当前位置:首页 > 高中英语试题 > 政治经济类阅读

I was brought up in the British, stiff upper lip style. Strong feelings arent something you display in public. So, you can imagine that I was unprepared for the outpouring of public grief at a Chinese funeral.

My editorial team leader died recently after a short illness. He was 31. The news was so unexpected that it left us all shocked and upset. A female colleague burst into tears and cried piteously at her desk. Somehow we got through the day's work. The next day was the funeral.

Our big boss stepped forward to deliver a eulogy(悼词) and was soon in tears. She carried on, in Chinese of course, but at the end said in English: "There will be no more deadlines for you in heaven." Next came a long-term colleague who also dissolved in tears but carried on with her speech despite being almost overcome by emotion. Then a close friend of the dead man paid tribute, weeping openly as he spoke. Sorrow is spreading. Me and women were now sobbing uncontrollably. Finally, the man's mother, supported between two women, addressed her son in his coffin. She almost collapsed and had to be held up. We were invited to step forward to each lay a white rose on the casket. Our dead colleague looked as if he was taking a nap. At the end of the service I walked away from the funeral parlor stunned at the outpouring of emotion.

In the UK, families grieve privately and then try to hold it together and not break down at a funeral. Here in China it would seem that grieving is a public affair. It strikes me that it is more cathartic to cry your eyes out than try to keep it bottled up for fear of embarrassment, which is what many of us do in the West.

Afterwards, a Chinese colleague told me that the lamenting at the funeral had been restrained(克制) by Chinese standards. In some rural areas, she said, people used to be paid to mourn noisily. This struck me like something out of novel by Charles Dickens. But we have all seen on TV scenes of grief-stricken people in Gaza and the West Bank, in Afghanistan, Iraq and the relatives of victims of terrorist bombings around the world. Chinese grief is no different. I realized that it's the reserved British way of mourning that is out of step with the rest of the world.

1.At the funeral, ________.

A. five individuals made speeches            

B. the bosss speech was best thought of

C. the writer was astonished by the scene   

D. everyone was crying out loudly

2.According to the writer, people in the West ________.

A. prefer to control their sadness in public   

B. cry their eyes out at the public funeral

C. are not willing to be sad for the dead     

D. have better way to express sadness

3.It is implied that ________.

A. Chinese express their sadness quite unlike other peoples

B. the English might cry noisily for the dead in Dickens time

C. victims of terrorist bombings should be greatly honored

D. English funeral culture is more civilized than the others

4.This passage talks mainly about_______.

A. an editors death                    B. funeral customs

C. cultural differences                  D. western ways of grief



WASHINGTON   The head of the World Bank says for the first time in human history, it is possible to end poverty around the world. Jim Yong Kim told a Washington audience Tuesday, he wants to make ending world poverty by 2030 a top goal for the bank and governments around the world.

World Bank President Jim Yong Kim says that the problems of poverty, hunger and inequality are wide, urgent and a matter of survival of millions.

“We know that despite the great successes of the last decade, there are still about 1.3 billion people living in extreme poverty, 870 million who go hungry every day, and 6.9 million children under five dying every year,” he said.

But Kim told a Washington audience that the previous successful efforts to cut the number of people living in extreme poverty by half give them hope.

“We are at an auspicious moment in history, when the successes of past decades and an increasingly favourable economic outlook combine to give developing countries a chance-for the first time ever-to end extreme poverty within a generation,” he said in a speech at Georgetown University. “Our duty now must be to ensure that these favourable circumstances are matched with deliberate decisions to realize this historic opportunity.”

Kim says success will require increasing the speed of economic growth, particularly in South Africa and South Asia.

But he warned that civil unrest could happen if economic growth does not help people at all income levels, and also include women and youth.

Kim says that the World Bank and other development agencies will have more resources to get this job done right. “Meeting this 2030 goal will take extraordinary effort,” he said.

However, Kim warned that all the progress in fighting poverty could be destroyed by climate disasters unless the nations of the world do more to prevent climate change.

1.In the opinion of Jim Yong Kim, world poverty _____.

A. is difficult but hopeful to end by 2030

B. exists only in Africa and Asia

C. is not quite hard to end by 2030

D. will be sure to disappear by 2030

2.Which of the following gives Jim Yong Kim the hope to end world poverty?

A.Economic growth is increasing in developing countries.

B.Great successes have been achieved in science and technology.

C.A decreasing number of people are living in poverty.

