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题型:阅读理解
难度:中等

We walked in so quietly that the nurse at the desk didn't even lift her eyes from the book. Mum pointed at a big chair by the door and I knew she wanted me to sit down. While I watched mouth open in surprise, Mum took off her hat and coat and gave them to me to hold. She walked quietly to the small room by the lift and took out a wet mop. She pushed the mop past the desk and as the nurse looked up, Mum nodded and said, "Very dirty floors."

"Yes, I'm glad they've finally decided to clean them, "the nurse answered. She looked at Mum strangely and said, "But aren't you working late?"

Mum just pushed harder, each swipe(拖一下)of the mop taking her farther and farther down the hall. I watched until she was out of sight and the nurse had turned back to writing in the big book.

After a long time Mum came back. Her eyes were shining. She quickly put the mop back and took my hand. As we turned to go out of the door, Mum bowed politely to the nurse and said, "Thank you."

Outside, Mum told me, "Dagmar is fine. No fever. "

"You saw her, Mum?"

"Of course I told her about the hospital rules, and she will not expect us until tomorrow. Dad will stop worrying as well. It's a fine hospital. But such floors! A mop is no good. You need a brush."

1.When she took a mop from the small room what Mum really wanted to do was  .

A. to clean the floor     B. to please the nurse

C. to see a patient      D. to surprise the story-teller

2.When the nurse talked to Mum she thought Mum was a_____.

A. nurse       B. visitor  

C. patient    D. cleaner

3.From the text we know that Dagmar is most likely

A. the story-teller's sister    B. Mum's friend

C. the story-teller's classmate D. Dad's boss

 

题型:阅读理解
难度:中等

Is your family interested in buying a dog? A dog can be a good friend to your family, but if you choose the wrong kind of dog, it can cause you a lot of trouble.

Families should sit down and discuss the problems before buying a dog.Even if the children in your family are the ones who want the dog,the parents are the ones who are really responsible(有责任的) for seeing that the animal is properly cared for.If you don’t know much about dogs,it’s a good idea to go to the library for books about different kinds of dogs,as well as books about how to train a young dog. Dogs of different kinds change in popularity as the years go by. One of the most popular dogs these days is the German shepherd(牧羊犬). This is because it provides protection. The family should be warned that these dogs grow up to be very big, and may he too powerful for children, If your house is not big, a toy dog may be a good choice(选择). These dogs are very small and easy to train. They don’t need to be walked daily.

1.According to the passage, who should take care of the dog?

A. Children.     B. Parents.     

C. Family.      D. Friends.

2.The writer suggests one can get information about the different kinds of dogs           .

A. by reading books about dogs               

B. by buying a dog from a pet shop

C. by watching dogs in a zoo                 

D. by asking some friends

3.The passage is mainly about          .

A. how to take care of dogs                  

B. different kinds of books about dogs

C. how to choose the right dogs for family pets  

D. different kinds of dogs

 

题型:阅读理解
难度:中等

There are many kinds of sales. For example, a “back-to-school sale” is held near the beginning of the school year. Parents like the lower prices of the clothes and school supplies for their children.

A “midnight madness” event starts very late at night. An “early bird special” sale starts very early in the morning. This kind of sale is popular the day after Thanksgiving in November.

A favorite sale among many people is the “buy one, get one free” sale. You buy one thing and get a second one without cost. When people see the word “free” in an advertisement they know they are getting a good deal. As a matter of fact, it is not the case.

Another kind of sale is a “going out of business” sale. This is when a storeowner tries to sell all the goods in the store before closing the business permanently(永久地).

Let us say the store sells floor coverings. The owner lowers the prices and puts up a sign that says: “Going out of business sale. All items MUST be sold by tomorrow.”

People who buy the floor coverings think they are getting a special deal because everything must be sold in a short period of time. Then, days later they see the store did not close permanently. And they see the same sign that claims the store is going out of business. Some business owners really do not end the business. They just want to earn more money.

People also hold their own sales. They hold garage sales and yard sales outside their home. They sell things they no longer want. Groups such as religious centers or schools hold bake sales. They sell cakes, cookies and other baked goods to raise money.

In America, you can always find a good sale, no matter the day or time of year. There is the Independence Day sale, Veteran’s Day sale, clearance sale, sidewalk sale, red tag sale, white sale, blue light special, liquidation sale, half-off sale, warehouse sale, tent sale ...

