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题型:阅读理解
难度:中等

 

    Unusual incidents are being reported across the Arctic. Inuit(因纽特人)families going off on snowmobiles to prepare their summer hunting camps have found themselves cut off from home by a sea of mud .There are also reports of sea ice breaking up earlier than usual, carrying seals beyond the reach of hunters. Climate change may still be a rather abstract (抽象的) idea to most of us ,but in the Arctic it is already having great effects –if summertime ice continues to shrink at its present rate ,the Arctic Ocean could soon become almost ice-free in summer .The knock –on effects(连锁反应)are likely to include more warming, cloudier skies ,and higher sea levels .Scientists are increasingly eager to find out what’s going on in the Arctic.

    For the Inuit the problem is urgent. They live in unsteady balance with one of the toughest environments on earth. Climate change, whatever its causes, is a direct danger to their way of life. Nobody knows the Arctic as well as the locals, which is why they are not content simply to stand back and let outsider experts tell them what’s happening. In Canada, where the Inuit people are trying hard to guard their hard-won autonomy in the country’s newest land, Nunavut, they believe their best hope of survival in this changing environment lies in combining their ancestral knowledge with the best of modern science. This is challenge in itself.

    The Canadian Arctic is a vast , treeless polar desert that’s covered with snow for most of the year. Adventure into this area and you get some idea of the hardships facing anyone who calls this home. Farming is out of the question and nature offers few pickings. Humans first settled in the Arctic a mere 4,500 years ago, surviving by taking advantage of sea fish. The environment tested them to the limits: sometimes the settlers were successful, sometimes they failed and disappeared. But around a thousand years ago, one group appeared that was uniquely well adapted to deal with the Arctic environment. These Thule people moved in from Alaska, bringing dogs, iron tools and the like. They are the ancestors of today’s Inuit people.

1.Which of the following is not likely to be the effect of climate change?

    A.Shorter and shorter summertime.

    B.Ice-free summer around the Arctic.

    C.Higher sea levels.

    D.More cloudy skies.

2.The Inuit people believe the solution to the climate change problem is          .

    A.to change their way of life

    B.to use their ancestral knowledge

    C.to make the best of modem science                 

    D.to use their ancestral knowledge and modern science

3.It can be concluded from the last paragraph that        .

    A.the first settlers in the Arctic survived by taking advantage of sea fish

    B.it’s hard to farm in the Arctic due to the climate change

    C.the ancestors of Inuit people stood out among the settlers

    D.the Thule people from Alaska invented iron tools

4.Which of the following is the best title of this passage?

    A.Climate change and the Inuit

    B.Climate change around the Arctic

    C.Global warming around the world

    D.The Inuit and their ancestors around the world

 

题型:阅读理解
难度:中等

 

Dear College Dean

It is my understanding that this college has received a large donation to be used to enhance (improve) the quality of life for students: expand the bookstore or add computers to the computer lab. It is the tradition of this school to promote education and to be in the vanguard of new technology. That is why I strongly argue in favor of the addition of more computers to the computer lab.

Although expanding the campus bookstore to include CDs, gifts, and a snack bar will give a nicer look to the college, we have to think about a greater goal and a more practical way to enhance the quality of life for students. What do we want for our students and our college? Do we want our college to be known as a place with a great bookstore where you can find CDs and gifts, or as a place where the students can explore and research in their field using the best tools provided by technology? In addition, there are already several snack bars on campus, and there are music stores nearby, so students do not depend on the college bookstore for these things.

We live in a highly technological world and computers play an increasingly important role in how we live. As a learning institution, this college has the responsibility to offer its students the best technology to help them prepare for their future. Many students will be expected to be familiar with the latest software and other tools when they go on to work or to graduate school.

While they are in college, students find they are expected to use computers. Many professors expect students to use computers to do homework or to complete projects. Students are asked to create PowerPoint presentations and use spreadsheets and database programs, as well as to research many topics on the Internet. Since students are competing for good grades, those who have limited access to computers are at a great disadvantage. Furthermore, being able to do projects using the computer enhances the process of learning, giving students the opportunity to find information that without a computer would be much more difficult to find.

