满分5 > 高中英语试题【答案带解析】

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项...

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Cell Phones: Hang Up or Keep Talking?

Millions of people are using cell phones today. In many places it is actually considered unusual not to use one. __1.__They find that the phones are more than a means of communication----having a mobile phone shows that they are cool and connected.

The explosions around the world in mobile phone use make some health professionals worried. Some doctors are concerned that in the future many people may suffer health problems from the use of mobile phones. In England, there has been a serious debate about this issue. Mobile phone companies are worried about the negative publicity of such ideas. ___2.___

On the other hand, why do some medical studies show changes in the brain cells of some people who use mobile phones? Signs of change in the tissues of the brain and head can be detected with modern scanning(扫描)equipment. In one case, a traveling salesman had to retire at a young age because of serious memory loss. ___3.__He would often forget the name of his own son. This man used to talk on his mobile phone for about six hours a day, every day of his working week, for a couple of years. His family doctor blamed his mobile phone use, but his employer's doctor didn't agree.

____4.__ The answer is radiation. High-tech machines can detect very small amounts of radiation from mobile phones. Mobile phone companies agree that there is some radiation, but they say the amount is too small to worry about.

As the discussion about their safety continues, it appears that it's best to use mobile phones less often.___ 5.__Use your mobile phone only when you really need it. Mobile phones can be very useful and convenient, especially in emergencies. In the future, mobile phones may have a warning label that says they are bad for your health. So for now, it's wise not to use your mobile phone too often.

A. Use your regular phone if you want to talk for a long time.

B. They will possibly affect their benefits.

C. In many countries, cell phones are very popular with young people.

D. He couldn’t remember even simple tasks.

E. What do the doctors worry about?

F. They say that there is no proof that mobile phones are bad for your health.

G. What is it that makes mobile phones potentially harmful?

 

1.C 2.F 3.D 4.G 5.A 【解析】 试题分析:手机给我们的生活带来了很多便利。但是手机辐射却威胁着我们的身体健康。 1.C 根据上文提到Millions of people are using cell phones today. In many places it is actually considered unusual not to ...
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考点分析:
考点1:七选五题型
     该类题型要求从短文后的七个选项中(均为完整的句子)选出五个能填入文章空处的最佳选项,主要考查考生对文章的整体内容和结构以及上下文逻辑意义的理解和掌握。其命题形式深受英语四六级和考研阅读多项选择题的影响,体现了《新课标》“用英语获取、处理和运用信息的能力;逐步获取用英语思维的能力。”的阅读学习和教学理念。该题型命题形式仍然具有客观题的特点,又与完形填空具有异曲同工之妙,只是选项少,以句子形式出现,考查目的和侧重点不完全相同而已。 
    从《考试说明》对该题型命题目的的表述“主要考查考生对文章的整体内容和结构以及上下文逻辑意义的理解和掌握。”可以得出以下判断:该题备选项可分为主旨概括句(文章整体内容)、过渡性句子(文章结构)和注释性句子(上下文逻辑意义)三类。其多余的两个干扰项也往往从这三方面进行设置,例如主旨概括句或过于宽泛或以偏概全或偏离主题,过渡性句子不能反映文章的行文结构,注释性句子与上文脱节等。
【题型分析】
    分析篇章结构,把握全篇文脉是阅读填空题解题的关键,英语的语篇(discourse)通常是由句子和语段(sentence group)构成的,语段是句子和语篇之间的中间层次,句子虽然能够单独地表达相对完整的思想,但是它不能表达多方面的、比较复杂的思想,只有把几个句子结合为较大的言语片段,才能表达一个相对独立的层意,所谓的“积句而成章,积章而成篇。”就是这个道理。
    分析文章的层次包含两种形式:一种是分析整篇文章的层次,也就是段落,另一种是分析每一个段落内部的层次,也就是语篇层次。
    语篇与段落是有区别的,语段是篇章结构的中间层次,是由句子到篇的一种过渡形式,段落(paragraph)是在某些语体(如记叙文、议论文)中比语段更大的意义单位,较小的段落可以只包括一个语段或一个句子,一般来说,一个段落通常由几个语段构成。构成语段的方式有两种,一是靠句际间意义的结合,二是靠句际间的关联词,逻辑性插入语来连接,在分析语段层次时,可以借助句际间的连接词语作出判断,但最主要的还是要真正体会句际间的意义关系,把握作者的思路,从语序上去发现断续点,理清层次,好文章的层次非常清晰,只有层层入手,才能真正理解文章。
  
