Running is good for people with too much fat because it can help them become slim(苗条). It also makes people strong. But it may be bad for joints (关节). If we don’t feel comfortable in our joints, we should stop for another activity.
Walking makes our bodies relaxed (放松的). It can also help people to be slim.
Swimming is a great way to make different places of your body strong. But it is not a good way to keep slim. The water in a swimming pool is cooler than our body. The body protects itself from the cold by keeping fat.
Riding a bike will help us be slim and make our legs strong, too. But be careful! If you live in the city, you should ride on the bike road and be away from the busy traffic to keep safe.
1.If you’re not well in the joints(关节) while running, you should .
A. run faster B. keep running
C. stop running D. drink water
2.Cycling can help .
A. make your legs strong B. know the way well
C. keep fat D. walk fast
3. While cycling in cities, you should be away from the traffic to .
A. keep quiet B. keep safe
C. ride faster D. enjoy fresh air
4. You can be slim if you play these sports except (除了) .
A. running B. walking
C. swimming D. cycling
5.What does the passage tell us about?
A. Four outdoor activities. B. Four ways of travelling.
C. Why we need sports. D. Four good things of sports.
1. To prevent from catching a cold or flu, it’s good for you _________.
A. to clean your fingers often
B. to brush your teeth twice a day
C. to get up early every morning
D. to wash all parts of your hands
2. If you want to get a good sleep, you’d better __________.
A. go to bed after you’re tired
B. go to sleep at midnight
C. follow the bedtime routine
D. eat something or read in bed
3.Studies have shown that many diseases have something to do with __________.
A. having no oral examination
B. washing hands with cold water
C. sleeping too late sometimes
D. doing little physical activity
Compared to unhappy people, those who are cheerful and relaxed are less likely to suffer
from cold, according to a new study. ______2.___, say the researchers from New York University.
"It seems that positive(积极的) feelings may reduce the danger of illness," said the study's
chief researcher Sheldon Cohen.
In an earlier study, Cohen found that people who were cheerful and lively caught coughs
and colds less often. ____3.___
In this study, Cohen's study interviewed 193 adults every day for two weeks. During
the interviews, the people told researchers about the happy or sad feelings they had that day.
After the two weeks, the people were given colds by doctors and had to stay alone in a room for
But for people who said they felt happy during the research period , their illness was less
serious and lasted for a shorter time.
Cohen believes that when people experienced positive feelings, their body may produce
a chemical that helps fight illness and disease. __5._____
Music not only gives you something to sing and dance to, but also can make you feel happier. Scientists say that music can help to relax people’s mind and even help to relieve（痛苦） pain. How does music work its magic? It is the fact that music can adjust(调节) our mood（心情）. Recently, there is a scientific research to back up what we have always known about music. The studies have shown that when people are excited or happy they are more helpful. The opposite (相反的情况)happens when people feel aggressive（好斗的） or under stress. The use of music can influence how helpful people can be.
Dr. Adrian North made a study with 256 university students.Half the group took exercise
in the gymnasium listening to music which can bring happiness and the other half exercised
to aggressive music. When leaving the gym, the students were asked to hand out flyers（传单） in support of the local disabled athlete’s foundation（残疾运动员基金会）.
The results showed that nearly half of the group that listened to happy music were willing to (愿意) hand out flyers. But less than 20% in the group that heard the aggressive music were willing to do so. This study suggests that our choice of music can influence our willingness to cooperate(合作). While a study also shows that productivity (生产效率) can be increased with the right choice of background music in the workplace. As music stimulates(刺激)worker’s mind, job satisfaction is often positively influenced. Other studies have shown that workers who are in a good mood have more job satisfaction than those in a bad mood.
These studies show that music can have a powerful influence on a person’s ability to cooperate. Moods have a direct influence(直接影响) on cooperation and job satisfaction. These factors also have a direct relationship to the success of a business.
