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甘肃省天水市2016-2017学年高二下学期第二学段考试英语试卷 Word版含答案
1. 难度:中等

There are many superstitions(迷信) in Britain, but one of the most widelyheld is that it is unlucky to walk under a ladder—even if it means stepping off the pavement into a busy street!

Walking under a ladder

If you must walk under a ladder you can avoid bad luck by crossing your fingers and keeping them crossed until you've seen a dog. Alternatively, you must lick your finger and make a cross on the toe of your shoe, and not look again at the shoe until the mark has dried.


Another common superstition is that it is unlucky to open an umbrella in the house—it will either bring misfortune to the person that opened it or to the household. The superstition could date from the old time when its purpose was to act as a sunshade. If opened indoors, it might be considered to be an attack on the sun. Anyone opening an umbrella indoors in fine weather is unpopular, as it inevitably brings rain!

Number 13

The number 13 is said to be unlucky for some, and when the 13th day of the month falls on a Friday, anyone wishing to avoid an inauspicious event had better stay indoors.

Seven years bad luck

The worst misfortune that can befall you is caused by breaking a mirror, as it brings seven years of bad luck! The superstition is supposed to have originated in ancient times, when mirrors were considered to be tools of the gods.

Black cat

In the UK, black cats are generally considered lucky in the UK, even though they are connected with witchcraft(巫术):You are said to be lucky if a black cat crosses your path.

1.Which experience is considered to be lucky according to the passage?

A. walking under a ladder

B. opening an umbrella in the house

C. breaking a mirror

D. a black cat crossing your path

2.Which of the followings is RIGHT in UK according to the passage?

A. Opening an umbrella in the rain is not acceptable or unpopular.

B. Black cats are generally considered unlucky because they have something with witchcraft.

C. Bad luck brought by walking under a ladder cannot be avoided using certain ways.

D. If you are to open a clothes store on May 13 in Britain, you had better change the date.

3.Which two superstitions are related to history?

A. ①②    B. ②④

C. ④⑤    D. ③④

4.It can be inferred from the passage that ________.

A. breaking a mirror will cause bad luck because it shows your disrespect(不敬)for the God

B. crossing your fingers and keeping them crossed can help avoid bad luck brought by walking under a ladder

C. number 13 is always unlucky in any situation

D. opening an umbrella indoors might be considered to be an attack on the sun


2. 难度:中等

Why do Americans struggle with watching their weight, while the French, who consume rich food, continue to stay thin? Now a research by Cornell University suggests how life style and decisions about eating may affect weight. Researchers conclude that the French tend to stop eating when they feel full. However, Americans tend to stop when their plate is empty or their favourite TV show is over.

According to Dr Joseph Mercola, a health expert, the French see eating as an important part of their life style. They enjoy food and therefore spend a fairly long time at the table, while Americans see eating as something to be squeezed between the other daily activities. Mercola believes Americans lose the ability to sense when they are actually full. So they keep eating long after the French would have stopped. In addition, he points out that Americans drive to huge supermarkets to buy canned and frozen foods for the week. The French, instead, tend to shop daily, walking to small shops and farmers' markets where they have a choice of fresh fruits, vegetables, and eggs as well as highquality meats for each meal.

After a visit to the United States, Mireille Guiliano, author of FrenchWomenDon'tGetFat, decided to write about the importance of knowing when to stop rather than suggesting how to avoid food. Today she continues to stay slim and rarely goes to the gym.

In spite of all these differences, evidence shows that recent life style changes may be affecting French eating habits. Today the rate of obesity—or extreme overweight—among adults is only 6%. However, as American fast food gains acceptance and the young reject older traditions, the obesity rate among French children has reached 17%—and is growing.

1.In what way are the French different from Americans according to Dr Joseph Mercola?

A. They go shopping at supermarkets more frequently.

B. They squeeze eating between the other daily activities.

C. They regard eating as a key part of their life style.

D. They usually eat too much canned and frozen food.

2.This text is mainly the relationship between ________.

A. Americans and the French

B. life style and obesity

C. children and adults

D. fast food and overweight

3.Where does this text probably come from?

A. A TV interview.    B. A food advertisement.

C. A health report.    D. A book review.


3. 难度:中等

The idea of being able to walk on water has long interested humans greatly. Sadly, biological facts prevent us ever accomplishing such a thing without artificial aid—we simply weigh too much,and all our mass pushes down through our relatively small feet, resulting in a lot of pressure that makes us sink.

