Scientists used to explore探测on the surface of the ocean. Now they are exploring below the surface, too. They want to know about ocean water and the plant and animal life deep in the ocean.
In 1934 the scientist William Beebe dived 3 000 feet below the surface in a hollow steel ball. In 1935 August Piccard dived 10330 feet. In 1960 his son Jean dived to a depth of 35 800 feet. All these early dives were deep. But the divers could not stay down for very long. They had to come back up to the surface after a few seconds. Scientists needed to stay down longer to study life below surface. Gradually they succeeded. Cousteau, a Frenchman, was able to keep men down to a depth of 90 feet for a week.
Now scientists are developing even better equipment. With this new equipment，men can stay below the surface for days or even weeks. In 1962 Cousteau set up a research station 35 feet below the surface. Then，in 1964，he set up another station on the ocean floor of the Red Sea. This was the first undersea station to operate without help from the surface.
Many countries are now studying undersea living. The former Soviet Union has an undersea laboratory in the Crimean Sea. The United States has a laboratory 50 feet down on the ocean floor off the Virgin Islands. In 1970 five men lived there for two weeks. Then a team of five women scientists stayed in the laboratory. Next came other teams of men. All were there to explore the ocean depths and to make plans for the use of its resources. Scientists hope to find enough mineral，vegetable，and animal wealth there to provide food for the entire world.
1.In order to______ ，scientists are exploring below the surface of the ocean.
A. know about the ocean water deep in the ocean
B. stay down longer to study life of the plant and animal below the surface
C. know about the plant and animal life deep in the ocean
D. both A and C
2.Who made the deepest dive______
A. William Beebe.
B. August Piccard.
C. Jean Piccard.
3.Which of the following statements is true____
A. The early divers could not stay down for very long.
B. Up to now only five women scientists have stayed in the undersea laboratory.
C. The purpose of setting up the undersea laboratories is to make plans for the use of the resources in the ocean.
D. None of the above is true.
An 80-year-old man was sitting on the sofa in his house along with his 45-year-old son. Suddenly a crow(乌鸦) landed on their window.
The father asked his son, “What is that?”
The son replied, “That is a crow.”
After a few minutes, the father asked his son for the second time, “What is that?”
The son said, “Father, I told you just now. It is a crow.”
After a little while, the father asked his son the same question for the third time, “What is this?”
This time his son shouted at his father, “Why do you keep asking me the same question again and again? I have told you already. ‘IT IS A CROW.’ Are you not able to understand this?”
A minute later the father went to his room and came back with a diary, which he had kept since his son was born. On opening a page, he asked his son to read that page:
Today my little son aged three was sitting with me on the sofa, when a crow suddenly landed on the window edge. My son asked me 23 times what it was, and I replied him 23 times that it was a crow. I hugged him lovingly each time he asked me the same question. I did not at all feel angry, but instead felt affection for my son.
If you parents reach old age, do not look at them as a burden, but speak to them gently, and be kind to them. From today say this aloud, “I want to see my parents happy forever. They have cared for me ever since I was a little child. They have always showered me with love. I will take care of my old parents in the BEST way no matter how they behave.”
1.The writer mainly intends to ______.
A. tell us the function of a diary
B. call on us to love our parents
C. teach us what a crow is
D. introduce a pair of son and father
2.According to the passage, the son felt _____ when his father kept asking the same question.
A. puzzled B. angry C. grateful D. surprised
3.We can know that the father wrote this diary at the age of ______.
A. eighty B. forty-give
C. thirty-eight D. thirty-five
4.The old man brought out the diary, which he had kept since his son was born, because ___.
A. he forgot what had happened
B. he would like his son to read it
C. it could remind himself of the past
D. he wanted to find what a crow was in his diary
At no time in history has there been such a mass movement of people from the countryside to the city as is happening now. By the year 2030, it’s estimated that more than two thirds of the world’s population will be living in cities, twice as many as today. This means that the problems faced by cities today—overcrowding, poor housing, unemployment, poverty and lack of food and water—will be twice as bad unless we find solutions soon.
