满分5 > 高中英语试题【答案带解析】

Michael put up a picture of Yao Ming bes...

Michael put up a picture of Yao Ming beside the bed to keep himself ______ of his own dreams.

A.reminding     B. to remind     C. reminded     D. remind

 

C 【解析】 试题分析:考查非谓语动词。句意:迈克尔把姚明的照片张贴在床边是为了提醒自己要实现自己的梦想。 remind sb.of sth.表示“ 提醒某人某事”, himself与remind之间是动宾关系, 故用动词的过去分词形式 考点 : 考查非谓语动词  
复制答案
考点分析:
考点1:非谓语动词
非谓语动词:在句子不作谓语使用的动词,其形式有不定式、现在分词、动名词和过去分词四种(通常我们把现在分词和动名词统称为-ing分词)。  非谓语动词短语:非谓语动词仍保留动词的性质,可以有自己的宾语、表语或状语,我们将非谓语动词和其宾语、表语或状语一起称作非谓语动词短语。  非谓语动词的判定方法:考虑句中谓语动词以及其它词语同非谓语动词的关系和对非谓语动词形式的限制,以便选用正确的非谓语动词形式。  
非谓语动词判定的基本步骤:
①是否应用-ing分词 
② 是否应用不带to的不定式 
③ -ing分词还是不定式
④-ing分词还是过去分词 
⑤ 不定式的用法 
一、是否应用-ing分词:
下列情况必须用-ing分词 
1、在下列动词(短语)之后作宾语或宾补时;
2、在介词之后作宾语时;
3、作句子主语位于句首时; 
4. 位于限定词后作名词使用时;、
5、在“go + -ing形式(运动名称)”和“ do some + -ing形式”这类固定短语中。 
 We will go fishing if it doesn’t rain tomorrow.       She did some shopping last Sunday.  
6. –ing分词前逻辑主语的使用:有时我们需要在-ing分词前加上其动作的发出者(逻辑主语),其动作的发出者用名词所有格或形容词性物主代词表示。
二、是否应用不带to的不定式: 
下列情况必须使用不带to的不定式 
1、位于情态动词后同情态动词一起作谓语时; 
2、位于would rather , had better , why (not)之后的不定式;
3、位于感官动词和使役动词后作宾补的不定式(注:help之后作宾补的不定式可以带to也可不带to);
4、两个不定式由and , or , except , but 或 than连接在一起时,第二个不定式常常不带to。 
三、-ing分词还是不定式:  
1、动词like之后,使用不定式主要说明一次性的动作;使用-ing分词主要说明存在的状况。 
2、begin和start之后,-ing分词和不定式都可使用,但如果begin/start自身为-ing分词时,之后通常用不定式。 
3、stop、remember、forget和go on之后的非谓语动词形式的判定,主要应考虑非谓语动词的动作在谓语动词动作前是否已发生:如动作发生在谓语动词的动作前,用-ing形式;如动作发生在谓语动词的动作后,用不定式。
4、need之后的非谓语动词形式的判定,主要考虑句子的主语同非谓语动词的关系:如句子的主语为非谓语动词的逻辑主语,用不定式;如句子的主语为非谓语动词的逻辑宾语,用-ing形式。
5. 感官动词后的非谓语动词形式的判定,主要应考虑是说明整个动作(不带to的不定式),还是说明动作的一部分(-ing形式)。主要有下面几种情况: 
(1)句子中有表频率的词时,用不带to的不定式; 
(2)look at以及see和hear的过去式后,一般用-ing形式;
(3)watch之后,一般用不带to的不定式。
四、-ing分词还是过去分词:  
1. 表伴随的插入语中的非谓语动词形式的判定,主要应考虑句子的主语同非谓语动词的关系:如句子的主语为非谓语动词的逻辑主语,用-ing形式;如句子的主语为非谓语动词的逻辑宾语,用过去分词。 
2. call和name位于名词后,其后带上人名、书名等词语时,用过去分词。
3. there be句中位于名词后的非谓语动词,如名词相当于动作发出者(主动式),非谓语动词用-ing分词,如名词为动作承受者(被动式),非谓语动词用过去分词。
五、不定式的用法(非上述四种情况时,非谓语动词一般都使用带to的不定式): 
1.不定式的否定形式:在不定式的小品词to前加否定词not。
2. 先行词it的使用:当不定式做句子的主语时或做句子的宾语其后带有宾补时,为保持句子结构的平衡,通常将不定式放在句子末尾,而在原主语或宾语的位置上加上先行词it。
3.  “wh-词+不定式”的用法:wh-词(特殊凝问词)同不定式连用相当于一个wh-词所引导的一个宾语从句,使用时应注意以下原则:
①如wh-词为凝问代词(what、which、who、whom或whose)时,不定式动词应为及物动词,但不带宾语(wh-词相当于不定式动词的宾语)
②如wh-词为凝问副词(how、when、where等)时,不定式短语中不能再出现表示相同关系的词语;另:如不定式动词为及物动词时,其后必须带上宾语。  
③如wh-词为连词whether时,不定式短语中应有表示选择的部分,否则不定式短语应用or not结尾。
4. 不定式的逻辑主语:不定式动词仍保留动词的特性,也有自己的主语(不定式动作的发出者),我们将不定式动作的发出者称为不定式的逻辑主语。
5. 不定式的逻辑宾语:有时句子中不定式前的某个词语相当于不定式的宾语,我们将其称为不定式的逻辑宾语,此时不定式的动词应为及物动词或及物动词词组(动词为不及物动词时,应加上适当的介词),但不能再带宾语。
6. 不定式位于名词后作定语:不定式位于名词后作定语使用时应注意考虑名词同不定式的关系。、
①名词相当于不定式的逻辑主语:
②名词相当于不定式的逻辑宾语:此时不定式的动词应为及物动词或及物动词词组(动词为不及物动词时,应加上适当的介词),但不能再带宾语。
③名词相当于不定式的状语:此时不定式应以介词结尾(因为名词不能直接作状语,而应在其前加上适当的介词构成介词短语来作状语,说明地点、方式等,所加的介词这时放在不定式后)。

