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2015-2016学年新疆兵团农二师华山中学高一下期中英语卷(解析版)
一、阅读理解
详细信息
1. 难度:中等

Letter One

Dear Editor,

After I finish my homework, I often go online and chat with my friends. Sometimes I play Internet games. But my parents hate to see me playing games on the computer. Maybe they have heard too much news about how QQ and Internet games harm children. Once I went to a net bar to play games after school. But after that I told my parents that I was playing basketball at school. I said so because I didn’t want to make them unhappy. I feel bad about it. However, I need to rest for a while by playing computer games after studying for a long time. I really want my parents to understand that. Do foreign parents do the same to their children? Please help me.

Li Ping, Nantong

Letter Two

Dear Li Ping,

I think it’s not strange for parents to keep their children away from anything bad. Foreign parents will do the same as your parents! They may not let their children watch TV for too long a time, or like your parents, they don’t want their children to play computer games.

Talk to your parents and be honest to them, I think. Tell them what you are doing and why you are doing so to make them understand you. It’s never good to do things behind your parents’ backs. They aren’t fools as you think sometimes! Our parents seem to know what is the best for us. Remember: to be honest is the best way.

Good luck,

Rebecca

1.From the passage we can learn that Li Ping often ________.

A.talks to his friends on the Internet

B.plays basketball after school

C.plays computer games at home

D. chats online before doing his homework

2.The boy goes online _____.

A. to get news about QQ

B. just to have a rest

C. to show that he hates study

D. just to find some friends

3.The underlined sentence in Letter Two means “ _____ ”.

A. You must do everything in front of your parents

B. You must always listen to your parents carefully

C. You should tell your parents what you do before or after doing it

D. You should not do anything to make your parents worry about you

4.The editor thinks _____.

A. children should play computer games secretly

B. playing computer games can be very helpful to children’s studies

C. children should be honest and try to make their parents understand them

D. foreign parents don’t care for their children as much as Chinese parents

 

详细信息
2. 难度:中等

On Nov.18th,1908, three men went up in a balloon. They started early in London. The headman was Augusta Gaudron, and the other two men were Tannar and Maitland. They had a big balloon and they were ready for a long way.

Soon they heard the sea. They were carrying the usual rope, and it was hanging down from the basket of the balloon. At the end of the rope they had tied a metal box. This could hold water, or it could be empty. So they were able to change its weight. It was for use over the sea. They were also carrying some bags of sand.

After the sun rose, the balloon went higher. It went up to 3,000 metres, and the air was very cold. The water in the balloon became ice. Snow fell past the men's basket, and they could see more snow on the ground. The men tried to throw out some more sand; but it was hard. They tried to break the icy sand with their knives, but it was not easy. The work was slow and they were still falling, so they had to drop some whole bags of sand. One of them fell on an icy lake and made a black hole in the ice.

At last they pulled the box into the basket. It was still snowing; so they climbed to get away from the snow. They rose to 5,100 metres! Everything became icy. They were so cold that they decided to land. They came down in Poland heavily but safely. They had travelled 1,797 kilometers from London!

1.Three men flew in balloon ________.

A. for nearly 1,800 kilometers

B. to another city

C. to visit Poland

D. more than a century ago

2.The metal box was used for ________.

A. carrying the bags of sand

B. keeping drinking-water

C. carrying ropes of the basket

D. changing weight

3.When the balloon went up higher, ________.

A. the temperature of the balloon began to fall

B. They saw the sun go down

C. They made a hole in the basket with their knives

D. They could see a black hole on the ground

4.Which of the following is NOT true?________

A. The three men started their journey before the sun rose.

B. The balloon began to go up when they threw bags of sand out of the basket.

C. When they pulled the box into the basket, the balloon began to climb up.

D. The three men had to land because they felt cold.

 

详细信息
3. 难度:简单

People can be addicted to(沉溺于) different things — e.g. alcohol, drug, certain foods, or even television. People who have such an addiction are compulsive(强迫的):They have a very powerful psychological(心理上的)need that they feel they must satisfy. According to psychologists, many people are compulsive spenders. They feel that they must spend money. This compulsion, like most others, is impossible to explain reasonably. For compulsive spenders who buy on credit(以赊欠方式), charge accounts are even more exciting than money. In other words, compulsive spenders feel that with credit, they can do anything. Their pleasure in spending large amounts is actually greater than the pleasure that they get from the things they buy.

