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Self-employed private physicians who cha...

Self-employed private physicians who charge a fee for each patient visit are the foundation of medical practice in the United States. Most physicians have a contract relationship with one or more hospitals in the community. They send their patients to this hospital, which usually charges patients according to the number of days they stay and the facilities (operating room, tests, medicines that they use). Some hospitals belong to a city, a state or, in the case of veteran’s hospitals, a federal government agency. Others are operated by religious orders (教会) or other non-profit groups.

Some medical doctors are on salary. Salaried physicians may work as hospital staff members, or residents, who are often still in training. They may teach in medical schools, be hired by corporations to care for their workers or work for the federal government’s Public Health Service.

Physicians are among the best paid professionals in the United States. In the 1980s, it was not uncommon for medical doctors to earn incomes of more than $ 100,000 a year. Specialists, particularly surgeons, might earn several times that amount. Physicians list many reasons why they deserve to be so well rewarded for their work. One reason is the long and expensive preparation required to become a physician in the United States. Most would-be physicians first attend college for four years, which can cost nearly $ 20,000 a year at one of the best private institutions. Prospective physicians then attend medical school for four years. Tuition alone can exceed $ 10,000 a year. By the time they have obtained their medical degrees, many young physicians are deeply in debt. They still face three to five years of residency (实习阶段) in a hospital, the first year as an apprentice physician. The hours are long and the pay is relatively low.

Setting up a medical practice is expensive, too. Sometimes several physicians will decide to establish a group practice, so they can share the expense of maintaining an office and buying equipment. These physicians also take care of each other’s patients in emergencies.

Physicians work long hours and must accept a great deal of responsibility. Many medical procedures, even quite routine ones, involve risk. It is understandable that physicians want to be well rewarded for making decisions which can mean the difference between life and death.

1.According to the passage, it is very unlikely that an American hospital is owned by       .

A. a church    B. a city

C. a corporation    D. a state

2.According to the passage, how long does it take for a would-be physician to become an independent physician in the USA?

A. About twelve years.    B. Eight years.

C. Ten years.    D. About seven year.

3.Sometimes several physicians set up a group medical practice mainly because       .

A. there are so many patients that it is difficult for one physician to take care all of them

B. they can take turns to work long hours

C. no one wants to assume too much responsibility

D. facilities may be too much of a burden for one physician to shoulder

4.which of the following statements could fully express the author’s view towards physicians, payment in the USA?

A. It is reasonable for physicians to have a large income because their work is very dangerous.

B. For their expensive education and their responsibility, they deserve a handsome pay.

C. Physicians should be better paid because they work long hours under bad conditions.

D. Physicians have great responsibility, so it is understandable that they should be well rewarded.

 

1.C 2.A 3.D 4.B 【解析】试题分析:本文主要讲了在美国,医师是高报酬职业之一。这是由于他们需要较长时间的学习和高学费投入的缘故。 1. 2. 3. 4. 考点:社会现象类阅读。
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Here is some general information about Edison Elementary School. For more information, you can visit our website which is printed on the cover.

Attendance:

Please contact the office at 480.472.5282 if your child is going to be absent.

Renaissance Reading:

The Accelerated Reader (AR) Program is a computerized reading enrichment program that combines great children’s literature with computer skills. As an individualized reading program, it is designed to motivate students to read more and to read good literature. Students of different abilities can use this program. It is not a competitive program but one that improves any student’s reading ability.

Here is how it works. Students select books in their reading range from our Accelerated Reader Selection and read it at their own pace. Once the student has completed the book, he/she is ready to take an AR quiz. Each quiz consists of 5, 10, or 20 multiple choice comprehensive questions about the book.

After taking the quiz, the computer shows the student how many questions he/she answered correctly, shows the correct answers for missed questions, and praises the students’ efforts with an on-screen personalized message. Passing the quiz assures the teacher and the parent that the child actually read and understood the book. Each student tests independently—reading the quiz questions himself/herself.

The computer keeps track of reading points, books, and average test scores, as well as other data. A student may test on a book only once and should, therefore, have thoroughly read and understood the contents before taking the quiz. Each student is responsible for reading the screen to be sure the quiz, by title and author, is the correct one he/she wishes to take.

