满分5 > 初中英语试题【答案带解析】

根据下面短文内容,在短文的空格处填上一个恰当的词,使短文完整、通顺。 A big...

根据下面短文内容,在短文的空格处填上一个恰当的词,使短文完整、通顺。

A big company wanted to find someone to work for them. Lots of young college students came to __1._ for the job, but only a small part of them were left. And this time, the company didn’t plan to choose the right persons as usual.

Here came the day when they took the final interview. A big box __2.__ of papers was placed on the way to the interview room, and a few papers were lying around the box.

The first student came. He hurried along the way to take the interview. “Who put this ___3.__ in the middle of the road?” the student said to himself, but he did not try to move the box away. Instead, he passed around the box and continued his way.

The second student came along and did the same thing. Then another came, and another. All of them complained (抱怨) about the box but ___4.__ of them tried to move it. What’s worse, someone even stepped (踩) on the papers and left without having a look at the things on the ground.

Half an hour later, a thin young man with glasses came. He was also ___5.__ those who were left to take the interview. He saw the box and the papers around it. Without thinking twice, he ___6.__ and began to pick up the papers and put them into the box. Then he managed to move the box to the side. To his great ___7.___, he found an invitation under the box. On it were the following words, “Congratulations, young man! You are the __8.___ person we are looking for! Would you like to join us?”

Sometimes, you see, helping others is helping yourself.

 

1.ask 2.full 3.box 4.none 5.among 6.stopped 7.surprise 8.right 【解析】 试题分析:短文大意:该文通过一伙大学生求职的故事告诉人们帮助别人就是帮助自己的道理。 1.句意:许多年轻的大学生来求职。ask for the job求职,是一个固定短语。结合语境可知故填写动词ask。 ...
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考点分析:
考点1:单词拼写
单词拼写题是中考英语试题中常见的题型之一,主要考查学生“识词、记词和用词”的能力。这类试题体现了“词不离句”的特点,要求学生注意单词在句子中的确切含义与正确形式,而不是孤立地死记硬背单词。
“单词拼写”题主要有下面一些题型。
    一、词类转换
    A)按要求写出该词的相应形式。
    1. boy(复数)
    2. they(宾格)
    3. thin(比较级)
    4. dance(v-ing形式)
    5. break(过去分词) 
    (福州市中考题)
    这种题型是单词拼写题型中比较机械的一种,主要是考查学生对单词形式变换的掌握程度,要求学生掌握单词的变化规则以及一些构词法。(答案 :1. boys 2. them 3. thinner 4. dancing 5. broken)
    B)用括号中所给单词的正确形式填空。
    1. Which is (far) from us,the sun or the moon?
    2. The pot is used for (keep) water hot.
    3. Mike is ill. His mother feels (worry). 
    4. Beijing will be (rain)tomorrow.
    5. They are my (friendly).
    这种题型是比较灵活的词类转换形式。它不仅考查学生对单词变换形式的掌握程度,更主要是考查学生对句子成份划分的能力及对各种词类能作什么成份的掌握程度。解答这类题必须先考虑所给词在空格处作什么成份,理解句意,然后采用适当的形式。
    第1题,根据句意“太阳和月亮哪一个离我们较远?”,二者比较,应用比较级,故填 farther;
    第2题, for是介词,后接v-ing形式,故填keeping;
    第3题,feel是系动词,后面应接形容词作表语,故填worried;
    第4题,rain的形容词为rainy;
    第5题,根据句意,此处应填名词,又因主语They为复数,放这里应填friends。
    二、词语释义
    根据英文解释,完成下列单词的拼写,每个单词的第一个字母已给出。
    1. c (put one thing over another)
    2. u (different from;not in the same way)
    3. F (the second month of the year)
    4. s (not hurt,not in danger)
    5. l (not heavy)
    6. v (a place smaller than a town)
    7. r (having much money)
    8. f (of, in or from another country)
    9. w (make clean with water)
    10. c (easy to see, hear, read or understand) (安徽省中考题)
    这类题主要考查学生是否能理解一定的英语解释及掌握某些同义词、近义词或反义词。解答这类题,必须先弄懂释义,再根据提示,写出单词。
    (答案 :1. cover 2. unlike 3. February 4. safe 5. light 6. village 7. rich 8. foreign 9. wash 10. clear)
    三、汉译英
    根据下列句子及所给汉语注释,写出空缺处各单词的正确形式。
    1. Miss Brown taught (他们) English last term.
    2. We don’t think their classroom is (干净) than ours.
    3. Is it the best one of the (照片) of your family ?
    4. I spent an hour (写) the passage last night.
    做这类题要从语法的角度,认真检查所填英语单词的词形是否正确。如果填的是名词,要注意它们是单数还是复数;如果填的是形容词、副词,要注意它们是否需要用比较级或最高级;如果是动词,要注意它们的时态、语态以及语气等。
    第1题,根据句意,taught后面应接人称代词的宾格形式,故填them;
    第2题,根据句意,此处应填形容词比较级cleaner;
    第3题,根据句意,此处可填photo或 picture;又因 one of后应接可数名词的复数形式,故应填 photos/pictures;
    第4题,根据句意,“花费多少时间做某事”常用句型“spend+时间+doing sth”,故此处应填 writing。 
  
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完成句子(每空1分,共10分)

根据所给提示,完成句子。每空一词,含缩略词。

1.Li Lin listens to English on the radio every day.(改为否定句)

Li Lin __________ __________ to English on the radio every day.

2.Dave was making a model plane in the classroom at that time.(对划线部分提问)

__________ __________ Dave making a model plane at that time?

3. Wang Bing was very glad to receive a letter from his old classmates.(改为同义句)

Wang Bing was very glad to __________ __________ his old classmates.

