相关试题
当前位置:首页 > 初中英语试题 > 政治经济类阅读
题型:阅读理解
难度:中等

People live in different kinds of houses in the world. Usually, each house has its own living rooms, bedroom, kitchen and bathroom. Different houses have different names. What are they? Now, let’s take a look.

A flat is usually in a building. There are usually many families living in the same flat building. People in a flat building share the same stairs and lift to go up and down.

A townhouse has two floors. In a townhouse, the kitchen, the living room and dining room are usually on the ground floor, and the bedrooms are usually on the first floor.

A farmhouse is a house on a farm. There are many farmers living there. There is a large yard in front of it. There are also some “houses” for cows and hens near the farmhouse. The field is not far from the farmhouse, so farmers always go to the field on foot.

A dormitory is a large bedroom in a school, and every 4—8 students share one dormitory. They share the same bathroom, but each student has his or her own bed. Students can learn how to get along well with each other in a dormitory.

1. How does a person get into his or her flat on the second floor?

A. He or she climbs a ladder to get into it.

B. He or she uses a lift to get into it.

C. He or she climbs a rope (绳) to get into it.

D. He or she uses a plane to get into it.

2.What do people call a two-floor house?

A. A flat.                                B. A townhouse.                 

C. A farmhouse.                  D. A dormitory.

3.Farmers living in farmhouses usually go to the field______.

A. by bike                               B. by bus                                            

C. by car                                             D. on foot

4.Paul and Stephen live in a dormitory, so it’s good for them to learn ______ there.

A. how to make money                                                           B. how to speak English

C. how to get along with others                 D. how to sing a song

5. The writer tells us ______ kinds of houses.

A. four                               B. five                                            

C. six                               D. seven

 

题型:阅读理解
难度:中等

The fast development of technology has brought great changes to China’s media industry.It’s becoming difficult for Chinese TV entertainment programmes to get a high rating(收视率)easily as they did in the 1980s.

However,Zhejiang Satellite TV’s talent show The Voice of China became one of China’s hottest topics last year.The popular singing contest has helped turn some winners into hot stars,with a bright future ahead of them.Last year,I’m a Singer,another singing talent show of Hunan Satellite TV,had caught many people’s eyes,helping some once hot singers become popula again.

The Voice of China originares(起源)from The Voice of Holland.The show first started in Holland 4 years ago.Later the American television network NBC bought the copyrights(版权)to do a similar show in the U.S.Since then,the music talent show has become a hit in more than 50 countries around the world.I’m a Singer was one of the highest rating shows in South Korea in 2011.It was bought by Hunan Satellite TV from MBC,the South Korean television network later.

The success of The Voice of China and I’m a Singer has helped Chinese TV producers find that it’s a good way to buy the copyrights of some overseas TV shows and make them local programmes.Last year,they turned their eyes from singing to diving(跳水).Stars in Danger-High Dive produced by Jiangsu Satellite TV in the Water Cube is a celebrity (名人) diving talent show originating from Germany.Zhejiang Satellite TV’s  Splash also comes from the TV show named Celebrity Splash in Holland.

Popular     1.       talent shows in China

The Voice of China

The show first begin in Holland in     2.          .

Since the     3.        TV company NBC bought the copyrights and produced the show in the USA, the show has been very popular in over      4.       countries.

I’m a Singer

Hunan Satellite TV bought the copyrights of the programme from the TV company in South      5.            .

The show invited some once popular    6.      to take part in the contest.

Popular    7.       talent shows in China

Stars in Danger-High Dive

The show is held in the Water Cube in Beijing.

The diving talent show originates from      8.         .

Splash

The show is produced by    9.         Satellite TV.

The original name of the show is Celebrity Splash from   10.      .

 

题型:阅读理解
难度:中等

Hip-hop dancing (街舞)  is popular with many young people today. They like it because they can invent their own moves. They use this dance to show their love for life. It also shows that they feel good about life, that they just want to be themselves and enjoy life, and that they are not afraid of problems.

Hip-hop dancing has a history of more than 20 years. It first began in the 1980s in the USA. In early times, in New York and Los Angles, many young black people often danced to the music in the streets. They used their legs, arms, heads and even shoulders to dance. Many young people still use most of these moves today.

