Bicycles are very popular in China. In our country you can see bicycles almost everywhere. When you walk on the road, you will find a lot of people riding bicycles to schools, shops and anywhere else. Therefore(因此), China is known as “the kingdom of bicycles”. In China, many families have one or two bicycles.
Compared(与……比) with cars, bicycles have many advantages. First, they are much cheaper than cars. Most Chinese can’t afford cars, but they can afford bicycles. Second, bicycles are small enough to park anywhere, while cars need a larger piece of land to park. What’s more, with lower speed, bicycles are safer than cars.
However, bicycles also bring some problems. Some riders don’t obey the traffic rules and some riders don’t think about others’ safety. So they ride too fast. During rush hours, too many bicycles may cause traffic jams. We still have a long way to go to solve the problem.
1. Where can you see bicycles in China?
A. In the big city. B. In the town.
C. In the country. D. Almost everywhere.
2.“The kingdom of bicycles” here is saying ____.
A. China has a large number of bicycles
B. China makes bicycles
C. bicycles are a kingdom
D. only China has bicycles
3. Which of the following is NOT an advantage of bicycles?
A. Bicycles are much cheaper than cars.
B. Bicycles are easy to park.
C. Bicycles are more beautiful than cars.
D. Bicycles are safer than cars.
4. What problems can bicycles bring?
A. Bicycles are more and more expensive.
B. Riding bicycles is more dangerous than driving cars.
C. There are no places for so many bicycles.
D. Too many bicycles may cause traffic jams.
5. What does the last sentence mean?
A. We should drive cars instead of riding bicycles.
B. It’s too far to ride bicycles.
C. Bicycles are safe enough.
D. We still need to do much to solve the problem.
A TV series in England，Away from it all，has surprised everyone by becoming a success with young people across the country. Its success is surprising because the series is about the relaxing lifestyles of people who live in the country. There is none of the action that we usually see on TV today. There are also no stressful moments, busy offices or crowded cities. Away from it all is set in the peaceful English countryside and tells simple stories about people’s kindness.
The director of the TV series says that its success is a sign of teenagers suffering from stress. They say that watching Away from it all helps teenagers forget about the pressures of exams and homework, and the troubles that fill the world today. They also say that it’s a good sign of today’s young people turning to happier TV series as it shows they want a happier and healthier world.
Although the series’ success might have a good side, many teachers and parents are worried, however. They say that some of their students and children spend more time before TV and are using Away from it all as an excuse for not finishing homework. Some children have even refused to learn for exams because they say that they can only get personal happiness by avoiding stressful situations.
And what do the experts say? Paula Ray, a doctor of education, says that TV can influence children’s lifestyles. But she says that if a child reacts strongly, it’ s likely that there are other reasons for his change in behaviour. She says that there is nothing wrong with watching Away from it all but suggests that parents should let their children know TV is not the same as real life.
1.The success of the new TV series is surprising because__________.
A. it is different from other successful TV series
B. it is the same as other successful TV series
C. it is about the English countryside
D. it is about life in busy cities
2.The director of Away from it all believes that the series helps young people deal with__________.
A. simple stories B. stress
C. busy life D. exams
3.The success of the series shows that young people would like__________.
A. a world with no homework B. English TV series
C. relaxing jobs D. a happier and healthier world
4.__________ are worried about the effects of the series.
A. Experts and teenagers. B. Teachers and experts.
C. Teachers and parents. D. Young people and parents.
It's Saturday morning and Tony's sitting at the kitchen table, staring（凝视）into space and playing with a piece of bread. He's not even hungry. Is he ill? No, but he does have a problem. He has nothing to do and there's just one reason: the Internet is down and Tony has nothing to do.
When he woke up this morning, Tony was feeling great. He jumped out of bed full of plans for the weekend ahead. It would be a weekend like any other—a great weekend. But that was before he turned on his computer and wasn’t able to go online. No Internet changed everything.
Just as Tony is wondering how he can possibly have a normal(平常的)weekend without the Internet, his mum walks into the kitchen. "Is everything OK?" she asks. "No, mum, everything is definitely(的确)not OK," her sad son replies. "I can't go online and I have homework to finish." His mum laughs, "The word program is still working, so what's the problem?"
