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题型:阅读理解
难度:中等

Sydney—A shark savaged a schoolboy's leg while he was surfing with his father at a beach in Sydney on February 23.It was the third shark attack along the coast of Australia's largest city in a month.

    The 15-year-old boy and his father were in the water off Avalon, on Sydney's northern beaches, around dawn when he was attacked.The city's beaches are packed with locals and tourists during the summer months.

    "The father heard a scream and turned to see his son trashing (扭动) about in the water," police said."Fortunately, the shark swam away and the boy was helped to shore by his father.

    Lifesaving Club spokesman Nick Miller: "It got him around the top of his left leg and the father came and dragged him out of water." He said the boy was bleeding heavily when he was brought to shore."There was a lot of pain, as you can imagine".The teenager was airlifted to hospital for treatment for leg injuries.

    Police said the bites" cut through to the bone" , but the boy did not appear to have sustained any fractures (骨折).He was in a stable condition now.

    Several beaches were closed after the attack.Water police and lifeguards were searching for the shark, while police hoped to identify its species by the shape of the bite marks.But they said it was too early to say what type of shark attacked the boy."I don't even know if he saw it," Miller said.

    Many shark species live in the waters off Sydney's beaches, but attacks on humans are still relatively rare.However, there were two attacks on successive days earlier this month, one on a navy diver in Sydney harbor, not far from the famous Opera House, and the other on a surfer at the city's world-famous Bondi beach.

    Fishermen say shark numbers are on the rise.There is a ban on commercial fishing in the harbor, which has increased fish stocks.Marine experts also claim environmental protection has created a cleaner environment, attracting sharks closer to shore as they chase fish.Many shark species, including the Great White—the man-eater made famous in Steven Spielberg's Jaws—are protected in Australian waters.

1.The report mainly tells us _______.

A.shark attacks on humans are on the rise

B.sharks attacked humans three times in one month

C.a boy was attacked by a shark at a Sydney beach

D.shark numbers are increasing in the waters off Sydney's beaches

2.The underlined word" savaged "in the first paragraph probably means _______.

A.attracted      B.dragged       

C.bit           D.packed

3.What do we know about the city of Sydney from the passage?

A.It is one of the largest cities in Australia.

B.Sydney harbor is not far from the famous Opera House.

C.There are many locals and tourists on its coast all year round.

D.There are few shark species in the waters off Sydney's beaches.

4.All the followings are the causes of Australia's sharks increasing EXCEPT  that_______.

A.environmental protection has created a cleaner environment

B.a ban on commercial fishing has increased fish numbers

C.many shark species are protected in Australia waters

D.the film Jaws made the Great White famous

 

题型:阅读理解
难度:中等

The United States will introduce a new exam system for students who want to study in the USA and other English-speaking countries, Xinhua News Agency reported from New York.

The exam, which means a great change from the current English level test, was introduced by Theresa Jen, associate director of the International Service of the USA College Board, America's leading educational organization.

"The Advanced Placement International English Language (APIEL) will be offered for the first time all over the world on May 10, 2012," said Jen.

However, the APIEL is a strange title to most Chinese students, and it is unlikely to soon gain the similarity(相似点) of other already existing exams, such as the TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language), the GRE (Graduate Record Examination), or the IELTS (International English Language Testing System).

"I have never heard of such a test and I would prefer the IELTS if I need another exam," said Xu Jingyan, a graduating student from Beijing University, who wants to study in England and has already taken the TOEFL.

Most of Xu's classmates have never heard of the APIEL. "The APIEL is made for international students who wish to get university studies in English-speaking countries, including the United States, Britain, Canada and Australia. " Jen said.

"The APIEL will be used," said Jen, "because the TOEFL can no longer perfectly show the students' abilities of using English. " Xinhua reported that a large number of foreign students who had high scores in TOEFL exam turned out to be very ordinary educational performers after being admitted.

"Compared with the TOEFL, the APIEL measures a student's ability to read, write, speak and understand 'English through testing his or her skills in listening comprehension, speaking with fluency, and writing in an organized way. " Jen said.

