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题型:阅读理解
难度:中等

Many animals recognize their food because they see it. So do humans. When you see an apple or a piece of chocolate you know that these are things you can eat. You can also use other senses when you choose your food. You may like it because it smells good or because it tastes good. You may dislike some types of food because they do not look, smell or taste very nice. Different animals use different senses to find and choose their food. A few animals depend on only one of their senses, while most animals use more than one sense.

Although there are many different types of food, some animals spend their lives eating only one type. The giant panda(大熊猫)eats only one particular type of bamboo(竹子). Other animals eat only one type of food even when given the choice. A kind of white butterfly(蝴蝶)will stay on the leaves of a cabbage, even though there are plenty of other vegetables in the garden. However, most animals have a more varied diet(多样化饮食). The bear eats fruits and fish. The fox eats small animals, birds and fruits. The diet of these animals will be different depending on the season.

Humans have a very varied diet. We often eat food because we like it and not because it is good for us. In countries such as France and Britain, people eat foods with too much sugar. This makes them overweight, which is bad for their health. Eating too much red meat and animal products, such as butter, can also be bad for the health. Choosing the right food, therefore, has become an area of study in modern life.

1.We can infer from the text that humans and animals _________.

A. depend on one sense in choosing food    

B. are not satisfied with their food

C. choose food in similar ways            

D. eat entirely different food

2.Which of the following eats only one type of food?

A. The white butterfly.   B. The small bird. 

C. The bear.             D. The fox.

3.Certain animals change their choice of food when ___________.

A. the season changes                      

B. the food color changes

C. they move to different places           

D. they are attracted by different smells

4.We can learn from the last paragraph that __________.

A. food is chosen for a good reason    

B. French and British food is good

C. some people have few choices of food 

D. some people care little about healthy diet

 

题型:阅读理解
难度:中等

Children and teenagers who spend lots of time in front of screens---especially TVs---满分5(www.manfen5.com)--教育资源门户,提供试卷、教案、课件、论文、素材及各类教学资源下载,还有大量而丰富的教学相关资讯!are   easier to get more weight as they grow, according to a new study.

The findings agree with the research suggesting all that inactive sitting and always watching   advertisements may lead to poor eating habits.

Researchers used results from a long-term study of children who took part in the surveys every two years. Children were between ages 9 and 16 when the study started. Out of 4,300 girls in the   study, 17 percent were overweight or obese(肥胖的). Twenty-four percent of the 3,500 boys   were also above a healthy weight.

The surveys included questions about their height and weight as well as how much time they spent watching TV and DVDs and play满分5(www.manfen5.com)--教育资源门户,提供试卷、教案、课件、论文、素材及各类教学资源下载,还有大量而丰富的教学相关资讯!ing computer and video games.

From one survey to the next, each one-hour increase in children’s daily TV watching was in connection with an increase of about 0.1 points on a body mass index (BMI)(体质指数), which measures weight in connection with height. There’s an increase of about 满分5(www.manfen5.com)--教育资源门户,提供试卷、教案、课件、论文、素材及各类教学资源下载,还有大量而丰富的教学相关资讯!half a pound in weight per extra hour of TV.

“The weight of the evidence is so strong that television watching is connected with unhealthy changes in weight among youth,” says Jennifer Falbe, who led the study while at the Harvard School of Public Health in Boston.

“It's important for parents to know that all the obesity-causing(引起肥胖的)screens really should be limited in their children's lives.” Falbe says. “When children watch TV, there are many food advertisements on TV that might lead them to eat a cookie or drink a soft drink.” What's more, she says, “they can get into a hibernating(冬眠) state on the sofa, even if children are sitting down while playing a computer game.”

1.Which of the following statements can be the best title for the text?

A. A new study on screens.               

B. TVs do harm to children.

C. The less TV time, the fatter.            

D. Too much screen time leads to obesity.

2. How many children took part in the study?

A. 4,300         B. 3,500          

C. 7,800           D. 9,800

3.According to the study, one extra hour screen time will cause children about ______ pound

fatter.

A. 0.1            B. 0.5          

C. 0.3           D. 0.7

4.According to Falbe , what should parents do to stop children getting fat?

A. Limiting the time of children watching TV.

B. Buying children food advertised on TV.

C. Not allowing children to watch TV.

D. Encouraging children to play computer games.

 

题型:完形填空
难度:中等

Exam anxiety is something that almost every person experiences during his or her student life. Little anxiety actually helps one     and work hard for the exams. However, if students spend all their time in feeling     , a lot of valuable study time would be lost.