What's the problem? Tony can't believe his own mother isn’t able to see how serious the problem really is. To start with, he still needs to do research for his homework. He knows his mum will tell him to go to the library but he hates the library. It's so dark and uncomfortable. And forget homework—what about the rest of his weekend! Every weekend, he goes online to email friends. Then he reads the news to catch up on what's happening in the world. He plays a few online games and finishes the weekend off with an online chess game with his cousin Helen. The wonderful weekend-online! Now it's Saturday morning and he's not going to have access to（进入）the Internet for two whole days.
1.Tony stared into space and played with a piece of bread __________.
A. because he was hungry
B. because he was hungry
C. because he was alone at home
D. because the Internet was down
2.When he found he couldn’t surf the Internet, Tony felt __________.
A. great B. excited
C. sad D. relaxed
3.Tony’s mother may ask him to__________.
A.go to the library for work B. get the Internet fixed
C.play his friends outside D. play chess with his cousin
4.The writer just wants to show us __________ with the story.
A. how to surf the Internet
B. what to do on the Internet
C. how the Internet influences teenagers’ life
D. why teenagers should go online
Foreign visitors are often puzzled in Japan because most streets there don’t have names. In Japan, people use landmarks instead of street names. For example, the Japanese will say to travelers, “Go straight down to the corner. Turn left at the big hotel and go past a fruit market. The post office is just across the bus stop.”
In the Midwest of America, usually there are not many landmarks. So people will tell you directions(方向) and distance. In Kansas(堪萨斯州), for example, people will say, “Go north two miles. Turn east, and then go another mile.”
People in Los Angeles, California, have no idea of distance on the map. They measure(测量) distance by telling time. “How far away is the post office?” you ask. “Oh,” they answer, “it’s about five minutes from here.” You say, “Yes, but how many miles away is it?” They don’t know.
People in Greece(希腊) sometimes do not even try to give directions because few visitors understand the Greek language. Instead of giving you the direction, a Greek will often say, “Follow me.” Then he’ll lead you through the streets of the city to the post office.
Sometimes a person doesn’t know the answer to your question. A New Yorker might say, “Sorry, I have no idea.” But in Yucatan, Mexico(墨西哥), no one answers “I don’t know.” People in Yucatan think “I don’t know” is not polite. They usually give an answer, often a wrong one. A visitor can get very, very lost in Yucatan!
One thing will help you everywhere. You might not understand a person’s words, but maybe you can understand his body language. He or she will usually turn and then point in the correct direction. Go on in that direction, and you may find the post office!
1.What do you think of the word “landmarks” mean?
A. Names of streets or roads in a place.
B. Hotels, markets and bus stops in a city.
C. Buildings or places which are easily seen.
D. Building or places with great importance.
2.How many countries are mentioned(提及到) by the writer?
A. Four. B. Five.
C. Seven. D. Eight.
3.Which of the following is NOT right?
A. The Japanese often use landmarks when they give directions.
B. People in Los Angeles, California, have no idea of distance.
C. People in Yucatan think “I don’t know” is not polite.
D. People in Greece often give wrong directions.
4.What’s the main idea of the passage?
A. There are not many landmarks in the Midwest of America.
B. We needn’t carry a map when we travel around the world.
C. People give directions in the same way in different parts of the world.
D. There are different ways to give directions in different parts of the world.
“I’m a clean, non-smoking, and warm-hearted American man looking for a homestay in the Wudaokou area to improve my Chinese language skills,” he wrote. “I’m willing to offer help with English tutoring(家教) and even can help you with applying to foreign universities.”
He still hasn’t found a suitable home.
“Most of the families that contacted me seem to be interested in doing business instead of cultural exchange,” he said. “I think I might have to rent an apartment in the end.”
Kohl isn’t the only foreigner finding it difficult to find a homestay in Beijing. Michael Benson, who wants to come to Beijing in September, has also faced the same problems.
Why is finding a homestay family so difficult? Beijing Today consulted a Chinese teacher, Jessie Xi, who has been teaching foreign students at the University of International Business and Economics for more than six years.
Xi has accepted many homestays, and from her own experience and what she’s been told, she said there were four major problems visitors may meet when applying for homestays.
Problem 1: Having too high expectation for language improvement.
Problem 2: Considering oneself as a guest instead of a family member.
Problem 3: Not making clear what a family’s rules are beforehand.
Problem 4: Overly(过分) high demands for the living environment.
1.Kohl wanted to look for a homestay in China because he ________.
A.hoped to learn Chinese language and culture further
B.wanted to do a research on the Chinese daily life
C.would like to make friends with Chinese families
D.was interested in Chinese food
2.The reason why Kohl hasn’t found a suitable home yet now is that he ________.
