When other nine-year-old kids were playing games, she was working at a petrol station. When other teens were studying or going out, she struggled to find a place to sleep on the street. But she overcame these terrible setbacks to win a highly competitive scholarship and gain entry to Harvard University. And her amazing story has inspired a movie, “ Homeless to Harvard: The Liz Murray Story”, shown in late April.
Liz Murray，a 22-year-old American girl, has been writing a real-life story of willpower and determination. Liz grew up in the shadow of two drug-addicted parents. There was never enough food or warm clothes in the house. Liz was the only member who had a job. Her mother had AIDS and died when Liz was just 15 years old. The effect of that loss became a turning point in her life. Connecting the environment in which she had grown up with how her mother had died, she decided to do something about it.
Liz went back to school. She threw herself into her studies, never telling her teachers that she was homeless. At night, she lived on the streets. “ What drove me to live on had something to do with understanding, by understanding that there was a whole other way of being. I had only experienced a small part of the society,” she wrote in her book Breaking Night.
She admitted that she used envy to drive herself on. She used the benefits that come easily to others such as a safe living environment, to encourage herself that “next to nothing could hold me down”. She finished high school in just two years and won a full scholarship to study at Harvard University. But Liz decided to leave her top university a couple of months earlier this year in order to take care of her father, who has also developed AIDS. “I love my parents so much. They are drug addicts. But I never forget that they loved me all the time.”
Liz wants moviegoers to come away with the idea that changing your life is “as simple as making a decision”.
1.The main idea of the passage is __________ .
A. how Liz managed to enter Harvard University
B. What a hard time Liz had in her childhood
C. why Liz loved her parents so much
D. how Liz struggled to change her life
2.In which order did the following things happen to Liz ?
a. Her mother died of AIDS.
b. She worked at a petrol station.
c. She got admission into Harvard University.
d. The movie about her life was put on.
e. She had trouble about finding a place to sleep.
A. b, a , e , c, d B. a , b , c , e , d
C. e , d, b , a , c D. b , e , a , d , c
3.What actually made her go towards her goal?
A. Envy and encouragement.
B. Willpower and determination .
C. Decisions and understanding.
D. Love and respect for her parents.
4.When she wrote “What drove me to live on … I had only experienced a small part of the society”, she meant that __________ .
A. she had little experience of social life.
B. she could hardly understand the society.
C. she would do something for her own life.
D. she needed to travel more around the world.
Four people in England back in 1953, stared at Photo 51,It wasn’t much—a picture showing a black X. But three of these people won the Nobel Prize for figuring out what the photo really showed –the shape of DNA The discovery brought fame and fortune to scientists James Watson, Francis Crick, and Maurice Wilkins. The fourth, the one who actually made the picture, was left out.
Her name was Rosalind Franklin.” She should have been up there,” says historian（历史学家） Mary Bowden.” If her photos hadn’t been there, the others couldn’t have come up with the structure.” One reason Franklin was missing was that she had died of cancer four years before the Nobel decision. But now scholars（学者）doubt that Franklin was not only robbed of her life by disease but robbed of credit by her competitors
At Cambridge University in the 1950s, Watson and Click tried to make models by cutting up shapes of DNA’s parts and then putting them together. In the meantime, at King’s College in London, Franklin and Wilkins shone X-rays at the molecule(分子). The rays produced patterns reflection the shape.
But Wilkins and Franklin’s relationship was a lot rockier than the celebrated teamwork of Watson and Crick, Wilkins thought Franklin was hired to be his assistant .But the college actually employed her to take over the DNA project.
What she did was produce X-ray pictures that told Watson and Crick that one of their early models was inside out. And she was not shy about saying so. That angered Watson, who attacked her in return, “Mere inspection suggested that she would not easily bend. Clearly she had to to go or be put in her place.”
As Franklin’s competitors, Wilkins, Watson and Crick had much to gain by cutting her out of the little group of researchers, says historian Pnina Abir-Am. In 1962 at the Nobel Prize awarding ceremony, Wilkins thanked 13 colleagues by name before he mentioned Franklin, Watson wrote his book laughing at her. Crick wrote in 1974 that “Franklin was only two steps away from the solution.”
