相关试题
当前位置:首页 > 高中英语试题 > 历史文化类阅读
题型:完形填空
难度:中等

Everyone needs friends. There is an old saying: Friends are God's way of taking care of us. But      do you find real friendship and keep it?"

        The Care and Keeping of Friends      American author Sally Seamans tells young students some smart ways to find friends. 

        Sally says finding friendship is just like    a tree. You plant the seed and take care of it to make it grow.

        First, you should       a friend. What       a good friend? It is not      a person has money or good looks. A good friend should be         and patient. For example, if you have a bad day, a good friend should       your complaints (抱怨) and do their      to help. To make a friend, you cannot be too shy. You should make each other happy and       your lives.

        But things cannot always be      . Even the best friends have fights. What should you do when you have a    with your friend? You have to talk to them. When there is no one around, have an honest talk.

If he or she doesn't want to    , you could write a letter.

        Sally says there are three steps to being       again: Tell him or her how you are ___   ; say what your friend has done wrong, and       why you did this or that. The book also has       on some small but      things like celebrating your friends' success.      you haven't had a real friend before, you will start to think of having one if you       this book. because the book tells that friendship is the most important thing in your life.

1.A. How      B. Why             C. where     D. when

2.A. for        B. in               C. with       D. by

3.A. Watering   B. planting         C. cutting     D. burning

4.A. Hunt      B. Communicate   C. choose     D. exchange

5.A. gets       B. Makes           C. Takes      D. changes

6.A. unless     B. what             C. while      D. because

7.A. handsome  B. kind             C. smart     D. rich

8.A. listen to    B. get away from    C. care about  D. watch out

9.A. Work      B. task             C. best       D. service

10.A. share      B. Live             C. discover    D. cheer

11.A. sad        B. sorry            C. worried    D. happy

12.A. tour       B. fight             C. talk       D. agreement

13.A. say        B. tell              C. speaks     D. talk

14.A. friends     B. Students         C. teachers    D. e-friends

15.A. think       B. feeling          C. doing       D. consider

16.A. Correct     B. understand      C. explain     D . describe

17.A. advice      B. experience       C. expression  D. exercise

18.A. Basic       B. Particular       C. important   D. simple

19.A. Even though B. As if            C. In case      D. Only if

20.A. buy        B. read            C. Hear        D. know

 

题型:阅读理解
难度:中等

History is full of cases where dreams have been a pathway to creativity and discovery.A striking example is provided by Dr.Otto Loewi,a pharmacologist and winner of a Nobel Prize.Loewi had spent years studying the chemical transmission of nerve impulses (脉搏).A tremendous breakthrough in his research came when he dreamed of an experiment three nights in a row.The first two nights he woke up and wrote down the experiment quickly and untidily on paper.But the next morning,he couldn't tell what the notes meant.On the third night,he got up after having the dream.This time,instead of making notes he went straight to his laboratory and performed the crucial experiment.Loewi later said that if the experiment had occurred to him while awake he would have rejected it.

Loewi's experiment gives some insight into using dreams to produce creative solutions.Inhibitions (拘谨) are reduced during dreaming,which may be especially useful in solving problems that require a fresh point of view.

Being able to take advantage of dreams for problem solving is improved if you “set” yourself before retiring.Before you go to bed,try to think intently about a problem you wish to solve.Bury yourself in the problem by stating it clearly and reviewing all relevant information.Then use the suggestions listed in the previous section to catch your dreams.Although this method is not guaranteed to produce a novel solution or a new insight,it is certain to be an adventure.About half of a group of college students using the method for a week recalled a dream that helped them solve a personal problem.

1.The main idea of this passage is that ________.

A.very little is really known about the meaning of dreams

B.it is possible to “catch” one's dreams by planning before going to sleep

C.dreams can be useful in producing creative solutions to one's problems

D.Loewi's experiment helped in the study of transmision of nerve impulses

2.The first paragraph is mainly organized by ________.

A.classifying types of experiments

B.summarizing the work of one researcher

C.comparing and exploring historical cases

D.telling in time order about one man's research

3.If Loewi had thought of the experiment while awake,he would have ________.

A.asked someone else to do it

B.thought it was a bad idea

C.tried it out on his own

D.thought it was a wise idea

4.The author probably thinks that ________.