In this competitive world,     cause a lot of nervousness in students. For some, exam anxiety encourages them to work hard, while for others it may be the root cause for poor performance, leading to academic     and lack of confidence. In fact, some students are anxious by nature and easily get nervous when they face a(n)   situation. They will think      even if they have prepared well. They fear that they may       what they have studied, and when it is too much, their     is likely to come true.

One of the most important methods of     exam anxiety is to prepare well in advance. Studying regularly for a few hours every day helps increase the     of students. If students are not able to handle anxiety or nervousness, they could talk to their teachers, parents, friends or instructors.     should also avoid giving pressure to their kids to do well. Creating a peaceful and     atmosphere at home can be greatly helpful.

To     and sleep properly is also important. Students tend to avoid sleep and starve themselves due to anxiety, but it is     to their academic performance and health. It’s better that students should plan their time well and take proper breaks between studies. They should always remember to set aside some time for their   since some entertainment helps them relax and concentrate.

1.A.concentrateB.relax              C.succeed              D.experience

2.A.curious              B.confident              C.anxious              D.calm

3.A.plans              B.breaks              C.jobs              D.exams

4.A.failure              B.achievement              C.preparation              D.performance

5.A.peaceful              B.stressful              C.natural              D.avoidable

6.A.positively              B.confidently              C.intentionally              D.negatively

7.A.remember              B.forget              C.confuse              D.lose

8.A.fear              B.dream              C.expectation              D.competition

9.A.increasing              B.feeling              C.avoiding              D.creating

10.A.relaxation              B.pressure              C.nervousness              D.confidence

11.A.Teachers              B.Parents              C.Friends              D.Instructors

12.A.relaxing              B.exciting              C.depressing              D.worrying

13.A.learn              B.play              C.rest              D.eat

14.A.helpful              B.harmful              C.important              D.nice

15.A.studies              B.habits              C.hobbies              D.meals

 

题型:阅读理解
难度:中等

Good health is the most valuable thing a person can have, but one cannot take good health for granted. It is important to remember that the body needs proper care in order to be healthy. There are three things that a person can do to help stay in good shape: eat right food ,get enough sleep, and exercise regularly.

Proper nutrition (营养) is important for good health. Your body cannot work well unless it receives the proper kind of “fuel”(燃料).Don't eat too much food with lots of sugar and fat. Eat plenty of foods high in protein (蛋白质) ,like meat, fish, eggs and nuts. Vegetables and fruits are very important because they provide necessary vitamins (维他命) and minerals. However, don't overeat. It is not helpful to be overweight.

Getting the proper amount of sleep is also important. If you don't get enough sleep, you feel tired and easily get angry. You have no energy. Over a long period of time a little a amount of sleep may even result in a change of personality (人的个性).Be sure to allow yourself from seven to nine hours of sleep each night. If you do, your body will feel strong and refreshed, and your mind will be sharp.

Finally, get plenty of exercise. Exercise firms the body, strengthens the muscles, and prevents you from gaining weight. It also improves your heart and lungs. If you follow a regular exercise program, you will probably increase your life-span (寿命).Any kind of exercise is good. Most sports are excellent for keeping the body in good shapes: basketball, swimming, bicycling, running and so on are good examples. Sports are not only good for your body, but they are enjoyable and interesting, too.

If everybody, were to eat the right foods, get plenty of sleep and exercise regularly, the world would be a happier and healthier place. We would all live to be much older and wiser.

1.In order to keep good health, ___________ .

A. we should eat a lot of sweets

B. one needs a large amount of fat

C. people should eat according to the foods nutrition

D. we must try to sleep now and then

2.. Eating more and sleeping less________.

A. can keep healthy               B. is no good for you

C. gets you more energy           D. will keep your personality

3..The title of the article should be___________ .

A. Eating and Exercising           B. How Vitamins Work in Man's Body

C. Staying Healthy                 D. Sleeping Well

 

题型:阅读理解
难度:中等

Depressed people can be very difficult to be around,and yet they need more than the usual amount of support and understanding from their friends and family.

The anger and lack of concern that a depressed person may have for people close to him or her can be very disturbing to someone who's trying to help.At such times,the sincerity of a friend or a family member is questioned when the depressed person doesn't feel worthy of someone's friendship.Withdrawal from others can make it nearly impossible to encourage a depressed person to enter into activities that may help pull him or her out of the depression.

It is frequently difficult for a depressed person to carry on a conversation.Attempts to help may be met with defensiveness and verbal attacks.While being supportive and understanding,the friend of a family member must be careful not to do too many things for the depressed person.There is a very thin line between being supportive and being overly protective.Too much“doing for” can be a disservice(帮倒忙).

