该用be ,不用had 2. Hundred前有确切数字时不加s, 3. So。。。that 句型,如此以至于,so修饰形容词,such 修饰名词。 4. Took photos,wrote down and threw rubbish ,三个并列动作,时态应该一致。 5. Rubbish不可数,不加s 6. 因为附近的森林大火,...
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A smiling face with tears, or “Tears of joy”, was chosen as the most popular emoji globally in 2016, according to a report1.(publish)by Chinese tech startup Kika.

In 2015,emoji was the country’s fastest-growing language in the UK and “Tears of joy”also became the Oxford English Dictionary’s word of the year, 2.(make)it popular on social media worldwide.

As a language expert pointed out, the reasons3.this are as follows. For one thing, with the development of the Internet, especially the 4.(popular)of smartphones, English alone is proving not enough to meet the needs of 21st-century digital communication. For5., emojis can offer greater freedom than verbal language. Meanwhile, compared with text messages, they are often more intuitive(直观的)and 6.(simple),which is also the reason why more and more People choose7.(express)their emotions and ideas by using emojis.

Even if you don’t send emojis yourself, you will8.(probable)receive them.

However, nobody can definitely-tell 9.emojis will finally come to look something more like traditional language that we understand and use daily some day or they are just in fashion for10.while like many things. “After all, it’s an addition to language rather than a language itself,”Dr Drummond says.

 

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Recently, a picture of a soaking wet father holding an umbrella for his son in New York street has spread widely on the Internet. The _______moved countless netizens, commenting “Father’s love is as ________as a mountain.”

The name of “Father Umbrella”is Liu Qiao,_______told the reporter the photos were _____on September 10th. Because of the sudden rain, he only took a(n)_______umbrella in the office to _______his son at the kindergarten gate. “My home is near, so there is no need to_______rain.”Liu Qiao said giving the only umbrella to his son in the rain was a very_______instinct(本能)and getting praised so widely was _______his expectation.

Some netizens questioned, “Why didn’t he _______his son?”Liu Qiao thinks he has been creating the best _______for this son instead of doing all the things for him and let him_______for himself.“I want him to do things_______, so I did not hold him and the schoolbag was also_______him. But after all he was too young to _______cold, so I held an umbrella to _______him from the rain.”

Netizen’s interpretation of this picture is:“As a father, he can_______his son, but his son must walk himself. Dad’s _______hand is the cause, the right hand the _______, backing on the wind and rain…The ‘umbrella father’ shows ‘Dad can’t give you the best,_______gives you all!”And this also lets countless friends say,“It melts the heart down.”

1.A. scenery    B. signal    C. scene    D. sign

2.A. amazing    B. great    C. proud    D. hard

3.A. who    B. that    C. whom    D. which

4.A. taken    B. chosen    C. brought    D. bought

5.A. useless    B. extra    C. common    D. spare

6.A. bring up    B. take up    C. pick up    D. turn up

7.A. stop    B. avoid    C. frighten    D. worry

8.A. willing    B. strange    C. natural    D. curious

9.A. within    B. under    C. on    D. beyond

10.A. hold    B. tell    C. help    D. consider

11.A. needs    B. dreams    C. belongings    D. conditions

12.A. change    B. work    C. earn    D. battle

13.A. by himself    B. of himself    C. to himself    D. from himself

14.A. in    B. on    C. by    D. at

15.A. refuse    B. defeat    C. ignore    D. resist

16.A. stop    B. break    C. protect    D. ban

17.A. shelter    B. understand    C. raise    D. concern

18.A. warm    B. big    C. left    D. calm

19.A. patience    B. hope    C. diligence    D. honesty

20.A. then    B. but    C. and    D. thus

 

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In 2017, AlphaGo defeated Chinese player Ke Jie to become the world’s No 1, ending thousands of years of human dominance(控制)in the game. AlphaGo is an artificial intelligence(AI)Go-playing program.1.

Artificial intelligence(AI)is usually defined as the science of marking computers do things that require intelligence when done by humans.2.These include learning, reasoning, problem-solving, perception, and language-understanding.

3.In fact we are increasingly depending. upon computer-based artificial intelligence. As Charlie Qrtiz said, head of AL at the Massachusetts-based software company Nuance Communication, “It has opened a window for us.”Smartphones, self-driving cars, intelligent robots,etc. are constantly coming into our life. According to a recent survey, half of the world’s AI experts believe human level machine intelligence will be achieved by 2040. This will open up huge possibilities for the enrichment of mankind, from tackling climate change and treating disease to labour- saving devices.

4.Physicist Stephen Hawking last year warned that unless we take care, board games might be the least of it. “The development of full artificial intelligence could mean the end of the human race.”5.They believe AlphaGo’s victory is a reminder of how fast the world is overcoming the obstacles in the way of AI, and its distribution in the world about us. Although there may yet be no evidence that computers will ever shake off their human masters, we should still treat these development with the humility and caution they deserve.