Hip-hop dancing became popular all over the world because of the 1983 film Flashdance. Some people performed (表演) Hip-hop dancing in the movie. People enjoyed their performance. They began to dance like them. Then it became popular. There are two kinds of Hip-hop dancing: new school and old school. More and more young people are learning Hip-hop dancing. People believe that it is a good way to exercise their bodies, and that it is good for their health.

1. Young people like Hip-hop dancing because_______.

A. It has a story of more than 20 years.                

B. It first began in the USA.

C. They can invent their own moves                 

D. Many young black people often dance it.

2. At first , people can see Hip-hop dancing ________.

A. in movies                                  B. in streets  

C. in old schools                   D. in new schools

3.The young black people used their_________ to dance.

A. legs                                           B. heads                

C. arms and shoulders                   D. A, B and C

4.Hip-hop dancing became popular all over the world _________.

A. in the 1970s                 B. in1983                 

C.50 years ago                D. in early times

5.Which of the following is TRUE about Hip-hop dancing?

A. It’s not a good way to exercise.

B. It shows that young people feel bad about life.

C. Young people use their dance to show their love for life.

D. It shows that young people are afraid of problems.

 

题型:阅读理解
难度:中等

根据短文内容,判断句子正误。正确的写“A”,不正确的写“B”(5分)

American English and British English are very different. Sometimes this difference is so big that the two seem like different languages!

Some words in British English mean things that are different in American English. For example a “raincoat” (American English) is called a “Mackintosh” in British English. But in America, a mackintosh is a kind of computer.

Most American sayings (谚语) mean nothing to the British. For example, Americans like to say, “Wake up and smell the coffee” which means “wake up and face reality(现实)”. But the British think it is silly-they do not drink coffee in the morning. Instead, most of them drink tea.

Of course, the two languages are the same in many ways. To “call” someone (American English) is to “ring” somebody in Britain. The two languages borrow from each other a lot. But for foreign students learning English, there can be many problems. After all, American English and British English have, over the years, become so different. Foreign students often learn British English, come to the USA, and cannot understand any American English! So you must ask yourself—where do I want to go in the future – America or England? If it is England, you should learn British English. But if you want to study in America, try learning as much true American English as possible. Watch American movies, listen to American songs, read books written in American English, and talk with an American accent (口音) — not a British one!

1. Some American English and British English are different in meanings.

2.“Mackintosh” is a kind of computer in England.

3. A lot of Englishmen like drinking coffee in the morning.

4. British English and American English borrow a lot from each other.

5. If you want to study in England, you’d better learn British English.

 

题型:完形填空
难度:中等

In China, many parents try to keep their children at home. In Canada, they will sometimes push them out of the house to make them live ______.

If a person over 18 chooses to stay at home, the parents may become      . They are afraid that their child is either lazy, or that he will become lazy if he stays at home for too long. So often they will say, “OK, you can stay at home, but you must    rent (房租).”

In some homes, the parents may make their children do their own    _, cooking, and something like that. This is not because the parents are    , it’s because they want to be sure their child is not too lazy.

In China, parents often show their love and care      their children by trying to take care of all their problems. They think it is not     to let their children walk on the road by themselves because there are so many cars and buses, so they take their children to school in the morning, and    them back after school. They only want their children    hard. Children try their best to get good     in all subjects. Usually parents care about everything of their children. They think by doing so their children will have a better life.

1.A. away                       B. alone                      C. near                         D. far

2.A. worried                      B. angry                      C. sad                           D. afraid

3.A. pay                         B. cost                       C. spend                         D. give

4.A. playing                      B. sleeping                    C. eating                          D. washing

5.A. rude                         B. careless                    C. unkind                         D. unhappy

6.A. at                           B. to                         C. for                            D. of

7.A. dangerous                    B. safe                        C. right                          D. wrong

8.A. take                         B. bring                      C. make                          D. carry

9.A. to study       B. to write                    C. to practise                      D. to grow

10.A. lessons        B. awards                     C. classes                          D. grades

 

题型:阅读理解
难度:困难

Father’s Day is the third Sunday in June. It is a day to thank fathers. On that day, fathers usually receive greeting gifts and cards. On the cards, children will write, “Thanks, father.” “Best wishes for Father’s Day” and so on. Father’s Day is also a day families get together at home as well as in the restaurants.