D.All countries have started to fight poverty.

3.The underlined word "auspicious" in Paragraph 5 most probably means "_____".

A. unforgettable                                B. lucky

C. disappearing                                D. important

4.What’s the passage mainly about?

A.The key of ending world poverty is preventing climate change.

B.A top goal-ending world poverty will possibly be achieved by 2030.

C.The success of ending poverty-economic growth.

D.The progress in fighting poverty.



In recent years,American students have fallen behind in many subjects like math,science and reading. In 2005,the U.S. was number nine among the developed countries in the number of students graduating from high school.

American education officials are searching for new ways to help students learn again. One tool that is getting some attention is the use of video games.

Sixteen­year­old John Diaz says he loves playing video games but doesn't like traditional schoolwork. During his summer vacation,Diaz is continuing his studies at home. That is because his courses are available on his home computer.

Florida Virtual School's head master,Julie Young,says the school teaches students with the technology they most enjoy using in and out of school.“We have so many students who feel free in our school,” Young said, “They lose interest when they go to school. And we're very hopeful that Conspiracy Code will attract the learners to really get into the detail of learning.”

Conspiracy Code is a video game that teaches U.S. history. Students guide two heroes in a quest to stop a conspiracy  to change the past. Along the way,students learn about events such as the Civil War,and report back to their teacher who is a spy .

John Diaz says he enjoys American history now.“I like to do the game every day,” he said.

1.In the first paragraph,we can learn that American students________.

A.do better in science than reading

B.do not want to go to college

C.have been less interested in studies recently

D.do worst in math among the developed countries

2.How does John Diaz continue to study in summer vacation?

A.By having an experienced tutor.

B.By going to a vacation camp.

C.By studying on the computer.

D.By watching videos.

3.Conspiracy Code is a video game that________.

A.introduces the ways of finding a spy

B.teaches students American history

C.helps students learn computers

D.trains people to become heroes

4.What is the text mainly about?

A.Video games becoming new teaching tools.

B.How Conspiracy Code helps students study.

C.How Florida Virtual School teaches students.

D.American officials caring about education.



Organic food, once considered something that only health fanatics desired, is now a regular feature at most supermarkets. And that has created a bit of a dilemma. On the one hand, you have a conventionally grown apple. On the other, you have one that’s organic. Both apples are firm, shiny and red. Both provide vitamins and fiber, and both are free of fat, sodium and cholesterol.

Conventionally grown food generally costs less, but is organic food a better choice? The advantages claimed for such foods over conventionally grown and sold food products are now being debated on a large scale. Supporters of organic foods a term whose meaning varies greatly are frequently telling the world that such products are safer and more nutritious than others.

The growing interest of consumers in the safety and nutritional quality of daily foods is a welcome development. However, much of this interest has been aroused by sweeping claims that the conventional food supply is unsafe or inadequate in meeting nutritional needs.

Almost daily, the public is surrounded by claims for “no-aging” diets, new vitamins and other wonder foods. There are numerous unsubstantiated(没证实的) reports that natural vitamins are superior to man-made ones, that fertilized eggs are nutritionally superior to unfertilized eggs, that untreated grains are better than those treated with insect spray and the like.

Although most of these claims are not supported by scientific evidence, large amounts of written material about the benefits of organic foods makes it difficult for people to separate fact from fiction. As a result, claims that eating a diet consisting of organically grown foods prevents or cures disease or provides other benefits to health have become widely advertised and form the basis for peoples opinion.

One thing that most organically grown food products seem to have in common is that they cost more than conventionally grown foods. But in many cases consumers are misled if they believe organic foods can maintain health and provide better nutritional quality than conventionally grown foods. So there is real cause for concern if consumers, particularly those with limited incomes, distrust the conventional food supply and buy only expensive organic foods instead.

1.According to Paragraph 2, which of the following statements about organic food is true?

A. It hasn’t been used until recent years.                            

B. It has no agreed definition.             

C. It is popular among producers.                                                       

D. It is accepted by most nutritionists.

2.In Paragraph 4, treated grains are examples of ________.

A. healthier food                          B. organic food             

C. conventionally grown food                D. expensive food           

3.It can be inferred from the passage that ________.

A. most doctors believe organic foods prevent disease or provide other benefits to health

B. organic foods are actually less nutritious than conventionally grown foods

C. people cannot separate fact from fiction because of the TV advertisements

D. organic foods cost more but are not necessarily better than conventionally grown foods

4.According to the passage, many consumers are attracted by organic foods because they _____.

