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Do you like shopping? For shopaholics in...

    Do you like shopping? For shopaholics in the UK, the place to head to used to be the “high street”. It was the place where you could find familiar fashion brands and essential everyday items in the centre of a town. But change in our shopping habits has taken its toll on the British high street.

News about shops losing money and shutting is now common. Some city-centre department stores have closed and even long-established retailers (零售商) have reported profit slumps. According to a recent survey, a record 2,481 shops disappeared from UK high streets last year — up by 40 percent.

As the BBC’s Emma Simpson writes, things have become a lot harder for traditional retailers in recent years. They have faced rising costs from wages, business rates and the requirement to introduce Europe’s new data law. But the biggest threat has come from online shopping. She says “Consumers now spend one in every five pounds online — and if businesses are seeing 20 percent fewer sales on the shop floor, as well as their fixed costs rising, then profit margins will be squeezed.”

While some of us like to window shop — browsing for things to buy, only to purchase them online at a discount — the fact is that, overall, shoppers are making fewer visits to high streets. Eventually, town centres could become like ghost towns. If people aren’t out and about shopping, they won't use other services, like cafes, restaurants and cinemas, which leads to job losses. The high street has also suffered from the arrival of big shopping malls, which offer a retail experience under one roof, with free parking, away from the bad weather!

Meanwhile, back on the high street, some shops still exist. Analysts have said it's those that have moved away from traditional retailing that are surviving. These include beauty salons, nail bars and independent coffee shops — but are these kinds of shops enough to keep the British high street open for business?

1.What do we know about “high street” according to the passage?

A.It sold only fashionable daily items.

B.It has changed people’s shopping habits.

C.It was a big shopping mall in downtown Britain.

D.It was the destination for people who love shopping in the UK.

2.Which is closest in meaning to the underlined word “slumps”?

A.Sharp fall. B.Steady rise.

C.Slow increase. D.Slight loss.

3.What’s the hardest part for traditional shop owners to run their shops?

A.The rising costs from wages.

B.The boom of window shopping.

C.The popularity of shopping online,

D.The introduction of Europe’s new data law.

4.What change is taking place in the British high street at present?

A.Discounts are offered to attract more consumers.

B.Parking is free of charge in time of bad weather.

C.Better service is provided to satisfy the customers.

D.Some conventional retailer turn to other businesses.

 

1.D 2.A 3.C 4.D 【解析】 这是一篇议论文。文章以英国商业街high street的没落为切入点,指出网购的流行给传统零售模式带来的巨大打击。不仅如此,因为人们出门的几率变小,网购还会让其它行业遭受损失,最终导致大量失业。 1. 细节理解题。根据第一段的For shopaholics in the UK, the place to head ...
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    Have you ever dreamed of meeting top scientists in person? If so, what would you want to ask them?

For Tan Fanglin, a 15-year-old girl from No. 2 High School of East China Normal University in Shanghai, her dream of meeting top scientists has already come true. In October 2019, she attended the World Laureates Forum for a second time, which had attracted 44 Nobel Prize Winners and 21 other world-class award winners. Tan was by far the youngest participant among the scientists invited to be at the meeting of the world’s sharpest minds.

Her discovery about the relationship between the Fibonacci sequence (斐波那契数列) and Bézout numbers (贝祖数) has won her many prizes in youth innovation competitions both in Shanghai and elsewhere in China. Her finding has been praised by the famous Canadian mathematician, Professor Rankin, who has been studying the same theme for five years but with no conclusions.

From a very young age, Tan has always been fascinated by mathematics. This is largely because her father, who teaches mathematics in East China Normal University, has a profound impact on her. According to Xu Jun, the head teacher, Tan doesn’t take after-school classes or too many extra exercises either. Her mastering of Advanced Mathematics and her good grades in school are thanks to the right study method. Her mother told Guangming Daily that Tan always treats studying and life with a positive state of mind so she can feel happy while studying.

Attending this forum enabled Tan to get more inspiration from top scientists. She even got the opportunity to talk with Gero Miesenbock, the 2019 Warren Alpert Foundation Prize winner. She asked Professor Miesenbock what he considered were the best personal qualities for conducting scientific research. Miesenbock encouraged her not to lose her passion and love for what she does. He said that accepting failures is crucial for researchers. He stressed that people all knew that even Thomas Edison went through hundreds of unsuccessful attempts before finally inventing the light bulb. The words made Tan feel inspired and she promised to keep her curiosity and interests in mathematics and overcome any obstacles in her research.

1.What can we learn about Tan Fanglin according to paragraph 2?

A.She is a student from East China Normal University.

B.She frequently participates in the World laureates Forum.

C.She achieved her goal of meeting world-class award winners.

D.She was the youngest and sharpest mind among the invited scientists.

2.What made Tan so interested in the study of mathematics?

A.Her father's influence. B.Her right study method.

C.Her positive attitude. D.Her head teacher’s encouragement.

3.According to Miesenbock, the most important quality for science researchers is      .

A.learning from the past failures B.being curious and interested

C.being passionate about science D.getting inspiration from scientists

4.What might be the best title for the passage?

A.The Key to Be a Top Scientist

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    Since you are applying for a visa for a short-term study in the USA, here are a few steps you should take to ensure you can do it smoothly.

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D.Your photo must be taken and submitted online.

 

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Dare Jack,

I am sorry to hear that you’re having trouble adjusting to your high school life._____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Yours,

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I liked sleeping lately at the weekend. My parents was often angry with me, but I didn’t take it serious. Last Saturday, a friend of me phoned me and we planned meet at the park at 8 o’clock the next morning. Watch my favorite movie until midnight, I went to bed even late than usual. I was so tired to hear the alarm and got up very late on the Saturday morning. When I got here my friends had already left. I felt so sorry for that.

 

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