满分5 > 初中英语试题【答案带解析】

根据自己的学习问题寻求帮助:前几天,一些同学就英语学习现状进行了一次讨论,发现如...

根据自己的学习问题寻求帮助:前几天,一些同学就英语学习现状进行了一次讨论,发现如下问题:

1、对英语学习没有兴趣;          2、记忆单词有困难

3、怕出错,不敢参与小组讨论;   4、阅读中如何处理生词; 5、写作中……。

假如你是方华,在英语学习中也遇到一些类似的问题,你以邮件的形式向英语报社的编辑(Bob)咨询,希望得到帮助。

要求:1、提出三个英语学习中的问题;

2、可以参考以上提示,也可以根据自己实际适当发挥; 3、中心突出,语意连贯,层次清晰,书写规范; 4、不少于80词; 5、开头和结尾已经给出,不计入总词数。

Dear Bob,

I’m very pleased to write to you……

________________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________

 

Dear Bob, I"m very pleased to write to you, I know you"re an expert in English learning. I"ve so many problems to trouble you now. English is so difficult that I nearly want to give it up! In En...
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考点分析:
考点1:日常生活类

日常生活类阅读理解:

    阅读能力是中学生学习英语应具备的一种基本能力。学习英语的一个重要目的在于获取信息。通过阅读这一重要手段,我们可以大量地获取知识,拓展知识面,还可以增强语感,培养敏捷的思维能力。

阅读理解也是各地中考试题的必考题型之一,在中考试题中占有较大比例,主要考查学生通过文字获取信息的能力。在中考中,阅读的篇数一般是三到四篇,选材范围越来越广,除故事、幽默、人物轶事外,科普性文章也多了起来。体裁也趋于多样化,有记叙文、说明文、应用文等。还要求学生能理解及解释图表多提供的简单信息等。三四篇短文中有的难度跨度较大,以便拉开档次,体现选拔功能。并且扩大了选材范围,主要考查考生阅读所给材料,理解其中词语、句子或片段含义的能力。有时涉及对全文意思和篇章结构的理解,对一些问题作出推理和判断。阅读理解的考核中包括了对词汇、语法等语言知识的考查,要求学生具备一定的背景知识、各种常识、科普知识和一定的分析及逻辑推理能力;要求学生具有归纳段落大意、中心思想的能力。测试的方向由时间、地点、身份、人物等一些细节问题,改为测试对全文整体意义的理解程度;由考查短文的表层现象改为考对文章深层含义的理解和逻辑推断能力。另外,任务型阅读形式灵活多样,内容丰富多彩,联系实际,易考查学生的灵活运用能力和对语言的综合运用能力。在中考中占30-40分。

考点2:教育类

教育类阅读理解:

    阅读能力是中学生学习英语应具备的一种基本能力。学习英语的一个重要目的在于获取信息。通过阅读这一重要手段,我们可以大量地获取知识,拓展知识面,还可以增强语感,培养敏捷的思维能力。

阅读理解也是各地中考试题的必考题型之一,在中考试题中占有较大比例,主要考查学生通过文字获取信息的能力。在中考中,阅读的篇数一般是三到四篇,选材范围越来越广,除故事、幽默、人物轶事外,科普性文章也多了起来。体裁也趋于多样化,有记叙文、说明文、应用文等。还要求学生能理解及解释图表多提供的简单信息等。三四篇短文中有的难度跨度较大,以便拉开档次,体现选拔功能。并且扩大了选材范围,主要考查考生阅读所给材料,理解其中词语、句子或片段含义的能力。有时涉及对全文意思和篇章结构的理解,对一些问题作出推理和判断。阅读理解的考核中包括了对词汇、语法等语言知识的考查,要求学生具备一定的背景知识、各种常识、科普知识和一定的分析及逻辑推理能力;要求学生具有归纳段落大意、中心思想的能力。测试的方向由时间、地点、身份、人物等一些细节问题,改为测试对全文整体意义的理解程度;由考查短文的表层现象改为考对文章深层含义的理解和逻辑推断能力。另外,任务型阅读形式灵活多样,内容丰富多彩,联系实际,易考查学生的灵活运用能力和对语言的综合运用能力。在中考中占30-40分。

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bookstore    go along   third floor   between supermarket  flower store

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1.每个人多天生具有学习的能力。

Everybody is _________ ________ the ability to learn.

2.乘地铁虽然很方便, 但是常常很拥挤。

Taking the subway is ________, but it's often very ________.