If there are more computers, students will also be able to complete their work more efficiently. No more will they have to wait in line, paper and disk in hand, while scanning the room for an empty chair and computer. No longer will they have to sit and wait while an outdated computer struggles to follow their commands. Having more new and faster computers available will enable students to finish their work more quickly.

The more computers are used in society the more colleges will depend on them as a tool of teaching and learning. Making computers more available to students facilitates their learning process by making the process easier, more interesting, more engaging, and in the process enhancing their quality of life

1.The purpose of the author in writing the passage is         .

    A.to describe the problems caused by lack of computers

    B.to explain why students are in great need of computers

    C.to tell us what benefits students can gain from computers

    D.to persuade the Dean to purchase more advanced computers

2.From the passage we can infer that          .

    A.present computers in the college cannot meet the demands of the students

    B.computers in the college will be updated to meet the student’s demands soon

    C.the college has the responsibility to help the students to prepare for their future

    D.it is also necessary to expand the college bookstore by using part of the donation

3.In paragraph 4, the author mainly wants to tell us that         .

    A.computers are beneficial to students’ academic success

    B.computers are helpful to student’s competition for success

    C.students find it convenient to do assignments by using computers

    D.students wish to use the money to buy more advanced computers

4.Which of the following shows the organization of the passage?

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CP: Central Point     P: Point    SP: Sub-point(次要点)    C: Conclusion

 

题型:阅读理解
难度:困难

 

Every baby born a decade from now will have its genetic code (基因编码) mapped at birth, the head of the worlds’ leading genome sequencing (基因图谱) company has predicted.

A complete DNA read – out for every newborn will be technically possible and affordable in less than five years, promising a revolution in healthcare, says Jay Flatley, the chief executive of Illumina. Only social and legal problems are likely to delay the age of “genome sequences,” or genetic profiles. By 2019 it will have become routine to map infants’ genes when they are born, Dr Flatly told The Times.

This will open a new approach to medicine, by which conditions such as high blood pressure and heart disease can be predicted and prevented and drugs used more safely and effectively.

A baby’s genome can be discovered at birth by a blood test. By examining a person’s genome, it is possible to identify raised risks of developing diseases such as cancers. Those at high risk can then be screened more regularly, or given drugs or dietary advice to lower their chances of becoming ill.

Personal genomes could also be used to ensure that patients get the medicine that is most likely to work for them and least likely to have side – effects.

The development, however, will raise legal concerns about privacy and access to individuals’ genetic records.

“Bad things can be done with the genome. It could predict something about someone – and you could possibly hand the information to their employer or their insurance company.” said Dr Flatley.

“People have to recognize that this horse is out of the barn, and that your genome probably can’t be protected, because everywhere you go you leave your genome behind. Complete genetic privacy, however, is unlikely to be possible”, he added.

As the benefits become clearer, however, he believes that most people will want their genomes read and interpreted. The risk is nothing compared with the gain.

1.In the first two paragraphs, the author mainly wants to tell us about         .

    A.the significant progress in medicine

    B.the promise of a leading company

    C.the information of babies’ genes   

    D.the research of medical scientists

2.Which of the following is a problem caused by this approach?

    A.The delaying in discovering DNA.

    B.The risk of developing diseases at birth.

    C.The side – effects of medicine on patients.

    D.The letting out of personal genetic information.

3.What does the underlined sentence “… this horse is out of the barn” mean?

    A.Genetic mapping technique has been widely used.

    B.Genetic mapping technique is too horrible to control.

    C.People are eager to improve genetic mapping technique.

    D.people can’t stop genetic mapping technique advancing.

4.What’s Dr Flatley’s attitude towards the technology?

    A.Tolerant.    B.Conservative.    C.Positive.    D.Doubtful.

 

题型:阅读理解
难度:中等

 

A. You and Me, Baby

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Reading level: Baby-Grade 1

Hardcover: 40 pages

Language: English

List Price: $15.95

Price: $12.44 & eligible(有资格的) for FREE Super Saver Shipping on orders over $25.

You Save: $3.51 (22%)

Availability: In Stock. Ships from and sold by Amazon.com. Gift-wrap available.

Only 4 left in stock--order soon (more on the way). Want it delivered Thursday, September 27.