4.好好休息一下,你的眼睛会好很多。(完成译句)

Your eyes will be much better after you __________ a good __________.

5.有您这样的老师,我是多么的幸运啊!(完成译句)

__________ __________ I am to have a teacher like you!

 

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阅读下文并回答问题。

Recently, Chongqing Three Gorges University has held an activity named “Cell Phone Ninja” (手机忍者). They would like their students not to use cell phones for 21 days. It is really a challenge (挑战) for most students.

The activity started on April 12. Each student who volunteered to take part in this activity got a bracelet (手环). If the students did not use their cell phones, there would be a photo on the screen of the bracelet to show that. If they used their cell phones, a different photo would appear on the screen of the bracelet. After the last class of each day, the students sent the photos to the school’s public WeChat.

More than 800 students wished to take part in this test, and 400 were chosen. After seven days, only 103 students remained. The test was set for 21 days because some scientists believe that 21 days is long enough to help form (形成) a habit.

According to the teachers in the university, the activity was not a competition. It depended on students themselves to make the decision. The teachers hoped their students could form better study habits through activities like this one.

1.When did the activity “Cell Phone Ninja” start?

___________________________________________________________________

2. Were 400 students chosen to take part in this test?

___________________________________________________________________

3.Why was the test set for 21 days?

___________________________________________________________________

4.What was the bracelet used for in this test?

___________________________________________________________________

 

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口语运用

阅读下面对话,从方框内7个选项中选择5个恰当的句子完成此对话,并把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。

A: Hello, this is Laura. May I speak to Cindy?

B: Hi, Cindy speaking.

A: ____1._____

B: I am watching a film on the Internet.

A: ____2.____

B: A popular film called Zootopia (《疯狂动物城》).

A: ____3.____

B: Yes, it’s about animals’ dreams. I am deeply moved by it.

A: Sounds good. I’ll enjoy it when I’m free.

B: I’m sure you’ll like it. ___4._____

A: Oh, I found an interesting place to go for a picnic. Want to join us tomorrow?

B: Umm, let me have a look first. ___5._____

A: Sure. Please do remember to give me a reply.

B: OK. Thanks for calling.

A. I hear it’s very popular.

B. Is it about animals?

C. What are you doing now?

D. What film is it?

E. Would you please send its information to me?

F. When do you usually go to the movies?

G. Well, but why do you call me?

 

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Many of you have heard a Cinderella (灰姑娘) story, but you may not know that there are over a hundred different ways to tell the Cinderella story. When writers tell the same story in a different way, it is called their “version” of the story. The story of Cinderella has many different versions. Let’s read two of them and find out how they are different.

The version that most people know is the oldest one written in 1697 by Charles Perrault from France. This is the version where the birds help make Cinderellas’s dress and the mice turn into carriage men (马车夫) and help Cinderella go to the dance in a pumpkin (南瓜) carriage. In this version, many of the animals are Cinderella’s friends. They help her meet the Prince. Cinderella marries the Prince and they live happily together ever after.

In another version of this story written in the 1850s by Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm from Germany, the birds help Cinderella in the whole story. Cinderella’s father gives her a little tree when he comes back from a party. She plants the little tree and her tears water it until it grows into a tall tree.

The birds now live in the tree and they give Cinderella a dress of gold and shoes of gold. Cinderella goes to the party to meet and dance with the Prince. Later, he finds Cinderella at home doing work for her stepmother (继母). Cinderella marries the Prince and they live happily ever after.

Now you can understand what the word “version” means and how more than one writer can tell a story in a different way. That is why there are many versions of the same story.

1.In the story written in 1697, ________ helped make Cinderella’s dress.

A. her father           B. her stepmother

C. the birds            D. the mice

2.In Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm’s story, Cinderella’s father ________.

A. gives her some birds

B. gives her a little tree

C. makes a gold dress for her

D. makes gold shoes for her

3.The Chinese meaning of the word “version” in this passage is probably “________”.

A. 人物    B. 语气    C. 方法    D. 版本

4.If we put the passage into three parts, which of the following is the best?

(①= Para. (自然段) 1 ②= Para. 2 ③= Para. 3 ④= Para. 4 ⑤= Para. 5)

A. ①; ②③④;   B. ①②; ③; ④⑤ C. ①②; ③④; D. ①; ②; ③④⑤

 

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When talking about picking a right school, a mother and teacher gave some pieces of advice.

In the latest issue (期) of Youth magazine, the mother shared the school advice she gave her daughters with young people across the country.

“I’ve told my daughters many times that I don’t want them to choose a name,” the mother said. “I don’t want them to think, ‘Oh, I should go to these top schools.’ We live in a country with hundreds of excellent universities. So the first question is: what’s going to work for me?”

“When it was time to prepare for picking schools, nobody around me believed I could get into Xiamen University. But through hard work I finally made it,” she continued. “So, my second piece of advice is: believe in yourself, no matter what other people might say. Once your goal is set, you only need to try your best to make it come true.”

“The last piece of advice is not to be worried even if your dreams don’t come true. As I’ve said above, there are so many good universities out there. So it’s important for everybody to understand that you can always find a university that gives you a great education.”

1.The mother shared her advice ________.

A. with her students      B. with her husband

C. in Youth magazine     D. in Xiamen University

2.To explain her second piece of advice, the mother gave ________.

A. a story of her daughters    B. a story of her own

C. some different reasons      D. some different ideas

3.We can learn from the last paragraph (自然段) that ________.

A. we can realize our dream through hrad work

B. the name of the university isn’t the most important

C. it’s not necessary to care what other people might say

D. more than one university can give us a good education

4.The best title of the passage may be “________”.

A. Colorful University Life

B. Best School Education

C. A Report on University Building

D. Advice on School Picking

 

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