Another serious issue is how to provide good transportation for their citizens. Many of the world’s major cities are already struggling with out-of-date transport infrastructures(基本设施).How can they deal with the additional demands?
London is a good example. Its enlargement was made possible by the invention of the steam engine, which powered the world’s first underground railway. But its transport system are now hopelessly out-of-date and need urgent modernization. London’s future success depends very much on developing better public transport.
Over a million people travel into central London every day from outside the city. They together with the people who live in London, want a public transport system that is efficient, safe and environmentally friendly. What they often get, however, falls far short of that ideal. Passengers complain about cost and pollution, while businesses worry about the problems their staff have in getting to work on time. Yes, the proportion of London households that own a car grew from just over ten percent in the early 1950s to over sixty percent today.
As the city has become increasingly crowded and polluted, there has been a growing realization that action must be taken soon.
1.It is believed that____.
A. overpopulation causes the problem in cities
B. two thirds of the world’s population are living in cities today
C. it isn’t difficult to solve the problem faced by cities today
D. with fewer people we would be free from problems
2.The underlined word “they” in the fourth paragraph refers to _______.
A. the citizens in the city of London
B.those who come to London from other places
C. passengers who make complaints about the cost
D. businesses who are anxious about their staff getting to work late
3.The underlined words “environmentally friendly” is closest in meaning to ________.
A. pleasant and nonpolluting B. cheap and punctual
C. quick and straight D. fair and convenient
4. The following paragraph of this text would most probably deal with___
A. train and air travel
B. traffic jams in London
C. possible solution to London’s transportation problems
D. car ownership that continues to grow.
Recently a professor of philosophy(哲学)in the United States has written a book called Money and the Meaning of Life. He has discovered that how we deal with money in our day to day life has more meaning than we usually think. One of the exercises he has asked his students to do is to keep a record of every penny they spend for a week. From the way they spend their money, they can see what they really value(重视)in life．
The professor says our relation with others often becomes clearly defined(明确)when money enters the picture. You might have wonderful friendship with somebody and you think that you are very good friends. But you will know him only when you ask him to lend you some money．If he does，it brings something to the relationship that seems stronger than ever before. Otherwise it can suddenly weaken the relationship if he doesn’t． Since money is so important to us, we consider those who are rich to be very important. The professor interviews some rich people in his research for his book．
Question: What is the most surprising thing you have discovered about being rich?
Answer : The most surprising thing is why people give me so much respect(尊重). I am nothing．I don’t know much．All I am is rich．
People just have an idea of making more and more money, but what is it for? How much money do I need for any given purpose in my life? In his book，the professor uncovered an important need in modern society：to bring back the idea that money is a tool rather than the end．Money plays an important role in the material world，but expecting money to give happiness may be missing the meaning of life.
1.The students are asked to keep a record of every penny they spend to______.
A. learn how to spend money
B. learn how to make more money
C. know what to write in a record
D. know what is important in life
2.In the second paragraph, the professor mainly tells us ________.
A. never to borrow money from a friend
B. friendship disappears when it comes to money
C. money can influence friendship
D. money can weaken friendship
3.Through his book，the professor seems to tell us ．
A. money is very important in the material world
B. the purpose of our life is to make money
C. money does not surely mean happiness
D. we should value money in our life
4.Which of the following might the author disagree?
A. Money is important in modern society.
B. The meaning of life does not completely lie in money.
C. Wealth will surely bring the owner happiness.
D. Happiness is not necessarily the result of wealth.
There is an English saying:“____1.__.” Until recently, few people took the saying seriously. Now, however, doctors have begun to look into laughter and the effects it has on the human body. ___2._____.
Tests were carried out to study the effects of laughter on the body. People watched funny films while doctors checked their hearts, blood pressure, breathing and muscles. It was found that laughter has similar effects to physical exercise. _3._____. If laughter exercises the body, it must be beneficial.