Where does the idea for the holiday come from? We should thank an American. In 1909 she wrote letters to some important persons. In her letter she advised to make Father’s Day on the third Sunday in June. In June in 1910, people celebrated the first Father’s Day in Washington. People whose parents are dead often decorated (装饰) their parents’ graves (坟墓) with flowers on these days. These are days of family fun and creating good feelings and memories.

1.When is Father’s Day?

A. The second Sunday in May.          B. The third Saturday in June.

C. The third Sunday in June.          D. The second Sunday in March.

2.Where does the idea for the holiday come from?

A. China.         B. England.       

C. America.       D. Italy.

3.When did the people celebrate the first Father’s Day?

A. In June in 1900.  B. In June in 1909.

C. In July in 1910.  D. In June in 1910.

4.Which sentence is NOT true?

A. On the cards, children will write “Thanks father.”

B. Father’s Day is also a day students get together at school.

C. In 1909 an American wrote letters to some important persons.

D. Father’s Day is a day families get together at home.

 

题型:阅读理解
难度:中等

Many people say that they are working too many hours. They don’t have enough time to relax or to stay with their family.

Work hours are different from one country to another. In France, people spend about 1,646 hours a year at work. In Japan, however, people work about 2,159 hours a year. That means a Japanese worker works 513 more hours a year that a French worker.

Why do people work so many hours? Some people work extra hours because they want to make more money. However, many companies don’t pay overtimes. Their workers don’t get more money for more work. Some people think it’s their duty to work more hours. Some are afraid of losing their jobs if they don’t work more hours.

Many people say that their vacations are too short. In France, people get five weeks of paid vacation a year. In Germany, they get four to six weeks, and in the United States, two weeks. One study shows fewer than half of workers used all their vacation days. In Great Britain, there is a saying, “All work and no play makes Jack a dull (迟钝的) boy.” If that is true, there must be a lot of dull people in the world.

1.A Japanese worker works ________ more hours a year than a French one.

A. 513                            B. 1,646                          

C. 2,519                           D. 3,805

2.The underlined word “extra” in Paragraph 3 means “___________”.

A. 正常的                       B. 额外的                          

C. 有用的                         D. 少量的

3.People on _________ get only two weeks of paid vacation a year.

A.France                          B. Germany                

C. The United States                   D.Great Britain

4. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?

A. No companies offer vacation to their workers.

B. Many people say they have enough time to relax.

C. Not all companies pay their workers for more work.

D. More than half of workers use all their vacation days.

 

题型:阅读理解
难度:中等

February has long been a month of romance. With the sweet smell of roses in the air, romantic films hit cinemas and love stories fill newspapers and magazines.

On the 14th day, it is a custom for a boy to take his girlfriend out to dinner, buy her flowers and chocolates, write poems, sing to her or even spell out her name with rose petals! This is what you see on Valentine’s Day, a day named after Valentine who was a priest in the third century Rome. When the emperor (皇帝) decided that single men could become better soldiers than those with wives, he didn’t allow marriage.

But Valentine continued to perform marriage ceremonies for young lovers in secret. When his actions were discovered, the emperor sentenced him to death. While in prison, it is said that Valentine fell in love with the daughter of his prison guard. Before his death, he wrote her a letter, which he signed “From your Valentine”, an expression that is still in use today. Valentine died for what he believed in and so he was made a Saint (圣徒), as well as becoming one of history’s most romantic characters.

Nowadays, Valentine’s Day is also popular among Chinese young people. Some students are planning to make Valentine’s cards for parents, teachers and friends. Others want to hold parties at which they will exchange small gifts and eat heart-shaped cakes. The idea is to have fun and encourage people to share in the spirit of St. Valentine.

1.Why did the emperor in Rome not allow marriage in his country?

A. Because there were few women in his country at that time.

B. Because there wasn’t enough food for so many people.

C. Because he thought a single man was better than a married man as a solider..

2. Valentine was put into prison because ______.

A. he killed one of the soldiers

B. he didn’t obey the emperor’s order

C. he didn’t want to be a soldier

3.The last paragraph mainly tells us ______.