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Welcome. You have just entered the largest online museum on the Internet. A work in progress, steadily expanding with thousands of high quality images of the greatest paintings and sculpture in history, the Art Renewal Center is building an encyclopedic collection of essays, biographies and articles by top scholars in the field.

ARC is the Eye of the Storm, at the core, hub and center of a major cultural shift in the art world. With a growing body of experts, we are setting standards to become ARC Approved for artists, art schools, systems of training, museum exhibitions and historical scholarship, to bring guidance, direction, goals and reality to an art establishment that has been sailing rudderless(无领导者的) for nearly a hundred years.

Additionally, the Art Renewal Center is a non-profit educational organization committed to refreshing standards of craftsmanship and excellence. Only by gaining a full command of the skills of the past masters can we create the masters of tomorrow. This is a step forward for our culture. Experimentation and creativity can only succeed and prosper(使……繁荣) when built on a solid foundation of past accomplishments, with the tools which can make artists realize their visions.

Nothing has been more restricting(有限制的) and weakening than the theories of modernism, which got rid of these tools, along with the skills to employ them. We are providing a forum for artists, scholars, collectors and the public to appreciate great art, and to recognize that they’re not alone in their doubts about the emptiness of modern and postmodern art. These doubts are fully justified by the overwhelming(压倒的) body of evidence and historical facts.

1.Where does this passage come from?

A newspaper of art      B. A textbook

C. A magazine           D. A website

2.What can we infer from the 2nd paragraph?

A. ARC has brought guidance, direction for art schools, systems of training.

B. ARC is the Eye of the Storm of the art and museum.

C. Some arts establishment have been aimless for nearly a century.

D. ARC has employed many experts for their exhibition.

3. How shall we do to produce tomorrow experts?

A. To lay a solid foundation for the tomorrow masters.

B. To make refreshing standards of craftsmanship and excellence.

C. To obtain a good knowledge of the past experts’ skills.

D. To accept the non-profit educational organization.

4.What’s the purpose of the forum for artists, scholars, collectors and the public?

A. To get the information of great arts all over the world.

B. To help evaluate great arts and encourage to develop modern arts.

C. To show the doubts of the public and resist the exhibition.

D. To offer enough room to complain about what they are dissatisfied with.

 

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Chinese female scientist Tu Youyou won the 2015 Nobel Prize in medicine on October 5 for her discoveries concerning a novel treatment against Malaria(疟疾). This is the first Nobel Prize given to a Chinese scientist for work carried out within China.

Tu shared the prize with Irish-born William Campbell and Satoshi Omura of Japan, who were honored for their revolutionary anti-roundworm treatment. 84-year-old Tu is awarded this prize for her contribution to cutting the death rate of malaria, reducing patients’ suffering and promoting mankind’s health. Although she received several medical awards in the past, the 2015 Nobel Prize is definitely the most privilege reward that recognizes Tu’s dedication and perseverance in discovering artemisinin(青蒿素),the key drug that battles malaria-friendly parasites(寄生虫).

However, her route to the honor has been anything but traditional. She won the Nobel Prize for medicine, but she doesn’t have a medical degree or a PhD. In China, she is even being called the “three-noes” winner: no medical degree, no doctorate, and she’s never worked overseas. No wonder her success has stirred China’s national pride and helped promote confidence of native Chinese scientists.

The fact that Tu has none of these three backgrounds reminds us that science should be more accessible to all. One can become a scientist no matter what kind of background he or she comes from, as long as one dives into scientific research. There have been discussions on people who really love science but are never able to achieve much during their whole life. Their contributions can never be ignored. They work so hard to prove the wrong way so that the future researchers will be closer to the right one.

