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Chinese female scientist Tu Youyou won t...

Chinese female scientist Tu Youyou won the 2015 Nobel Prize in medicine on October 5 for her discoveries concerning a novel treatment against Malaria(疟疾). This is the first Nobel Prize given to a Chinese scientist for work carried out within China.

Tu shared the prize with Irish-born William Campbell and Satoshi Omura of Japan, who were honored for their revolutionary anti-roundworm treatment. 84-year-old Tu is awarded this prize for her contribution to cutting the death rate of malaria, reducing patients’ suffering and promoting mankind’s health. Although she received several medical awards in the past, the 2015 Nobel Prize is definitely the most privilege reward that recognizes Tu’s dedication and perseverance in discovering artemisinin(青蒿素),the key drug that battles malaria-friendly parasites(寄生虫).

However, her route to the honor has been anything but traditional. She won the Nobel Prize for medicine, but she doesn’t have a medical degree or a PhD. In China, she is even being called the “three-noes” winner: no medical degree, no doctorate, and she’s never worked overseas. No wonder her success has stirred China’s national pride and helped promote confidence of native Chinese scientists.

The fact that Tu has none of these three backgrounds reminds us that science should be more accessible to all. One can become a scientist no matter what kind of background he or she comes from, as long as one dives into scientific research. There have been discussions on people who really love science but are never able to achieve much during their whole life. Their contributions can never be ignored. They work so hard to prove the wrong way so that the future researchers will be closer to the right one.

As the first Chinese mainland Nobel Prize Winner of natural science award, Tu’s record-breaking winning also serves as a reminder to those who are too eager for instant success. Science is never about instant success. Tu spent decades on scientific research before its value is officially acknowledged. There is no way to measure how much one devotes to science and compare it with how much reward he or she may get.

1. The author seems to agree that a person who is more likely to become a scientist is the one with__________.

A. a sense of national pride

B. enthusiasm for scientific research

C. a desire to achieve success

D. rich academic knowledge

2.It can be concluded from the text that __________.

A. Tu worked homeland and abroad to conduct her research

B. Tu got the Nobel Prize for her anti-roundworm treatment

C. Her discovery of artemisinin has helped to cut Malaria death rate

D. The Nobel Prize is the first award to recognize her work

3.In writing the passage, the author intends to ___________.

A. praise the award winner and encourage scientific research

B. discourage the pursuit of instant success in science

C. remind readers of the principles of scientific research

D. inform readers of the news and make comments

 

1.B 2.C 3.D 【解析】 试题分析: 本文介绍中国科学家屠呦呦获得诺贝尔奖,以及对于这些科学家的评论。 1.B 考查细节理解题。根据第二段提到One can become a scientist no matter what kind of background he or she comes from, as long as one dives into s...
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Kate Hashimoto was picking up a few groceries at the Upper West Side Food Emporium when she ran into a friend. “Hey Kate, do you like wraps? Here’s a chicken wrap,’’ her pal said. “But be careful, it’s kind of wet.” They weren’t in the food store. They were in front of the store, digging through three overflowing trash bins.

Hashimoto Dumpster-dives(拾荒) for all her food, doesn’t use toilet paper or do laundry, and hasn’t bought makeups in 10 years. She doesn’t have to live this way she’s an employed CPA(注册会计师). “I’ve always been money-saving, but it was when I was fired that I became extreme,” Hashimoto explained.“No job is guaranteed, so I live as if I could be fired at any time.”

Manhattan, she said, is a gold mine for dumpster divers.“Consumers in wealthy areas expect their products to be perfect, so upscale stores throw out a lot of items that are still good.“New York can be the most expensive place to live, but it can also be the least expensive if you know how to work the system.”

Hashimoto let the reporter of a newspaper spend a day with her learning how to work the system. She lives in Harlem, where she bought a studio in 2010 and paid it off in nine months, but walks down to the Upper West Side three times a week for good, free food. Her other money-saving methods include using soap to wash herself after using the toilet, taking surveys online to earn gift cards, participating in medical trials, testing products for free samples, cutting her own hair, washing her clothes while she showers, and running to work to avoid using subway. “I was very angry about the latest round of subway fare rises,” she said.

Hashimoto does have her limits. Her furniture is a collection of found free gifts— but she won’t take an old mattress for fear of bedbugs, and sleeps instead on used yoga mats. And she won’t stay in a relationship with a boyfriend for free meals.“I’ve been in a relationship where I stayed because I was getting free gifts, but I got out of it,” she says. “It’s better to be single and dumpster-diving than to be with someone you can’t stand.”

1.The author mentions Kate’s friend at the beginning to ______.

A. show there are too many dumpster divers

B. introduce the topic of the text

C. show they have the same lifestyle

D. show the close relationship between them

2.The underlined word “upscale”(in Para.3) is closest in meaning to_______.

A. large     B. high-class     C. faraway   D. comfortable

3.How does the author develop the fourth paragraph?