1.The underlined word "current" in the second paragraph means               .

A. high                                          B. present                                          C. low                                          D. formal

2.We can learn from the passage that              .

A. the TOEFL is more popular with the Chinese than the IELTS

B. it will take quite a period of time for people to accept the APIEL

C. Chinese students will prefer the IELTS rather than the APIEL even in the future

D. a student will have to take the APIEL if he/ she wants to study in English-speaking countries from 2012

3. The APIEL is designed for students who want to study in English-speaking countries, such as     .

A. the United States and Canada                                          B. Canada and Ireland

C. Australia and India                                                                      D. Britain and France

4. According to the passage, the United States will introduce a new exam because        .

A. it will bring the US government quite a lot of money

B. more and more students want to get further education in the USA

C. the existing exam systems can no longer perfectly show the students' abilities

D. the Chinese pay special attention to English studies with China's entry into the WTO

5.Which of the following would be the best title for this passage?

A. A New Exam Designed for Students                                         

B. The Four Skills in Learning English

C. The Key to English-speaking Countries                           

D. TOEFL, IELTS and GRE to Be out of Date

 

题型:阅读理解
难度:中等

Researchers at the University of Bedforshire have developed a new technique for powering electronic device(装置). The system, developed by Professor Ben Allen at the Centre for Wireless Research, uses radio waves as power.

Believed to be a world first, the team claims it could eventually eliminate (or get rid of) the need for conventional batteries. The university has now filed a patent application to secure the only rights to the technique.

Professor Allen and his team have created a system to use medium wave frequencies to replace batteries in small everyday devices like clocks and remote controls.

The new technique uses the “waste” energy of radio waves and has been developed as part of the university’s research into “power harvesting”. Professor Allen said that as radio waves have energy---like light waves, sound waves or wind waves---in theory, these waves could be used to create power.

“The emerging(新兴的)area of power harvesting technology promises to reduce our reliance on conventional batteries,” he said. “It’s really exciting way of taking power from sources other than what we would normally think of.”

The team is now waiting for the results of the patent application to secure recognition of the technique. Professor Allen said that the team’s achievements had all been done in their “spare time”. “Our next stage is to try and raise some real funds so that we can take this work forward and make a working prototype(模型)and maybe partner up with the right people and take this to a full product in due course,” he said.

“Power harvesting has a really important part in our future, because, just in this country, we dispose of somewhere between 20,000 and 30,000 tones of batteries in landfill(垃圾填理)sites every single year-that is toxic chemicals going into the ground.”

He added that development of the product could also be “commercially beneficial”. “The market for this is several billion pounds. We’ve seen market predictions for 2020 which have these kinds of figures, so there’s a lot of commercial potential in this area,” he said.

Pro-Vice Chancellor at the University of Bedfordshire, Professor Carsten Maple, said, “This type of work is a reflection of the university’s growing reputation and experience in conducting innovative(创新的)research.”

1.From the text we know the new technique for powering electronic devices_____.

A. can be applied to all electronic devices.                                           

B. uses radio waves to create power.

C. has replaced conventional batteries.                                 

D. produces many toxic chemicals.

2.According to Professor Allen, power harvesting technology______.

A. makes every use of radio waves.               

B. takes power from usual sources.

C. reduces our dependency on conventional batteries. 

D. aims at huge commercial benefits.

3.What can we learn about Professor Allen and his team from the text?

A. They have made use of radio waves in their daily life.

B. They have raised a big fund to support their research.

C. They have gained a patent for their new technology.

D. They mainly did their research in their spare time.

4.What is Professor Carsten Maple’s attitude toward the new technique?

A. Critical.                            B. Favorable.                           

C. Conservative.                            D. Negative.

5.What is the text mainly about?

A. A new technique to create power.   

B. A crisis concerning conventional batteries.

C. Some special sources of power.    

D. The development of power harvesting.

 

题型:阅读理解
难度:中等

Big Ben, the landmark of London, a clock famous for its accuracy and chimes(和谐的钟声), stopped working for 90 minutes, an engineer said Saturday.