A.Loewi should not have conducted his experiment

B.dreaming is of very little value to most people

C.inhibitions may stop someone thinking of useful ideas

D.college students should not try out dream experiments

 

题型:阅读理解
难度:中等

February has long been a month of romance.With the sweet smell of roses in the air, romantic films hit cinemas and love stories fill newspapers and magazines.

On the 14th day, it is a custom for a boy to take his girlfriend out to dinner, buy her flowers and chocolates, write poems, sing to her or even spell out her name with rose petals! This is what you see on Valentine's Day, a day named after Valentine who was a priest in third century Rome.When the emperor decided that single men could become better soldiers than those with wives, he didn't allow marriage.

But Valentine continued to perform marriage ceremonies for young lovers in secret.When his actions were discovered, the emperor had him put to death.While in prison, it is said that Valentine fell in love with the daughter of his prison guard.Before his death, he wrote her a letter, which he signed “From your Valentine”, an expression that is still in use today.Valentine died for what he believed in and so was made a Saint(圣者), as well as becoming one of history's most romantic characters.

Nowadays, Valentine's Day is also popular among Chinese young people.Some students are planning to make Valentine's cards for parents, teachers and friends.Others want to hold parties at which they will exchange small gifts and eat heart-shaped cakes.The idea is to have fun and encourage people to share in the spirit of St.Valentine.

1.The best title should be __________.

A.Valentine's Day                                                                         B.A Brave Priest

C.Valentine's Day in China                                             D.A Romantic Man

2.What does the underlined word mean in Para.2?

A.树叶                                            B.枝条                                            C.花瓣                                            D.花粉

3.Why did the emperor in Rome NOT allow marriage in his country?

A.Because there were few women in his country at that time.

B.Because he thought men without wives could be better soldiers.

C.Because there wasn't enough food for so many people.

D.Because he wanted to control the birth rate.

4.Valentine was put into prison because __________.

A.he killed one of the soldiers

B.he stole a lot of food

C.he didn't obey the emperor's order

D.he didn't want to be a soldier

 

题型:阅读理解
难度:中等

The Swiss army knife is a popular device that is recognized all over the world. In Switzerland, there is a saying that every good Swiss citizen has one in his or her pocket. But the knife had poor beginnings.

In the late nineteenth century, the Swiss army issued(发给) its soldiers a gun that required a special screwdriver(螺丝刀) to take it apart and clean it. At the same time, canned food was becoming common in the army. Swiss generals decided to issue each soldier a standard knife to serve both as a screwdriver and a can opener.

It was a lifesaver for Swiss knife makers, who were struggling to compete with cheaper German imports. In 1884, Carl Elsener, head of the Swiss knife manufacturer(maker) Victorinox, seized that opportunity with both hands, and designed a soldier's knife that the army loved. It was a simple knife with one big blade(刀片), a can opener, and a screwdriver.

A few years after the soldier's knife was issued, the "Schweizer Offizier Messer," or Swiss Officer's Knife, came on the market. Interestingly, the Officer's Knife was never given to those serving in the army. The Swiss army purchasers considered the new model with a corkscrew(瓶塞钻) for opening wine not "essential for survival," so officers had to buy this new model by themselves. But its special multi-functional design later launched(发行) the knife as a global brand. After the Second World War, a great number of American soldiers were stationed in Europe. And as they could buy the Swiss army knife at shops on army bases, they bought huge quantities of them. However, it seems that "Schweizer Offizier Messer" was too difficult for them to say, so they just called it the Swiss army knife, and that is the name it is now known by all over the world.

1.What is the main purpose of the passage­?

A. To explain the origin of the Swiss army knife.

B. To introduce the functions of the Swiss army knife.

C. To emphasize the importance of the Swiss army knife.

D. To tell a story about the designer of the Swiss army knife.

2.What does "It" in the third paragraph refer to­?

A. The Swiss army needed a knife for every soldier.

B. Every good Swiss citizen had a knife in his pocket.

C. Swiss knives were competing with imported knives.

D. Canned food was becoming popular in the Swiss army.

3.Why didn't the Swiss army purchase the Swiss Officer's Knife­?

A. The design of the knife was too simple.

B. The knife was sold out to American soldiers.

C. The army had no budget to make the purchase.

D. The new design was not considered necessary for officers to own.

4.Who gave the name "the Swiss army knife" to the knife discussed in the passage­?