A. Other scientists have also expressed the concern.

B. Artificial intelligence has both advantages and disadvantages.

C. Defeating a human Go master is not the only thing AI can do.

D. Artificial intelligence will bring us disasters instead of benefits.

E. It was designed by an American Artificial intelligence company.

F. Not all experts hold the optimistic attitudes to the development of AI.

G. Research in AI has so far focused on some special fields of intelligence.

 

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A 16-year survey on the arctic Norwegian island of Svalbard found the reindeer(驯鹿)there have declined in weight by an alarming 12 percent. The reduction in average body-mass is being blamed on global warming.

In research presented lately at a meeting of the British Ecological Society in Liverpool, scientists will explain how rising temperatures are making female reindeer difficult to obtain nutrients during important periods of being pregnant.

Snow in Svalbard typically covers the ground for eight months of the year, which, combined with low temperatures, limits grass growth to June and July. But as summer temperatures have increased by around 1.5℃, grasslands have become more productive, allowing female reindeer to gain more weight by the autumn and therefore to conceive(孕育)more calves.

However, warmer winters have brought with them greater rainfall which freezes when is settles on the snow, therefore locking out the reindeer from the life-supporting food below. As a result, female reindeer are becoming starved, causing them to give birth to much lighter young. The average mass of an adult reindeer in 1998, when the survey began, was 55kg, but by 2016 IT had dropped to 48kg.

Professor Steve Albon, an ecologist at the James Hatton Institute in Aberdeen , said that, because the mammals have a relatively high surface-area-to-volume ratio(表面积与体积比), they are no particularly energy efficient.

Reindeer can often access the inadequate food sources beneath the snow by clearing IT away with their antlers(鹿角), but they cannot break through the hard ice. Without access to the food in winter, calves are being born far lighter than they should be. Numbers of reindeer have also increased rapidly in the past 20 years, meaning that those which are born are facing greater competition for food. “The implication(含义)are that there may well be more smaller reindeer in the Arctic in the coming decades, but possibly at the risk of catastrophic die-offs because of increased ice on the ground,”said Professor Albon Despite the gloomy findings, reindeer appear to be suffering less from the impact of climate change than some other arctic species.

1.Which of the following may be the most important reason for the smaller reindeer?

A. Heavy snow.

B. Greater rainfall.

C. Hard ice.

D. Global warming.

2.According to the passage, rising temperatures will not lead to_________.

A. grass growing more rapidly in summer

B. more rainfall in the arctic area in winter

C. female reindeer’s gaining more weight in winter

D. female reindeer’s suffering from hunger in winter

3.What does the underlined word“gloomy”in the last paragraph mean?

A. Exciting.

B. Optimistic.

C. Disappointing.

D. Doubtful.

4.How does the writer develop the passage?

A. By analyzing the research.

B. By classification of reindeer.

C. By comparing opinions of experts.

D. By telling stories of different species.

 

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Laziness is a state of inaction. It is something that you do, not something that you are. Being lazy means you have no motivation to do anything. Many people make the mistake that they view themselves as lazy.

Lazy people are often seen as useless. They are the ones who don’t do anything. They can be seen as underachievers or even bums(废物). This can be a child or an adult. You can view a student who never studies as lazy. You can see an employee who doesn’t do his work as lazy. In all of these cases, what the lazy person is doing is being lazy. But are they really being lazy or are they acting lazy?

There is a huge different between saying you act lazy sometimes and you are a lazy person. One is suggesting that your laziness is temporary while the other suggests that it’s permanent. This is the myth of laziness. People who are lazy aren’t; they simply are people who are temporarily acting that way.

So that causes a person to be inactive? The answer is a lack of goals. If you give someone a good enough reason to do something, they will do it. People who don’t seem to do anything just haven’t found a good enough reason to do something. Lazy students don’t study because they don’t see the point in studying. If you give them a reason, a strong enough reason, they will take action.

For example, if you are too lazy to go to the gym, would you go if someone offered you a million dollars to go? If you are too lazy to go to clean out the garage, would someone pointing a gun to your head help you take action? The reason can be positive or negative as long as it’s strong enough to induce(引起)action.

To motivate someone who is lazy, what you need to do is to help them find purpose and enough reasons to work towards a certain goal.

1.According to the passage, who can be viewed as acting lazy?

A. A student who always cheats out the garage.

B. A husband who never cleans out the garage.

C. A clerk who si always scolded for being useless.

D. A mother who doesn’t feel like cooking on Sunday.

2.The main reason why people are not active is that___________.

A. they are aimless

B. they lack enough money

C. they have too many negative feelings

D. they find no point in learning new things

3.The purpose of the writing is to help readers___________.

A. to recognize one’s weakness

B. to see laziness in a different way

C. to have a clear idea about what a habit is

D. to inspire students to be hard-working

4.What is the best title for the text?

A. Being lazy and cat lazy

B. Laziness and motivation

C. Temporary and permanent.

D. Being positive and negative

 

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