满分5 > 初中英语试题【答案带解析】

They find ________difficult to understan...

They find ________difficult to understand the teacher when she talks.

A. it    B. that    C. this    D. its

 

A 【解析】句意:他们发现老师说话时很难理解。考查代词辨析。A. it它,人称代词;B. that那个,指示代词; C. this这个,指示代词;D. its它的,名词性物主代词。根据句意和句子结构,可知选A。  
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考点分析:
考点1:代词
代词是代替名词的一种词类。英语中的代词,按其意义、特征及在句中的作用分为:人称代词、物主代词、指示代词、反身代词、相互代词、疑问代词、关系代词和不定代词八种。
代词分类及用法
        一、人称代词是表示"我"、"你"、"他"、"她"、"它"、  "我们"、"你们"、"他们"的词。人称代词有人称、数和格的变化,主格在句中作主语;宾格作宾语,用在动词和介词之后。例如;I will write to her tomorrow.
        二、物主代词是表示所有关系的代词,也可叫做代词所有格。物主代词分形容性物主代词和名词性物主代词二种,其人物和数的变化见上表。形代后必须有名词,名代后不必加名词,名代=形代+名词    如: I like his car.  我喜欢他的小汽车。  Our school is here,and theirs is there.  我们的学校在这儿,他们的在那儿. 本句中theirs=their school。
        三、反身代词是表示"我自己"、"你自己"、"他自己"、"我们自己"、"你们自己"和"他们自己"等的代词,也叫做自身代词。变化规则:一二人称在形容性物主代词后加self(单数)或selves (复数)。第三人称在宾格后加 self(单数)或selves (复数)。 如: She was talking to herself. 她自言自语。初中阶段常用的短语有 teach oneself自学,dress oneself 自己穿衣,come to oneself 恢复知觉,enjoy oneself 过的快活, help oneself to 随便吃、随便用,make youself at home 不受约束,by oneself 独自地; 单独地,speak to oneself 自言自语
        四、 指示代词有this,that,these,those等。This,those在一些句子中代替前面的名词以避免重复,如:The weather in Beijing is colder than that in Guangzhou. 这种题型经常在考试中出现。
        五、相互代词是表示相互关系的代词,有each other;和one another两组,但在运用中,这两组词没什么区别。 如: They love each other. 他们彼此相爱。
        六、不定代词指不是指明代替任何特定名词的代词。常见的不定代词有a11,both,each,every等,以及含有some-,any-,no-等的合成代词,如anybody, something,no one。这些不定代词大都可以代替名词和形容词,在句中作主语、宾语、表语和定语, 但none和由some,any,no等构成的复合不定代词只能作主语、宾语或表语;every和no只能作定语。如:  --- Do you have a car? --你有一辆小汽车吗?  --- Yes,I have one. --是的,我有一辆。  --- I don’t know any of them. 他们,我一个也不认识。
        七、 疑问代词有who,whom,whose,what和which等。在句子中用来构成特殊疑问句。
        八、关系代词有who,whom,whose,that,which,as等,可用作引导从句的关联词。它们在定语从句中可作主语、表语、宾语、定语等;另一方面它们又代表主句中为定语从句所修饰的那个名词或代词(通称为先行词)。以后我们在学习从句的时候再详细讲解。
常见考法
        对于代词的考察,通常是以单项选择或完形填空形式考查代词词义及其用法,尤其是几个易混淆的代词,如every和 each,前者用于三个或三个以上,不能与连用,后者用于两个或两个以上,可以和连用。
误区提醒
        1.准确使用不定代词both,all,either,any,neither,none等,这是代词考查的重点。both表示“两者都”;all表示“三者或三者以上都”;either指两者之间任何一个,常与or 连用;any指三者或三者以上中任一个;neither意为“两者都不”;none 指三者或三者以上都不。
        2.形容词修饰复合不定代词需要后置。
        3.准确使用人称代词宾格、物主代词、反身代词。
        典型例题1:I have two sons,but _____ of them looks like me.
            A  both  B. none  C. neither  D. every
        解析:本题考查不定代词的用法。B和D都用于三者或三者以上,故排除;表示转折,说明“两个儿子都不像我”,neither意为“两者都不”,故用C。
答案:C
        典型例题2:Look at the photo,the girl beside--- is Nancy.
            A  I     B  my  C  me    D mine
解析:本题考查人称代词用法,介词后加宾语。
答案:C
总结:准确辨别各个代词的用法,注意上下文之间的联系。
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