1. What do scientists say about music ? _____________________________.
2.The phrase “back up” , Paragraph 1 most probably means “support”, doesn’t it ? _____ _.
3. Why do people use the right choice of background music in the workplace?_______ .
4. How do people feel if they are bored or sad ?_____________________ .
5. What do moods have a direct influence on?______________________________ .
Many people hurt their backs when they try to lift heavy things from the floor. It is easy to hurt your back muscle(肌肉) when you try to pick up a heavy thing. However, there is a correct way to lift things from the floor. If you pick up heavy things correctly, you probably will not hurt Your back.
To lift something from the floor correctly, first bend (弯曲) your knees and lower yourself. Keep your back straight. Do not bent over, from your waist (腰) keep your back and hips (臀部) and waist in a line. If you bent over, the muscles in your lower back can became hurt very easily. If you keep your back and hips straight, the muscles are stronger, because they hold up together. The other muscles can then help the lower back muscles.
As you lower yourself, try to get as close to thing as you can, put one knee on each side of the thing. Remember at all times to keep your back straight. Put your hand under the thing that is in front of you, between y our knees.
To lift the thing, you should stand up slowly. Use your leg muscles in order to stand up. In other words, lift with your legs, not with your back.
1. Which part of your body is more easily to be hurt when you lift heavy things?
A. The leg muscles. B. The back muscles
C. The hips D. The knees
2.Many people hurt their backs when they lift something because _______.
A. they are not strong
B. the things are very heavy
C. the way to lift the things is not correct.
D. they are very heavy
3.The muscles are stronger if you _______.
A. keep your back, hips and waist in a line
B. bend over from your waist
C. lower your self
D. get down on your knees
4.To lift heavy things, the most important of all is to _________.
A. stand up slowly
B. keep your back straight
C. bend your knees
D. put one knee on each side
5. What does “In other words” mean? ________
A. 总而言之 B.换句话说
1.John should take_____a day.
A.2 teaspoonfuls B.3 teaspoonfuls
C.4 teaspoonfuls D.1 teaspoonful
2.The medicine should be kept in______.
A.a fridge B.hot water
C.any place D.the sun
3.John should _____before he takes it.
A.drink a cup of tea
C.do some exercise
D.shake the medicine well
4.When people are ______years old,they can’t take this medicine.
5.John will ______when it is left after Dec.1st,2014.
A.take the medicine
B.throw away the medicine
C.still keep the medicine
D.give the medicine back to the doctor
MSG(monosodium glutamate) is a food additive(食品添加剂),which has been widely used by many food factories all over the world since it appeared first in Japan in 1909.
MSG is a substance that is added to some food to improve its original(原先的) taste and color. It is used in foods around the world such as cakes, bread, frozen meats, fish and vegetables. In the beginning, people thought MSG was safe just like salt and sugar. However, in 1968 some people reported they seemed to have bad reactions(反应) to MSG after having had a meal at a restaurant. They included headaches and quick heartbeat(心跳). It was also reported that MSG excited a person’s brain and caused his death in Japan. Scientists think that MSG may lead to many neurological disorders(神经紊乱). In mice studies done by a university, the evidence showed the mice didn’t want to eat the food including MSG.
Today many food companies “hide” MSG on food labels(标签) by using different names. If you see “natural flavorings (调味品) ”,“hydrolyzed protein ”and “spices” in a food label, you are probably seeing a hidden way to “report” MSG in a food label. Every time we have a meal in a restaurant, we always feel the food very delicious to taste, but sometimes it is dangerous for our health because some poisonous （有毒的）food additives have been added to the food.
To protect people’s health, our governments, from central to local, are taking actions to stop factories producing poisonous food additives.
1.Monosodium Glutamate is ______ .