A. Valentine’s Day is also popular in China now

B. it is a good idea to celebrate Valentine’s Day in China

C. it is interesting to celebrate Valentine’s Day in China

4. The best title for this passage should be ______.

A. Valentine’s Day in China  

B. A Brave Priest   

C. Valentine’s Day

 

题型:阅读理解
难度:中等

There are many TV programs on Chinese cuisines(烹饪、美食),but few are like A Bite of China. It tries to bring something new by introducing more cultural features related to dishes, such as eating habits and wonderful stories about food.

It’s said that more than 100 million Chinese people are watching the program. Most Chinese people see this program as more than just the regular food shows. They see it as an amazing documentary providing a special view of Chinese as well as the relations between people and food and between people and society.

On the other hand, the documentary also stimulates(刺激)Chinese people’s consumption. Taobao, one of China’s biggest online shopping sites, reports that the search(搜索) on food items that were introduced by the documentary has increased to 4 million times within one week, and sales have increased to 5.82 million, or 20%.

To get enough good stories, the production team spent three months doing research and interviews in about 60 cities before they started making the documentary last July. Filming lasted about nine months.

Liu Wen, the director, says “As CCTV-9 serves as a window allowing the world to better understand China, the documentary aims to help the world not only appreciate the beauty of Chinese cuisines, but also learn Chinese customs.”

1.A Bite of China is a     .

A. film                   B. TV show                         C. book

2.This program is quite different from other food shows because it has more features of     .

A. culture                              B. cuisine             C. news

3.The main idea of the 3rd paragraph is that the program brings a new opportunity on      .

A. Internet communication  

B. film making       

C. food business

4.It took the production team about     to complete the whole program.

A. 3 months                                      

B. six months                             

C. a year

5.Which of the following statements is TRUE according to this passage?

A. Most people watch the program because they want to learn how to cook.

B. There’re many wonderful stories about Chinese cuisines in “A Bite of China”.

C.You can buy some food that is more delious and cheaper through the program.

 

题型:阅读理解
难度:困难

One Sunday afternoon, I went shopping at Wal-Mart . But I never thought I would have a life ­changing experience at WalMart.

Although my thoughts were only on speed, the checkout line I was standing in wasn’t moving as quickly as I wanted, and I looked towards the cashier.

There stood a man in his seventies, wearing glasses and a nice smile. I thought, well, he’s an old guy!

For the next few minutes I watched him. He greeted every customer before scanning the items. Sure, his words were the usual, “How’s it going?” But he did something different—he listened to people carefully and then he would reply to what they had said

I thought it was strange. I has grown used to people asking me how I was doing simply out of conversational habit. I could say, “I just found out I have six months to live,” and someone would reply, “Have a great day!”

But that wasn't the end.

He gave them the change, walked around the counter (柜台), and hugged them with his right hand in an act of friendship. He looked at the customers in the eyes. “I want to thank you for shopping here today,” he told them. “You have a great day. Bye-bye.”

The smiling looks on the faces of the customers were priceless. All had been touched by his simple gesture—and in a place they never expected. They would gather their things and walk out, smiling.

Of course, he did the same to me and I got to know his name—Marty.

Who was that guy? It was as if Sam Walton (沃尔玛的创始人)had come back from the dead and invaded this old guy’s body.

I had never walked away from that shop feeling like that.

满分5 manfen5.com

1.The underlined word “customer” mean________ in Chinese.

A. 营业员                              B. 顾客                      C.经理                                          D. 供货商

2.The checkout line the writer was standing in moved slower than expected because _______.

A.there were some big purchases                                                

B.the writer was not patient enough

C. the cashier couldn't work as fast as others                                

D.the cashier did more than scanning the items

3.According to the writer, when common people ask you “How’s it going?” ________.

A.they don’t really care what you may answer

B.they are just practicing their conversation ability

C.they are asking for your personal information

D.they don’t expect to hear any answers

4.What do you think of the cashier-Marty?

A. clever and imaginative              B. strange and stubborn

C. kind and sincere                    D. practical and creative

5.What does the writer want to express through the text?

A.Our everyday life is always full of surprises.

B.Most customers enjoy being treated this way.

C.Being different is a good way of doing business

D.A little positive (积极的)action can make a big difference.

 

Copyright @ 2008-2013 满分5 学习网 ManFen5.COM. All Rights Reserved.