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Can you imagine a world without chocolat...

Can you imagine a world without chocolate? It's not something I'd 1ike to doso I was relieved to read that there’s a university with a program me to safeguard the future of chocolate!

The University of Readingin Englandhas just opened a new clearing house for all the world’s new cocoa varietiesThey must be quarantined(隔离检疫)before they can be grownWhy? Cocoa production hit a record high of 44 million tons last year but about 30of the precious crop is regularly lost to pests and diseasesNow we don’t want thatdo we?

Demand for chocolate has been increasing faster than the world supply of cocoa and researchers think that new varieties are key to solving this problem

The University of Reading has been protecting the quality of the new crops since 1985after it took over the task from the Royal Botanical Gardens in KewLondonAnd it has improved its facilitiesThe leader of the institution’s cocoa projectProfessor Paul Hadleysays“One of the main issues concerning cocoa improvement is the supply of reliably cleanhealthyinteresting cocoa material

The cocoa centre has a collection of 400 plant varieties and their greenhouse uses a lot of  energy to keep them in tropical conditionsAfter up to two years in quarantineclean and safe  seeds are sent to some 20 countriesincluding several in West AfricaThat’s where 75of the  cocoa used for chocolate worldwide comes fromThe crop is extremely important for the local  economyit employs about two million people.

Professor Hadley says he works with a small team of skilled technicians who look after the collectionAnd more of us seem to count on them now

The scientist says“there is some concern within the industry that demand is increasing  constantlyparticularly in countries like Chinawhere the standard of living is increasing and  people are getting a taste for different chocolates

1.What is the text mainly about?

A. Safeguarding cocoa seeds

B. Planting cocoa worldwide

C. Keeping cocoa in greenhouse

D. Finding the new market for cocoa

2.The institution’s cocoa project is to_______

A. have cocoa skin removed

B. offer more jobs to people

C. ensure the quality of cocoa

D. supply cocoa for two million people

3.What does the last paragraph tell us?

A. The taste of chocolates is changing

B. Demand for cocoa is increasing fast

C. People are concerned about cocoa varieties

D. Chinese have a long history of eating chocolates

4.What’s the purpose of the text?

A. To educate.    B. To advertise

C. To warn.    D. To inform

 

1.A 2.C 3.B 4.D 【解析】试题解析: 1. 2. 3. 4.
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考点1:政治经济文化类阅读
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Room 602

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