1.What does the passage mainly deal with?

A. How to save money in shopping.                                                                     

B. Different kinds of sales.

C. Shoppers’ ways to earn money.                                                                     

D. Reasons for the popularity of sales.

2.What do we call the sale if it starts before the sun rises?

A. A “back-to-school sale”.                                                                                   

B. A “midnight madness” event.

C. An “early bird special” sale.                                                                                   

D. A “buy one, get one free” sale.

3.Why do parents like a “back-to-school sale”?

A. Because it has a variety of school supplies.

B. Because it is held at the beginning of the school year.

C. Because it provides plenty school uniforms.

D. Because they can save money.

4.What’s the purpose of some owners who do “going out of business” sale repeatedly?

A. They want to close the business permanently.

B. They want to give special offers to customers.

C. They want to sell all their goods in a short period of time.

D. They want to cheat the customers into buying their goods.

 

题型:阅读理解
难度:困难

A strong imagination does children a lot of good. The following are 5 benefits of encouraging children’s imagination.

1. As children play different roles, they explore relationships between family members, friends and co-workers and learn more about them. For example, playing a doctor, they imagine how doctors care for their patients; playing house, they learn more about how parents feel about their children.

Build self-confidence. Young children have very little control over their lives. Imagining oneself as a builder of tall buildings or a superhero defending the planet is giving power to a child.  2.

Help intellectual(智力的)growth. 3. Children who can see a king’s castle in a mound(堆)of sand are learning to think in an abstract(抽象的)way. This skill is important in school.

4.  Kids who play with their friends do a lot of talking. This helps increase their vocabulary, improve sentence structure and communication skills.

Work out fears.   5. When children role-play about the big, bad monster under the bed, they gain a sense of control over him and he doesn’t seem so big or so bad.

A. Develop social skills.

B. Practice language skills.

C. Be willing to share.

D. It helps them develop confidence in their abilities.

E. Imagination can help children help each other.

F. Using the imagination is the beginning of abstract thought.

G. Playing roles can help children work out their fears and worries.

 

题型:阅读理解
难度:中等

If you are living in the city, have you ever thought of going to live in the country for a change?

Many people want to move from the country to the city because they think life in the city is more exciting and better than that in rural (农村的) areas, especially young people who like new and modern things.

Often people feel that they can find the latest styles only in the city. Other people are interested in technological (科技的) things and high-tech jobs and think they can find them only in a big city. If they want to find a job, especially a good position in a company, they feel they have to live in a city. To get these jobs, they are willing to put up with many of the disadvantages (不利因素) of city life such as heavy traffic and pollution.

However, it is now possible to enjoy a higher quality of life in the countryside and still enjoy some of the advantages (好处) of living in the city.

Nowadays, travel is fast and information is available (可获得的) on the Internet, so many people are able to do their work in home offices.

Because they have e-mail and personal computers, they don't have to be in big cities to do their business. It is not important where they actually work because the results of their work can be sent everywhere with technology. Now they can enjoy life in the countryside and still be able to do good business and successful careers.

1.The underlined phrase “put up with” (in Para. 3) probably means “_____”.

A. change                          B. stand                  

C. be angry with                            D. be pleased with

2.Now people can enjoy life in the countryside and still be able to do good business and   successful careers _____.

A. because of the Internet and fast travel

B. because of e-mail and personal computers

C. because travel is fast

D. because the rural areas are developing faster than cities

3.What is the author's opinion?

A. She / he prefers to live in the countryside rather than live in the city.

B. She / he prefers to live in the city rather than live in the countryside.

C. She / he likes both city life and countryside life.

D. It is not clear which life she / he prefers.

4.What would be the best title for this passage?

A. Life in the city                                   B. Life in the country

C. Go and live in the city                  D. Go and live in the country

 

题型:阅读理解
难度:中等

A good first impression is important. So, how do you, when you’re meeting someone for the first time, make certain he or she doesn’t get the wrong image of you?

A study concluded that the first 30 seconds make or break the connection between two people when they meet for the first time. Another study conducted by UCLA found that “people evaluate one another by using the three V’s: visual (appearance), vocal (voice) and verbal (what you say).”

Before you head out on your next date to meet someone new, let’s concentrate on these areas:

●How others will see you. (Visual) Are you dressed well? Do you look like this date is important to you? Did you take some time with your appearance? Watch your manners: people don’t like bad manners.