A.can’t be an English tutor in home stays
B.can’t help apply to foreign universities
C.might expect too much for language improvement
D.might refuse to do housework in home stays
3.Most of the families that contacted Kohl might be interested in ________.
A.English tutoring B.cultural exchange
C.foreign universities D.making money
4.Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?
A.Foreign visitors can do something helpful for their homestays.
B.Foreign visitors usually have problems with their homestays.
C.Foreign visitors should know clearly about the rules of their homestays.
D.Foreign visitors should consider themselves as the members of their homestays.
5. The underlined word “consulted” in the passage means “________”.
A.gave advice to B.discussed ideas with
C.wanted information from D.raised questions for
6.The best title of the passage might be ________.
A.A few things to know about the local families
B.Suggestions for renting apartments in Beijing
C.How to search for a Chinese family to stay with
D.Why to find a homestay in Beijing so difficult
People celebrate Mother’s Day in the USA first. It is also a _ in some other countries. It’s _ the second Sunday in May. It is a day to thank _ . On that day, people show their love to their mother by _ cards and other presents. On the cards, children will write "Thanks, Mom". "To the best mother in the world." "Best _ for Mother’s Day" and so on. Father and children do the housework (家务活). _ mothers can have a rest.
In China, people _ celebrate this special day for mothers. Last Mother’s Day, I bought some flowers for my mother to thank her _ work. I helped my mother _ clothes, cook, clean the house and so on. My mother and I were very happy.
1.A. tell B. say C. speak D. talk
2.A. country B. sign C. festival D. subject
3.A. in B. on C. at D. until
4.A. teachers B. friends C. fathers D. mothers
5.A. making B. to make C. make D. made
6.A. days B. wishes C. names D. presents
7.A. Because B. If C. But D. So
8.A. also B. too C. as well D. again
9.A. difficult B. easy C. hard D. interesting
10.A. wear B. wash C. count D. show
People with disabilities make up a large part of the population. It is reported that over 35 million Americans have physical, mental, or other disabilities. About half of these disabilities are “developmental", that is to say, they happen before people’s twenty-second birthday, often from born conditions, and are hard enough to affect three or more areas of development, such as movement, communication, occupation, etc. Most other disabilities are considered “adventitious" (偶然的), i.e., accidental or caused by outside forces.
Before the 20th century, only a small percentage of people with disabilities survived for long. Medical treatment for these disabilities was unavailable. Improvements in medicine and social services have created a climate in which people with disabilities can expect to have such basic (基本的) needs as food, shelter, and medical treatment. Unluckily, these basics are often not available. Human rights such as the right to vote, marry, get an education, and achieve work have traditionally been not agreed on the basis of disability.
In recent ten years, the disability rights movement has been organized to fight against these disagreements of human rights. Congress(国会) replied by passing important laws recognizing(承认) people with disabilities as a protected group under human rights laws.
It is reported that more than half of qualified(有资格的) Americans with disabilities don’t have work, and a lot of those who do work are out of work. About two-thirds live at or below the official lowest level.
Obvious difficulties, especially in communication and public awareness(意识), prevent disabled people from taking part in society. For example, while no longer stopped by law from marrying, a person unable to communicate is excluded(排斥) from society and social activities which might lead to the development of long-term relationships.
Only when public attitudes(态度) advance as far as laws have, disabled people will be fully able to take their rightful place in society.
1.. A “developmental" disability ______.
A. is caused by forces
B. happens in youth and affects development
C. develops very slowly over time
D. is getting harder and harder
2.Most disabled people used to die early because ______.
A. they were not very well looked after
B. disabilities destroyed body functions terribly
C. they were too poor to get right treatment
D. medical treatment were not available
3. The sentence “Still today, people with disabilities must fight to live their lives freely.” should be placed at the beginning of Paragraph _________.
A. One B. Two
C. Three D. Four
4.Which of the following cannot be inferred（推断）from the passage ?
A. The public tend to(倾向) look down on the disabled people.
B. Many disabled people may remain single(保持单身) for their whole life.
C. The disabled people feel inferior(不及) to those common people.
D. Discriminatory(歧视性) laws prevent the disabled from mixing with others.
5. The best title for this passage might be ______.
A．The Causes for Disabilities
B．Medical Treatments for Disabilities
C．The physical difficulties of the Disabled
D．Disadvantages of People with Disabilities
Mobile phones help us easily find people anywhere at any time. A mobile phone can include many things, such as games, music and Internet surfing. Today, 4,600,000,000 people around the world have mobile phones, according to CBS News.