A. Carl Elsener.                                                                      B. Swiss generals.

C. American soldiers.                        D. German businessmen.

 

题型:阅读理解
难度:中等

The oldest stone buildings in the world are the pyramids(金字塔). They have stood for nearly 5, 000 years, and it seems likely that they will continue to stand for thousands of years yet. There are over eighty of them scattered(散布)along the banks of the Nile, some of which are different in shape from the true pyramids. The most famous of these are the “Step” pyramid and the “Bent” pyramid.

高考资源网(ks5u.com),中国最大的高考网站,您身边的高考专家。

  Some of the pyramids still look as much alike as they must have been when they were built thousands of years ago. Most of the damage suffered by the others has been at the hands of men who were looking for treasure or, more often, for stones to use in modern buildings. The dry climate of Egypt has helped to keep the pyramids in good condition, and their very shape has made them less likely to fall into ruin. These are good reasons why they can still be seen today, but perhaps the most important is that they were planned to last forever.

  The “Step” pyramid had to be on the west side of the Nile, the side on which the sun sets. This was for spiritual reasons. It also had to stand well above the level of the river to protect it against the regular floods. It could not be too far from the Nile, however, as the stones to build it needed to be carried in boats down the river to the nearest point. Water transport was, of course, much easier than land transport. The builders also had to find a rock base, which was not likely to crack(破裂)under the great weight of the pyramid. Finally, it had to be near the capital, or better still near the king’s palace so that he could visit it easily to personally check the progress being made on the final resting place for his body.

1.According to the passage, the “Step” pyramid    .

A. is unlikely to fall into ruin in the near future

B. was built on the sand along the Nile

C. is one that was built later than the true pyramids

D. is the most famous of the true pyramids

2. The most important reason why some pyramids remain in good condition is that    .

A. people have taken good care of them

B. it doesn’t rain often in Egypt

C. they were well designed

D. the government has protected them from damage

3.Most of the damage to the pyramids has been caused by   .

A. the regular floods

B. the dry climate of Egypt

C. people searching for gold

D. people in search of building materials

4.The Egyptians built the pyramids along the banks of the Nile because    .

A. they believed in their god

B. it was difficult to find a large rock base far from the Nile

C. the river helped a lot in the transport of building materials

D. it was not easy to choose a suitable place for the pyramids

 

题型:阅读理解
难度:中等

Do you read newspapers in modern times while we have TV and other media? The first newspaper was written by hand and put up on walls in public places. The earliest daily newspaper was started in Rome in 59 BC. In the 700s the world’s first printed newspaper was published. Europe didn’t have a regularly published newspaper until 1609, when one was started in Germany.

    The first regularly published newspaper in English was printed in Amsterdam in 1620. In 1621, an English newspaper was started in London and was published once a week. The first daily English newspaper was Daily Current, which came out in March 1702.

   In 1690, Benjamin Harris printed the first American newspaper in Boston. But not long after it was first published, the government stopped the paper. In 1704, John Campbell started Boston Newspaper, the first newspaper published daily in the American Colonies. By 1760, the colonies had had more than thirty daily newspapers. There are now about 1,800 daily papers in the United States.

   Today, as a group, English language newspapers have the largest circulation in the world. But the largest circulation for a newspaper is that of the Japanese newspaper Asahi Shimbun. It sells more than eleven million copies every year.

1.The first regularly printed European newspaper was started ______.

A. in Rome in 59 BC                B. in Germany in 1609   

C. in Amsterdam in 1620              D. in England in 1621

2.The first daily English newspaper was started in _______.

A. 1702        B. 1760            C. 1620           D. 1621

3.What can we learn from the passage_______?

A. The earliest daily printed newspaper was started in Rome in 59 BC.

B. The first regularly published English newspaper was printed in Boston.

C. The first daily English newspaper was printed in the American Colonies.

D. The first American newspaper was stopped before 1704.

4.Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage_______?

A. Newspapers have the longest history in the United States.

B. One English language newspaper has the largest circulation in the world.

C. The first English newspaper was printed in Rome in 59 BC.

D. There are all kinds of newspapers all over the world today.

5.What is the best title of the passage_______?