No, Franklin was the solution. “She contributed more than any other player to solving the structure of DNA . She must be considered a co-discoverer,” Abir-Am says. This was backed up by Aaron Klug, who worked with Franklin and later won a Nobel Prize himself. Once described as the “Dark Lady of DNA”, Franklin is finally coming into the light.
1.What is the text mainly about?
A. The disagreements among DNA researchers.
B. The unfair treatment of Franklin.
C. The process of discovering DNA.
D. The race between two teams of scientists.
2.Watson was angry with Franklin because she .
A. took the lead in the competition
B. kept her results from him
C. proved some of his findings wrong
D. shared her data with other scientists
3.Why is Franklin described as “Dark Lady of DNA”?
A. She developed pictures in dark labs.
B. She discovered the black X-the shape of DNA.
C. Her name was forgotten after her death.
D. Her contribution was unknown to the public.
4.What is the writer’s attitude toward Wilkins, Watson and Crick?
A. Disapproving. B. Respectful.
C. Admiring. D. Doubtful.
E-reading and e-books are slowly conquering the world. Compared to traditional paper books, e-books in some schools and universities attract more interest because the information flow seems much easier to manage and comes in a greatly higher quantity.
Japan is known for the reform-minded attitude towards the gadget(精巧装置)world and for the fact that it is one of the first countries that encouraged in the educational system the emailing of homework.
The digital textbook looks like the logical step in the world of learning. It is natural but it is also completely untraditional.
The plan of the largest publishing companies to get in line with the trend is to save a large quantity of paper and make the kids become interested in learning using a cool gadget. Many USA universities and colleges have made students be used to the procedure of downloading the courses and of course the procedure involves interactive software and also the chance of using the computer.
The traditional education system is still unwilling when it comes to giving up books. The standard approach of information taught out of a book and Shakespeare read out of an old school novel makes studying English as traditional as it can be.
In a world where kids would rather see the movie than read a book, the digital age has brought along a completely different flavor to reading. Bringing that flavor in school will make teaching a greener and also a completely different matter.
1.Why are e-books so popular in the world?
A. It’s cheap to buy.
B. It’s effective to use.
C. It’s convenient to bring.
D. It’s the latest fashion.
2.Which of the following words can best take the place of the word “reform-minded” in the second paragraph?
A. Old-fashioned. B. Aggressive.
C. Rejecting. D. Progressive.
3.In America, the students are encouraged to .
A. apply the procedure of downloading the courses
B. communicate with their teachers using computers
C. research some interactive software for their studies
D. do their homework in computer instead of in paper
4.What’s the author’s attitude to the digital textbooks?
A. Being against. B. Being for.
C. Not mentioned. D. Being neutral.
Tea drinking was common in China for nearly one thousand years before anyone in Europe had ever heard about tea. People in Britain were much slower in finding out what tea was like, mainly because tea was very expensive. It could not be bought in shops and even those people who could afford to have it sent from Holland did so only because it was a fashionable curiosity. Some of them were not sure how to use it. They thought it was a vegetable and tried cooking the leaves. Then they served them mixed with butter and salt. They soon discovered their mistake but many people used to spread the used tea leaves on bread and give them to their children as sandwiches.
Tea remained scarce and very expensive in England until the ships of the East India Company began to bring it direct from China early in the seventeenth century. During the next few years so much tea came into the country that the price fell and many people could afford to buy it.
At the same time people on the Continent were becoming more and more fond of tea. Until then tea had been drunk without milk in it, but one day a famous French lady named Madame de Sevigne decided to see what tea tasted like when milk was added. She found it so pleasant that she would never again drink it without milk. Because she was such a great lady that her friends thought they must copy everything she did, they also drank their tea with milk in it. Slowly this habit spread until it reached England and today only very few Britons drink tea without milk.
At first, tea was usually drunk after dinner in the evening. No one ever thought of drinking tea in the afternoon until a duchess（公爵夫人）found that a cup of tea and a piece of cake at three or four o’clock stopped her getting “a sinking feeling” as she called it. She invited her friends to have this new meal with her and so, tea-time was born .
1.This passage mainly discusses .
A. the history of tea drinking in Britain
B. how tea became a popular drink in Britain
C. how the Britons got the habit of drinking tea
D. how tea-time was born
2.Tea became a popular drink in Britain .
