In 1826, a Frenchman named Niepce needed pictures for his business .But he was not a good artist .So he invented a very simple camera. He put it in a window of his house and took a picture of his garden .That was the first photo.
The next important date in the history of photography (摄影) was in 1837. That year, Daguerre, another Frenchman, took a picture of his reading room .He used a new kind of camera in a different way. In his picture you could see everything very clearly, even the smallest thing. This kind of photo was called a Daguerreotype.
Soon, other people began to use Daguerre’s way. Travelers brought back wonderful photos from all around the world .people took picture of famous buildings, cities and mountains.
In about 1840, photography was improved .Then photographers could take pictures of people and moving things .That was not simple .The photographers had to carry a lot of films and other machines. But this did not stop them, for example, some in the United States worked so hard.
Mathew Brady was a famous American photographer. He took many pictures of great people .The pictures were unusual because they were very lifelike.
Photography also became one kind of art by the end of the 19th century. Some photos were not just copies of the real world .They showed feelings like other kinds of art.
1.The first photo taken by Niepce was a picture of ________
A. his business B. his house
C. his garden D. his window
2.The Daguerreotype was_______.
A. a Frenchman B. a kind of picture
C. a kind of camera D. a photographer
3. If a photographer wanted to take pictures of moving things in the year of 1840, he had to_____.
A. watch lots of films
B. buy an expensive camera
C. stop in most cities
D. take many films and something else.
4.This passage tells us_____________.
A. how photography was developed
B. how to show feelings in pictures
C. how to take pictures in the world
D. how to use different cameras
1.Which of these sentences is TRUE?
A.You can join the Tulip Festival on International Labour Day in 2014.
B.The Tulip Festival started in 1955.
C.Tulip isn’t a symbol of friendship.
2.Which city has the world’s largest tulip event?
A. Canada B. Ottawa C. Newsland
Halloween falls on October 31st. It is one of the most favourite holidays for children in the USA. People dress up in costumes (化妆服装) like a witch (巫婆), a ghost （鬼）or a skeleton （枯髅）. The children go to houses to say “Trick or treat!” Long ago, if a child was not good, he or she would get a trick like having a stone in his or her bag instead of some candy. Nowdays, no one gets tricks. All the children receive lots and lots of candy. Parties are also popular in the evening. People go to parties in costumes and play different games. People also like listening to ghost stories and watching scary (恐怖的) movies.
1. What do you know about Halloween?
2. How do people celebrate Halloween?
3. Who go to houses to say “Trick or treat!”
4. Which do children receive nowadays, stone or candy?
5. What else do people do besides going to parties and playing different games?
On January 1, we welcome the coming of a new year like many people in other countries. And we have another four holidays on the first day of a month: April Fool’s Day, May Day, Friendship Day (Aug.1) and Grandparents Day (Sep. 1).
The most important holiday for the young people comes in February. It is Valentine’s Day. Lots of boys give red roses to girls as a present.
People celebrate some holidays for their family members. We say thanks to our mother in May and celebrate Father’s Day in the following month. In November many people return home for Thanksgiving Day, so the whole family can stay together.
There are also some interesting holidays for children. For example, Halloween comes at the end of October. Children often play with pumpkin lanterns and put on all kinds of masks.
Of course, the most important festival is Christmas. After a year of work and study, people can enjoy a long holiday, eat big meals, and visit family and friends.
1.How many holidays do you know on the first day of a month in America?
A. Four. B. Five.
C. Seven. D. Ten.
2.What is the most important holiday for the young people?
A. Thanksgiving Day. B. Christmas Day.
C. Valentine’s Day. D. New Year’s Day.
3. From the reading we know that Father’s Day comes ___________.
A. in May B. in April.
C. in June D. in July
4. Halloween is one of the interesting holidays for ___________.
A. children B. mothers
C. girls D. students
5. Many people return home in November because they want to ___________.
A. enjoy a long holiday B. stay with their family members
C. eat big meals with friends D. spend Thanksgiving Day
Long, long ago people made fires from lightening (闪电). But they had to keep the fire burning, for they couldn’t start it again if there was no lightening. Later, they found out hitting two pieces of stone together could make a spark (火花). The spark could fire dry leaves. In this way they could make the fire again if it went out. Then people also learned to make a fire by rubbing (摩擦). They made a hole on a piece of wood and put a smaller stick into the hole. They turned the stick again and again. After a few minutes they got a fire.