People do not know why the 147-year-old clock on the banks of the River Thames stopped at 10:07 p.m. Friday. It continued keeping time, but stopped again at 10:20 p.m. and remained silent for about 90 minutes before starting up again, a spokeswoman for the House of Commons said.

There has been speculation(推测) that a recent period of hot weather may have been to blame(责备). Temperatures in London reached 90 on Saturday, and forecasters called it England’s hottest day in May since 1953.

The clock has experienced occasional problems. In 1962, snow caused the clock to stop before the New Year. In 1976, the clock stopped when a piece of its machinery broke. Big Ben also stopped on April 30, 1997, and once more three weeks later.

1.How many times has Big Ben stopped up to now?

A. Three         B. Five        C. Six         D. Eight

2.The probable reason for Big Ben stopping working this time is ________.

A. high temperature               B. low temperature

C. broken machine                 D. heavy snow

3.The passage mainly talks about ________.

A. Big Ben’s history                

B. the solution to Big Ben’s problem.

C. the landmark of London         

D. Big Ben’s silence

 

题型:阅读理解
难度:中等

TOKYO, Japan (AP) – Japan is very serious about robotics (机器人技术). If the droids are going to fit in, they probably need to learn the Japanese custom of serving tea. Fortunately, researchers at the University of Tokyo are exploring just that. In a show this week, a humanoid(有人类特点的)with camera eyes made by Kawada Industries Inc. poured tea from a bottle into a cup. Then another robot on wheels delivered the cup of tea in an experimental room that has sensors embedded in the floor and sofa as well as cameras on the ceiling, to simulate(模仿)life with robot technology.

“A human being may be faster, but you’d have to say ‘Thank you,’” said University of Tokyo professor Tomomasa Sato. “That’s the best part about a robot. You don’t have to feel bad about asking it to do things.”

Sato believes Japan, a rapidly aging society where more than a fifth of the population is 65 or older, will lead the world in designing robots to care for the elderly, sick and bedridden(卧床不起的).

Already, monitoring technologies, such as sensors that automatically turn on lights when people enter a room, are becoming widespread in Japan.

The walking, child–size Asimo from Honda Motor Co. greets people at showrooms. NEC Corp. has developed a smaller companion robot–on–wheels called Papero. A seal robot available since 2004 can entertain the elderly and others in need of fuzzy companionship.

Sato says his experimental room is raising awareness about privacy questions that may arise when electronic devices(设备)monitor a person’s movements down to the smallest detail.

On the bright side, the tea – pouring humanoid has been programmed to do the dishes.

1.What is the best title of this passage?

A. “Thank You” Will Never Be Needed in Japan

B. Monitoring Technologies Are Widespread in Japan

C. Robot Is Designed to Care for the Elderly.

D. Robot Technologies Are Widespread in Japanese Daily Life.

2.The underlined word “embedded” in the first paragraph probably means       .

A. fixed                      B. established                                               

C. settled                     D. rooted

3.According to Professor Sato,       .

A. the robot serves tea much faster than a human being

B. the robot does anything like human beings

C. tea – serving robot helps to form laziness of the aging society

D. tea – serving robot doesn’t need any reward for the service

4.Which of the following statements is NOT true?

A. A robot can imitate people to complete complicated tasks.

B. A robot has been programmed to clean the dishes.

C. All the problems in the aging society can be solved by robots.

D. The number of aging people is increasing rapidly in Japan.

5.We can infer from the passage that        .

A. people are afraid of being monitored by robots.

B. the technology of robots has been highlighted in Japan.

C. robots can completely take the place of human beings.

D. people’s privacy should be strictly protected

 

题型:阅读理解
难度:中等

News that Microsoft made a $44.6 billion bid to buy Yahoo resulted in heated discussions made by many Internet users. Here are some responses:

Diane Burke of Weeks bury, Kentucky

I think it would definitely be an interesting combination. Everyone recognizes the names Yahoo and Microsoft, but everyone also says, “Did you Google it?” Such满分5(www.manfen5.com)--教育资源门户,提供试卷、教案、课件、论文、素材及各类教学资源下载,还有大量而丰富的教学相关资讯! a catchphrase is going to be hard to beat.

