满分5 > 初中英语试题【答案带解析】

—Do you know Shanghai is one of ______ i...

—Do you know Shanghai is one of ______ in the world?

—Yes,it's bigger than ______ city in China.

A. the biggest city;any    B. the biggest cities;any

C. the biggest cities;any other    D. the biggest city;any other

 

C 【解析】试题分析:——你知道上海是世界上最大的城市之一吗?——是的,它比中国任何一个城市都大。One of后跟名词复数表示------其中之一;用it’s+比较级+any other+名词可表示最高级。故选C。  
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考点分析:
考点1:名词
名词 (Nouns)是词性的一种,也是实词的一种,是指待人、物、事、时、地、情感、概念等实体或抽象事物的词。名词可以独立成句。在短语或句子中通常可以用代词来替代。名词可以分为专有名词(Proper Nouns)和普通名词 (Common Nouns),专有名词是某个(些)人,地方,机构等专有的名称,如Beijing,China等。普通名词是一类人或东西或是一个抽象概念的名词,如:book,sadness等.
名词复数的规则变化
情况 构成方法 读音 例词
一般情况 加 -s 清辅音后读/s/ map-maps
浊辅音和元音后读 /z/ bag-bags /car-cars
以s, sh, ch, x等结尾 加 -es 读 /iz/ bus-buses/ watch-watches
以ce, se, ze,等结尾 加 -s 读 /iz/ license-licenses
以辅音字母+y结尾 变y 为i再加es 读 /z/ baby---babies

考试目标
名词在英语词汇中占有较大的比例,历年中考试题都要涉及,分值在2-3分,考点常分布在单项选择、完形填空和完成句子中。近几年的中考在淡化语法的同时,突出了语言的交际性和实用性,中考热点主要集中在:
1、正确识别可数名词和不可数名词;
2、掌握可数名词复数形式的构成;
3、正确判断某些常用名词在特定语境中的可数和不可数性;
4、掌握名词所有格的基本形式及一般用法。
攻克方法:要全面掌握中学阶段所学的英语知识,系统地做好语法归纳并有意识地多记一些名词惯用语,尤其是与汉语不同的一些特殊用法。
考点2:形容词比较级
比较级comparative degree 在英语中通常用下列方式表示的词:在形容词或副词前加more(如 more natural,more clearly )或加后缀 -er(newer,sooner )。典型的是指形容词或副词所表示的质、量或关系的增加。英语句子中,将比较两个主体的方法叫做“比较句型”。其中,像“A比B更……”的表达方式称为比较级。组成句子的方式是将形容词或副词变化成比较级的形态。
比较级的构成规则
  1.一般单音节词和少数以-er,-ow结尾的双音节词,比较级在后面加-er,最高级在后面加-est;
  (1)单音节词  如:small→smaller→smallest
  (2)双音节词  如:clever→cleverer→cleverest
  2.以不发音e结尾的单音节词,比较级在原级后加-r,最高级在原级后加-st;
  如:large→larger→largest
  3.在重读闭音节(即:辅音+元音+辅音)中,先双写末尾的辅音字母,比较级加-er,最高级加-est;
  如:big→bigger→biggest
  4.以“辅音字母+y”结尾的双音节词, 把y改为i,比较级加-er,最高级加-est;
  如:easy→easier→easiest
  5.其他双音节词和多音节词,比较级在前面加more,最高级在前面加most;
  如:beautiful→more beautiful→most beautiful
  注意:(1)形容词最高级前通常必须用定冠词 the,副词最高级前可不用。
  例句: The Sahara is the biggest desert in the world.
  (2) 形容词most前面没有the,不表示最高级的含义,只表示"非常"。
  It is a most important problem. =It is a very important problem.
  6.有少数形容词、副词的比较级和最高级是不规则的,必须熟记。
  如:good(well)→better→best
比较级的用法
  1.“A + be +形容词比较级 + than + B” 意思为“A比B更……”。
  如:This tree is taller than that one. 这棵树比那棵树高。
  注意:
  ① 在含有连词than的比较级中,前后的比较对象必须是同一范畴,即同类事物之间的比较。
  ②在比较级前面使用much,表示程度“强得多”。
  如:A watermelon is much bigger than an apple.
  ③ very, quite一般只能修饰原级,不能修饰比较级。
  2.“比较级 + and + 比较级”或“more and more +原级”表示“越来越……”
  如:It becomes warmer and warmer when spring comes.
  春天来了,天气变得越来越暖和了。
    3.在含有or的选择疑问句中,如果有两者供选择,前面的形容词要用比较级形式。
  如:Who is taller,Tim or Tom? 谁更高,Tim还是Tom?
  4. “the +比较级……, the+比较级”,表示“越……越……”。
  The more money you make, the more you spend.
  钱你赚得越多,花得越多。
  The sooner,the better.
  越快越好。
  5. 表示倍数的比较级用法:
  ①. A + be +倍数+ times + the + 形容词对应名词形式+ of + B.
  如:The new building is three times the height of the old one.
  这座新楼比那座旧楼高三倍。(新楼是旧楼的四倍高)
  ②. A + be +倍数+ times +as +原级+ as+ B.
  如:Asia is four times as large as Europe.
  亚洲是欧洲的四倍大。(亚洲比欧洲大三倍)
  ③. A + be + times +比较级+ than + B.
  如:Our school is twice bigger than yours.
  我们学校比你们学校大两倍。
  6.形容词、副词的最高级形式主要用来表示三者或三者以上人或事物的比较,表示“最……”的意思。
  句子中有表示范围的词或短语。如:of the three, in our class等等。
  如:He is the tallest in our class.
  他在我们班里是最高的。
  7."否定词语+比较级","否定词语+ so… as"结构表示最高级含义。
  Nothing is so easy as this.
  =Nothing is easier than this.
  =This is the easiest thing.
  8. 比较级与最高级的转换:
  Mike is the most intelligent in his class.
  Mike is more intelligent than any other student in his class
  7.修饰比较级和最高级的词
  1)可修饰比较级的词
  ①.a bit, a little, rather, much, far, by far, many, a lot, lots, a great deal, any, still, even等。
  ②. 还可以用表示倍数的词或度量名词作修饰语。
  ③. 以上词(除by far)外,必须置于比较级形容词或副词的前面。
  注意: 使用最高级要注意将主语包括在比较范围内。
  (错) Tom is the tallest of his three brothers.
  (对) Tom is the tallest of the three brothers.
  2)下列词可修饰最高级:by far, far, much, mostly, almost。
  This hat is nearly / almost the biggest.
  注意:
  a. very可修饰最高级,但位置与much不同。
  This is the very best.
  This is much the best.
  b. 序数词通常只修饰最高级。
  Africa is the second largest continent.
  8.要避免重复使用比较级。
  (错) He is more cleverer than his brother.
  (对) He is more clever than his brother.
  (对) He is cleverer than his brother.
    9.要避免将主语含在比较对象中。
  (错) China is larger that any country in Asia.
  (对) China is larger than any other country in Asia.
  10.要注意对应句型,遵循前后一致的原则。
  The population of Shanghai is larger than that of Beijing.
  It is easier to make a plan than to carry it out.
  11.要注意冠词的使用,后有名词的时候,前面才有可能有名词。
  比较:Which is larger, Canada or Australia?
  Which is the larger country, Canada or Australia?
  She is taller than her two sisters.
  She is the taller of the two sisters.
  10.连用词
  much ,a little ,a bit,even