B. Ruff! Ruff! Where's Scruff?

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Reading level: Baby-Preschool

Hardcover: 16 pages

Language: English

Price: $11.16 & eligible for FREE Super Saver Shipping on orders over $25.

Availability: In Stock. Sold by Amazon.com. Gift-wrap available.

Want it delivered Thursday, September 2.

Book Description: It’s bath time for Scruff. But does anyone know where he’s hiding? Have the cows seen him? Moo-no! How about the pigs? Oink-no! Looking for that dog is just too tough! But not for toddlers. If they look carefully, they’ll find Scruff hiding on every pop-up page!

C. The Giving Tree

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Reading level: Ages 4-8

Hardcover: 64 pages

Language: English

Price: $11.55

Availability: Sold all year round and choose One-Day Shipping at checkout.

Book Description: Once there was a tree...and she loved a little boy. Every day the boy would come to the tree to eat her apples, swing from her branches, or slide down her trunk...and the tree was happy.

D. Where the Wild Things Are

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Reading level: Ages 6-10

Hardcover Comic: 62 pages

Language: English

List Price: $16.95

Price: $11.53 & eligible for FREE Super Saver Shipping on orders over $25.

You Save: $5.42 (32%)

Availability: In Stock. Ships from and sold by Amazon.com. Gift-wrap available. Want it delivered Thursday, September 12. Order it at once, and choose One-Day Shipping at checkout.

1.Little Tom who likes to read picture books with a hide-and-seek adventure will be likely to buy _____.

    A. Ruff! Ruff! Where’s Scruff?         B. You and Me, Baby    

    C. The Giving Tree                 D. Where the Wild Things Are

2.How much will you pay if you order three books named Where the Wild Things Are?

    A. $16.26               B$ 75               C. $ 50.58              D. $34.59

3.Which of the following is not true according to the passage?

    A. The language of four kinds of books is English.

    B. Four kinds of books are available at present.

    C. The cover of four kinds of books is hardcover.

    D. The reading level of four kinds of books are the same.

4.Where would this advertisement probably appear?

    A. In a children’s story-book         B. On the front page of a newspaper.

C. On the Internet.                     D. In a popular magazine.

 

题型:阅读理解
难度:中等

 

KANDAHAR, Afghanistan–-- Afghans burned tires and chanted “Death to America” after U.S troops fired Monday(April 12, 2010) on a civilian bus near Kandahar, killing four people and wounding more than a dozen. Afghanistan’s president accused NATO of breaking its commitment to safeguard civilian lives.

The attack angered Afghan officials and the public in Kandahar, the Taliban’s birthplace, and dealt a blow to U.S and NATO efforts to win popular support for a coming offensive to drive the insurgents(叛乱分子) from the biggest city in the south. NATO expressed regret for the loss of civilian lives and said it was investigating.

Nearly 200 Afghans blocked highway where the shooting occurred, burning tires, firing weapons and chanting “Death to America” and other slogans. They also called for the ouster (forcing somebody out of a pasition) of Afghan President Hamid Karzai, a Kandahar native who has been appealing for the people here to support the U.S-led campaign against the Taliban.

“The Americans are constantly killing our civilians and the government is not demanding an explanation,” protester Mohammad Razaq said. “We demand justice from the Karzai government and the punishment of those soldiers responsible.”

Kandahar, a city of about a half million people, is nominally under government control, but the Taliban have stepped up infiltration(浸润), staging attacks and threatening local people.

“These foreigners have their enemies, but killing Afghans is not the answer,” said Abdul Hadi, who sells homemade herbal medicine in a public market. He said international forces should publish a schedule of their patrols(巡逻) so Afghans can keep out of the way.

“Better yet, I would like to see them leave Afghanistan,” he added.

Haji Zahir, who runs a transport firm, said it was time for U.S. and other foreign forces to withdraw from the country.

“They say they want to bring security. It is all lies, lies. They kill Afghans. That is not the way to bring security,” Zahir said.

1.According to the passage, we can safely conclude that        .

