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山东省枣庄市2016-2017学年高二下学期期末考试英语试卷
一、阅读理解
详细信息
1. 难度:中等

Tibetan people are friendly and easy to get along with. However, Tibetans have different ways of behavior in many aspects due to their unique culture and religion. Be sure to respect local customs and be polite.

Don’t enter a monastery without permission. Don’t smoke in monasteries. Don’t touch Buddha statues, religious objects or prayer flags. Walk around monasteries (寺院), temples, dagobas, Mongolian cairns (Mani piles) and other religious structures in clockwise order with the exception of the Bon sites.

Don t step on the threshold when entering a tent, house, or monastery. Don’t touch the head of a Tibetan. The head is considered as a sacred part of the body. Remember to cross your legs when you are asked to have a seat. Don’t stretch your legs with feet pointing to others.

Don’t drive away or hurt eagles. Eagles are considered holy birds in the hearts of Tibetan people. Don’t disturb or injure cows or sheep with red, green or yellow ribbons because they are Tibetan sacrifice to worship gods.

Don’t take photos without permission. You’d better ask for permission before taking pictures of Tibetan people. Most Tibetan monasteries are not allowed to take pictures or you need to pay.

Tibetan people are getting more used to habits of foreigners and being more tolerant due to rapidly developing tourism in Tibet. However, we still hope you can show respect to Tibetan traditions and behave well since their unique lifestyle is part of the charm of Tibet.

1.What are forbidden to do in a religious place?

A. Take a photo.    B. Talk with Tibetans.

C. Walk around.    D. Make a prayer.

2.Why can’t you drive or hurt eagles?

A. Tibetan people are animal lovers.

B. Eagles are holy birds to Tibetans.

C. Tibetans use them to worship gods.

D. They are protected by local laws.

3.Who are the intended readers of the text?

A. Teachers.    B. Locals.

C. Tourists.    D. Reporters.

 

详细信息
2. 难度:中等

Twelve years ago, I was a 19 -year-old guy living in the French A1ps. In February 2004, while skiing the back - country in Val d’Isere, I fell off the mountain, resulting in a right leg broken in several pieces. I was helicoptered to hospital, operated on immediately—and there started my adult life.

Before the accident, I was on a path to what I hoped would be a career in rugby. After-wards, and participation in collision sport was gone. I found a replacement in cycling. Unfortunately, by late 2012, I tried to cycle up Mount Ventoux, but it was halfway up when the pain hit me and I gave up.

A decision needed to be made on a next step. I had to have my lower right leg cut off. Several months later, I had my first proper weight - bearing prosthetic (假肢). I jumped on a train with my bike to Mount Ventoux. Though it certainly wasn’t my quickest, I did it.

Two weeks later, I was lucky enough to be given a running blade; I bounced on it that day and then raced my triathlon (三项全能) on the Monday. So, that was me, up and running - almost 12 years since I had last run.

Along with my running coach, I complete a “make every kilometre count” programme of four runs per week alongside a busy cycle, swim and gym schedule. So far this year, I have raced a 10k with an unexpected personal best in January of 38:04. I have my first speed triathlon in late March before heading to North Korea to compete in the Pyongyang Marathon on 10 April.

If my lifetime allows, I will attempt to race in every country in the world. In the meantime, I’ll keep on running — and, when it hurts and I’ m low on motivation, I’ll remember how far I’ve come and how much further I’ve got to go.

1.What had been the author’s special interest before the accident?

A. Skiing.    B. Running.

C. Cycling.    D. Rugby.

2.How was the author, s second try of cycling up Mount Ventoux?

A. He fell off and was seriously hurt.

B. He gave up because of great pain.

C. He was the quickest to get to the top.

D. He succeeded in getting to the top.

3.What is the author’s wish?

A. To race all over the world.

B. To participate in collision sport.

C. To cycle up Mount Ventoux again.

D. To compete in the Pyongyang Marathon.

4.Which of the following word best describes the author?

A. Enthusiastic.    B. Considerate.

C. Determined.    D. Generous.

 

详细信息
3. 难度:中等

When people ask me to name typical British dishes,I have,however,struggled to think of an answer.Yes,we do have our own national dishes.We do have fish and chips,and we have other dishes like roast dinner and shepherd's pie.But how much do we actually eat them?

Fish and chips,is made up of battered(绞碎的)fish and chips,which is often accompanied by a thick paste(酱). The majority of British people really do love this dish but it is not something that we would eat,say,on a weekly basis.It's also not usually something that we would cook at home.The British people associate this dish with the seaside and it's something that will usually be eaten on a day trip there,bought from a takeaway fish and chip shop.