A. want to try something new                                                                     

B. have carefully researched the products

C. value food safety and nutrition                                                        

D. expect to save some money

5.What is the author’s attitude towards the claims of organic foods?

A. Doubtful.          B. Enthusiastic.                  

C. Supportive.                              D. Uninterested.



English is an important global language, but that doesnt mean its easy to learn. Many experts have tried to make English easier for students to learnbut they werent always successful.

In 1930, Professor CK Ogden of Cambridge University invented Basic English. It had only 850 words (and just eighteen verbs) and Ogden said most people could learn it in just thirty hours. The problem was that people who learned Basic English could write and say simple messages, but they couldnt understand the answers in real English! It was also impossible to explain a word if it wasnt in the Basic English word list. For example, if you wanted a watermelon, you asked for a large green fruit with the form of an egg, which has a sweet red inside and a good taste!

RE Zachrisson, a university professor in Sweden, decided that the biggest problem for learners of English was spelling, so he invented a language called Anglic. Anglic was similar to English, but with much simpler spelling. Father became faadher, new became nue and years became yeerz. Unfortunately for some students of English, Anglic never became popular.

Even easier is the language which ships captains use: its called Seaspeak. Seaspeak uses a few simple phrases for every possible situation. In Seaspeak, for example, you dont say, Im sorry what did you say? or I didnt understand, can you repeat that? Its just Say again. No more grammar!

In the age of international communication through the Internet who knows? ... a new form of English might appear. A large number of the worlds e-mails are in English and include examples of NetLingo like OIC (Oh, I see) and TTYL (Talk to you later). In another fifty years, English might not exist ... we will probably all speak fluent Internetish!

1.The best title for the passage would be ______.

A. Seaspeak      B. Basic English      

C. Internetish       D. Easy English    

2.It will take a person about ______ weeks to learn Basic English if he spends two hours

learning it every day.

A. six           B. four               C. two             D. three

3.According to Professor Zachrisson, what was the biggest problem for learners of English?

A. Grammar.     B. Vocabulary.        

C. Speaking.        D. Spelling.  

4.Which of the following is likely to be Anglic?

A. IOU               B. A graet batl.       

C. Long time no see.  D. Two five, no lights.

5.What might happen to English in another fifty years?

A. It might be replaced by Internetish.                                         

B. It might become a global language.

C. It might take the place of all other languages.             

D. It might become more and more difficult.



Below is adapted from an English dictionary. Use the dictionary to answer the following questions.

figure / fīgə / noun, verb

● noun

1. a number representing a particular amount, especially one given in official information: the trade / sales figures

2. a symbol rather than a word representing one of the numbers between 0 and 9: a six-figure salary

3. (informal) the area of mathematics that deals with adding, multiplying, etc. numbers

4. a person of the type mentioned: Gandhi was both a political and a religious figure in Indian history.

5. the shape of a person seen from a distance or not clearly

6. a person or an animal as shown in art or a story: a wall with five carved figures in it

7. the human shape, considered from the point of view of being attractively thin: doing exercise to improve one’s figure

8. a pattern or series of movements performed on ice: figure-skating

* be / become a figure of fun: be / become sb. that others laugh at

* cut a…figure: sb with a particular appearance: He cut a striking figure in his dinner jacket.

* put a figure on sth:  to say the exact price or number of sth.

* a fine figure of man / woman: a tall, strong-looking and well-shaped person

* figure of speech: a word or phrase used in a different way from its usual meanings in order to create a particular mental image or effect

* figurehead: someone who is the head or chief in name only (with no real power or authority)

● verb

1. to think or decide that sth. will happen or  is true: I figured that if I took the night train, I could be in Scotland by morning.

2. to be part of a process, situation, etc. especially an important part: My opinion of the matter didn’t seem to figure at all.

3. to calculate an amount or the cost of sth: We figured that attendance at 150,000.

* figure in: to include (in a sum): Have you figured in the cost of hotel?

* figure on: to plan on; to expect sth. to happen: I haven’t figured on his getting home so late.

* figure out: to work out; understand by thinking: Have you figured out how much the trip will cost?

* It / That figures!:  That seems reasonable.

1.According to the information above, which of the following sentence is not right?

A. This year’s sales figures were quite excellent.

B. I couldn’t figure out what the teacher was talking about.

C. She was the leading figure in British politics in the 1980s.

D. He was about to speak but she put a figure on his lips to stop him.

2. — She was coming late again for the work.