Shaun Carney of Laurelville, Ohio

I think the merger will provide more competitions for Google. I don’t think the merger will allow Microsoft to develop faster than Google, though. I believe the increased competition this merger brings will force Google to stay on top of its game by offering more fresh and original Internet tools and expanding on the tools it already offers.

Toni Suarez of Hacienda Heights, California

I view the merger as a necessary element in preventing a monopolization. Perhaps it would bring better high technology innovations to e-mail and help in researching and developing a better Internet!

Rick R. of Edgewater, Florida

It sounds like a disaster to me. If this were to happen, I would stop using my Yahoo e-mail account because I don’t like the feeling of Microsoft spying upon my business. I will sign up for Google.

Antonio 满分5(www.manfen5.com)--教育资源门户,提供试卷、教案、课件、论文、素材及各类教学资源下载,还有大量而丰富的教学相关资讯!Glosser of Kansas City, Missouri

Right now, Yahoo offers a lot of features and tools at no cost for all different levels of Internet users. Microsoft seeks nothing but profit. Undoubtedly, they’ll do nothing other than find ways to start removing Yahoo’s formerly non-priced features. Microsoft’s greed will ruin the great thing that Yahoo currently is.

1. How many companies are mentioned in the passage?

A. One.                                          B. Two.                                                        C. Three.                                                        D. Four.

2.Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?

A. Shaun’s attitude towards Google is passive.

B. Toni believes the Internet will have a promising future.

C. Rick will support Google after the merger.

D. Antonio is afraid that the merger will cost Yahoo’s free features.

3.The passage is mainly about ______.

A. opinions on the merger of Yahoo and Microsoft

B. the strengths of Yahoo and Microsoft

C. the strengths and weaknesses of large companies

D. the满分5(www.manfen5.com)--教育资源门户,提供试卷、教案、课件、论文、素材及各类教学资源下载,还有大量而丰富的教学相关资讯! future of Yahoo and Microsoft

 

题型:阅读理解
难度:中等

Cities need to put efforts to deal with pollution and clear the air.

Chinese cities will need to put efforts to clear up the sky when a new department to improve regional air quality is set up by 2015, according to the latest plan released by the State Council.

Besides the existing pollution control program for SO2, regional emission caps (区域排放上限) for other certain chemicals will be established in the three key air polluting areas— the Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta and the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region. Coal-consumption caps will also be tried out in some areas, according to the plan.

“The plan is aimed at dealing with regional air pollution—such as acid rain and smog—which have become increasingly obvious in China in recent years and caused a severe threat to people’s health,” Zhang Lijun, vice-minister of environmental protection, said in an interview on Monday.

“The air quality in a city affects the regions nearby because pollutants (污染物) Can travel through the atmosphere,” said Chai Fahe, vice-director of Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences.

“So efforts to reduce air pollution in a single city, targeting a certain pollutant will not be enough,” Chai said.

Zhang said, “The country’s major industrial districts—the Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta and the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region—have recorded more than 100 misty days annually in recent years.”

These three regions, home to at least 200 million people, occupy only 6. 3 percent of the country’s area but consume 40 percent of the country’s coal and produce half of its steel, according to official figures.

Studies also show that the visibility (能见度) in eastern regions of China has dropped by 7 to 15 km compared to that in the early 1960s, as a result of air pollution.

Liaoning province, the Shandong Peninsula, Wuhan in Hubei province and its surrounding area, the Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan region in Hunan province, the Chengdu-Chongqing region, and the western coast of the Taiwan Straits are also listed as areas to carry out such regional air pollution control programs, according to the plan.

The new plan also requires an improved air quality system, which will measure the pollution levels. “The current system, which only measures some major pollutants, cannot reflect the true picture.” said Chai.

1. It will not be enough to reduce air pollution in a single city because   .

A. air pollution has been becoming more and more serious in recent years

B. air pollution like acid rain and smog is threatening people’s health

C. air pollutants in a city can travel in the sky and affect nearby areas

D. air pollutants stay in fixed places over the cities

2.. Suppose the visibility in eastern regions of China was 130 km in the early 1960s, the visibility there nowadays is   .