使用比较级应注意的问题
  1. 比较对象是否明确
  比较必须在同类事物之间进行,用that代替天气和人口。如:
  My pen is better than yours.
  The weather of Harbin is colder than that of Beijing.
  2.比较的范围
  比较级中的被比对象与比较对象必须属于互不分离的两个范围。比较的对象如在同一范围内。必须加other一词,将比较的个体排除在外。范围内加any other 范围外加any.
  He is taller than any other boy in his class.
  Canada is larger than any country in Asia.
  3. 比较级前的修饰语
  常用来修饰比较级的词有:much ,a little , a bit ,a lot ,even ,still ,a great deal of, far ,by far ,any ,rather
  及表示倍数的词。修饰可数名词用:many more或few.修饰不可数名词用:much more .
  There are many more books in your library than in ours.
  His handwriting is much better than mine.
  4.比较状语从句中的省略
  than后是一个完整的句子,有时为了避免重复,把谓语部分省略。但如果前后时态不同,则不能省略。
  The book is more interesting than that one (is interesting).
  5. 比较级与冠词the的使用
  表示“两者中比较……的一个”,要用( the + 比较级 + of the two)的句式.
  He is the stronger one of the two boys.
  6.表示倍数的三个结构
  1 )be + 倍数 + as …as
  2 )be + 倍数 + 比较级 +than
  3 )be + 倍数 + the +名词(尺寸,长度)+of
  The house is three times as big as that one .
  The house is three times bigger than that one .
  The pencil is twice the length of that one
  7.比较级 + and + 比较级 → 越来越……
  Days are getting longer and longer.
  8.the + 比较级 ,the + 比较级 → 越……,越……
  The more ,the better.
  The more you eat, the fatter you’ll be.
  9.the + 序数词 + 最高级 + …
  Which is the first most useful invention ?
  10.one of + 最高级+ 名词复数
  He is one of the tallest boys in his class.
  11.由物主代词修饰的时候,不用冠词
  He is my best friend.
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