There is even a special psychology of bargain hunting. To save money, of course, most people look for sales, low prices, and discounts. Compulsive bargain hunters, however, often buy things that they don’t need just because they are cheap. They want to believe that they are helping their budgets(预算), but they are really playing an exciting game. When they can buy something for less than other people, they feel that they are winning. Most people, experts claim, have two reasons for their behavior: a good reason for the things that they do and the real reason.

It is not only scientists, of course, who understand the psychology of spending habits, but also business people. Stores, companies, and advertisers use psychology to increase business. They consider people’s needs for love, power, or influence, their basic values, their beliefs and opinions, and so on in their advertising and sales methods. Psychologists often use a method called “behavior therapy(疗法)” to help individuals solve their personality problems. In the same way, they can help people who feel that they have problems with money.

1.According to the psychologists, a compulsive spender is one who spends large amounts of money___.

A. and takes great pleasure from what he or she buys

B. in order to satisfy his or her basic needs in life

C. just to meet his or her strong psychological need

D. and feels he or she is cheated

2.Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the text?

A. People spend money for exactly the same reason that they need to buy things.

B. Business people and advertisers can use the psychology of people’s spending habits to increase sales.

C. Business people understand the psychology of compulsive buying better than scientists do.

D. Compulsive bargain hunters do not have problems with money.

3.What is the text mainly about?

A. The psychology of money-spending habits.

B. The habits of compulsive spenders.

C. A special psychology of bargain hunting.

D. The use of the psychology of spending habits in business.

4.From the text we may safely conclude that compulsive spenders or compulsive bargain hunters _____.

A. are really unreasonable

B. need special treatment

C. are really beyond drugs

D. can never get any help to solve their problems with money

 

详细信息
4. 难度:中等

Wonderful Museum

Hours

Monday – Thursday: 10:00 am – 5:00 pm

Friday: 10:00 am – 8:00 pm

Saturday: 10:00 am – 5:00 pm

Sunday: 11:00 am – 5:00 pm

Closed on Thanksgiving Day and Christmas Day.

The Museum Shop is open during regular museum hours.

The Museum Library

Monday –Friday: 10:00 am – 5:00 pm

The Skyliner Restaurant

Monday - Saturday: during regular museum hours

Sunday: 11:30 am – 5:00 pm

Admission

Adults:$7.00

The aged and students with ID: $6.00

Wonderful Museum offers a 50% discount to groups of 20 or more.

1.Wonderful Museum usually opens ____ except on Thanksgiving Day and Christmas Day.

A. from Monday to Thursday                        B. every day

C. every day of the week                          D. on weekdays

2. If a group of 30 students with ID visit Wonderful Museum, how much should they pay for the admission?

A. $105.                B. $90.            C. $210.             D.$180.

3.If you want to invite your friends to dinner on Friday, you have to reach the Skyliner Restaurant ____.

A. after 8:00 pm         B. at 6:00 am

C. after 10:00 pm        D. before 8:00 pm

 

二、七选五
详细信息
5. 难度:中等

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Everyone can’t live without money. ____1.__ However, money cannot buy everything. You can’t buy the following things only relying on money you have.

Time

Money is a tool for trade. We spend most of our time on this earth getting, spending, worrying and fantasying about money. __2._ Instead, money takes away your time that could have been spent playing with your children or having a long walk with your friends. When the sun sets, a day goes away from our life forever. No money has power to bring that back to life.

Self-respect

There are a lot of examples to prove that no money can buy self-respect. __3.__ If you are your worst enemy, gods of money can’t save you from the self-destruction you add to yourself.

Health

As I write this, I found out that one of my best friends has brain cancer, and it is in the last period. __4.__ But no money can buy insurance for his life. We buy insurance for just about everything including our life but money can never bring life back.

Happiness

This is controversial(有争议的). Money can buy happiness if it is spent bringing greater financial safety for the family. __5._  Going after money every day can never find its destination with frequent eagerness to get more .

A. Show your respect for others.

B. Self-respect is got from within.

C. Money can buy a lot of things.

D. You can’t buy the time or save it in your storeroom.

E. Of course money can get him the best health care possible.

F. So you should not try your best to earn money without caring about your health.

G. But money can’t buy happiness if the purpose is to make money to make other people happy.

 

三、完形填空
详细信息
6. 难度:中等

完形填空

阅读下面短文。从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

Each of us has goals for life. Some of these may be long-term (长期的) or_________ lifetime ones, and other dreams or wishes for more immediate satisfaction.