You can best help a friend or relative who is depressed by considering the following points:

Do not moralize.Don't pressure him or her to “put on a happy face,” or to “snap out of it.” Often the person will feel even worse after hearing such words.

When you are alone with your depressed friend,you might say something like,“I've noticed lately that you seem down.I care about you and would like to listen to what you're thinking about.” Then be a good listener.

Don't say,“I know exactly how you feel.” You probably don't.But if you've had similar experiences,sharing those may help.Say things like,“This happened to me.It might help you.” Or “I know some of what you must be feeling.”

Urge him or her to get professional help if necessary.Offer to accompany your friend on the first visit if it will be easier for the person.

1..The above passage is mainly intended for ________.

A.a doctor who works with a depressed person

B.a depressed person

C.one who lives with a depressed person

D.an expert who gives advice to a depressed person

2.Too much “doing for” can ________.

A.cause more severe depression

B.give the depressed person courage

C.result in defensiveness from the depressed person

D.be of no help to the depressed person

3.What are you advised to say to a depressed person?

A.Try to look happy and you'll be better.

B.I know exactly how you feel.

C.I had a similar experience.And it might help you.

D.Cheer up and get rid of your depression.

4.We can infer from the second paragraph that a depressed person ________.

A.is willing to appreciate the sincerity of a friend or a family member

B.has a sense of pride of his own

C.may do something unreasonable to your friendship

D.is likely to doubt the purpose of a friend or family member

 

题型:阅读理解
难度:中等

People are overweight for many reasons, the most important one of which is that they eat the wrong foods, get the wrong types of calories per meal, and they also eat meals at the wrong time each day. Food is more powerful than any weight loss pill(减肥药), because the food that you eat can either make you thin or fat. This is true because your body is like an engine, and it only needs certain foods at certain intervals(间隔)each day. Low-calorie Diets Do Not Work
      The reason people cannot lose weight by starving themselves is that their metabolism(新陈代谢)will detect any major drop in calories and it will then adjust(调整)itself by burning fewer calories each day. That is the reason why you can eat 1,000 calories per day and not lose any weight, while your friends can eat 2,500 calories per day and not gain any weight.

Low-fat Diets Do Not Work
     Many people in tod满分5(www.manfen5.com)--教育资源门户,提供试卷、教案、课件、论文、素材及各类教学资源下载,还有大量而丰富的教学相关资讯!ay’s society are buying mostly low- fat or non-fat food at the grocery store. Everybody knows how much fat is inside the food they buy. However, people are getting fatter than ever before by doing this. They are not losing weight by changing to this low fat lifestyle.
     Losing weight has nothing to do with these things. One of the most important things you can do to control your weight is to eat the proper foods, such as fruit and vegetables, eat them at the right time, and exercise every day. If people make this a habit, they will lose weight.

1.What is the main reason why people are overweight?
A. They eat the wrong foods at the wrong time.

B. They eat food with lots of calories.

C. They don’t take any weight loss pills.
D. They burn many calories every day.

2.The article is written in order to _______.
A. tell readers not to buy low-fat or non-fat food

B. tell readers how to lose weight

C. tell readers about an important scientific discovery

D. call on people to lose weight and stay healthy
3.To realize the aim of your weight loss plan, you should ________.

a. do exercise every day

b. eat meals at the right time

c. eat fruits and vegetables

d. eat low-fat or sweet food

e. eat the proper foods at each meal

A. a, b, c, d    B. a, b, d, e     C. a, c, d, e    D. a, b, c, e

 

题型:阅读理解
难度:中等

There have always been a lot of commonly believed but false ideas about being fat and doing exercise. Some people believe that they cant help putting on weight as they get older, while others hold that if they stop exercising, their muscles will turn into fat. Here are some more myths:

Ill never lose weight --- I come from a fat family

Wrong! While we cant change the body type we are born with, we cant blame our genes for making us fat. Theres plenty of evidence that fatness runs in families, and the main reason is that they share the same habits of eating too much and exercise too little.

I am fat because I burn calories slowly

Wrong! Fatness is not caused by a slow metabolism(新陈代谢). If fact, although fat people consume more energy that slim people, they also fail to realize how much they eat! Keeping a diary can help you work out your daily food intake more accurately.

Exercise is boring

Wrong! Anything will become boring if you do it repetitively. The key is to develop a balanced and varied program thats fun as well as progressive. If you enjoy a Sunday walk, take a different route. If you do Yoga, try a tai chi class. If you like swimming, set yourself a distance or time challenge.