A years went by, people learned other ways to make a fire. Sometimes they used the heat from the sun. They held a piece of glass in the right way and made a piece of paper on fire.
About two centuries ago, people began to make matches. Matches brought people a quick and easy way to make fires. Today matches are still being used, but people have more new ways to make fires. One of them is to use an electric fire starter. Of course an electric fire starter is much more expensive than a box of matches. But it is very useful.
1. From the text we know that a spark can _______.
A. fire any leaves B. burn anything
C. burn dry leaves D. keep fire burning
2.We can also get a fire by ________.
A. making a hole on a big piece of wood
B. putting a smaller stick into the hole
C. turning the stick hard for a while
D. all above together
3. Matches have been used ________.
A. for about two thousand years
B. for about two hundred years
C. since people began to use fire for cooking
D. since people used the heat from the sun
4. From the text, we know that _______.
A. electric fire starters are widely used
B. people haven’t used matches since they had electric fire starters
C. today there are only two ways to make fire
D. some forest fires happen from lightening
5. Which of the following is the right order of the ways to make fires that people got to know?
a. with a match b. from the sun
c. from lightening d. by rubbing
e. with an electric fire starter
A. a, b, c, d, e B. b, c, a, e, d
C. c, d, b, a, e D. d, a, c, b, e
The Netherlands is rich in culture and art. It is home of many great artists, for example, Vincent van Gogh. Besides fine art, the Netherlands is also called the country of tulips (郁金香). It has the world’s largest tulip garden: Keukenhof garden.
Dutch people are very hard-working. There’s a saying: “God made the Earth, but the Dutch made Holland.” More than a quarter of the country is below sea level. So Dutch people build many dams (水坝) to protect the country from flooding. They have created almost one sixth of the country from seas and rivers!
Did you know?
◆ Rubber ducks are popular around the world. Dutch artist Florentijn Hofman created it in 2007. The yellow duck is 26 metres high.
◆ Wooden clogs (木底鞋) are traditional shoes in the Netherlands. They make good gifts for tourists.
◆ In the Netherlands, it is impolite to start eating at once. Dutch people will sometimes say “delicious” before eating.
◆ Like the UK, the Netherlands also has
kings and queens.
1.Taiwan, China is than the Netherlands in area.
A. a bit smaller B. much larger C. much smaller D. a little larger
2.Paragraph 3 mainly tells us about .
A. hard-working Dutch people
B. culture in the Netherlands
C. Dutch artists
D. size of the Netherlands
3.What is not talked about in the reading?
A. Table manners. B. Artists. C. Weather. D. Tulips.
4.About of the Netherlands is created from the seas and rivers.
A. 16% B. 25% C. 60% D. 75%
5.Which is NOT TRUE about the Netherlands?
A. China and the Netherlands have been neighouring countries for a long time.
B. Keukenhof garden is famous for tulips.
C. The Dutch may give foreign friends wooden clogs as small presents.
D. In the Netherlands, it’s good manners to praise (称赞) the food before eating.
Thousands of years ago, people didn't live in cold places because they didn't know how to keep themselves warm. Later they learned to make clothes. When an animal was killed, they made use of its skins to cover their bodies. 1. .
2. . It once helped people find fire, when lighting hit a forest and started a fire. 3. The fire kept them warm, and also frightened wild animals. Soon people found the food cooked tasted much better, so they began to use the fire to cook food.
But people still didn't know how to make a fire. When they got a fire from the forest they tried to keep it burning. 4.
But later they found different ways to make fire. For example, they made fire by burning wood or knocking two pieces of stones.
Today it's easy for people to make fire because they have matches, lighters and different kinds of heaters. 5.
In modern society, people use money every day. It seems that it is very important in our life. That’s because without money you can’t buy any goods(商品) you want. But I think few people know the history of money.
Long ago, people did not need money. They lived on wild animals, fruits and other plants. As time passed, people learned to raise animals and crops. Sometimes, families produced more than they needed, so they started to trade with other families. Later, people began to use money as a means of exchange. However, it was not the kind of money we use today. They used shells, rice, salt, large stones, etc.