Just as you _________  great pleasure when you’re trying to  _________ short-term goals, there’s also power in having long-term and lifetime goals. Both _________ are valuable and serve each other. In order to be_________  in achieving a short- or long-term wish or goal, you must place your focus on the _________  result and train your mind on either a moment-to-moment, day-to-day, month-to-month, or year-to-year level.

For example, _________  a farmer is to plow (耕地) a straight line, he must keep his eye on a faraway point. If his attention is  _________ just a few feet in front of him, he will not plow straight. So, in order for his field to be plowed straight, he must _________ and focus on his long-term goal.

Focusing on a long-term goal can _________ the energy to get things done in the_________. For instance, when a runner sets a(n) _________to run a mile, he’ll _________ be tired when he _________  the one-mile mark. _________ if this same runner sets a goal to run ten miles, he probably won’t even be sweating (出汗) upon _________  this same one-mile mark. If this very same runner was to set a goal to run 26 miles and keep his mind on the completion of this long  _________ , not only wouldn’t he be sweating, but most likely he wouldn’t even be out of breath as he ran by the _________ mark.

Long-term goals, _________ , can’t be achieved without first achieving _________goals. We may have a goal to climb a ladder (梯子), but we have to take one step at a time in order to reach the top.

1.A. even                 B. just           C.also             D.rather

2.A. understand           B. experience     C. explain         D. welcome

3.A. set                  B. keep           C. prevent        D. achieve

4.A. terms                B. dreams         C. types           D. thoughts

5.A. successful           B. special      C. interested      D. different

6.A. important            B. certain        C. final          D. happy

7.A. if                   B. when           C. although        D.because

8.A. received             B. attracted      C. directed        D. paid

9.A. correct              B. forget         C. believe        D. know

10.A. choose             B. influence      C. report         D. provide

11.A. dark               B. present        C. end             D. future

12.A. date               B. story          C. goal            D. example

13.A. probably           B. personally     C. partly         D. quietly

14.A. remembers           B. reaches       C. discovers      D. records

15.A. And                B. But           C. So             D. Or

16.A. waiting for        B. searching for  C. preparing      D. passing

17.A. race               B. game          C. drive           D. flight

18.A. twenty-six-mile    B. thirteen-mile C. ten-mile        D. one-mile

19.A. however             B. besides       C. instead         D. therefore

20.A. lifetime            B. short-term     C. common          D. big

 

四、语法填空
详细信息
7. 难度:中等

语法填空。

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

I’m   1.  only child of my parents, so they are worried   2.    everything I do. For example,    3.  I ride my bike, my parents won’t let me    4.   (ride) by myself. They are afraid I might fall off my bike and hurt 5.   . They are taking great trouble to support the bike, with my mother even   6.  (carry) a first-aid box. I’m not free to ride and I often say 7.  (angry), “why not let me ride alone?”

Now, most families have one child. Parents want to do everything for their children. This does no good 8. them. Too much love from parents may prevent children from9.  (be) independent. In my opinion, parents should let their children do__10.__they should do alone.

 

五、短文改错
详细信息
8. 难度:中等

短文改错

假如英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌的以下作文。文中共有10处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号∧,并在此符号下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线\划掉。

修改:在错词下面划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

People are not so honest that they once were. The temptation to steal is greater than ever before ---- especial in large shops. A detective recently watched a well-dressed woman who always went into a large store on Monday mornings. One Monday, there was fewer people in the shop than usual when the woman came in, but it was easier for the detective to watch her. The woman first bought for a few small articles. After a little time, she chose one of the most expensive dressed in the shop and hand it to an assistant who wrapped it up for him as quickly as possible. Then the woman simply took the parcel and walked out to the shop with paying. When she was arrested, the detective found that the shop assistant was her daughter. The girl ‘gave’ her mother the free dress once a week!

 

六、单句改错
详细信息
9. 难度:中等

书面表达

请你根据下面所给的提示描写中国的一个传统节日-----端午节。

1.龙舟节,也叫端午节,是在中国的农历五月初五这一天庆祝。它是中国一个传统的节日.多数中国家庭都庆祝这个节日; 2. 端午节节日起源; 3.庆祝活动:赛龙舟、吃粽子等。

农历  calendar      粽子  rice dumpling

注意:词数:100词左右。

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