A. History of newspapers.             

B. History of daily newspapers.

C. The beginning of daily newspapers.   

D. The beginning of newspapers.

 

题型:阅读理解
难度:中等

Pigs are always considered dirty animals because they roll in mud.But in fact they prefer  being quite clean.They cover themselves with mud to help stay cool.During cooler weather,  they prefer to stay clean.So do elephants, who also cover themselves in dust or mud to keep cool.When they find a place with clean water they will take a bath,using their long noses to give  themselves—or each other—a nice shower

Some animals use dust to get clean.Chinchillas (南美洲栗鼠) have very fine fur. They don’t like to take water baths because water is not warm enough for them.So, instead, they roll  a满分5(www.manfen5.com)--教育资源门户,提供试卷、教案、课件、论文、素材及各类教学资源下载,还有大量而丰富的教学相关资讯!round in fine dust.The dust helps to keep their fur and skin dry.This protects them from disease

Usually, a small bird is a light meal for a crocodile.But when a crocodile wants its teeth  cleaned.it lies on the ground with its mouth open.The crocodile bird goes in and picks out any  parasites(寄生虫)between the crocodile’s teeth or under its tongue.The crocodile gets its mouth cleaned,and the crocodile bird gets dinner.

You wouldn’t think fish would need baths.But some undersea parasites live under the  fish’s skin.“Cleaner” fish,like the wrasse(隆头鱼),help take them away.The wrasse stands on its head and dances to signal a big fish that it is ready to go into the cleaning business.The big fish will stop moving and open its mouth wide so the wrasse can swim inside and pick out  parasites and bits of food.

1.The passage is mainly about how animals __________.

A.stay clean    B.help each other    C.get their food               D.take baths

2.What can we learn from the first paragraph about pigs?

A.They can help each other take baths.     

B.They are dirtier during cooler weather.   

C.They prefer taking baths to rolling in mud.

D.They like to stay cool and clean.

3.Chinchillas use dust to get clean for the following reasons EXCEPT that ________.

A. dust can dry their fur and skin         B.They are not good at swimming

C.Water is too cold for them           D.Dust is good for their health

4.From Paragraphs 3 and 4,we can know that __________.

A.Some animals can get clean from others’ help

B.Most animals are friendly to each other

C.Small animals couldn’t get food from big ones 

D.All of the animals prefer to stay clean

 

题型:阅读理解
难度:中等

The influence of America is increasing in my country. Spanish people drink Coca Cola, wear blue jeans, watch Hollywood movies, listen to American music, and eat fast food, and they do these things every day.

   I think that American movies are a good way to spread American culture because people are often influenced by what they see in the movies. Most of the programs and documentaries (纪录片) we watch on TV are from America, and most of the movies we go to see are made in Hollywood.

    In the last few years, the government has tried to protect the Spanish movies. Now, in our cinemas, at least twenty percent of the movies which are shown must be from Spain or from other countries in Europe.

    American culture is a part of Spanish life now. It’s certain that many things from America are as much a part of people’s lives as Spanish things. For example, Coca Cola is as familiar to everybody as any typical Spanish product. I’ve known about Coca Cola for my whole life.

   However, it’s different with Western fast food. For example, I don’t think McDonald’s is as successful in Spain as it is in other countries. In my opinion, one of the reasons may be the lifestyle of the Spanish people. The Spanish people normally eat at home.

    On the other hand, maybe McDonald’s hamburgers will eventually replace the famous Spanish tapas. It’s true that in every city in Spain you can find a McDonald’s, and it is more popular among the Spanish children than among the adults. In any case, it’s obvious that American culture is becoming more and more a part of our lives every day.

1.From the first paragraph we can know that ____.

A. the influence of America on Spain can be found everywhere

B. most Spanish people don’t like to listen to their own music

C. fast food spreads from Spain to the United States

D. some Spanish actors go to America to improve their acting skills

2.What plays an important part in the spreading of American culture in Spain?

A. American novels.      B. Hollywood movies. 

C. McDonald’s.          D. American music.

3.Why did the government set some rules for the films shown in Spain?

A. To protect foreign culture in Spain.                           

B. To earn more money from Spanish films.

C. To limit the number of American movies.             

D. To unite the European Community.

4.Why does the author think that McDonald’s is not as successful as it is in other countries?

A. Its fast food contains too much fat.             

B. He thinks it is unhealthy.

C. Spanish people seldom eat out.                           

D. Spanish adults don’t like its fast food.

5.What do you think Spanish tapas might be?

A. The name of a drink.  B. The name of a restaurant.

C. A clothing brand. D. A certain kind of food. 

 

题型:阅读理解
难度:中等

Do you like to eat out? Do you like to eat quickly? Do you like inexpensive food? Some people go to fast-food restaurants for these reasons. In the past, people usually went to diners(小餐馆)for these reasons. In fact, many people in the States still go to diners today for the same reasons.