3.他经常在语法方面犯错误。

He often ______  _______ grammar.

4.一旦做出承诺,就要遵守诺言。

Once you ________ ________ ,you should keep it.

5.你可以把这个单词和有趣的东西联系起来。

You can ________ the word __________ something interesting.

6.当地政府已经采取了措施来应对空气污染。

The local government ______ _______ _______ some measures to fight against air pollution.

 

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Plant   bring  interest  mix   call famer mean

There are 24 solar terms (节气) in China, and the Grain Rain(谷雨) is one of them. It falls on April 19 this year.

This solar term is 1.  the Grain Rain because it is known for “rain” that helps the grain grow. From its name, we can guess it 2. a time of more rain. So if you go out in the next two weeks, you may need to bring an umbrella with you.

But this is a great time for 3. crops. If you miss the time for planting during the Grain Rain, you will feel sorry later. So maybe you can try to plant some flowers or vegetables in your garden. When the spring rain falls, 4. begin to grow crops (庄稼). Farmers often say, “Spring rain is as precious (珍贵的) as oil.” It 5. farmers hope for a good year ahead.

There are also many interesting 6. during the Grain Rain. In the northern part of China , people like to eat

Chinese toon7.with eggs. The food made during the Grain Rain tastes wonderful and is good for your stomach. In the southern part of China, the tea leaves are picked during the time. They are called Grain Rain tea, which is famous for its freshness and sweet smell.

 

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任务型阅读(每小题2分,满分10分)

If you spend some time in an English-speaking country,you might hear the term etiquette”. It means normal and polite social behavior. This may seem like a difficult word at first,but it can be very useful to understand.

Etiquette is not the same in every culture or in every situation. For example,standing very close to the person you are talking with is quite common in some Asian countries. However,if you do this in Europe,some people might feel uncomfortable. Even in China,we all know that etiquette is not the same in all situations. Perhaps we think that talking loudly in our own homes is fine,but there are other places where talking loudly is not allowed. For example,most people would agree that talking loudly in a library,a museum or a movie theater is impolite. Even if you are with your friends,it is better to keep your voice down in public places.

If we see someone breaking the rules of etiquette,we may politely give them some suggestions. One of the most polite ways is to ask someone,Would you mind doing this or Would you mind not doing that. People don’t usually like to be criticized,so we have to be careful how we do this.

Although rules of etiquette can often be different,some rules are the same almost everywhere in the world!For example,dropping litter is almost never allowed. If you see someone you know doing this,you can ask him,“Would you mind picking it up?”

根据短文内容回答问题

1. What does the word “etiquette” mean?

 

2. Find out the key sentence of Paragraph 2. (找出第二段的中心句)

 

3. If your friend talks loudly in the library, what would you say to him/her?(根据你对短文的理解,写出一个委婉的建议)

 

4. 请将最后一段中的画线句子译成汉语。

 

5.请给短文拟个标题。

 

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We all know that the British people love their manners. They are part of their national identity (特性), as well as having fish and chips and complaining about the weather. Recently I read online that they said “sorry” up to eight times a day.

After some research I have not been able to find any specific reasons why they are like this. I suppose, for centuries, manners, including how they behave at table and talk to other people have been one of the differences between the lower and upper classes and those manners show their social classes. Britain has traditionally been a quite conservative (保守的) country. There are many articles suggesting that their seemingly polite attitude of always saying “please” and “thank you” is quite false because it is impossible for a person to always feel that he or she wants to thank someone or say “please”.

Maybe it is for this reason that people are going one of two ways:they are too polite and hold back their feelings or they are not polite at all and express their true feelings directly. Some British people are tired of pretending that they are always happy and having to please others. But sometimes because they feel they have to be polite, they are prevented from saying what they truly think.

1.What don't the British people often do?

A. Eat fish and chips.    B. Have no quite good manners.

C. Be polite to others.    D. Talk about the weather.

2.What do the British people say up to eight times every day?

A. Hello.    B. Thank you.    C. I don't know.    D. Sorry.

3.What does the writer think are the reasons why the British people are so polite?

The upper classes should have good manners.

They have learned much about politeness at school.

They like to hold back their true feelings.

They are not honest at all.

A. ①②    B. ③④    C. ①③    D. ②④

4.What does the underlined word “pretending” mean in Chinese?

A. 打算    B. 假装    C. 想象    D. 体验

5.What is the best title of this passage?

A. British people are too polite    B. British people should not be so polite

C. How to learn the British manners    D. It's time to change our manners

 

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