满分5 > 高中英语试题【答案带解析】

1.The mother is c______ about how littl...

 

1.The mother is c______ about how little food her son eats.

2.He ______ (埋葬) in the church of St. Mary’s after he died in 1874.

3.Mud and stone are traditional building m______.

4.He learned the virtue of ______ (诚实) from the story told by his grandparents.

5.It’s f______ in the room, can’t we have a fire?

6.F______, most of the villagers stuck in the earthquake were rescued.

7.She swam very well despite all her______ (残疾).

8.Our country ______ (经历) great changes in the last 30 years.

9.At present, the young always ______ (抱怨) that their parents don’t take their views seriously.

10.Here, I will ______ (强调) the importance of mathematics to the whole of science.

 

1.concerned 2.was buried, 3.materials 4.honesty 5.freezing 6.Fortunately 7.disabilities 8.has experienced 9.complain 10.stress/emphasize/highlight 【解析】本题主要考查句意理解,简单的句法知识,...
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考点分析:
考点1:名词
名词 (Nouns)是词性的一种,也是实词的一种,是指待人、物、事、时、地、情感、概念等实体或抽象事物的词。名词可以独立成句。在短语或句子中通常可以用代词来替代。名词可以分为专有名词(Proper Nouns)和普通名词 (Common Nouns),专有名词是某个(些)人,地方,机构等专有的名称,如Beijing,China等。普通名词是一类人或东西或是一个抽象概念的名词,如:book,sadness等.
名词复数的规则变化
情况 构成方法 读音 例词
一般情况 加 -s 清辅音后读/s/ map-maps
浊辅音和元音后读 /z/ bag-bags /car-cars
以s, sh, ch, x等结尾 加 -es 读 /iz/ bus-buses/ watch-watches
以ce, se, ze,等结尾 加 -s 读 /iz/ license-licenses
以辅音字母+y结尾 变y 为i再加es 读 /z/ baby---babies

考试目标
名词在英语词汇中占有较大的比例,历年中考试题都要涉及,分值在2-3分,考点常分布在单项选择、完形填空和完成句子中。近几年的中考在淡化语法的同时,突出了语言的交际性和实用性,中考热点主要集中在:
1、正确识别可数名词和不可数名词;
2、掌握可数名词复数形式的构成;
3、正确判断某些常用名词在特定语境中的可数和不可数性;
4、掌握名词所有格的基本形式及一般用法。
攻克方法:要全面掌握中学阶段所学的英语知识,系统地做好语法归纳并有意识地多记一些名词惯用语,尤其是与汉语不同的一些特殊用法。
考点2:动词/动词短语
就是表示动作和状态的词。根据其在句中的功能,动词可分为四类,分别是:实义动词、系动词、助动词、情态动词。
动词分类及用法
一、实义动词
        实义动词又叫行为动词,分成及物动词和不及物动词 。
1、及物动词是必须带宾语的动词,可分为如下两类。 1) 及物动词+宾语例:I love my home. 我爱我家。 He bought an English dictionary.  他买了一本英语词典。 2) 及物动词+间接宾语+直接宾语例:She taught us maths. 她教我们数学。 My mother gave me a new pen.  母亲给了我一支新钢笔。提示:常用的能接双宾语的及物动词有:give, teach, buy, lend, find, hand, leave, sell, show, read, pay, make, offer, build, pass, bring, cook等。
2、 不及物动词不及物动词不需要跟宾语,本身意义完整。例:She came last week. 她上周来的。 It is raining hard.  正下着大雨。 Class began at half past seven.  7点半开始上课。 What happened yesterday? 昨天发生了什么事?
3、同一动词有时可用作及物动词,有时可用作不及物动词。例如:She can dance and sing.   她能唱歌又能跳舞。(sing在此用作不及物动词。)   She can sing many English songs.   她能唱好多首英文歌曲。(sing用作及物动词。)
二、系动词
        系动词不能单独作谓语,后面必须跟表语构成合成式谓语。表语通常由名词、形容词,或相当于名词或形容词的词或短语等充当,说明主语是什么或怎么样。连系动词有 be, seem, look, become, get, grow, feel, appear, remain, turn。
        例如:   The story sounds true.   Those oranges taste good.
三、助动词
        协助主要动词构成谓语动词词组的词叫助动词。 助动词自身没有词义,不可单独使用,只能在实义动词和系动词前构成谓语的时态、语态以及否定式和疑问式。它没有对应的汉译,例如: He doesn't like English. 他不喜欢英语。 (doesn't是助动词,无词义;like是主要动词,有词义) He is singing. 他在唱歌。(is是助动词,无词义,构成现在进行时)
四、情态动词
        情态动词是一种本身有一定的词义,表示说话人对有关行为或事物的态度和看法,认为其可能、应该或必要等,不能单独作谓语,情态动词后面加动词原形。情态动词无人称和数的变化, 情态动词后面跟的动词需用原形,否定式构成是在情态动词后面加 "not"。常用的情态动词有 :
Can(could) (能,会) 如:I can swim. 我会游泳。   
May(might) (可以) 如: You may go now. 你现在可以走了。  
Must (必须) 如:You must do your homework. 你必须写作业。   
Need (需要) 如:He needs our help. 他需要我们的帮助。
注意:1、情态动词表推测在肯定句中一般用must (一定),can, could(可能),might /may(也许,或许)。否定句中用can’t / couldn’t(不可能)。例如:
It can’t be the headmaster. He has gone to America.  这不可能是校长,他去美国了。
2、can和could表示允许的用法:表示现在的允许时,若是请求别人允许自己做某事,两者均可用,但用could 语气更委婉;若是自己允许别人做某事,一般只用 can,而不用 could。如:   Can [Could] I come in? 我可以进来吗?
3、must和have to的用法   表示必须、必要。(must表示主观多一些而have to则表示客观多一些)如:   You must come in time.   你必须及时过来。   
回答must引出的问句时,如果是否定的回答,不能用mustn't,而要用needn't或don't have to。   — Must we hand in our exercise books today?   — Yes, you must. (No, you don’t have to.)   —我们今天必须交上练习册吗?   —是的。(不,不必。)
4、need表示“需要”或“必须”,作情态动词时,仅用于否定句或疑问句中,后跟动词原形。Need还常用作实义动词,有时态、人称和数的变化,后面通常接名词、代词和带to的不定式,
Do you need a dictionary?   你需要词典吗?
You  needn't give it back before Friday. 你不必在星期五前还我。
考点3:形容词
形容词是用来描写或修饰名词或代词,说明人或事物的特征或性质的, 形容词往往被译成“···的”
一般认为形容词+ly就变成了副词,如形容词quick加上-ly变成副词quickly。但是副词并不是那么简单哟!副词是一种用来修饰动词,形容词,全句的词,说明时间,地点,程度,方式等概念,一般放在行为在动词之前,be动词、助动词之后。副词的种类有:
1.一般副词主要分为以下几种:
        ①.时间副词, 如: often, always, early, now
        ②.地点副词, 如: here, there, above, outside
        ③.方式副词, 如: hard, well, badly, fast, slowly
        ④.程度副词, 如: very, quite, much, still, almost
2.疑问副词(放在特殊疑问句的句首), 如: how, when, where, why
3.关系副词(放在定语从句句首), 如: when, where, why
4.连接副词(放在名词从句句首), 如: how, when, where, why, whether