However, several types of animals can walk on water.  One of the most interesting is the common basilisk Basilicusbasilicus, a lizard (蜥蜴) native to Central and South America. It can run across water for a distance of several metres, avoiding getting wet by rapidly hitting the water's surface with its feet. The lizard will take as many as 20 steps per second to keep moving forward. For humans to do this, we'd need huge feet that we could bring up to our ears in order to create adequate “hitting”.

But fortunately there is an alternative: corn flour. By adding enough of this common thickening agent to water (and it does take a lot), you can create a “nonNewtonian” liquid that doesn't behave like normal water. Now, if the surface of the water is hit hard enough, particles(粒子) in the water group together for a moment to make the surface hard. Move quickly enough and put enough force into each step, and you really can walk across the surface of an adequately thick liquid of corn flour.

Fun though all this may sound, it's still rather messy and better read about in theory than carried out in practice. If you must do it, then keep the water wings handy in case you start to sink—and take a shower afterwards!

1.What do we know about Basilicusbasilicus from the passage?

A. It is light enough to walk on water.

B. Its huge feet enable it to stay above water.

C. It can run across water at a certain speed.

D. Its unique skin keeps it from getting wet in water.

2.What is the function of the corn flour according to the passage?

A. To create a thick liquid.

B. To turn the water into solid.

C. To help the liquid behave normally.

D. To enable the water to move rapidly.

3.What is the author's attitude towards the idea of humans' walking on water?

A. It is risky but beneficial.

B. It is interesting and worth trying.

C. It is crazy and cannot become a reality.

D. It is impractical though theoretically possible.


4. 难度:中等

Everyone knows that fish is good for health. 1. But it seems that many people don’t cook fish at home. Americans eat only about fifteen pounds of fish per person per year, but we eat twice as much fish in restaurants as at home. Buying, storing, and cooking fish isn’t difficult. 2.This text is about how to buy and cook fish in an easy way.

3. Fresh fish should smell sweet: you should feel that you’re standing at the ocean’s edge. Any fishy or strong smell means the fish isn’t fresh. 4.When you have bought a fish and arrive home, you’d better store the fish in the refrigerator if you don’t cook it immediately, but fresh fish should be stored in your fridge for only a day or two. Frozen fish isn’t as tasty as the fresh one.

There are many common methods used to cook fish.5. First, clean it and season it with your choice of spices(调料).

Put the whole fish on a plate and steam it in a steam pot for 8 to 10 minutes if it weighs about one pound. (A larger one will take more time.) Then, it’s ready to serve.

A. Do not buy it.
B. The easiest is to steam it.
C. This is how you can do it.
D. It just requires a little knowledge.
E. The fish will go bad within hours.
F. When buying fish, you should first smell it.
G. The fats in fish are thought to help prevent heart disease.


5. 难度:中等

Last spring, I was fortunate to be chosen to participate in an exchange study program. In my application letter, I was careful to______how much I wanted to see France; evidently, my excitement really came through in my words. Once I_____that I was going, all I could think about was the fun of foreign travel and making all sorts of new and_____friends. While traveling was inspiring and meeting people was_____, nothing about my term in France was what I_____.

The moment I arrived in Paris, I was______by a nice French couple who would become my host parents. My entire experience was joyous and exciting______I received some shocking news from my program coordinator(协调人): there had been a death in my host parents' extended family. They had to travel outside France for several weeks. That afternoon, I had to______out of one family's house and into another. The exchange coordinator told me I'd have a ______this time and asked whether I could share a bedroom with an English speaker. To avoid the temptation (诱惑)to______my native language, I asked not to be_____with an Englishspeaking roommate. When I got to my new room, I_____myself to my new roommate Paolo, a Brazilian (巴西人)the same age as I, whom I was surprised to find playing one of my favorite CDs! In just a few hours, we knew we'd be good friends for the rest of the______.

I left France with many____, so when people ask me what my favorite part of the trip was, they are always______to hear me talk about my Brazilian friend Paolo and the scores of weekdays in class, weeknights on the town, and weekends____ France we enjoyed together. I love how people_____seem so different, but end up being so______. The most valuable lesson I gained from studying in France wasn't just to respect the French people______to respect all people, for your next best friend could be just a continent away. I would recommend an exchange program to anyone who wants to experience foreign cultures and gain meaningful_____.