●How others will hear you. (Vocal) Is your voice too soft? You might come across as insecure. If you speak softly, make an effort to speak clearly — don’t make your date have to work to hear you.

●What others will hear you say. (Verbal) People have a natural desire to connect — let them know you’re interested in what they have to say by repeating it back to them. Don’t say the same thing everyone else is saying.

1.What would be the best title for the text?

A. How to make friends with others

B. How to enjoy yourself in your life

C. The importance of a good first impression

D. Good measures to communicate with others

2.According to the text, when you want to make friends with someone, ______.

A. you should talk as much as possible

B. there is no need for you to treat it seriously

C. you should try to master(掌握) the first few seconds(秒)

D. you should wear strange clothes to give him or her a deep impression

3.Which of the following belongs to the description of “Vocal”?

A. Dress yourself very well.              

B. Speak carefully and clearly.

C. Repeat the same thing several times.    

D. Spend some time on your appearance.

 

题型:阅读理解
难度:中等

Some people think that all wild animals are very dangerous. Actually, very few of them will attack a man if he leaves them alone. If you met a lion or an elephant, suppose, you would run away, but even a lion will keep away from a man unless it is very hungry. Lions and tigers only kill and eat men when they have grown too old and too weak to catch their usual food, such as deer and other small animals. If you saw a wild elephant, perhaps you would be frightened. Elephants usually run away at once unless you attack them. Some animals get very frightened if they only smell a man; some take no notice at all but quietly walk in another direction. Wild animals only attack hunters when they are afraid that the hunters mean to harm their young ones, or then the hunters shoot at them and make them angry.

1.The word “attack ’’ is closest in meaning to _____________ .

A. hurt            B. catch              

C. hit              D. follow

2.Lions and tigers will not kill or eat men ____________ .

A. unless men try to run away                    

B. if they are too old and too weak

C. if they are able to get enough food       

D. however men act towards them

3.Some wild animals will become very dangerous ______________ .

A. when they grow old                              

B. if they are left alone

C. while they are looking for food               

D. when their young ones are in danger

4.This passage is mainly about______________ .

A. how to protect wild animals                       

B. how animals look for their food

C. how to make friends with wild animals         

D. how animals act towards men

 

题型:阅读理解
难度:中等

There are many ways to find a job. It can be as easy as walking into a neighborhood store to look at its announcement board. Local stores often have areas where people can put small signs telling what kind of service they need or can provide. Such services include caring for children or cleaning houses.

Or, job searchers can look in the newspaper. Local newspapers have employment announcements placed by companies seeking workers.

Another popular tool for finding jobs is the Internet. For example, people in four hundred and fifty cities around the world can use the Craigslist Web site to buy objects, meet people or find a job. Craigslist says that it receives two million new job listings each month.

Another useful way to find a job is through a college or university. For example, students at the University of Texas in Austin can go to the Career Exploration Center to get help in finding a job. Of course, looking for a job requires knowing what kind of work you want to do. For example, there is a book called “What Color is Your Parachute (降落伞)?” by Richard Bolles. This book has been helping people choose a career (职业) since it was first published in nineteen seventy.

Some experts also help people find jobs. Susan W. Miller owns a company called California Career Services in Los Angeles. She says her company helps people find jobs by first helping them understand their strengths, goals and interests. Then she provides them with methods and resources to help them find the right job.

1.What is the passage mainly about?

A. Finding a job.                                    

B. College students’ part-time jobs.

C. Craigslist Web site.                                

D. The relation between study and work.

2.“What Color is Your Parachute?” is a book which gives tips to those who want to _____.

A. work on the airplane                                          B. buy a parachute

C. publish a book                                             D. find a suitable job

3.It can be learned from the passage that ______.

A. companies often put job information in local shops

B. the Internet is the most popular tool for job hunters in the USA

C. Susan W. Miller’s company is helping people choose careers

D. California Career Services mainly serves university students

4. How many ways of finding a job are mentioned in the passage?

A. Three.                                B. Four.                                          

C. Five.                              D. Six.

 

题型:阅读理解
难度:中等

One evening in February 2007, a student named Paula Ceely brought her car to a stop on a remote road in Wales. She got out to open a metal gate that blocked her path .That’s when she heard the whistle sounded by the driver of a train. Her Renault Clio was parked across a railway line. Seconds later, she watched the train drag her car almost a kilometre down the railway tracks.