考点4:动词时态与语态
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删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

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注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

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My son Tom taught me a beautiful lesson today. He is three years old and it is amazing watching him grow up.

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1.A. wasting    B. leaving    C. taking    D. preparing

2.A. stubborn    B. careful    C. helpful    D. humorous

3.A. fell down    B. turned round    C. burst out    D. gave in

4.A. highlight    B. develop    C. process    D. identify

5.A. gratefully    B. eagerly    C. carefully    D. quickly

6.A. as if    B. even though    C. in case    D. in that

7.A. fascinated    B. satisfied    C. impatient    D. energetic

8.A. package    B. grab    C. deliver    D. replace

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10.A. sense    B. difference    C. need    D. value

11.A. excited    B. helped    C. struck    D. encouraged

12.A. process    B. morning    C. experiment    D. design

13.A. victory    B. challenge    C. difficulty    D. pleasure

14.A. urgent    B. exciting    C. perfect    D. dangerous

15.A. matters    B. happens    C. disappears    D. works

16.A. successfully    B. peacefully    C. responsibly    D. systematically

17.A. guaranteed    B. warned    C. promised    D. taught

18.A. plan    B. destination    C. step    D. detail

19.A. for    B. with    C. about    D. from

20.A. complete    B. available    C. additional    D. precious

 

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Stress is a normal part of life and usually comes from everyday occurrences. 1.

Try physical activity

When you are nervous, angry or upset, try releasing the pressure through exercise or physical activity. 2.

3.

You should make every effort to eat well and get enough rest. If you easily get angry and can’t sleep well enough, or if you’re not eating properly, it will be more likely that you will fall into stressful situations. If stress repeatedly keeps you from sleeping, you should consult a doctor.

Make time for yourself

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Make a list of things to do

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A. If you feel stress is hard to control, seek professional help.

B. Take care of yourself

C. Running, walking, playing tennis, and working in your garden are just some of the activities you might try.

D. You need a break from your daily routine to just relax and have fun

E. Instead, make a list of everything you have to do, and then do one thing at a time.

F. Here are some ways you can deal with everyday sources of stress

G. Competing with others, whether in accomplishments, appearance, or possessions, is an avoidable source of stress

 

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There are, however, many people who behave so well outside their homes that they are respected and admired by everyone. But in their own homes they are worse than the devil. Such people cannot be said to have good manners. It doesn’t take long for others to discover this.

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1.The greatest benefit that people with good manners bring to society is       .

A. peace    B. joy

C. respect    D. friendship

2.The underlined word “provoked” in Paragraph 4 can be replaced by “      ”.

A. got tired    B. proved friendly

C. made angry    D. left alone

3.People with good manners do the following EXCEPT that       .

A. they behave well even when they are alone or away from the public eyes.

B. they try their best not to talk ill about others only in public.

C. they are kind towards others and bring a lot of joy to them.

D. they respect the weak and are sympathetic towards the disabled.

4.We can infer from the text that for people only behaving well outside their homes,       .

A. they will still be respected by people outside.

B. it is difficult to say whether they have good manners or not.

C. they can keep friends but will drive away family members.

D. they only pretend to be friendly

 

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