A. 123 to 115 km    B. 137 to 145 km

C. 123 to 145 km    D. 115 to 137 km

3.. The main purpose of the passage is   .

A. to inform readers of the damage caused by air pollution

B. to introduce the new plan to control air pollution

C. to provide official figures of air pollution levels

D. to point out the regions affected by air pollution

4.. What does the underlined phrase“the true picture”in the last paragraph mean?

A. The major pollutants.

B. The key polluted areas.

C. The major polluted cities.

D. The pollution levels.

 

题型:阅读理解
难度:中等

That the Leaning Tower of Pisa no longer leans quite so much after a £20 million project to save it has proved to be a great success.The tower, which was on the edge of collapse, has been straightened by 18 inches, returning it to its 1838 position.

+1.TIF

“It has straightened a little bit more than we expected, but very little helps, ”said Prof.John Burland, the only British member of the rescue committee.“The tower is still very slightly moving towards being upright. ”

The tower, which has been leaning almost since building work first began in 1173, was closed to the public in 1990 because of safety fears.The 183foot tower was nearly 15 feet off vertical and its structure was found to have been weakened by centuries of strain(作用力).

Prof.Burland said it could have collapsed “at any moment”.However, it took nine years of quarreling before any work was done.The last attempt at straightening the tower was carried out. Concrete was poured into the foundations, but the result was that the tower sank further into the soil.

The straightening work involved digging out around 70 tonnes of earth from the northern side of the tower, causing it to sink on that side.Before the digging started, the tower was fixed with steel ropes and 600 tonnes of lead weights.

However, halfway through the project, concerns at the ugliness of the weights led to their removal and the tower leaned greatly.The weights were hurriedly reattached. In one night, the tower moved more than it had averaged in an entire year.The tower's stonework has also been restored.

The Italian government stepped in after a tower collapsed in Pavia in 1989, killing four people.Experts suddenly realized that the tower at Pisa, which was similarly built and on the same sort of earth, could do the same.

1.What would be the best title for the passage?

A.The Building of the Leaning Tower of Pisa

B.Saving the Leaning Tower of Pisa

C.The Collapse of the Leaning Tower of Pisa

D.The History of the Leaning Tower of Pisa

2.According to the passage, the Leaning Tower of Pisa_________________.

A.closed for the straightening work in 1990

B.began to lean more than 800 years ago

C.has a history of more than 1, 000 years

D.has become vertical

3.What drove the Italian government to save the Leaning Tower of Pisa?

A.The development of new technology.

B.The advice of Prof. John Burland.

C.The expectation of the rescue committee.

D.The collapse of a tower in Pavia.

4.What most probably played the most important part in straightening the tower?

A.The lead weights fixed to the tower.

B.Restoring the stonework.

C.Pouring concrete into the foundations.

D.Digging earth from the southern side of the tower.

 

题型:阅读理解
难度:中等

More than a hundred reporters from around the world thronged and bustled in the Stock Exchange Building in Stockholm's Old Town for about an hour before the doors to the Swedish Academy swung open. Notably, there were many Japanese reporters present, hoping to break the news that Haruki Murakami had won the prize. Finally, the Swedish Academy's Permanent Secretary Peter Englund stepped out from the doors and said Canadian short story writer Alice Munro has won the 2013 Nobel Prize in Literature.

The following is a truncated Q&A with reporters and Englund. (The questions have been simplified and clarified.)

    Why did Alice Munro win?

We gave her the Nobel Prize in Literature because she is a master of the contemporary short story.

Which book to begin with?

One of the amazing things about her is that she has no weak works in her writing. She has always worked to the best of her ability; she has always cultivated the short story to perfection. And she has never really written a weak or bad book. So you can take your pick. 'The Moons of Jupiter' was the first book I read by her and you can see both her different themes in that book and also her very special narrative mode, you can find it there. She tells her stories a bit like nobody else. She has a very economical language and sparse style. You can find that in 'The Moons of Jupiter.' You can take your pick. The latest one is obviously very interesting, 'Dear Life,' which contains a number of autobiographical sketches at the end that gives a key to the entire authorship of Alice Munro.