  
相关试题推荐

--What are you doing this Saturday?

--I’m not sure, but I ______ go to the Rolling Stones concert.

A.must      B. would      C. should      D. might

 

查看答案

阅读下面短文,根据其内容写一篇60词左右的内容概要。

A new study warns that about thirty percent of the world’s people may not have enough  water by the year 2025.

A private American organization called Population Action International(PAI) did the new  study.It says more than 335 million people lack enough water now.The people live in 28  countries.Most of the countries are in Africa or the Middle East.

PAI researcher Robert Engelman says by the year 2025,about 3,000 million people may lack water.At least 18 more countries are expected to have severe water problems.The demand for water keeps increasing.Yet the amount of water on Earth stays the same.

Mr.Engelman says the population in countries that lack water is growing faster than in other parts of the world.He says population growth in these countries will continue to increase.

The  report says lack of water in the future may result in several problems.It may increase health problems.Lack of water often means drinking waters is not safe.Mr.Engelman says there are problems all over the world because of diseases,such as cholera which are carried in water.

Lack of water may also result in more international conflict.Countries may have to compete for water in the future.Some countries now get sixty percent of their fresh water from other countries.And the report says lack of water would affect the ability to improve their economies.This is because new industries often need large amounts of water when they are beginning.

The Population Action International study gives several solutions to the water problem.One way,it says,is to find ways to use water for more than one purpose.Another way is to teach people to be careful not to waste water.A third way is to use less water for agriculture.

The report also says long--term solutions to the water problem must include controls on population growth.

