满分5 > 初中英语试题【答案带解析】

—Can your father drive? —Yes,and he usua...

—Can your father drive?

—Yes,and he usually______to school.

A. drove    B. is driving

C. drives    D. has driven

 

C 【解析】句意:——你的父亲会开车吗?——会,他经常开车去学校。根据副词usually可知此处用一般现在时,故选C。  
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考点分析:
考点1:动词时态
时态是一种语法范畴,是用表示各种时间和动作方面的动词形式。
时间有四个主要部分,即现在、过去、将来和过去将来。动作方面也有四种,即一般、完成、进行和完成进行。将这些时间与动作方面组合在一起,即构成16种时态。
(一) 动词是谓语动所表示的动作或情况发生时间的各种形式。英语动词有16种时态,但是常用的只有9种:一般现在时、一般过去时、一般将来时、现在进行时、过去进行时、现在完成时、过去完成时、过去将来时、现在完成进行时。下面分别介绍。 
1、 一般现在时的用法 
1) 表示经常性、习惯性的动作;表示现在的状态、特征和真理。句中常用 often, usually, every day 等时间状语。
2) 在时间状语从句和条件状语从句中,用一般现在时表示将来。
3) 有时这个时态表示按计划、规定要发生的动作(句中都带有时间状语),但限于少数动词,如:begin, come, leave, go ,arrive, start , stop, return, open, close等。
4) 表示状态和感觉的动词(be, like, hate, think, remember, find, sound 等)常用一般现在进行时。
5) 书报的标题、小说等情节介绍常用一般现在时。 
2.一般现在时的用法  
1) 表示过去某时间发生的事、存在的状态或过反复发生的动作
2)表示过去经常发生的动作 ,也可用 “used to “ 和“would + 动词原形”。
3.一般将来时的用法 
1)一般将来时表示将来的动作或状态。其表达形式除了 “ will 或 shall + 动词原形 ”表示即将发生的或最近打算进行的事。
2)“be to + 动词原形” 表示按计划进行或征求对方意见。
3) “be about to  + 动词原形” 表示即将发生的动作,意为 be ready to do sth. 后面一般不跟时间状语。
4) go , come , start, move, sail, leave, arrive ,stay 等可用进行时态表示按计划即将发生的动作。
5) 某些动词(如come, go ,leave, arrive, start, get , stay 等)的一般现在时也可表示将来。
4.现在进行时的用法  
1) 现在进行时表示现在正在进行的动作,由“to be + 现在分词” 构成。另外, “系动词 + 介词或副词” 也表示进行时的意义。
2) 表示感觉、愿望和状态的某些动词(如have, be , here, se, like 等 ) 一般不用进行。
5.过去进行时的用法  
1) 过去进行时过去某一时刻、某一阶段正进行的动作,由 “ was (were) + 现在分词”构成。
6.现在完成时的用法现在完成时由 “have + 过去分词其使用有两种情况:  
1) 现在完成时所表示的动作在说话之前已完成,但对现在有影响。句中没有具体时间状语。
2) 现在完成时所表示的动作开始于过去,持续到现在,也许还会持续下去常用 for 和since表示一段时间的状语或so far , now, today, this wek (month, year ) 等表示包括现在内的状语。
3)现在完成进行时还可用时间和条件状语从句中,表示将来某时完成的动作。
7.过去完成时的用法  
1) 过去完成时由“had + 过去分词”构成。过去完成时的动作表示过去某一时刻或某一时刻或某一动作之前完成的动作或状态。
2)过去完成时的动词还可表示过去某一时刻之前发生的动作或状态持续到过去某个时间或持续下去。
8.过去将来时的用法  过去将来时表示从过去的某个时间看来将要发生的动作或存在的状态。
9.现在完成进行时的用法现在完成进行时由 “ have (has)+ been + 现在分词”构成,表示现在以前一直进行的动作。
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