   A man named Walter Scott had the first “diner” in 1872. It wasn’t a real diner. It was only a food cart. People on the street walked up to the cart to buy food. These carts served late-night workers who wanted a cup of coffee and a late-night meal. The meal was a sandwich or boiled eggs. In 1887, Samuel Jones built the first diner big enough to allow the customers to come inside. However, they did not sit down. Later, people built diners with counters and stools, and people sat down while they ate.

   Before long, many diners stayed open around the clock. In other words, people were able to eat in diner at any time. Diners changed in other ways, too. The original menu of sandwiches and coffee became bigger. It included soup, favorite dishes, and a breakfast menu. In addition, diners soon became permanent buildings. They were no longer carts on wheels.

Diners today look similar to  the diners of the early 1900s. They are usually buildings with large windows. Inside, the diners have shining counters with stools, booths, and tables and chairs. People can eat all three meals in a modern diner.

  Today, many people eat in fast-food 满分5(www.manfen5.com)--教育资源门户,提供试卷、教案、课件、论文、素材及各类教学资源下载,还有大量而丰富的教学相关资讯!restaurants such as McDonald’s and Burger King. However, the diner remains an American tradition, and thousands of people still enjoy eating there. It was popular a century ago, and it is still popular today.

1.A man named Walter Scott had the first “diner” in 1872. Why is the word “diner” in quotation marks(引号)?

A. Because it is spelled differently from “ dinner”

B. Because the first diner was not what it is now

C. Because diner was a new word

D. Because it is a special kind of restaurant

2.According to paragraph 3, diners changed in __________

A. Two ways      B. three ways     C. four ways       D. five ways

3.Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?

A. Diners existed before a fast-food restaurant

B. The menu included more food than sandwiches and coffee

C. Burger King is a fast-food restaurant

D. Sandwiches became bigger

4.The main idea of the passage is that ______________.

A.  The diner is a traditional , popular place to eat in the United States

B.  Samuel Johns built the first diner big enough to allow the customers to come inside

C.  American diners serve many types of food 24 hours a day to their customers

D.  Diners are different from fast-food restaurants in many ways

 

题型:阅读理解
难度:中等

February has long been a month of romance. With the sweet smell of roses in the air, romantic films hit cinemas and love stories fill newspapers and magazines.

   On the 14th day, it is a custom for a boy to take his girlfriend out to dinner, buy her flowers and chocolates, write poems, sing to her or even spell out her name with rose petals! This is what you see on Valentine’s Day, a day named after Valentine who was a priest in the third century Rome. When the emperor (皇帝) decided that single men could become better soldiers than those with wives, he didn’t allow marriage. But Valentine continued to perform marriage ceremonies for young lovers in secret. When his actions were discovered, the emperor sentenced him to death. While in prison, it is said that Valentine fell in love with the daughter of his prison guard. Before his death, he wrote her a letter, which he signed “From your Valentine”, an expression that is still in use today. Valentine died for what he believed in and so he was made a Saint (圣徒), as well as becoming one of history’s most romantic characters.

   Nowadays, Valentine’s Day is also popular among Chinese young people. Some students are planning to make Valentine’s cards for parents, teachers and friends. Others want to hold parties at which they will exchange small gifts and eat heart-shaped cakes. The idea is to have fun and encourage people to share in the spirit of St. Valentine.

1.Why did the emperor in Rome not allow marriage in his country?

A. 满分5(www.manfen5.com)--教育资源门户,提供试卷、教案、课件、论文、素材及各类教学资源下载,还有大量而丰富的教学相关资讯!Because there were few women in his country at that time.

B. Because he thought men without wives could be better soldiers.

C. Because there wasn’t enough food for so many people.

D. Because he wanted to control the birth rate.

2.Valentine was put into prison because ______.

A. he killed one of the soldiers                       

B. he stole a lot of food

C. he didn’t obey the emperor’s order                 

D. he didn’t want to be a soldier

3.The last paragraph mainly tells us ______.

A. students in China send cards to their teachers

B. it is a good idea to celebrate Valentine’s Day in China

C. it is interesting to celebrate Valentine’s Day in China

D. Valentine’s Day is also popular in China now

4.The best title for this passage should be ______.

A. Valentine’s Day                           B. A Brave Priest

C. Valentine’s Day in China                    D. A Romantic Man

 

Copyright @ 2008-2013 满分5 学习网 ManFen5.COM. All Rights Reserved.