A. in the sixteenth century
B. in the seventeenth century
C. in the eighteenth century
D. in the late seventeenth century
3.We may infer from the passage that the habit of drinking tea in Britain was mostly due to the influence of .
A. a famous French lady
B. the ancient Chinese
C. the upper(上层的) social class
D. people in Holland
Some years ago when I was in my first year in college, I heard Salome Bey sing for the first time. The moment was exciting. Salome’s _________ filled the room and brought the theater to life. I was so _________ that I decided to write an article about her.
I _________ Salome Bey, telling her I was from Essence magazine, and that I wanted to meet her to talk about her career. She _________ and told me to come to her studio next Tuesday. When I hung up, I was scared out of mind. I _________ I was lying. I was not a writer at all and hadn’t even written a grocery list.
I interviewed Salome Bey the next Tuesday. I sat there _________, taking notes and asking questions that all began with, “Can you tell me. . . ? ”I soon realized that _________Salome Bey was one thing, but writing a story for a national magazine was just impossible. The _________ was almost unbearable. I struggled for days _________ draft(草稿)after draft. Finally I put my manuscript(手稿)into a large envelope and dropped it into a mailbox.
It didn’t take long. My manuscript_________. How stupid of me! I thought. How could I_________ in a world of professional writers? Knowing I couldn’t_________the rejection letter, I threw the unopened envelope into a drawer.
Five years later, I was moving to California. While_________my apartment, I came across the unopened envelope. This time I opened it and read the editor’s letter in _________:
Your story on Salome Bey is fantastic. Yet we need some_________materials. Please add those and return the article immediately. We would like to_________your story soon.
Shocked, it took me a long time to_________ . Fear of rejection cost me greatly. I lost at least five hundred dollars and the chance of having my article appear in a major magazine. More importantly, I lost years of _________writing. Today, I have become a full-time writer. Looking back on this _________, I learned a very important lesson: You can’t _________to doubt yourself.
1.A. joy B. voice C. speech D. smile
2.A. proud B. active C. satisfied D. moved
3.A. visited B. emailed C. phoned D. interviewed
4.A. agreed B. refused C. hesitated D. paused
5.A. replied B. discovered C. explained D. knew
6.A. seriously B. patiently C. nervously D. quietly
7.A. blaming B. fooling C. inviting D. urging
8.A. hardship B. Failure C. comment D. pressure
9.A. with B. by C. on D. in
10.A. disappeared B. returned C. spread D. improved
11.A. compare B. Struggle C. survive D. compete
12.A. ignore B. deliver C. face D. receive
13.A. decorating B. repairing C. cleaning D. leaving
14.A. surprise B. anxiety C. horror D. trouble
15.A. subjective B. detailed C. private D. complex
16.A. broadcast B. create C. publish D. assess
17.A. recover B. prepare C. escape D. concentrate
18.A. energetic B. Endless C. typical D. enjoyable
19.A. experience B. Success C. benefit D. accident
20.A. attempt B. afford C. expect D. pretend
Making Peace with Your Parents
As a teen, you are going through big changes physically and mentally. Your interests are expanding（增加；扩大） 1. .
Here is the challenge: Kids need to explore the world in new ways, and parents need to protect them from the dangers that are all out in that world. These conflicts（冲突）can easily set off fireworks in otherwise calm house. Sometimes conflicts can’t be avoided. But by paying attention to the building blocks of successful relationships, you can work towards making home a happy and healthy place for you and your parents.
For instance, try to find a time to talk when your parents are not angry, tired, distracted , or hungry. A good time to talk is when you are all relaxed. Timing is everything. If the conversation begins to turn into an argument, you’d better calmly and coolly ask to stop the conversation----for now. 2. Listen to what your parents are saying, and repeat it back to them. This shows them that you’re listening. 3. .
Respect is the building block of good communication. People who respect each other and care about each other’s feelings can disagree without getting things ugly.
4. How do you build trust? Trust comes by actually doing what you say you’re going to do. Some teens find that doing fun activities with their parents can improve their relationships. Sometimes we forget that parents are more than rule-makers----they’re interesting people who like to watch movies and go shopping----just like their teenagers!