However, using mobile phones too often may cause cancer(癌症). It’s reported that people who used a mobile phone for 10 years or more were more likely to get cancer. The advice below may help you reduce the risk of cancer:
★An earphone gives out much less radiation(辐射) than phones. However, you should take it off your ear when you’re not talking to anyone.
★Your phone gives out radiation when you talk or text(发短信), but not when you’re listening or getting messages. Listening more and talking less can lower the risk of cancer.
★Hold the phone away from your body when you’re talking, not against your ear. Also, don’t keep it in your pocket.
★Phones gives out less radiation to send texts than to carry a person’s voice. Texting also keeps radiation away from your head.
★Do not use your mobile phone when the signal(信号) is weak. Fewer signal bars on your phone mean that the phone needs to give out more radiation to work. Make and take calls when your phone has a strong signal.
1.According to CBS News, _____ people all over the world have got mobile phones.
A. 4.6 million B. 4.6 billion
C. 46 billion D. 460 thousand
2.From Paragraph 1, we know that _____.
A. mobile phones have three new ways
B. it’s dangerous to use mobile phones too much
C. mobile phones help us a lot and many people use them
D. people can do nothing without mobile phones
3.How many pieces of advice to reduce cancer are mentioned in this passage?
A. Six. B. Five.
C. Four. D. Three.
4.The passage mainly talks about _____.
A. the development and advantages of mobile phones
B. the reason why mobile phone radiation causes cancer
C. how to protect ourselves from mobile phone radiation
D. the best ways to use mobile phones to communicate
Reading newspapers has become an important part of everyday life. Some people read newspapers as the first thing to do in the morning, while others read newspapers as soon as they have spare time during the day so that they can learn what is happening in the world.
Sometimes, we do not have enough time to read all the news carefully, so we just take a quick look at the front page. At other times, we may be in such a hurry that we only have a few minutes to look at the headlines(标题) of the passage.
Newspapers can be found everywhere in the world. We can get many different kinds of newspapers in big cities, but in some mountain villages we can see few newspapers.
Some newspapers are published once a week, but most of the papers are published once a day with many pages, some even published twice a day! You know different people enjoy reading different newspapers. Some like world news and others prefer short stories. They just choose what they are interested in.
Today newspapers in English have the largest number of readers in the world. The English language is so popular that many Chinese students are reading English newspapers such as China Daily or 2lst Century as they bring us more and more information together with the Internet.
1.People read newspapers in order to _____.
A. read the short stories
B. find the morning news
C. learn the latest news
D. meet their own different needs
2.From the passage we can see that _____ when people get newspapers.
A. they just read the headlines
B. not everyone reads all the pages
C. they have no time to read them
D. they read them very carefully
3.Newspapers have so many pages because _____.
A. newspapers become cheaper
B. more pages mean more money
C. more and more people like to read them
D.people enjoy reading something different
4.Newspapers _____ are the most popular in the world.
A. in Chinese B. in English
C. in other language D. with many pages
Shenzhen’s fast development has made it become China’s most crowded city! There are about 15 million people living on its 1,991 square kilometres. On average (平均) 7,500 people live on each square kilometre. It is 1,080 more than that in Hong Kong, and nearly 800 more than that in Guangzhou.
Besides, Shenzhen owns 2 million local vehicles (车辆), and about 300,000 vehicles from other places also run on the local roads every day. The total length of the city’s road is 6,041 kilometres. It means each person only owns 0.58 metres of road!
As a result, the city is facing serious environmental and resource (资源) problems. One of the problems is water shortage. The amount of fresh water for each person of the city is only 25% of the country’s average. What’s more, most of the water drunk by Shenzhen people comes from other areas.
1.According to the passage, which of the following makes Shenzhen so crowded?
A. Shenzhen doesn’t have enough water.
B. There are too many people.
C. Shenzhen is developing very fast.
D. Shenzhen is too small.
2.There are about people living in Shenzhen.
A. 1,991 B. 15,000,000
C. 150,000 D. 300,000
3. In Hong Kong, there are people on every square kilometre.
A. 7,500 B. 1,080
C. 800 D. 6,420
4.Which problem in Shenzhen is not mentioned in the passage?
A. Traffic accidents.
B. Water shortage.
C. Environmental problems.
D. Road problems.
5.Which is the best title for this passage?
A. Largest Population in China
B. Biggest Problem in Shenzhen
C. Busiest Roads in Shenzhen
D. Most Crowded City in China