A. a food B. an additive
C. a factory D. a country
2. MSG is often used in ______.
A. frozen meats B. cups
C. clothes D. book covers
3. The examples in the second paragraph tell us ________.
A. the food including MSG is delicious
B. people like to eat in a restaurant
C. mice like eating the food including MSG
D.MSG is not safe sometimes
4.If you see “natural flavorings”, “hydrolyzed protein” and “spices” in a food label, you will know _____________.
A. you must eat the food in a hidden way
B. the food label must be hidden
C.MSG is probably added to the food
D. you must report the food to your parents
5.The underlined word “substance” in the article means __________.
A. color B. material
C. taste D. Food
Eat with others. It can help you to see others’ healthy eating habits. If you usually eat with your parents, you will find that the food you eat is more delicious.
Listen to your body. Ask yourself if you are really hungry. Have a glass of water to see if you are thirsty—sometimes you are just thirsty, you need no food. Stop eating before you feel full.
Eat breakfast. Breakfast is the most important meal of the day. After you don’t eat for the past ten hours, your body needs food to get you going. You will be smarter after eating breakfast.
Eat healthy snacks like fruits, yogurt or cheese. We all need snacks sometimes. In fact, it’s a good idea to eat two healthy snacks between your three meals This doesn’t mean that you can eat a bag of chips instead of a meal.
Don’t eat dinner late. With our busy life, we always put off eating dinner until the last minute. Try to eat dinner at least 3 hours before you go to bed. This will give your body a chance to digest most of the food before you rest for the next 8—10 hours.
1.The writer gives us pieces of advice on healthy eating.
A. 4 B. 5 C. 6 D. 7
2.Which snack is Not mentioned in the passage?
A. Fruits B. Yogurt C. Chips D. Ice cream
3.Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?
A. Snacks are bad for our health.
B. We should keep eating until we are full.
C. Dinner is the most important meal of the day.
D. We should have dinner at least 3 hours before going to bed.
4.The underlined(画线)word “digest” means “ ” in Chinese.
A. 消化 B. 享用 C.储存 D. 循环
5.The passage mainly tells us .
A. where to eat B. how to eat
C. why to eat D. when to eat
Do you often change your toothbrush? Maybe you think it is not necessary. A study shows old toothbrushes bring disease. You should often change your toothbrush.
Swimming, running, skating, skiing, dancing, walking and some other activities can help you stay healthy. You should exercise at least three times a week and for twenty minutes or more each time. Do it.
Plan out your life
You should have breakfast before you go to school. Have a proper (合适的) meal for lunch. Follow a healthy diet.
1.What’s the passage mainly about?
A. Healthy food. B. Healthy lifestyle (生活方式).
C. Junk food. D. Healthy sports.
2.What is the best title (标题) for the second paragraph?
A. Man’s disease B. Disease
C. Watch the toothbrush D. Your bathroom
3.At least how long should you exercise each time?
A. Twenty minutes. B. Fifteen minutes.
C .Five minutes. D. Ten minutes.
4.From the passage, we know _______ can help us stay healthy.
A. proper diet B. exercise
C. sleep and exercise D. proper diet and exercise
5.What does a healthy eating plan mean?
A. Choosing the right foods.
B. Cooking the foods in a healthy way.
C. Never eat meat or fresh vegetables
D. Both A and B.
1.Who is this form above most probably written for?
A. Parents. B. Doctor.
C. Students. D. Teachers.
2.According to the information given in the form, why don’t students like to study?
A. Because of too much homework.
B. Because they don’t know how to get on well with classmates.
C. Because they don’t like to do exercise.
D. Because computers have a bad influence on them.
3._______ can help you avoid becoming short-sighted.
A. Doing eye exercises regularly B. Reading in bed
C. Reading in the sun D. Reading too long
4.If you feel stressed, you should ________.
A. do less homework
B. make plans for your study, hobbies and relaxation
C. fight with others
D. have some snacks
5.Peter is very fat. Maybe he ________.
A. plays computer games too much
B. has too many snacks
C. B or D
D. doesn’t like to do exercise