How was she informed?

Well, I left a message on her answering machine. I couldn't reach her and it was of course pretty early in the morning. But she will be notified by courier, by email to her both agents, by standard mail and so on.

What kind of message did you leave?

Basically, congratulations! You've won the Nobel Prize in literature.

What's the Importance of a woman winning?

Don't ask me. We picked her for excellence, nothing else. Of course it matters when you start doing the headcount. But she is no representative. She has received this prize just because of what she has done. Nothing else.

So the sexual balance doesn't count?

We don't have these kinds of quotas; thank god ... We don't have any quotas. We could, if we wanted to, award this prize four times in a row to a children's book writer working in the United States. If we wanted to. We can do as we please. We don't have to fill any quotes in any direction. We just give it to authors who show an extraordinary literary quality. One of these is Mrs. Alice Munro.

1.Why were there so many Japanese reporters in the Stock Exchange Building in Stockholm's Old Town?

A. They were waiting there to report who would win the 2013 Nobel Prize in 2013.

B. They had expected that Haruki Murakami would win the prize.

C. They just wanted to be the first to report the 2013 Noble Prize winner.

D. They were waiting in the stock market to give the world a big surprise.

2.Alice Munro would most probably be informed of her winning by ________?

A. picking up her answering machine    B. email from both of her agents

C. standard mail                     D. The passage doesn’t clarify it.

3.According to the passage, Alice Munro was awarded the 2013 Noble Prize in Literature mainly for ________.

A. she has an obvious advantage over Haruki Murakami

B. it is rare for a woman to have written so many perfect stories

C. she is a master of the contemporary short story

D. she deserves a prize for her hard work for so many years

4.Alice Munro is best known for her work ________.

A. “Dear Life”, which contains a number of autobiographical sketches that gives a key to her entire authorship

B. “The Moons of Jupiter”, which represented both her different themes and also her very special narrative mode

C. “Dance of the Happy Shades”, which helped her win the first Governor General’s Award

D. no specific work, but the uniqueness and perfection reflected in all her works

 

题型:阅读理解
难度:中等

“Here is the Eight O’ Clock News.”

“Chinese people spent about 120 billion yuan during the first three days of the May Golden Week last year. This year it has increased to 140 billion yuan.”

“The children of Beijing No.2 Middle School sang with students from Toronto in Canada to celebrate the 20th anniversary. They had been sister schools since 1986. They spent about two weeks together in Beijing. They visited the Great Wall and the Summer Palace. They took a lot of photos in Beihai Park.”

“Have you ever got tired of heavy shopping bags? A new shopping assistant robot which was invented by Japanese company could be the answer. The helpful robot can follow you around and carry several bags. The robot was tested at a shopping center in February 2006. ”

“About 500 people from different countries were in the 2006 “Rock Paper Scissors(剪刀)” World Match in Canada. This event was founded in 1842. It is said playing this game is fun, and also a good way to solve problems among people.”

“And now it’s time for Morning Music.”

1.The students from Canada and Beijing No. 2 Middle School didn’t ________.

A. take photos                  B. visit places of interest   

C. sing songs                D. have a football match

2. This year during the first three days of the May Golden Week, it cost Chinese people ___________ yuan more than that of last year.

A. 260,000,000,000                               B. 120,000,000,000   

C. 140,000,000,000                            D. 20,000,000,000

3.Which of the following is not talked about in the news?

A. The robot can help with shopping bags.     

B. A Japanese company invented the robot.

C. The robot was tested at a shopping centre.   

D. There are such robots in people’s homes now.

4.The underlined word “anniversary” means           .

A. birthday                                                                                    B. yearly return of the date of an event

C. university                                                                      D. the new beginning of something important

5. Which of the following is a game?

A. Rock Paper Scissors                            B. May Golden Week  

C. Shopping assistant robot              D. A visit to the school

 

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