A.American soldiers are killing Talibans effectively

B.Anger rises as US troops kill 4 Afghans on a bus

C.NATO expressed great dissatisfaction with American troops

D.Afghan President Hamid Karzai required NATO to withdraw

2.The underlined word in Paragraph 5 nominally most probably means        .

A.completely unknown to the people in the world

B.partially well-known to the people across the globe

C.bearing the name of a famous person around the world

D.officially described as something, when this is not really true

3.As for NATO soldiers’ rude action, Abdul Hadi is        .

A.absolutely angry and upset

B.a little pleased but impatient

C.very angry and dissatisfied

D.impatient but bearable

4.Which statement is true according to the passage?

A.NATO fails to win popular support for a coming offensive.

B.Kandahar is the most important city in Afghanistan.

C.NATO has really brought security to Afghanistan.

D.NATO troops will withdraw from Afghanistan in the near future.

 

题型:完形填空
难度:中等

 

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

Dear son,

The day that you see me old and I am already not in good health, have patience and try to understand me.

If I get dirty when eating, if I can not dress, have patience and remember the hours I   1teaching it to you. If, when I speak to you, I   2the same things thousand and one times, do not   3me, listen to me. When you were small, I had to read to you thousand and one times the same story   4you got to sleep. When I do not want to have a   5, neither shame me nor scold me. Remember when I had to chase you with thousand excuses I   6, in order that you wanted to bathe. When you see my   7little about new technologies, give me the necessary time and do not look at me with your mocking(嘲弄) smile. I taught you   8to do so many things: to eat good, to dress well, to confront life…. When at some moment I lose the memory or the   9of our conversation, let me have the necessary time to remember, and if I cannot do it, do not become nervous, as the most important thing is not our conversation but surely to be with you and to have you   10to me.

If ever I do not want to eat, do not force me. I know well   11I need to and when not. When my   12legs do not allow me to walk, give me your   13, the same way I did when you gave your first   14. And when someday I say to you that I do not want to   15any more ---- that I want to rest forever, do not get angry. Someday you will understand.

Try to understand that my age is not lived but survived. Some day you will discover that,  16my mistakes, I always wanted the   17thing for you and that I tried to prepare the way for you. You must not feel sad, angry or impotent(无可奈何) for seeing me   18you. You must be next to me, try to understand me and to help me as I did it when you   19living. Help me to walk, help me to end my way with love and   20. I will pay you by a smile and by the immense love I have had always for you.

I love you, Son.

Your father

1.A. paid           B. spent            C. cost         D. took

2.A. praise         B. think            C. repeat           D. criticize

3.A. interrupt      B. disturb          C. look         D. avoid

4.A. when           B. after            C. since            D. until

5.A. rest           B. word         C. shower       D. sleep

6.A. discovered     B. invented     C. noticed      D. assumed

7.A. knowing        B. fearing          C. enjoying     D. consulting

8.A. what           B. when         C. how          D. why

9.A. news           B. attitude     C. material     D. thread

10.A. talking           B. listening        C. responding       D. appealing

11.A. where         B. how          C. that         D. when

12.A. tired         B. short            C. long         D. strong

13.A. leg               B. ear          C. hand         D. mind

14.A. step          B. pace         C. laugh            D. cry

15.A. talk          B. live         C. write            D. sleep

16.A. though            B. since            C. while            D. despite

17.A. last          B. first            C. best         D. most

18.A. near          B. behind           C. below            D. against

19.A. made          B. started          C. earned           D. found

20.A. mercy         B. care         C. excuse           D. patience

 

题型:单项填空
难度:中等

 — Could you put off the meeting ?

     . This is the only day everyone is available.

A.No problem       B.Not really       C.It depends       D.It’s up to you

 

题型:单项填空
难度:中等

 If you are unable to attend the interview, for       reason, you should inform us immediately.

A.whatever         B.whichever        C.whose        D.which

 

题型:单项填空
难度:中等

 — Why are there so many people in your village graduating from university?

— In no family       little about the children’s education.

A.care the parents                         B.the parents do care

C.the parents care                         D.do the parents care

 

题型:单项填空
难度:中等

 When travelling in buses or trains, we are likely to have conversations _____ we give information or opinions about different things.     

   A. where         B. which            C. what                  D. when

 

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