Ceely’s near miss made the news because she blamed it on her GPS (导航仪). She had never driven the route before. It was dark and raining heavily. Ceely was relying on her GPS, but it made no mention of the crossing. “I put my complete trust in the device and it led me right into the path of a speeding train,” she told the BBC.

Who is to blame here? Rick Stevenson, who tells Ceely’s story in his book When Machines Fail Us, points the finger at the limitations of technology. We put our faith in digital devices, he says, but our digital helpers are too often not up to the job. They are filled with small problems. And it’s not just GPS devices: Stevenson takes us on a tour of digital disasters involving everything from mobile phones to wireless keyboards.

The problem with his argument in the book is that it’s not clear why he only focuses on digital technology, while there may be a number of other possible causes. A map-maker might have left the crossing off a paper map. Maybe we should blame Ceely for not paying attention. Perhaps the railway authorities are at fault for poor singalling system. Or maybe someone has studied the relative dangers and worked out that there really is something specific wrong with the GPS equipment. But Stevenson doesn’t say.

It’s a problem that runs through the book. In a section on cars, Stevenson gives an account of the advanced techniques that criminals use to defeat computer-based locking systems for cars. He offers two independent sets of figures on car theft; both show a small rise in some parts of the country. He says that once again not all new locks have proved reliable. Perhaps, but maybe it’s also due to the shortage of policemen on the streets. Or changing social circumstances. Or some combination of these factors.

The game between humans and their smart devices is amusing and complex. It is shaped by economics and psychology and the cultures we live in. Somewhere in the mix of those forces there may be a way for a wiser use of technology.

If there is such a way, it should involve more than just an awareness of the shortcomings of our machines. After all, we have lived with them for thousands of years. They have probably been fooling us for just as long.

1.What did Paula Ceely think was the cause of her accident?

A. She was not familiar with the road.

B. It was dark and raining heavily then.

C. The railway workers failed to give the signal.

D. Her GPS device didn’t tell her about the crossing.

2.The phrase “near miss” (Paragraph 2) can best be replaced by______.

A. close hit                            B. heavy loss                                         

C. narrow escape                 D. big mistake

3.Which of the following would Rick Stevenson most probably agree with?

A. Modern technology is what we can’t live without.

B. Digital technology often falls short of our expectation.

C. Digital devices are more reliable than they used to be.

D. GPS error is not the only cause for Ceely’s accident.

4.In the writer’s opinion, Stevenson’s argument is _______.

A. one-sided    B. reasonable   

C. puzzling     D. well-based

5.What is the real concern of the writer of this article?

A. The major causes of traffic accidents and car thefts.

B. The relationship between human and technology.

C. The shortcomings of digital devices we use.

D. The human unawareness of technical problems.

 

题型:阅读理解
难度:中等

Few Americans remain in one position or one place for a lifetime. They move from town to city to suburb, from high school to college in a different state, from a job in one region to a better job elsewhere, from the home where they raise their children to the home where they plan to live in retirement (退休). With each move they are forever making new friends, who become part of their new life at that time.

For many of them summer is a special time for forming new friendships. Today millions of Americans vacation abroad, and they go not only to see new sights but also with the hope of meeting new people. No one really expects a vacation trip to produce a close friend, but the beginning of a friendship is possible.

The word “friend ” can be applied to a wide range of relationships ---- to someone one has known for a few weeks in a new place, to a fellow worker, to a childhood playmate, to a man or woman, to a trusted confidant (知己).

1.. Many Americans move from place to place for the following reasons except            .

A. going to college                             

B. getting a better job

C. finding a place to live in retirement              

D. saving money

2.. Summer is a special time when many Americans            .

A. enjoy the sunlight                                               B. feel strange

C. travel to other countries                               D. get a new job

3. When summer comes, many Americans             .

A. hope to meet new people

B. expect to find some close friends

C. want to begin lasting friendships with new people

D. Both A and B

4. From the passage it can be seen that a “friend” can be             .

A. a fellow worker                                               B. a football teammate

C. a boy or a girl                                               D. all of the above

5.. Which of the following is the topic sentence of Paragraph 2?

A. For many of us summer is a special time for forming new friendships.

B. Today millions of Americans vacation abroad.

C. No one really expects a vacation trip to produce a close friendship.

D. But surely the beginning of friendship is possible.

 

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