 

查看答案

应用文写作

上周是你校的艺术周,周三你们有幸邀请到外籍教师Henry教授给高一(1)班的学生上了一堂英语课。假如你是校报的记者李明,请你以 “An Impressive English Lesson”为题按下列提示用英语写一篇新闻报道。内容包括:

1. Henry教授上课的情况;

2. 学生们的表现和评价;

3. 对英语学习的启示。

注意:1.词数80左右;2.报道的标题、开头和记者姓名已给出,不计入总词数;3.可适当增加细节,已使行文连贯。

An Impressive English Lesson

On Wednesday of last Art Week, we_______________________________________.

 

 

 

 

 

 

By Liming

 

查看答案

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

Last Friday, as usual I went home by bike. But at a crossing, I 1.________ (sudden) knocked an old man off his bike. I hurried over and found that his leg 2.__________ (injure). Nervous and worried, I called my mom and told her what had happened. We decided to take him to the hospital first.

Shortly after we arrived at the hospital, my mother came. I had some doubt3.____________ there was anything seriously wrong with the old man. The doctor gave the old man a 4.__________ (detail) examination. To our delight and relief, there was nothing seriously wrong with him. We thanked the doctor and left. After that, we went back to the place5.__________ the old man’s bike was parked, only 6.________ (find) it didn’t work. So I immediately found a repairman to get it7._________(fix). Soon he finished 8.________ (repair) it. Before the old man left, my mom offered him our cell phone number in case he needed to contact us. Then the old man got on his bike and we waved goodbye to each other.

If I9.________(ride) my bike carefully, I would have avoided the accident. Consequently, the unexpected accident made me realize that in the first place we should be careful, but once it occurs, we should take10.______________ (responsible).

 

查看答案

完形填空

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

Today I went to my daughter’s school and spoke about kindness to 60 kids plus teachers and assistant teachers. _________ a small talk about the meaning of kindness, I gave a challenge to the_________ ——I told them to write a small _________  about an act of kindness that they had done and how that made them feel. Or if they had  _________  an act of kindness, how did that make them feel? In what way had that ____________ changed them? Then the vice head and the head-teacher and I would choose the ones, the best ones that will _________  for their feeling of compassion and love _________ others.

When I was waiting for my daughter I _________ some teachers that were at the meeting passing by and I was _________ that they would tell me whether they liked the talk or not, but they didn’t _________ anything.

Then a little _________  came to me and said, “You know, I enjoyed the meeting.” “Okay, then are you going to  _________ a lovely story?” I asked. “I’m not _________ at writing,” the boy responded. So I explained that I would be _________ if he could just write a phrase or two about an act of kindness.

I didn’t have_________ to talk to him because he was in a hurry to _________ his friends who were waiting for him, but in my_________, that was a beautiful act of kindness. The fact that he was able to _________ to talk to me for two minutes, to let me know that he had _________ the meeting was worth all the effort I had _________ into preparing the talk for them.

1.A.Until          B. After         C. Since      D. Before

2.A. teachers     B. fellows      C. children    D. parents

3.A. story         B. step          C. scene        D. description

4.A. desired      B. passed       C. received     D. envied

5.A. affair         B. event        C. incident    D. act

6.A. get out       B. stand out    C. watch out    D. work out

7.A. against        B. off        C. in          D. towards

8.A. observed       B. noticed     C. witnessed    D. realized

9.A. supposing      B. wondering     C. expecting   D. imagining

10.A. say           B. speak         C. talk        D. repeat

11.A. hero        B. passer-by    C. boy          D. girl

12.A. tell         B. write        C. record       D. describe

13.A. ambitious   B. positive    C. excellent   D. special

14.A. concerned   B. delighted     C. amused       D. amazed

15.A. time        B. patience      C. energy     D. courage

16.A. join        B. company       C. treat       D. follow

17.A. depth        B. heart         C. bottom      D. life

18.A. refuse        B. encourage    C. stop         D. hesitate

19.A. attended   B. had          C. achieved    D. appreciated

20.A. put into      B. looked into   C. brought into D. turned into

 

查看答案
试题属性
Copyright @ 2008-2013 满分5 学习网 ManFen5.COM. All Rights Reserved.答案无忧