Another favourite British dish is roast dinner.This is made up of roast meat,usually chicken or beef, accompanied by roast vegetables and a meat sauce called gravy(肉汁).It is usually eaten on a Sunday,perhaps for a special family dinner.It can either be cooked at home or eaten in a traditional pub.We also eat a more elaborate version of this for our Christmas dinner.

Although we do have our traditional dishes,our diet has been greatly influenced by other countries.You can find a wide range of international foods in the supermarket or varieties of different restaurants on our high streets.A famous saying amongst British people is that our national dish is now chicken tikka masala,a dish which is heavily influenced by Indian cuisine.

Don't expect to be served a traditional dish if you ever get invited for dinner at a British family's home!

1.What do you know about fish and chips?

A. It is a home cooking for the British people.

B. It is a seaside dish eaten on a day trip there.

C. It is a Sunday dish for a family dinner.

D. It is an international food from India.

2.What is special about roast dinner?

A. It is only served for Christmas dinner.

B. It is the top choice for a family dinner.

C. It is the most popular with foreigners.

D. It comes from a foreign cuisine.

3.Which of the following might be an international food?

A. Fish and chips.    B. Roast dinner.

C. Shepherd's pie.    D. Chicken tikka masala.

4.What is the purpose of the text?

A. To explore some British national dishes.

B. To make an advertisement for British Dishes.

C. To introduce the British table manners.

D. To tell about British Eating Habits.

 

详细信息
4. 难度:中等

People often ask which is the most difficult language to learn, and it is not easy to answer because there are many factors to take into consideration. Firstly, in a first language the differences are unimportant as people learn their mother tongue naturally, so the question of how hard a language is to learn is only relevant when learning a second language.

A native speaker of Spanish, for example, will find Portuguese much easier to learn than a native speaker of Chinese, for example, because Portuguese is very similar to Spanish, while Chinese is very different, so first language can affect learning a second language. The greater the differences between the second language and our first, the harder it will be for most people to learn.

Many people answer that Chinese is the hardest language to learn, possibly influenced by the thought of learning the Chinese writing system, and the pronunciation of Chinese does appear to be very difficult for many foreign learners. However, for Japanese speakers, who already use Chinese characters in their own language, learning writing will be less difficult than for speakers of languages using the Roman alphabet.

Different cultures and individuals will find different languages more difficult. In the case of Hungarian for British learners, it is not a question of the writing system, which uses a similar alphabet, but the grammatical complexity, though native speakers may find it easier, struggling with languages that the British find relatively hard.

No language is easy to learn well, though languages which are related to our first language are easier. Learning a completely different writing system is a huge challenge, but that does not necessarily make a language more difficult than another. In the end, it is impossible to say that one language that is the most difficult language in the world.

1.Who might find Portuguese an easier language to learn?

A. The Chinese.    B. Russians.

C. Spanish people.    D. The Japanese.

2.Why do Japanese speakers find the Chinese less difficult to learn?

A. They use Chinese characters.

B. Japan is the neighbor of China.

C. Chinese is their second language.

D. Many Japanese are learning Chinese.

3.Which is the most difficult of Hungarian for British learners?

A. Writing.    B. Pronunciation.

C. Grammar.    D. Alphabet.

4.What might be the author’s opinion?

A. Chinese is the hardest language.

B. Native language is always easy to learn.

C. No languages are difficult to learn well.

 

二、七选五
详细信息
5. 难度:中等

Natural herbal medicines have been a part of the medicine world for a long time. 1. Some people use them for therapeutic (治疗的) purposes while others use them for medicinal purposes.

2. That is because the ingredients (成分) are natural and therefore have very few side effects when they’re taken. Nowadays, different doctors are advocating for the use of herbal medicine for the well—being and the health of the body.

The main purpose of natural Herbal medicines is to help the body return to its normal state so that it can be restored wholly. 3. For instance, they can restore the body’s natural balance and health in cases where the body is sick or has low immunity. They work by making the immune system (免疫系统) function well and also promote the well - being of the body before any illness sets in. They can make one better at remembering something as they improve blood circulation to the brain. Additionally, natural herbal medicines can reduce anxiety, depression, exhaustion, stress, etc. 4.

Despite many advantages of natural herbal medicines, you should take something into account when you use them. For instance, don’t use them in cases where the conventional drugs are supposed to be used. 5. That is because getting the correct dosage (剂量) and also the exact type of drug for the particular disease is of vital importance.