No pain, no gain

Wrong! Exercise is not meant to hurt. Indeed, pain is your body telling you somethings wrong, and continuing to exercise could lead to serious injury. You may experience mild discomfort as you begin to exercise regularly, but this your body adapting to the positive changes in your lifestyle and the aches should disappear relatively quickly. If you dont, rest and seek medical advice.

1.What does the author think about being fat?

A. It is the family genes that make people fat.

B. People are fat because they consume too little energy.

C. A diary of exercise can prevent people from becoming fat.

D. It is the consequence of peoples unbalanced lifestyle.

2.According to the author, how can we make exercise more interesting?

A. By taking varied exercise.         

B. By choosing simple exercise.

C. By doing regular exercise.         

D. By sticking to outdoor exercise.

3.What is the authors opinion about No pain, no gain in exercising?

A. Keeping fit is essentially a painful experience.

B. Exercise should be stopped if continuous pain is felt.

C. Pain in exercise is a precondition for reaching your goal.

D. Getting used to pain leads to positive changes in your body.

4.What is the purpose of the passage?

A. To declare the importance of keeping fit.

B. To clarify some misconceptions about fatness and exercise.

C. To confirm what has long been believed about keeping fit.

D. To explain some medical facts about being fat and doing exercise.

 

题型:完形填空
难度:中等

Research has shown that two-thirds of human conversation is taken up not with discussion of the cultural or political problems of the day, not heated debates about films we've just watched or books we've just finished reading, but plain and simple ____.

Language is our greatest treasure as a species, and what do we ____ do with it? We gossip. About others' behaviour and private lives, such as who's doing what with whom, who's in and who's out-and why; how to deal with difficult ____ situations involving children, lovers, and colleagues.

So why are we keen on gossiping? Are we just natural ____, of both time and words? Or do we talk a lot about nothing in particular simply to avoid facing up to the really important issues of life? It's not the case according to Professor Robin Dunbar. In fact, in his latest book, Grooming, Gossip and the Evolution of Language, the psychologist says gossip is one of these really____issues.

Dunbar ____ the traditional view that language was developed by the men at the early stage of social development in order to organize their manly hunting activities more effectively, or even to promote the exchange of poetic stories about their origins and the supernatural. Instead he suggests that language evolved among women. We don't spend two-thirds of our time gossiping just because we can talk, argues Dunbar—____, he goes on to say, language evolved specifically to allow us to gossip.

Dunbar arrived at his cheery theory by studying the ____ of the higher primates(灵长类动物)like monkeys. By means of grooming--cleaning the fur by brushing it, monkeys form groups with other individuals on whom they can rely for support in the event of some kind of conflict within the group or____ from outside it.

As we human beings evolve from a particular branch of the primate family, Dunbar ____ that at one time in our history we did much the same. Grouping together made sense because the bigger the group, the greater the ____ it provided; on the other hand, the bigger the group, the greater the stresses of living close to others. Grooming helped to ____ the pressure and calm everybody down.

But as the groups got bigger and bigger, the amount of time spent in grooming activities also had to be ____ to maintain its effectiveness. Clearly, a more ____ kind of grooming was needed, and thus language evolved as a kind of vocal(有声的)grooming which allowed humans to develop relationship with ever-larger groups by exchanging information over a wider network of individuals than would be possible by one-to-one ____ contact.

1.A. claim                        B. description                      C. gossip                          D. language

2.A. occasionally                B. habitually                       C. independently                   D. originally

3.A. social                      B. political                        C. historical                      D. cultural

4.A. admirers                    B. masters                         C. users                          D. wasters

5.A. vital           B. sensitive                       C. ideal                          D. difficult

6.A. confirms                    B. rejects                         C. outlines                       D. broadens

7.A. for instance                  B. in addition                    C. on the contrary                   D. as a result

8.A. motivation      B. appearance                      C. emotion                      D. behaviour

9.A. attack          B. contact                         C. inspection                      D. assistance

10.A. recalls                       B. denies                          C. concludes                     D. confesses

11.A. prospect        B. responsibility                  C. leadership                     D. protection

12.A. measure                     B. show                         C. maintain                       D. ease

13.A. saved                       B. extended                        C. consumed                      D. gained

14.A. common                     B. efficient                       C. scientific                      D. Thoughtful

15.A. indirect                      B. daily                           C. physical                       D. secret

 

题型:阅读理解
难度:中等

"Can I get a light?" This question is among the most common between smokers. What if this question was to come from an unusual source? In April 2014, the National Health Promotion Foundation uploaded an anti-smoking advertisement onto YouTube. The anti-smoking ad has quickly been known as the "most powerful anti-smoking ad."