— ______! That’s typical of her. You just can’t do anything to stop her doing that.

A. It figures her out                                                                                    B. She is a figure of fun

C. It cuts a poor figure                                                                      D. It figures

3.The phrase “watch my figure” in the sentence “Don’t tempt me with chocolate; I am watching my figure.” means “______”.

A. add the numbers                      B. have sports                

C. try not to get fat                 D. watch games

4.Which sentence is used as figure of speech?

A. John is fond of animals and raises a rabbit as a pet.

B. In some countries, bamboo can be used to build houses.

C. We all regard Mr. Smith as an important figure in our company.

D. I didn’t really mean my partner was a snake.



What exactly is a Dream Career? I am sure it means different things to different people. You could presently be unsure about what your final job would be. If you have any doubts about what your dream career is, you may know which careers you definitely would not like to do. For example, if you have an interest in art, and do not like math, you most certainly would not like being a mechanical engineer. If you love art, and have no artistic talent, maybe you would like to be around art instead, as an art curator(馆长).

A career related to your passion, hobby, or special interest, is the path to follow in finding your dream job. Try thinking about what things you like to do in your spare time. Many are attracted toward turning what they love to do in their off work hours into a full time job. For example, if you like to put together model cars, maybe you would like opening your own hobby shop, or work for someone who owns one.

Once you find what you are interested in doing, you can then match this to a career which will be similar to what you are passionate about. What you consider a dream career has to center around what kind of person you actually are. This is called your Career Personality. What type of person do you consider yourself to be? People are naturally attracted to those things which reflect who they are as unique individuals. For example, if you are slightly on the shy side, maybe you would like a job where you work on your own, relatively unsupervised, behind a computer. If you are outgoing, maybe you would like to work with others, and be the supervisor.

All it may take to find our dream career is to know ourselves a little better, trust in our own judgment, and be realistic about what we can attain occupationally. This is how I found what I am doing now.

1.Whats the main purpose of the passage?

A. To explain what a dream career really is.   

B. To offer tips on finding a dream career.

C. To tell us what Career Personality means.  

D. To give examples of different personalities.

2.Which of the following about Career Personality is TRUE?

A. One should choose a dream career by his/her personality.

B. Choosing a dream career depends on a persons ability.

C. One should choose a dream career according to the reality.

D. One should try different types of careers by his/her ability.

3.Which of the following is what we need to find a dream career?

a. Realizing our ability.

b. Believing in ourselves.

c. Having a better understanding of ourselves.

d. Considering the background of our family.

A. a, c, d           B. a, b, c        

C. b, c, d         D. a, c, d

4.From the second paragraph we learn your dream career has something to do with the following EXCEPT         .

A. your hobby              B. your special interest    

C. your part—time job    D. your passion



The music of your teenage years probably will stay with you for the rest of your life.I think music is deeply connected with memory because of the emotions it awakens.Music also helps to mark time because of the way the fashions and stars of pop culture come and go.I often connect some summers with particular records (唱片 ) that came out while I was on holiday.But what's really the best way to record your youth? Is it your favorite song, or a picture of the singer?

In my teenage years, one of the special things about Britain was the huge amount of information about music.There were 3 weekly newspapers about music:Sounds, Melody Maker and the New Musical Express.Buying records was expensive and it also meant making a choice.So it was wise to read about music instead, and in some ways, it was actually better as well.It was possible for a group to get onto the front cover of one of the music papers without even having made any records—but they needed things to say for the reporters to write about.In fact, the best pop stars of the 1980s were people whose main talent was exactly that.They weren' t great musicians or singers and they weren't especially goodlooking, but they had some unusual acts or habits and a nice way with clever phrases.They were ideal for filling music papers.

When The Face magazine first came out in May, 1980, it was meant to be a rock magazine.I have given away or sold all the records I bought as a teenager, but I think my old copies of The Face will stay with me for ever.Although it started out as a source of information about music, the writers quickly realized that it wasn't really the music that was important—it was the way people spoke and acted, and, above all, the way they looked.

1.According to the author,music can NOT ________.

A.improve memory                                                          B.awaken emotions

C.mark time                                                                                      D.stay in the mind

2.We can infer that during the author's teenage years,________.