1.A. discuss    B. express    C. announce    D. argue

2.A. approved    B. knew    C. warned    D. denied

3.A. stubborn    B. anxious    C. universal    D. interesting

4.A. boring    B. upsetting    C. exciting    D. promising

5.A. expected    B. liked    C. doubted    D. feared

6.A. sponsored    B. witnessed    C. greeted    D. supported

7.A. until    B. when    C. since    D. while

8.A. move    B. travel    C. walk    D. rush

9.A. housekeeper    B. leader    C. roommate    D. colleague

10.A. learn    B. appreciate    C. speak    D. master

11.A. combined    B. fitted    C. involved    D. placed

12.A. added    B. introduced    C. devoted    D. adapted

13.A. term    B. week    C. month    D. vacation

14.A. presents    B. suitcases    C. stories    D. dreams

15.A. surprised    B. disturbed    C. embarrassed    D. concerned

16.A. analyzing    B. exploring    C. describing    D. investigating

17.A. need    B. shall    C. must    D. can

18.A. generous    B. independent    C. similar    D. distant

19.A. and    B. but    C. or    D. so

20.A. instructions    B. friendships    C. facts    D. data


6. 难度:中等

Xie lei's 1. course is helping her to get used to the 2.requirements of a Western university. "I remember the first 3. I did for my tutor." she told me. I found an article on the Internet 4. seemed to have exactly the information I needed. So I made a summary of the article, 5. my draft and handed the essay in.

In the 18th century California was 6.by Spain.Spanish soldiers first arrived in South America in the early 16th century,when they fought against the native people and took their land.Two centuries later,the Spanish 7.in most parts of South America and along the northwest coast of 8.we now call the United States.

Cloning plants is 9.while cloning animals is very complicated.It is a difficult task to undertake.Many10.to clone mammals failed.


7. 难度:中等

In much of Asia, especially the so-called “rice bowl” cultures of China, Japan, Korea, 1.Vietnam, food is usually eaten with chopsticks.

Chopsticks are usually two long, thin pieces of wood or bamboo. They can also be made of plastic, animal bone or metal. Sometimes chopsticks are quite artistic. Truly elegant chopsticks might 2. (make) of gold and silver with Chinese characters. Skilled workers also combine various hardwoods and metal 3. (create) special designs.

The Chinese have used chopsticks for five thousand years. People probably cooked their food in large pots, 4. (use) twigs(树枝)to remove it. Over time, 5. the population grew, people began cutting food into small pieces so it would cook more quickly. Food in small pieces could be eaten easily with twigs which 6.(gradual) turned into chopsticks.

Some people think that the great Chinese scholar Confucius, 7. lived from roughly 551 to 479 B.C., influenced the 8. (develop) of chopsticks. Confucius believed knives would remind people of killings and 9. (be) too violent for use at the table.

Chopsticks are not used everywhere in Asia. In India, for example, most people traditionally eat 10. their hands.


8. 难度:中等


增加: 在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧), 并在其下写出该加的词。

删除: 把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改: 在错的词下划一横线, 并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意: 1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处, 多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Are you looking for something interested? Would you like to give a hand to other people in your spare time? Then joining us and be a volunteer! We have job for people of all ages. Anyone from students to old people can become ours members. You can help people in many ways. Some schools need volunteers to help take the care of children. Volunteers are needed in hospitals help the patients. Animal lovers can help save dogs and cats without homes. There is nothing for everyone. “I often played computer games when I was freely before. Now I help old people learn to use computers,” said a volunteer aged 18. Unless everyone helps out a lot, we'll all have better and warmer world to live in.


9. 难度:中等

假设你是晨光中学高二(1)班的班长李津, 得知美国学生Chris 作为交换生, 下学期将到你班学习。 请你根据以下提示, 给他写封邮件:

1. 表示欢迎;

2. 介绍与本地生活相关的信息(如气候、 饮食等);

3. 介绍本班情况;

4. 希望Chris做哪些事情, 以增进中美学生之间的了解和友谊。


1. 请勿提及与考生相关的真实信息;

2. 可适当加入细节, 使内容充实、行文连贯;

3. 词数不少于100; 开头已给出, 不计入总词数。

参考词汇:交换生  exchange student

Dear Chris,

I'm Li Jin, monitor of Class One, Grade Eleven._________________________________________________











Li Jin


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