During the 600s BC, people began using coins as money. They soon found that coins were easier to carry than goods and lasted a long time. Later, countries began to make their own coins.
The Chinese were the first to use paper money, probably as early as the 11th century. The Italian traveler Marco Polo saw the Chinese using money when he visited China in the 1200s. However, European countries did not start using paper money until 1600s.
Today, we have many ways to pay for things. We do not use coins or paper money. Often, people prefer to pay for things by card. Paying with a card is easier and safer than carrying around a lot of “real” money.
1. People used ________ as a means of exchange before the 7th century BC.
A. paper money B. card
C. large stone D. coins
2.From the passage, we know that European countries used paper money in the ________.
A. 11th century B. 12th century
C. 16th century D. 17th century
3.Which of the following is TRUE in this article?
A. Marco Polo was from Canada.
B. Chinese used paper money earlier than Italy.
C. Today people often prefer to pay for things by salt.
D. Carrying around much “real” money is easier and safer than Paying with a card.
Many people believe that 3G mobile phones will be used in almost all everyday activities. It____that we won’t go shopping because most things will be available(可得到的) on the Internet. There will be no more____ because all texts will be available in electronic libraries. The Internet will be used to plan holidays, rent films and_____ food. Most telephone calls will be ____ by 3G mobile phones as well.
Some people are ____ about the new development. Others, however, don’t think that 3G mobile phones will replace the old __ of shopping and communicating.
Let’s look at books, for example. Some people believe that one day we won’t read books made of paper. ____, we’ll read books by using 3G mobile phones. These mobile phones will store the contents（内容）of many different books at the same time. We won’t need to turn lots of pages and paper will be ____. Is the Internet shopping as fun as traditional shopping? Many people say it’s not. It’s __ _ to go into shops and look at things. It’s also___ that most people will want to read books on their 3G mobile phones. Maybe 3G mobile phones won’t change these two habits.
1.A.is thinking B. has thought C. is thought D. to think
2.A.dictionaries B. people C .letter D. books
3.A. order B. heat C. eat D. cook
4.A.built B. made C .bought D. used
5.A. afraid B. interested C. worried D. excited
6.A. ways B. time C. places D. houses
7.A.Besides B. However C. Instead D. So
8.A.sold B. saved C. wasted D. collected
9.A. boring B. interested C. terrible D. fun
10.A. important B. comfortable C. impossible D. normal
Hello! Welcome to our Music Program. And now if you listen to this programme, you’ll know that it’s time for our competition every week. Last week’s prize of two theatre tickets was won by Bill Martins. Congratulations, Bill. I hope you’ve your tickets by now. This week we are offering a classical (经典的) CD. I hope you will be the first listener to tell the name of the music and the person who it. but I do, you need to get a pencil and a piece of paper, as I’m going to give you some which should make your job a little easier. Are you ready? Right. Now listen carefully, as you might be this week’s winner.
Although the person who wrote the music was born in Italy, he spent most of his in Spain. Have you got that? The second point: There is also a famous play which has the same title as this music and which is usually performed in the open air in the summer. Any yet? I should warn you that it’s not that easy. Now for the next point: When this piece of music was first performed, many people in the audience got up and walked out. They thought the music was terrible and said it was a waste of their money. It’s really, when you think how it is today.
And now for the last point. Part of his music was used for an advertisement which you can see on television, in a lot of magazines and even on your cinema screen from next month. I’m when you hear the music, you’ll know what the advertisement is for. I’m not going to tell you what product (产品) it is, because that would almost give you the answer!
So, that’s four things to remember. If you can give us the answer, please ring 400-8937224. And the music is coming up now.
1.A.heard B.checked C. received D. noticed
2.A. sang B. wrote C. loved D. played
3.A. after B. until C.while D. before
4.A. notice B.stories C. help D. secret
5.A. correct B. lucky C. successful D. funny
6.A. life B. money C. music D. dream
7.A. question B. idea C. thing D. point
8.A. fantastic B.surprising C. unfair D.unwelcome
9.A.common B. funny C. interesting D. popular
10.A. believe B. think C. afraid D. sure