A.there were few records for customers to buy

B.some songs he heard while on holiday impressed him

C.he spent most of his holiday time on music

D.he loved one pop song the most

3.According to Paragraph 2,during the author's teenage years,________.

A.people had few chances to buy records

B.it was hard to judge whether records were good or not

C.it was not an easy thing for teenagers to get records

D.the choice of buying records only depended on newspapers

4.The underlined word “that” in Paragraph 2 means that ________.

A.people could get onto the music papers without having made any records

B.people's talent was not what reporters needed to write about

C.reporters wrote about the talents of pop stars

D.people read about music



One of the biggest new bands in the UK is Arctic Monkeys.Their first two singles(单曲唱片)went straight to Number One in the charts(排行榜)and their first album “Whatever People Say I Am,That's what I'm No” has become a recordbreaking album.It's the fastest selling debut album(首张专辑)in UK chart history.

Arctic Monkeys are famous because of their great success.They achieved their success thanks to the Internet.Usually a new band signs to a record company and then it is through marketing that people buy their singles.The single sales then get the band into the charts and they become popular that way.

However,Arctic Monkeys became wellknown in a slightly different way.Back in 2003 when the band first started,they handed out CDs at their performing concert.Certain fans liked the music so much that they put the music up on the Web.The general public had access to this music because it was on the Internet and,because people liked the music,the band's popularity increased.The band's popularity was starting to get noticed by major radio stations in the UK.

Arctic Monkeys released(发行)their first single in October 2005.Before that,their music had only been available to download on the Internet.When they did finally release a single and an album,they both rose to the top of the charts.

Music fans welcome the use of the Internet this way—Arctic Monkeys became popular simply because people liked their music when they heard it.There were no ads.As music downloads continue to increase in popularity,we can expect to see more and more bands make it big in this way.

1.Arctic Monkeys gained popularity through __________.

A.giving away their CDs

B.the Internet

C.singing to a record company

D.marketing and advertisement

2..Before 2005,how can you get Arctic Monkeys' music?

A.Going to their live music party.

B.Download their music from the Internet.

C.Buying their singles and albums in a shop.

D.Listen to it on the radio in the UK.

3.Why did Arctic Monkeys become popular?

A.People could hear their music often.

B.They didn't advertise their music.

C.People liked their music.

D.The marketing company did well.



When people think of the unique characteristics of Beijing the hutong style always comes to mind.It is no exaggeration(夸张) to say within hutong lives the city's history.

The word hutong was borrowed from the Mongolian word to mean “water well” about 700 years ago.Later it referred to a place where people live.Hutong we see today are made up of small lanes formed by walls of siheyuan.They were built during the Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties.

When the People's Republic of China was founded in 1949, there were more than 3,000 hutong.Most of the city's population lived in this traditional housing.But with the modernization of the city in the 1980s and early 1990s, many hutong were pulled down to build roads, skyscrapers and modern houses.

The government has recognized the importance of hutong to Chinese cultural heritage(文化遗产).In 2002, Beijing listed 40 protected historical zones and increased its efforts to restore some key relics and older streets in the city.Nearly 500 hutong have survived.

Hutong that still exist are like oases(绿洲) of calm surrounded by the noisy city.Walking through them, it's common to see groups of elderly citizens sitting together playing cards, mahjong or Chinese chess.In the early mornings and evenings, they gather to practice traditional forms of exercise such as taijiquan as well as dancing and singing folk songs or Peking Opera.Hutong have become a museum of Beijing's folk customs and history.

1.What is the original meaning of the word hutong?

A.Small lanes.                                                                                      B.Water well.

C.Siheyuan.                                                                                                    D.A traditional house.

2.What does the phrase “pull down” mean in Paragraph 3?

A.Replace.                                                                                                    B.Destroy.

C.Restore.                                                                                                    D.Establish.

3.According to the author, what is the importance of hutong to Chinese cultural


A.It is a traditional housing style of Beijing.

B.Hutong have become a museum of Beijing's folk customs and history.

C.It is a good place for the elderly citizens to play cards, mahjong or Chinese


D.Hutong are like oases of calm of Beijing.

4.According to the passage, which of the following is FALSE?

A.Hutong style is one of the unique characteristics of Beijing.

B.In 2002, Beijing listed 40 protected historical zones.

C.Beijing decreased its efforts to restore some key relics and older streets in the


D.Hutong have become a museum of Beijing's folk customs and history.


Copyright @ 2008-2013 满分5 学习网 ManFen5.COM. All Rights Reserved.