Students are recognized for their accomplishments with praise from the teachers and special recognition at the classroom level when individual and/or classroom goals are met.

P. T. 0.

We have an active Parent -Teacher Organization. They have monthly meetings, check the calendar for the meeting times and places.

1.The passage may be selected from       .

A. a magazine    B. a newspaper

C. a website    D. a novel

2.The passage is written for       .

A. general readers    B. parents

C. teachers    D. primary students

3.Which of the following is TRUE about how Renaissance Reading works?

A. Students select books based on the instruction of the computer.

B. Students take the quiz without others’ arrangements.

C. The result of the quiz will be kept by teachers.

D. The summary of the book to be selected is shown on the screen.

4.It can be inferred from the passage that       .

A. students will be punished if they don’t pass the quiz

B. students only have one chance to test on a book

C. students won’t be praised if they reach their goals

D. parents meet the teachers once in a term

 

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A rainforest is an area covered by tall trees with the total high rainfall spreading quite equally through the year and the temperature rarely dipping below 16 ℃. Rainforests have a great effect on the world environment because they can take in heat from the sun and adjust the climate. Without the forest cover, these areas would reflect more heat into the atmosphere, warming the rest of the world. Losing the rainforests may also influence wind and rainfall patterns, potentially causing certain natural disasters all over the world.

In the past hundred years, humans have begun destroying rainforests in search of three major resources(资源): land for crops, wood for paper and other products, land for raising farm animals. This action affects the environment as a whole. For example, a lot of carbon dioxide (二氧化碳) in the air comes from burning the rainforests. People obviously have a need for the resources we gain from cutting trees but we will suffer much more than we will benefit.

There are two main reasons for this. Firstly, when people cut down trees, generally they can only use the land for a year or two. Secondly, cutting large sections of rainforests may provide a good supply of wood right now, but in the long run it actually reduces the world’s wood supply.

Rainforests are often called the world’s drug store. More than 25% of the medicines we use today come from plants in rainforests. However, fewer than l% of rainforest plants have been examined for their medical value. It is extremely likely that our best chance to cure diseases lies somewhere in the world’s shrinking rainforests.

1.Rainforests can help to adjust the climate because they       .

A. reflect more heat into the atmosphere

B. reduce the effect of heat from the sun on the earth

C. bring about high rainfall throughout the world

D. rarely cause the temperature to drop lower than 16 ℃

2.What does the word “this” underlined in the third paragraph refer to?

A. Humans have begun destroying rainforests.

B. People have a strong desire for resources.

C. We will lose much more than we can gain.

D. Much carbon dioxide comes from burning rainforests.

3.What might be the best title for the text?

A. Rainforests and the Environment

B. How to Save Rainforests

C. How to Protect Nature

D. Rainforests and Medical Development

 

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假如你是李华,是高三某班班长。为了丰富同学们的课外生活,班级准备成立一个自行车俱乐部(cycling club)。请你根据活动的背景及下面的提示,用英语写一则口头通知。

每周训练一次,由体育老师辅导,安排在每周三下午第三节的课外活动时间;

器材自备,活动免费。

是放松的好机会,希望大家加入。

注意:1. 可适当增加细节以使行文连贯;

2. 词数100 左右(不包含已给的开头和结尾)

Attention, please, everyone. Ever since we entered Senior 3, _____________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

That’s all. Thank you.

 

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文中共有10处语言错误,每句最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改,每句中最多有两处。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符(^),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下面画一横线,并在该词的下面写出修改后的词。

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Last Saturday I went to the library as usually. At about noon, I was enjoying my reading near a lake while suddenly I hear someone crying for help. I went up to see what was happened. I was shocking to find a little child struggling in the water in the distance while many peoples were standing by without doing anything. Without any hesitation, I had pushed through the crowd as I took off my coat, but jumped into the water quickly. I managed to reach him and carried him back to safety. To his great relief, the kid was saved.

I am proud what I did. I hope everyone can give a hand when someone else is in need.

 

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1. If you are tired, a hot bath will surely r___________ you.

2. As a student of Senior 3, I am a___________ to getting up early in the morning.

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4. It is necessary that we ________ (任命) many qualified teachers to the schools in the poor areas.

5. We should make a _____________(具体的) analysis of each specific question.

 

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