The anti-smoking video, called the "Smoking Kid," features children walking up to adult smokers asking for a light. The children in the ad are actors but the adults smoking are unsuspecting participants in the project.

The video begins with the statement "adults know that smoking is harmful, but don’t remind themselves of this fact " Once a "smoking kid" approaches the adults, every adult asked is shocked that a child with a cigarette in hand is asking for a light. The first adult starts by saying, "I’m not giving it to you," and the video goes on to state "every adult filmed said no and reminded the children that smoking is bad."

Before going away, the kid hands each adult a booklet after being turned down for a light. The booklet says, "You worry about me, but why not about yourself?" Each adult looks around for the child as their faces are filled with confusion and discomfort.

The video shows that a few of the smokers quickly threw away their cigarettes or put their cigarettes away, showing that this experiment was affective at that moment.

The most influential element in the ad isn't the use of children or the responses from the smoking adults. It comes down to something much simpler than that. Why is it that we worry about other people, forgetting to worry about ourselves?

1. According to the text, the anti-smoking ad is ______.

A. unusual                                          B. shocking                                          C. influential                                           D. encouraging

2.The underlined word "unsuspecting" (in Para. 2) probably means ______

A. uninformed                             B. unwilling                                          C. unfortunate                             D. unacceptable

3. What are the adults,reactions to the children asking for a light?

A. They pay no attention to children's request.

B. They reject kids,request and educate them.

C. They look around for children's parents.

D. They quickly throw children's cigarettes away.

4.The best title of the text might be ______.

A. Give up smoking, for your own sake                             B. Keep away from smoking, adults

C. Tell your children not to smoke                                          D. Reject a child asking for a light

 

题型:阅读理解
难度:中等

Elderly adults who regularly drink green tea may stay more agile (敏捷的) and independent than their peers over time, according to a Japanese study that covered thousands of people.

Green tea contains antioxidant chemicals (抗氧化化学物质) that may help stop the cell damage that can lead to disease.Researchers have been studying green tea’s effect on everything from cholesterol (胆固醇) to the risk of certain cancers,with mixed results so far.

They found those who drank the most green tea were the least likely to develop “functional disability”,or problems with daily activities or basic needs,such as dressing or bathing.

Specifically,almost 13 percent of adults who drank less than a cup of green tea per day became functionally disabled,compared with just over 7 percent of people who drank at least five cups a day.

The study did not prove that green tea alone kept people agile as they grew older.Green tea lovers generally had healthier diets,including more fish,vegetables and fruit,as well as more education,lower smoking rates,fewer heart  attacks and strokes,and greater mental sharpness.They also tended to be more socially active and have more friends and family to rely on.But even with those factors accounted for,green tea itself was tied to a tower disability risk,the researchers said.

People who drank at least five cups a day were one­third less likely to develop disabilities than those who had less than a cup per day.Those people who averaged three or four cups a day had a 25 percent lower risk.

Although it’s not clear how green tea might offer a buffer (缓冲) against disabilities,lead researcher Yasutake Tomata did note that one recent study found green tea extracts (提取物) seem to increase leg muscle strength in older women.

While green tea and its extracts are considered safe in small amounts,they do contain caffeine and small amounts of vitamin K,which means it could affect drugs that prevent blood clotting (凝固).

1.What does the underlined word “peers” mean in the first paragraph?

A.Fathers.

B.Brothers.

C.People of the same age.

D.People living in the same neighborhood.

2.What can be learned from the passage?

A.Antioxidant chemicals can lead to disease.

B.Those who often drink green tea can’t develop “functional disability”.

C.“Functional disability” is related to problems with daily activities or basic needs.

D.People who drink at least five cups a day are not likely to become functionally disabled.

3.What does the fifth paragraph mainly tell us?

A.How the study was proved.

B.Why green tea lovers can keep agile.

C.What healthier diets include.

D.How to lower the disability risk.

4.What has the researcher Yasutake Tomata discovered?

A.Those who drank green tea can’t develop “functional disability”.

B.Green tea alone kept people agile as they grew older.

C.How green tea might offer a buffer against disabilities.

D.Green tea extracts seem to increase leg muscle strength in older women.

5.From the passage we can infer that________.

A.vitamin K is contained in caffeine

B.vitamin K is good for our blood

C.vitamin K is bad for our health

D.vitamin K has influence on some drugs

 

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