满分5 > 初中英语试题【答案带解析】

--- Do you know __________________? --- ...

--- Do you know __________________?

--- They moved here soon after their son was born.

A. when would the Greens move here

B. when the Greens moved here

C. the Greens would move here

D. when the Greens would move here

 

B 【解析】试题分析:句意:你知道格林一家什么时候搬到这儿的吗?—他们在他们的儿子出生以后很快就搬到这儿了。根据句意及语境此题是考查宾语从句,其语序是陈述语序,排除A、C;答案D的时态不正确,故选B。 考点:考查宾语从句的用法  
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考点分析:
考点1:宾语从句
在句子中起宾语作用的从句叫做宾语从句。学习宾语从句要抓住三要素:引导词、语序和时态。
宾语从句用法
一、.引导词
1.从句为陈述句,常选择引导词that,that引导宾语从句无意义,不充当句子成分常省略。例句:He told us (that) they would help us through the whole work.
2.从句为一般疑问句,常选择引导词if或whether,表示“是否”。在 whether … or not 结构中不能用 if 替换。例句:I don’t know if there will be a bus any more.
3. 从句为特殊疑问句,常选择what,when,where,which,who,how等的疑问代词、副词作引导词。 例句:He didn’t tell me when we should meet again.
二、判断时态情况:
1.主句是一般现在时,从句可以为各种时态。   
2.主句是一般过去时,从句要用相应过去时态。
注意:从句描绘客观事实、真理、自然现象等,从句时态不受主句时态限制,仍用一般现在时。
例句:He answered that he was listening to me.
Father told me that practice makes perfect .
三、宾语从句的语序要用陈述句语序
陈述句语序,就是主语在前,谓语动词在后。  
错误: He is wondering when can he finish this difficult job.  
正确: He is wondering when he can finish this difficult job.
注意:宾语从句的否定转移
主句的谓语动词是think,believe,imagine,suppose,consider,expect,fancy,guess等,并且主句的主语是第一人称而且为一般现在时,从句的否定词一般要转移到主句上来,其反义疑问句一般与宾语从句一致.  例如; I don’t think he will come to my party.而不能说成I think he won’t come to my party.
常见考法
        对于宾语从句的考查,多以单选的形式考查学生灵活运用的能力。一般情况下,常从引导词的选择、时态的一致性及从句的陈述语序方面考查。
典型例题:Please tell me ______ last year.
         A.where does your sister work      B where did your sister work
          C .where your sister works         D where your sister worked 
解析:本题考查对宾语从句的掌握。宾语从句要用陈述语序,所以排除A和 B;last year 表示过去时 ,所以排除 C 。
答案:D
误区提醒
        宾语从句的语序要用陈述句语序 ,但要注意当疑问词为主语时,句式为:疑问词+谓语+其他 ,问句和陈述句语序一样。
典型例题:I didn't know               ?
A. What wrong was with her      B.what was wrong with her
C .what  wrong is with her         D.what is wrong with her
解析:主句是一般过去时,从句要用相应过去时态,所以排除C和D;在what was wrong with her中,what作主语,所以问句本身又是陈述句语序,不用变化。
答案: B
  
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