As the first Chinese mainland Nobel Prize Winner of natural science award, Tu’s record-breaking winning also serves as a reminder to those who are too eager for instant success. Science is never about instant success. Tu spent decades on scientific research before its value is officially acknowledged. There is no way to measure how much one devotes to science and compare it with how much reward he or she may get.

1. The author seems to agree that a person who is more likely to become a scientist is the one with__________.

A. a sense of national pride

B. enthusiasm for scientific research

C. a desire to achieve success

D. rich academic knowledge

2.It can be concluded from the text that __________.

A. Tu worked homeland and abroad to conduct her research

B. Tu got the Nobel Prize for her anti-roundworm treatment

C. Her discovery of artemisinin has helped to cut Malaria death rate

D. The Nobel Prize is the first award to recognize her work

3.In writing the passage, the author intends to ___________.

A. praise the award winner and encourage scientific research

B. discourage the pursuit of instant success in science

C. remind readers of the principles of scientific research

D. inform readers of the news and make comments

 

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Hashimoto Dumpster-dives(拾荒) for all her food, doesn’t use toilet paper or do laundry, and hasn’t bought makeups in 10 years. She doesn’t have to live this way she’s an employed CPA(注册会计师). “I’ve always been money-saving, but it was when I was fired that I became extreme,” Hashimoto explained.“No job is guaranteed, so I live as if I could be fired at any time.”

Manhattan, she said, is a gold mine for dumpster divers.“Consumers in wealthy areas expect their products to be perfect, so upscale stores throw out a lot of items that are still good.“New York can be the most expensive place to live, but it can also be the least expensive if you know how to work the system.”

Hashimoto let the reporter of a newspaper spend a day with her learning how to work the system. She lives in Harlem, where she bought a studio in 2010 and paid it off in nine months, but walks down to the Upper West Side three times a week for good, free food. Her other money-saving methods include using soap to wash herself after using the toilet, taking surveys online to earn gift cards, participating in medical trials, testing products for free samples, cutting her own hair, washing her clothes while she showers, and running to work to avoid using subway. “I was very angry about the latest round of subway fare rises,” she said.

Hashimoto does have her limits. Her furniture is a collection of found free gifts— but she won’t take an old mattress for fear of bedbugs, and sleeps instead on used yoga mats. And she won’t stay in a relationship with a boyfriend for free meals.“I’ve been in a relationship where I stayed because I was getting free gifts, but I got out of it,” she says. “It’s better to be single and dumpster-diving than to be with someone you can’t stand.”

1.The author mentions Kate’s friend at the beginning to ______.

A. show there are too many dumpster divers

B. introduce the topic of the text

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A. large     B. high-class     C. faraway   D. comfortable

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书面表达

寒假即将来到,同学们都在谈论如何度过这个假期,假设你是李华,你的美国笔友Peter想要了解你的假期计划,请你给他发一封电子邮件,和他交流一下,以便更好地安排一个充实而又有意义的假期。

内容:1. 坚持运动,锻炼身体;       2. 多读好书;

3. 旅游观光;    4.当一名志愿者;  5.帮父母做家务。

要求:1.可适当增减细节,使书信内容连贯、通顺

2.信的开头和格式已给出,不计入词数,词数100字左右。

3.参考词汇: 志愿者  volunteer

Dear Peter,

How is it going? Thank you for your last e-mail.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Best wishes!

Yours’

Li Hua

 

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短文改错

文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。增加: 在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧), 并在其下写出该加的词。

删除: 把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改: 在错的词下划一横线, 并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意: 1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处, 多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Mrs. Smith was unable to fall sleeping at night and was too tired during the day to do anything, even the simple things that she was used to enjoy doing. She had headaches more often, it prevented her from reading or watched TV. The more she thought about her conditions, the more worse she felt. At last she goes to see her doctor, whom she had known for years. The doctor listened to his heart and said, “There is nothing seriously with you, but I accept the fact that you don’t feel well. Now I’ll give you few pills that will help. Come tomorrow morning and tell me how you felt.”

 

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