A. Thus, they help your nerves calm down.

B. The use of herbs is widely known to be safe.

C. Different cultures have used them in various ways.

D. Historically, the Chinese people used them to treat illness.

E. Moreover, it’s a good idea to consult your doctor before using them.

F. Different herbs will work differently and bring desirable healing effects.

G. Herbal medicine is an effective means of helping humans stay healthy.

 

三、完形填空
详细信息
6. 难度:中等

I woke up the other day to a phone call from a taxi driver. He had my friend’s cell phone, and told me that my friend had ______ it in the cab the night before.

It was a rainy ______, which for cab drivers is a very busy time. The cab driver asked where he could ______ the cell phone off. I told him the cross ______ where I lived. I quickly got dressed and told him that I’d ______ him on the comer of the street.

The driver drove all the ______ from Queens to deliver the phone without ______. When I met up with him, I ______ and blessed him for having such a kind and beautiful ______. I was so happy for my ______ because of this man’s kindness! My friend had ______ moved here and I could only imagine how ______ his cell phone was to him! I further asked the taxi driver if I could get his ______, so that my friend can thank him as well. He said my ______ and gratitude were all that he needed and drove off.

I emailed my friend telling him I had his ______ and later that day I met up with him to tell him how I had ______ it. My friend said he couldn’t believe such kindness should ______ in this big city. He told me he could not ______ to pay it forward.

I was so ______ to see the kindness that happened early that morning. It just made my ______!

1.A. hid    B. left    C. forgot    D. missed

2.A. morning    B. night    C. afternoon    D. evening

3.A. throw    B. give    C. put    D. drop

4.A. hotel    B. town    C. street    D. city

5.A. pay    B. meet    C. exchange    D. call

6.A. time    B. distance    C. way    D. trip

7.A. delay    B. permit    C. support    D. request

8.A. rewarded    B. talked    C. greeted    D. thanked

9.A. figure    B. cab    C. soul    D. idea

10.A. decision    B. friend    C. luck    D. deed

11.A. lastly    B. finally    C. recently    D. hurriedly

12.A. important    B. popular    C. expensive    D. lovely

13.A. honor    B. permission    C. photo    D. information

14.A. help    B. blessing    C. attitude    D. concern

15.A. address    B. letter    C. message    D. phone

16.A. bought    B. searched    C. got    D. kept

17.A. wait    B. exist    C. react    D. allow

18.A. wait    B. quit    C. hope    D. expect

19.A. annoyed    B. shocked    C. surprised    D. touched

20.A. day    B. dream    C. example    D. story

 

四、短文填空
详细信息
7. 难度:中等

Tower Bridge is one of London’s most striking 1. (attract) that you shouldn’t miss when visiting the capital. This magnificent piece of Victorian architecture 2. (date) back to the late 1880s, and until the mid - 1970s the main bridge 3. (operate) by a steam engine.

Today Tower Bridge is a splendid landmark typical of London, 4. (surround) by cafes, and bars where tourists and locals alike can sit and enjoy the beautiful bridge, 5. looks like two small castles over the Thames, just like something out of a fairy tale.

It is free to admire Tower Bridge and walk on it 6. any time; it’s striking to look at during the day and magic when lit up at night, 7. don’t miss out on this wonderful scene!

If you’d like 8. (step) inside the towers of the famous bridge, you can book Tower Bridge Exhibition tickets. During the exhibition, you can visit the famed engine rooms and impressive towers and find out 9. the bridge came into existence through digital displays. You can also pay 10. visit to the glass room of Tower Bridge on the high - level walkways. There are even yoga classes available on the glass floor of Tower Bridge!

 

五、短文改错
详细信息
8. 难度:中等

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均限一词

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Last week, I take part in the Cultural Exchange Week. I enjoyed myself in England. I visited the city museum and several place of interest, which made me have better understanding of the English society, culture and history.

What’s more, I was luckily enough to meet my pen friend Tom there. I stayed at his home. And I’ll never forget the days when we spent together. When I left England, he offered to me a dictionary for a gift. It’s of great help for me to learn English. I will make full use of them and learn English good.

I hope Tom will come to China when it’s convenience for him!

 

六、书面表达
详细信息
9. 难度:中等

假定你是李华。暑假将至,你们的英语老师让大家写一篇英语短文,谈一谈暑假学习计划。请你根据以下提示,写你的短文。

1.完成假期作业;

2.参加英语角活动;

3.读几本英语读物。

注意:1.词数100左右;

2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

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