What do you do if you are trying your best, but your relationship with your parents continues to be rocky（难以维持的；不稳定的）? 5. You can find supportive adults, such as a teacher or a coach, who can lead an ear.
Remember you can only change your own behavior. Your parents are the only ones who can change theirs.
A. It also gives them a chance to clear things up if you’re not on the same page.
B. You can pick it up again when everyone’s more relaxed.
C. And then you will be able to accept what your parents say.
D. Faced with the challenge, children don’t know what to do.
E. You are more likely to get along with your parents and have more independence if your parents believe in you.
F. And your desire to take control of your own life is growing.
G. You may consider seeking outside help.
A young American woman worked in a school in Shanghai． _________ she came to China，she knew little about the Chinese culture of language． One day on her way to school，she went to a bank _________ (draw) some money．To _________ surprise，the bank clerk(职员) asked her if she had had her lunch．She was surprised at such _________ question because in the American culture it would mean that the bank clerk is inviting her to lunch．Between unmarried young people it can also mean the young man’s interest in dating the girl．Since this bank clerk _________ a stranger to the American woman，she was very puzzled(困惑的)，and quickly answered that she _________ (eat) already．After this she went on to school and was even _________ surprised when one of the teachers asked her the same question．
By now she understood that it could not be an _________ (invite) but was puzzled as to why they asked it．In the following days she was asked the same question again and again and she spent many hours _________ (try) to work out why so many people kept asking her this．At last she thought that these people must be _________ (concern) about her health．She was rather thin at the time，and she thought they must be worrying that she was not eating well!
In fact the question like that has no real meaning at all — it is only a greeting．
My brother and I were alone at home because my parents had gone for a meeting and they had left me in charge. I was doing my homework while my younger brother was watching TV. Suddenly the doorbell rang. My younger brother rushed to the door thinking that our parents had come home, he unlocked the door and opened it.
Outside stood a tall man wearing a black raincoat and black rubber boots. He said he was a salesman and asked politely if out mother or father was at home.
Without thinking, my brother said:” No.” He asked if we would like to buy some comic books which he was selling. I quickly explained that we were not supposed to buy anything without our parent’s permission.
Then, as I was about to close the door, he forced his way into our house. He took out a knife and forced me to tie up my brother’s hands with some rope which he took out form his pocket. I tied up his hands but tied it in a special way so my brother could untie himself. The man then tied my hands up and locked both of us in the kitchen.
Soon, the went upstairs to search the bedroom for valuables. I managed to teach my brother to untie the rope on the his hands. He then untied me. I rushed to the telephone to call the police, but the line was dead. The doors were all locked from the outside and I did not have the keys to unlock them. Luckily, the robber forgot to lock the kitchen window. My brother managed to get out of the house through the window and I told him to go to the police station nearby and call for help.
1.Daisy had always longed to help e______________ species of wildlife.
2.An antelope said sadly, “We are being killed for the wool beneath our s__________ .”
3.It is said that the drug c__________ a powerful function has much effect on human beings.
4.Weather p ____________, we will go hiking next week.
5.I am native to Zhuji so I am f _____________ with almost every street in the city.
6.When I entered the classroom, the naughty boy p____________to be reading the book.
7.In the old society, thousands of people s__________ to death for lack of food.
8.During the Qingming Festival, people show respect for their dead a_____________.
9.Since the i_____________from UK, America has been developing very fast.
10.Although we are close friends, I don’t share her r___________beliefs
1.Our government set up a museum________________the people who died in the war.
2.___________________each other on April Fool’s Day is not our custom that we shouldn’t advocate.
3.Our English teacher is so busy with his work that he spends little time __________________
his own child.
4.The tourist _________________the breathtaking scenery of the West Lake in spring and forgot to go home.
5.We________________ Torreya Grandis Ridge with our teachers’ accompany on April 9.
6.The old picture_________me_________the sweet memory at university.
7.I promised to give my daughter a gift and I must _______________.
8.My mother often _________the importance _________being an upright person.
9.It was half past seven in the morning and one of my classmates finally________________at the school gate.
10.The day I have been comes at last.
Paragraph 1:After a while, my brother brought the police to our house.
Paragraph 2:By the time my parents had come home, they lectured us that,