A. Offering the sufferings of Kate.

B. Making comparisons.

B. Discussing the high living cost in New York.

D. Providing details of Kate’s daily life.

 

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书面表达

寒假即将来到,同学们都在谈论如何度过这个假期,假设你是李华,你的美国笔友Peter想要了解你的假期计划,请你给他发一封电子邮件,和他交流一下,以便更好地安排一个充实而又有意义的假期。

内容:1. 坚持运动,锻炼身体;       2. 多读好书;

3. 旅游观光;    4.当一名志愿者;  5.帮父母做家务。

要求:1.可适当增减细节,使书信内容连贯、通顺

2.信的开头和格式已给出,不计入词数,词数100字左右。

3.参考词汇: 志愿者  volunteer

Dear Peter,

How is it going? Thank you for your last e-mail.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Best wishes!

Yours’

Li Hua

 

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短文改错

文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。增加: 在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧), 并在其下写出该加的词。

删除: 把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改: 在错的词下划一横线, 并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意: 1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处, 多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Mrs. Smith was unable to fall sleeping at night and was too tired during the day to do anything, even the simple things that she was used to enjoy doing. She had headaches more often, it prevented her from reading or watched TV. The more she thought about her conditions, the more worse she felt. At last she goes to see her doctor, whom she had known for years. The doctor listened to his heart and said, “There is nothing seriously with you, but I accept the fact that you don’t feel well. Now I’ll give you few pills that will help. Come tomorrow morning and tell me how you felt.”

 

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阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当内容(不多于3个单词)或用括号内单词的正确形式填空。

Jonny: Hey! I’m just practicing Tai Chi(太极).Would you like to join me?

Peter: I know nothing about it. Is it difficult?

Jonny: It seems easy, but you need a lot of practice. You just follow me like this.

Peter: OK. Don’t laugh 1.  me. I may look funny.

Jonny: Bend your knees slightly and reach out your arms like tree branches, naturally and 2.   (soft).Try to keep your body straight. Move slowly, then be sure to keep your balance and don’t let your body shake.

Peter: I cannot control my body well. My legs become3.  (pain).

Jonny: Keep   4. (hold) your position(姿势) for a while. It helps develop your strength(力量)and flexibility(灵活性). Raise(抬起)your leg and let5.   stay in the air for seconds.

Peter: I feel my legs shaking. I cannot do this any longer.

Jonny: Be patient! Tai Chi   6. (call)“shadow boxing” in English. It asks you to act like water: to be flexible as well  7.   strong. In real competition, a Tai Chi master borrows the strength of the competitor and uses this energy to fight back. The  8.  (hard)you try to beat him, the more likely you will get hit. He controls you!

Peter: Unbelievable! Oh...,   9. you don’t mind, I’ll stop and take a deep 10.     .

 

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完形填空

The Spring Festival marks the first day of a new year, so the first meal is rather important. People from the North and the South have different _________ about the foods they eat on this _________ day. In Northern China, people _________  eat Jiaozi. The word Jiaozi in Chinese means the_________ of winter and the beginning of spring. According to historical _________ , in the past people from the North and the South both ate Jiaozi on Chinese New Year’s Day. Perhaps _________ the areas in Southern China _________ more rice than those in Northern China, southern people slowly _________ to eat many other kinds of food on New Year’s Day. _________  , the most common foods for the first _________ are noodles, New Year Cake and Tangyuan. The noodle is a _________ of long life. The New Year Cake is called Niangao in Chinese, which _________  the hope of improvement in _________  year after year. Tangyuan is a symbol of family _________  according to the Chinese.

To _________ a New Year visit to relatives and friends is an important activity during the Spring Festival. People also send cards to _________   a New Year’s greeting. What children love most is to set off firecrackers.(烟花爆竹)_________ , as the pace of life is becoming faster and faster, people have _________ new ways to celebrate the Chinese traditional New Year. For example, many people no longer send out greeting cards. _________ , they use short messages or emails. Also to travel during the New Year holidays has come into _________   .

1.A. word            B. habits          C. meanings       D. stories

2.A. usual           B. unforgettable    C. common          D. special

3.A. seldom          B. usually          C. never           D. hardly

4.A. end             B. future           C. result          D. effect

5.A. reasons         B. records(记载)  C. notes          D. stories

6.A. as long as      B. though         C. but            D. because

7.A. caused          B. took           C. produced        D. brought

8.A. understood      B. knew            C. made           D. began

9.A. Besides         B. Therefore       C. Consequently    D. except

10.A. subject        B. title           C. program         D. meal

11.A. symbol        B. sign           C. mark            D. signal

12.A. transports(运输) B. represents(代表) C. gets      D. takes

13.A. health         B. family           C. life           D. work

14.A. reunion       B. luck             C. happiness      D. sadness

15.A. do           B. pay             C. get             D. carry

16.A. express      B. describe         C. explain         D. give

17.A. Luckily      B. Unfortunately    C. However       D. Besides

18.A. given up      B. taken up        C. got up          D. broken up

19.A. Instead       B. Fortunately      C. But             D. And

20.A. fashion       B. effect           C. sight           D. power

 

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