Other tests have shown that laughter appears to be able to reduce the effect of pain on the body. In one experiment doctors produced pain in groups of students who listened to different radio programs. The group that tolerated(忍耐) the pain for the longest time was the group which listened to a funny program. ___4._____
___5.___. They have found that even if their patients do not really feel like laughing, making them smile is enough to produce beneficial effects similar to those caused by laughter.
A. Laughter can prolong one’s life.
B. As a result of these discoveries, some doctors in the United States now hold laughter clinics in which they help to improve their patients’ condition by encouraging them to laugh.
C. The reason why laughter can reduce pain seems to be that it helps to produce a kind of chemicals in the brain which diminish both stress and pain.
D. It increases blood pressure, the heart beating and breathing; it also works several groups of muscles in the face, the stomach and even the feet.
E. Although laughter helps cure the disease, doctors still can not put this theory into clinic practice.
F. Laughter is the best medicine.
G. They have found that laughter really can improve people’s health.
As science developed rapidly in the direction of technology it supplies man a better and more comfortable _________ .Men will be working shorter and shorter hours， _________ housewives will also be able to have more free time. Can you _________ doing housework without a housewife ? Scientists believe this will _________ into realities in not very long time , and perhaps during your lifetime house-robots will take _________of housewives.
When I _________this kind of machine with housewives, some 90 percent of them replied _________ “How soon can I buy one?” The other 10 percent said,“ I would be terrified to see it _________ about my house.” But when I explained to them that it could be turned _________or stopped , they quickly realized that it was a_________ object.
In my own_________ we have found that the washing-up machine is regarded as a good _________in the room. There’s no greater _________ than to go to bed in the evening and _________ that the washing-up is being done downstairs after we are_________ .
Some families would _________ to have their robot slaves_________ all the downstairs housework after they were in _________ at night, while others would have it _________ in the mornings. But this would be entirely a matter of_________.
1.A. machine B. house C. life D. sleep
2.A. even though B. while C. however D. so
3.A. think B. enjoy C. infer D. imagine
4.A. turn B. be turned C. produce D. be produced
5.A. place B. places C. a place D. the place
6.A. discussed B. supplied C. helped D. sold
7.A. coolly B. immediately C. politely D. slowly
8.A. moving B. talking C. jumping D. playing
9.A. into B. on C. over D. off
10.A. terrible B. useful C. real D. future
11.A. home B. opinion C. future D. time
12.A. furniture B. pet C. hand D. person
13.A. trouble B. pleasure C. choice D. object
14.A. know B. feel C. notice D. find
15.A. home B. tired C. out D. asleep
16.A. use B. rather C. feel like D. like
17.A. to do B. doing C. do D. wash
18.A. work B. bed C. need D. house
19.A. to do B. doing C. done D. do
20.A. choice B. practice C. idea D. quality
In the United States, there were 222 people ___1.___(report) to be billionaires(亿万富翁) in 2003. The __2.___(rich) of these is Bill Gates, worth at least $ 41 billion, __3.____made his money ____4.____ starting the company Microsoft. Mr. Gates was only 21 years old __5.__he first helped to set up the company in 1976. He was a billionaire by the time he was 31 years old.___ 6.___, there are still some other people who have made lots____7.___ money at even younger ages. Other young people who have struck it rich include Jackie Coogan and Shirley Temple. ___8.____ of these child actors made over a million dollars ___9.____ (act) in movies before they were 14. But _10.___ youngest billionaire is Albert von Thurn und Taxis of Germany, who, in 2001, inherited (继承) a billion dollars when he turned 18!
Everyone in our village likes my father, so he has a sense of humor. On other words, he can make others laugh easy and people feel happy to be around him. I admire him very much and dream of that some day I will be as humorous as him. I even asked him how have a good sense of humor, but what she replied disappointed me.
“Not someone can be humorous, because those who is humorous are usually born to be humorous,” he said. However, later, he adds, “But you can be humorous too if you know a lot of joke.” That’s why now I’m reading a book of jokes.